Viscose- the regenerated fiber

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Offline asitrony

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Viscose- the regenerated fiber
« on: July 10, 2015, 02:19:10 PM »
Viscose is a viscous organic liquid used to make rayon and cellophane. Viscose is becoming synonymous with rayon, a soft material commonly used in shirt, coats, jackets, and other outer wear.
Manufacture
Cellulose from wood or cotton fibers is treated with sodium hydroxide, then mixed with carbon disulfide to form cellulose xanthate, which is dissolved in more sodium hydroxide. The resulting viscose is extruded into an acid bath, either through a slit to make cellophane, or through a spinneret to make rayon. The acid converts the viscose back into cellulose.
 

Cellulose is treated with alkali and carbon disulfide to yield viscose.
 Pollution
Viscose currently is becoming less common because of the polluting effects of carbon disulfide and other by-products of the process, forcing some factories to close.



History
French scientist and industrialist Hilaire de Chardonnet (1838-1924) — who invented the first artificial textile fiber, artificial silk—created viscose in Échirolles in 1891. Three British scientists, Charles Frederick Cross, Edward John Bevan, and Clayton Beadle patented the process in 1902.
Products made from viscose
•   Art silk
•   Cellophane
•   Rayon
•   Modal
•   Synthetic velvet   
 
Rayon Fiber Characteristics
o   Highly absorbent
o   Soft and comfortable
o   Easy to dye
o   Drapes well 

Spinneret (polymers)
Spinneret refers to a multi-pored device through which a plastic polymer melt is extruded to form fibers. Streams of viscous polymer usually exit into cool air or liquid to solidify. The individual polymer chains tend to align in the fiber because of viscous flow. This air stream liquid-to-fiber formation process is similar to the production process for cotton candy. The process may be referred to as Gel spinning or Polymer spinning.





Some Major Rayon Fiber Uses
•   Apparel: Accessories, blouses, dresses, jackets, lingerie, linings, millinery, slacks, sport shirts, sportswear, suits, ties, work clothes
•   Home Furnishings: Bedspreads, blankets, curtains, draperies, sheets, slipcovers, tablecloths, upholstery
•   Industrial Uses: Industrial products, medical surgical products, nonwoven products, tire cord
•   Other Uses: Feminine hygiene products

Offline drkamruzzaman

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Re: Viscose- the regenerated fiber
« Reply #1 on: July 11, 2015, 08:58:01 AM »
Interesting post...
Dr. Md. Kamruzzaman
Assistant Professor
Department of Natural Sciences
Faculty of Science & Information Technology
Daffodil International University

Offline Mashud

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Re: Viscose- the regenerated fiber
« Reply #2 on: August 18, 2015, 04:28:20 PM »
Helpful to us

Offline shimo

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Re: Viscose- the regenerated fiber
« Reply #3 on: August 19, 2015, 02:26:16 PM »
Very informative for all learners.

Offline Md. Al-Amin

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Re: Viscose- the regenerated fiber
« Reply #4 on: August 19, 2015, 02:54:32 PM »
Very useful for knowledge seekers...........

Offline naser.te

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Re: Viscose- the regenerated fiber
« Reply #5 on: July 29, 2016, 09:49:32 PM »
Can viscose replace cotton?
Abu Naser Md. Ahsanul Haque
Assistant Professor
TE, DIU