Author Topic: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities  (Read 1477 times)

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

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Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« on: January 21, 2016, 01:19:26 PM »
Depending on the economic factors cities of the world are ranked into Alpha,Beta and Gamma.

Alpha city is also known as a Global city or world city.It is also called world center.

Alpha++ world cities: London, New York

Alpha+ world cities: Hong Kong, Paris, Singapore, Tokyo, Shanghai, Dubai, Sydney, Beijing

Alpha world cities: Milan, Toronto, Sao Paulo, Madrid, Chicago, Mumbai, Los Angeles, Moscow, Frankfurt, Mexico City, Amsterdam, Kuala Lumpur, Brussels

Alpha− world cities: Miami, Seoul, Dublin, Jakarta, Melbourne, Buenos Aires, Zurich, New Delhi, Munich, Boston, Warsaw, Vienna, Atlanta, Barcelona, Bangkok, Istanbul, Taipei, Johannesberg, Washington, San Francisco, Stockholm, Prague

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #1 on: January 21, 2016, 01:20:18 PM »

Beta+ world cities: Düsseldorf, Dallas, Montreal, Rome, Hamburg, Manila, Houston, Berlin, Athens, Tel Aviv, Bangalore, Copenhagen, Caïro, Budapest, Bucharest, Guangzhou, Lima, Cape Town, Kiev, Luxembourg, Santiago, Lisbon, Philadelphia, Beirut

Beta world cities: Caracas, Bogota, Ho Chi Minh City, Auckland, Oslo, Chennai, Manchester, Karachi, Riyadh, Montevideo, Vancouver,  Brisbane, Helsinki, Doha, Casablanca, Stuttgart, Rio de Janeiro, Geneva

Beta− world cities: Abu Dhabi, Nicosia, Lyon, Birmingham (UK), San Jose (CR), Minneapolis, Tunis, Nairobi, Calcutta, Detroit, Hanoi, Denver, Monterrey, Bratislava, Riga, Seattle, Port Louis, Manama, Sofia, Amman, Antwerp, Panama City, San Diego, Quito, Rotterdam, Belgrade, Almaty, Lagos, Perth, Shenzhen, Hyderabad, Kuwait City, Edinburgh, Cleveland, Calgary, Guatemala City

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #2 on: January 21, 2016, 01:21:12 PM »
Gamma+ world cities: Bristol, St. Petersburg, Charlotte, Lahore, Baltimore, Jeddah, Zagreb, Adelaide, Durban, Santo Domingo, San Salvador, St Louis, Islamabad, Guayaquil, Cologne, Phoenix, Georgetown (CI), Osaka, Tampa

Gamma world cities: Valencia (SP), Glasgow, San Jose (US), San Juan, Marseille, Cincinnatti, Guadalajara, Leeds, Baku, Tallinn, Vilnius, Colombo, Raleigh, Ankara, Belfast, Milwaukee, Muscat, Ljubljana

Gamma− world cities: Nantes, Tianjin, Accra, Algiers, Gothenburg, Porto, Columbus, Utrecht, Orlando, Ahmedabad, Asuncion, Kansas City, Seville, Turin, Dar Es Salaam, Portland, Krakow, Managua, Pune, Leipzig, Malmö, La Paz

Link: www.spottedbylocals.com/blog/alpha-beta-and-gamma-cities/
« Last Edit: January 21, 2016, 01:23:39 PM by Shampa Iftakhar »

Offline Afroza Akhter Tina

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #3 on: January 24, 2016, 12:08:09 PM »
interesting to know about the cities!!



Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #4 on: January 24, 2016, 01:08:09 PM »
I am eagerly waiting to see Bangladesh as an Alpha++ city. ;) ;)

Offline nujhat.eng

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #5 on: March 15, 2016, 03:19:24 PM »
howw....?? :o
Nujhat Afrin
Senior Lecturer
Department of English

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #6 on: April 02, 2016, 01:06:13 PM »
If you ever finds that Bangladesh as an Alpha++ city, considered it as a nightmare.  :o :o

Offline Afroza Akhter Tina

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #7 on: April 06, 2016, 04:17:52 PM »
I would be happy to see Dhaka as Alpha- city  8) :-X :D




Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

Offline R B Habib

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #8 on: April 07, 2016, 12:26:12 PM »
I was seriously looking for Bangladesh. Would definitely love it to be in Alpha. Sweet Dream I guess  :o :P ;)
Rabeya Binte Habib
Senior Lecturer,
Department of English
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Daffodil Int. University

Offline Anuz

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #9 on: April 10, 2016, 10:17:57 AM »
Informative & Knowledgeable..........
Anuz Kumar Chakrabarty
Assistant Professor
Department of General Educational Development
Faculty of Science and Information Technology
Daffodil International University

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

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Re: Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« Reply #10 on: April 10, 2016, 12:49:46 PM »
Thank you sir. :)