Author Topic: 10 Breakthrough Technologies 2018  (Read 79 times)

Offline Samsul Alam

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10 Breakthrough Technologies 2018
« on: December 10, 2018, 01:12:50 AM »
1. 3-D Metal Printing

    Breakthrough: Now printers can make metal objects quickly and cheaply.
    Why It Matters: The ability to make large and complex metal ­objects on demand could transform manufacturing.
    Key Players: Markforged, Desktop Metal, GE
    Availability: Now

2. Artificial Embryos

    Breakthrough: Without using eggs or sperm cells, researchers have made embryo-like structures from stem cells alone, providing a whole new route to creating life.
    Why It Matters: Artificial embryos will make it easier for researchers to study the mysterious beginnings of a human life, but they’re stoking new bioethical debates.
    Key Players: University of Cambridge; University of Michigan; Rockefeller University
    Availability: Now

3. Sensing City

    Breakthrough: A Toronto neighborhood aims to be the first place to successfully integrate cutting-edge urban design with state-of-the-art digital technology.
    Why It Matters: Smart cities could make urban areas more affordable, livable, and environmentally friendly.
    Key Players: Sidewalk Labs and Waterfront Toronto
    Availability: Project announced in October 2017; construction could begin in 2019

4. AI for Everybody

    Breakthrough: Cloud-based AI is making the technology cheaper and easier to use.
    Why It Matters: Right now the use of AI is dominated by a relatively few companies, but as a cloud-based service, it could be widely available to many more, giving the economy a boost.
    Key Players: Amazon; Google; Microsoft
    Availability: Now

5. Dueling Neural Networks

    Breakthrough: Two AI systems can spar with each other to create ultra-realistic original images or sounds, something machines have never been able to do before.
    Why It Matters: This gives machines something akin to a sense of imagination, which may help them become less reliant on humans—but also turns them into alarmingly powerful tools for digital fakery.
    Key Players: Google Brain, DeepMind, Nvidia
    Availability: Now

6. Babel-Fish Earbuds

    Breakthrough: Near-real-time translation now works for a large number of languages and is easy to use.
    Why It Matters: In an increasingly global world, language is still a barrier to communication.
    Key Players: Google and Baidu
    Availability: Now

7. Zero-Carbon Natural Gas

    Breakthrough: A power plant efficiently and cheaply captures carbon released by burning natural gas, avoiding greenhouse-gas emissions.
    Why It Matters: Around 32 percent of US electricity is produced with natural gas, accounting for around 30 percent of the power sector’s carbon emissions.
    Key Players: 8 Rivers Capital; Exelon Generation; CB&I
    Availability: 3 to 5 years

8. Perfect Online Privacy

    Breakthrough: Computer scientists are perfecting a cryptographic tool for proving something without revealing the information underlying the proof.
    Why It Matters: If you need to disclose personal information to get something done online, it will be easier to do so without risking your privacy or exposing yourself to identity theft.
    Key Players: Zcash; JPMorgan Chase; ING
    Availability: Now

9. Genetic Fortune Telling

    Breakthrough: Scientists can now use your genome to predict your chances of getting heart disease or breast cancer, and even your IQ.
    Why It Matters: DNA-based predictions could be the next great public health advance, but they will increase the risks of genetic discrimination.
    Key Players: Helix; 23andMe; Myriad Genetics; UK Biobank; Broad Institute
    Availability: Now

10. Materials' Quantum Leap

    Breakthrough: IBM has simulated the electronic structure of a small molecule, using a seven-qubit quantum computer.
    Why It Matters: Understanding molecules in exact detail will allow chemists to design more effective drugs and better materials for generating and distributing energy.
    Key Players: IBM; Google; Harvard’s Alán Aspuru-Guzik
    Availability: 5 to 10 years

Collected from MIT Technology Review
Samsul Alam (710001796)
Lecturer of MIS
Department of Business Administration
Faculty of Business and Entrepreneurship
Daffodil International University