Author Topic: History of commercial production of Different Fibers  (Read 1071 times)

Offline sajol

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History of commercial production of Different Fibers
« on: January 07, 2012, 08:17:23 PM »
Natural Fibers
    Name of Fiber                  
Flax fiber
    Eastiblished Date                  
5000+;BC
    Historical Bacground                
•   Generally considered to be the oldest natural textile fiber.
•   Fine linen was used as burial shrouds for the Egyptian pharaohs
•   Largest producer Soviet States; other large producers include Poland,
        Germany, Belgium and France. Largest exporters are Northern Ireland and Belgium.


    Name of Fiber                  
Cotton fiber
    Eastiblished Date                  
3000+;BC
    Historical Bacground                
•   Earliest use estimated between 3,000 BC to 5,000 BC.
•   Worn by Egyptians earlier than 2,500 BC.
•   Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin in 1793 revolutionized the processing of cotton.
•   The development of the power loom in 1884 brought significant improvements and variations to cotton fabrics.
•   Major producers United States, Soviet States, China and India. Lessor producers include Pakistan, Brazil, Turkey, Egypt, Mexico,Iran and Sudan.


    Name of Fiber                  
Wool fiber
    Eastiblished Date                  
3000+;BC
    Historical Bacground                
•   Used by people of the Late Stone Age,
•   There are 40 different breeds of sheep, which produce approximately 200 types of wool of varying grades.
•   Major producers include Australia, New Zealand, Soviet States, China, South Africa, and Argentina.


    Name of Fiber                  
Silk fiber
    Eastiblished Date                  
2600+;BC
    Historical Bacground                
•   Believed discovered by a Chinese princess.
•   Silk is made from two continuous filaments cemented together and used to form the cocoon of the silkworm.
•   Silk culture began about 1725 BC, sponsored by the wife of China's emperor.
•   Secrets of cultivation and fabric manufacturing were closely guarded by the Chinese for about 3,000 years.
•   There is a story that two monks smuggled seeds of the mulberry tree and silkworm eggs out of China by hiding them in their walking sticks.
•   India learned of silk culture when a Chinese princess married an Indian prince.
•   The major producer and exporter of silk is Japan.


Manmade Fibers


    Name of Fiber                  
Rayon fiber
    Eastiblished Date                  
1910
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first man-made fiber.
•   The first commercial production of rayon fiber in the United States was in 1910 by the American Viscose Company.
•   By using two different chemicals and manufacturing techniques, two basic types of rayon were developed. They were viscose rayon and cuprammonium rayon.
•   Today, there are no producers of rayon in the U.S.
•   In 1884, Count Hilaire de Chardonnet made the first man made fibers from nitrocellulose. He came to be known as the 'father of rayon'.


    Name of Fiber                  
Acetate
    Eastiblished Date                  
1924
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first commercial production of acetate fiber in the United States was in 1924 by the Celanese Corporation.


    Name of Fiber                  
Nylon
    Eastiblished Date                  
1939
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first commercial production of nylon in the United States was in 1939 by the E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc. It is the second most used man-made fiber in this country, behind polyester.


    Name of Fiber                  
Acrylic
    Eastiblished Date                  
1950
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first commercial production of acrylic fiber in the United States was in 1950 by E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc.


    Name of Fiber                  
Polyester
    Eastiblished Date                  
1953
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first commercial production of polyester fiber in the United States was in 1953 by E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc.
•   Polyester is the most used man-made fiber in the U.S.


    Name of Fiber                  
Triacetate
    Eastiblished Date                  
1954
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first commercial production of triacetate fiber in the United States was in 1954 by the Celanese Corporation.
•   Domestic Triacetate production was discontinued in 1985.



    Name of Fiber                  
Spandex
    Eastiblished Date                  
1959
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first commercial production of spandex fiber in the United States was in 1959 by E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc.
•   It is an elastomeric man-made fiber (able to stretch at least 100% and snap back like natural rubber).
•   Spandex is used in filament form.


    Name of Fiber                  
Polyolefin/
Polypropylene
    Eastiblished Date                  
1961
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first commercial production of an olefin fiber manufactured in the U.S. was by Hercules Incorporated.
•   In 1966, polyolefin was the world's first and only Nobel-Prize winning fiber.



    Name of Fiber                  
Micro-fiber
    Eastiblished Date                  
1989
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first commercial production of micro fiber in the U.S. was in 1989 by E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc. Today micro fibers are produced in a variety of synthetic fibers (i.e. polyester, nylon, acrylic, etc.)
•   The true definition of a micro fiber is a fiber that has less than one denier per filament. Micro Fiber is the thinnest, finest of all man-made fibers. It is finer than the most delicate silk.
•   To relate it to something more familiar--A human hair is more than 100 times the size of some micro fibers.


    Name of Fiber                  
Lyocell
    Eastiblished Date                  
1993
    Historical Bacground                
•   The first commercial production of lyocell in the U.S. was in 1993 by Courtaulds Fibers, under the Tencel¬ trade name.
•   Environmentally friendly, lyocell is produced from the wood pulp of trees grown specifically for this purpose. It is specially processed, using a solvent spinning technique in which the dissolving agent is recycled, reducing environmental effluents.



« Last Edit: January 08, 2012, 08:14:08 AM by sajol »

Offline AAA

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Re: History of commercial production of Different Fibers
« Reply #1 on: January 08, 2012, 01:17:23 PM »
I think copy of book should not be repeated here if not demanded by any student/others.



Offline sajol

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Re: History of commercial production of Different Fibers
« Reply #2 on: January 09, 2012, 10:46:37 AM »
Thank you sir for your good advice.

Offline Tanvir Ahmed Chowdhury

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Re: History of commercial production of Different Fibers
« Reply #3 on: January 18, 2012, 12:31:48 PM »
Very Informative Post.............
Tanvir Ahmed Chowdhury

Assistant Professor
Department of Textile Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
Daffodil International University