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Topics - Nusrat Jahan Momo

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1
5 Cybersecurity Challenges and Trends: What to Expect in 2018

Cybercriminals are going to create 3.5 million new, unfilled cybersecurity jobs by 2021. Compare that with one million openings in 2016. That’s an increase of 350 percent in just five years.

And with that increase comes some serious cybersecurity revenue dedication. Everywhere, businesses are investing a remarkable amount of money into hiring security professionals, maintaining customer privacy and avoiding ransomware attacks.

In 2017 alone, all of those protection efforts cost businesses $86.4 billion.

So what can you expect in the future of cybersecurity? What do cybercriminals have in store for you in 2018?

What new threats do you need to be aware of, and how is that going to change — or how is it already changing — the cybersecurity environment?

To answer those questions, here are five cybersecurity challenges and trends that are coming in 2018.
 To know more please visit: https://www.globalsign.com/en/blog/cybersecurity-trends-and-challenges-2018/

2
Cloud Computing / cloud computing new research areas
« on: July 21, 2018, 11:26:34 AM »
The following topics offer a lot of scope for research scholars in the cloud infrastructure domain:

    Energy optimisation
    Load balancing
    Security and integrity
    Privacy in multi-tenancy clouds
    Virtualisation
    Data recovery and backup
    Data segregation and recovery
    Scheduling for resource optimisation
    Secure cloud architecture
    Cloud cryptography
    Cloud access control and key management
    Integrity assurance for data outsourcing
    Verifiable computation
    Software and data segregation security
    Secure management of virtualised resources
    Trusted computing technology
    Joint security and privacy-aware protocol design
    Failure detection and prediction
    Secure data management within and across data centres
    Availability, recovery and auditing
    Secure computation outsourcing
    Secure mobile cloud

3
Internet of Things / IOT new Projects Ideas
« on: July 21, 2018, 11:21:32 AM »
IOT or internet of things is an upcoming technology that makes use of internet to control/monitor electronic/mechanical devices, automobiles and other physical devices connected to the internet. IOT gives user the ability to control more than digital things easily through a comfortable GUI over the internet. We are amongst the pioneers researching in the field of internet of things. Our efforts concentrate on researching innovative iot projects that could benefit mankind. Our IOT systems are well researched ideas that help you bring innovative IOT projects to life.    
PIC projects nevon

These iot project ideas are an inspiration to students and researchers for further iot research. Our researchers focus on the use of IOT for home/industry automation and monitoring various physical parameters over the internet. Here you may find a wide list of projects related to internet of things. These internet of things projects have been proposed on existing system improvements and new innovative solutions to different problems.

    IOT Color Based Product Sorting Machine Project
    IOT Paralysis Patient Health Care Project
    IOT Car Parking System
    Smart Dustbin With IOT Notifications
    IOT Smart Mirror With News & Temperature
    IOT Color Based Product Sorting Machine Project
    IOT Garbage Monitoring With Weight Sensing
    IOT Smart Energy Grid
    IOT Asset tracking System
    IOT Based ICU Patient Monitoring System
    Biometric Attendance System Over IOT
    IOT Gas Pipe Leakage Detector Insect Robot
    IOT Irrigation Monitoring & Controller System
    IOT Electronic Door Opener
    IOT Home Automation Using Raspberry Pi
    IOT Alcohol & Health Monitoring System
    IOT Liquid Level Monitoring System
    IOT Garbage Monitoring System
    IOT Based Home Automation
    IOT Based Office Automation
    IOT Based Industry Automation
    IOT Weather Reporting System
    IOT Based Antenna Positioning System
    IOT Based Fire Department Alerting System
    IOT Solar Power Monitoring System
    IOT Streetlight Controller System
    IOT Traffic Signal Monitoring & Controller System
    IOT Industry Automation Using Raspberry Pi
    IOT Underground Cable Fault Detector Project
    IOT Air & Sound Pollution Monitoring System
    Energy Meter Monitoring Over IOT
    IOT Based Person/Wheelchair Fall Detection
    IOT Patient Health Monitoring Project
    IOT Heart Attack Detection & Heart Rate Monitor
    IOT Based Toll Booth Manager System
    IOT Theft Detection Using Raspberry Pi

4

Internet of Things or IoT is nothing new. The idea of a future connected world is becoming a reality as everything from refrigerators to jet engines are connected to the Internet. In reality, of course, a lot of challenges still remain. The best way to learn what these are, is to look at academic research.

Eliko has its roots in academia but for the past 10+ years, our focus has been on commercial technology development or on close-to-market research projects. Still, we have a broad network of universities that we regularly work with and many of our forward-looking insights are a result of that collaboration.

So, it is fascinating to share the latest list of topics that the top 500 Internet of Things researchers focus on, compiled by The League of Scholars. The list represents the keywords that the researchers used when publishing their work. The top 500 researchers are defined based on their citations, the journal’s impact factor, industry collaboration, and public engagement.

Top 20 Internet of Things Research Frontiers

    wireless sensor networks      30%
    cloud computing          27%
    big data 12%
    ubiquitous computing 12%
    distributed systems     10%
    cyber-physical systems          9%
    pervasive computing  8%
    embedded systems    8%
    mobile computing       8%
    artificial intelligence    8%
    machine learning        8%
    security  7%
    semantic web   7%
    network security          6%
    sensor networks          6%
    wireless networks       6%
    RFID          6%
    smart cities       5%

5
International Conference on Innovations in Science, Engineering and Technology 2018 (ICISET 2018) is a multidisciplinary international conference organized by the Faculty of Science and Engineering (FSE) of International Islamic University Chittagong (IIUC) in association with the Center for Research and Publication (CRP) of the university. This is the second time ICISET is going to take place where the first round of this immensely successful conference was held in 2016. The objective of ICISET 2018 is to create a unique opportunity for the scientists, engineers, professionals, researchers and students to present their latest research findings and experiences in the areas of Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics, Telecommunication Engineering, Pharmacy and other relevant areas of Science, Engineering and Technology.

Scopes:

Algorithms & Information Systems
Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning & Expert System
Computer Vision, Robotics & Human-Computer Interaction
Computer Graphics & Multimedia Systems
Signal, Image, Audio & Video Processing
Distributed, Mobile & Cloud Computing
Database, Data Mining & Big Data
Engineering Ethics, E-Commerce and E-Governance
Internet of Things
System Security
Power Systems, Electrical Drives and Control Systems
Mobile & wireless communication
RF & Microwave Engineering
Antenna Propagation
Optical & under water communication
Concept of 5G & Advanced Communication Technology
Electronic Devices and Embedded System
VLSI Design, Fabrication & Computer Architecture
Materials Science
Renewable Engineering
Instrumentation and Sensors
Nanotechnology and NEMS
Photonic Devices
Herbal Medicine
Pharmacology
Pharmaceutical Microbiology & Immunology
Bioinformatics, Biotechnology & Molecular Biology
Pharmaceutics
Pharmaceutical Technology & Nanotechnology
Important Dates
Paper submission deadline:July 15, 2018
Notification of acceptance: August 27, 2018
Camera-ready due: September 10, 2018
Last date of registration: September 24, 2018
Conference Dates: October 26-27,2018
Venue: Faculty of Science and Engineering (FSE) of International Islamic University Chittagong
Link: http://iciset2018.iiuc.ac.bd/

All accepted and presented papers are expected to be included in IEEE Xplore and will be indexed by EI.

6
1st IEEE International Conference on Innovation in Engineering and Technology 2018 hosted by University of Dhaka

Call for paper
Welcome to the 1st International Conference on Innovation in Engineering and Technology 2018, in historic city Dhaka, Bangladesh. The conference is organized by the Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. The theme of the conference is “Science, Engineering and Technologies for Next-Generation”. It provides ample opportunities for researchers, industry practitioners, & students of EEE, CSE, Applied Chemistry, Nuclear Engineering, Robotics and Mechatronics, Information Technology, Biomedical Physics to share their research results on related arenas. All accepted and presented papers will be sent to IEEE for uploading its Digital Library. IEEE Computer Society BD Chapter has confirmed as Technical Co-sponsor of the conference.

Scope
Computing and Processing
Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence
Robotic Applications
Bioengineering
Data Mining and Big Data Analysis
Communication, Networking and Broadcast Technologies
Components, Circuits, Devices and Systems
General Topics for Engineers
Nuclear Engineering
Power, Energy and Industry Applications
Robotics and Control Systems
Signal Processing and Analysis
Chemical Engineering
Biochemical Engineering
Nanotechnology and Materials Science
Analytical and Organic Chemistry

Important Dates:
Last Date of Paper Submission: 25 July 2018
Submission of Special Session Proposal:25June 2018
Submission of Student Posters only: 25 Aug. 2018
Notification to Authors:5 Sept. 2018
Camera Ready Paper Submission & Early-bird Registration:15 Sept. 2018
Conference Date: 25-27 Oct.

Link:http://www.cse.du.ac.bd/iciet/index.html

7
1st IEEE International Conference on Advancement in Electrical and Electronic Engineering hosted by Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology (DUET)

Call for Paper
The Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EEE) of Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology (DUET), Gazipur is going to organize an international conference “International Conference on Advancement in Electrical and Electronic Engineering - (ICAEEE 2018)” on 22-24 November 2018. Department of EEE, DUET, Gazipur has been playing a pivotal role in education, research, innovation and contributing significantly to technological interests. The conference intends to bring together researchers, academics, scientists, industrial communities, technical experts and students from home and abroad to present, share and flourish their knowledge and to contribute to the field of electrical and electronic engineering. Prospective authors are cordially invited to submit their original research papers for presentation at the conference.

Scopes

Control, Robotics and Automation
Automation and Control Systems
Robotics and Mechatronics
Detection Technology and Automatic Equipment
Sensors and Applications
Human-computer Interaction
****
Electrical Power and Energy
Renewable Energy Systems and Sources
Power Systems
High Voltage Engineering
Power Electronics
Power Devices and Driving Circuits
Smart Grid
Nuclear Energy
****
Biomedical Engineering
Biomedical Systems and Applications
Genetics and Bioinformatics
Cellular and Tissue Engineering
Bio Nano Devices
Medical Imaging
****
Electronic and Optical Devices
Nano Electronic and Optoelectronic Devices
Optical Fibers
2-D and Emerging Materials
Quantum Information Processing
Spintronics
MEMS and NEMS
VLSI Design and Fabrication
Nanophotonics
****
Signal Processing
Artificial Intelligence
Signal, Image and Video Processing
Pattern Recognition
Neural Networking
Data Communication and Networking
Fuzzy Logic Systems
****
Telecommunications and Information Technology
Wireless Communications
Optical Fiber Communications
RF and Microwave Communications
Cloud Computing
Network Security
Internet of Things (IOT)

Important Dates
Paper submission deadline : 1st July, 2018
Acceptance notification : 1st October 2018
Registration and Camera ready submission : 15th October, 2018
Conference date : 22-24 November, 2018

Link:http://icaeee-duet-eee.com/index.php

8
IEEE International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence -2018 Daffodil International University & Jahangirnagar University.

Call for Paper
Welcome to the International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence (IJCCI 2018) organized by Daffodil International University(DIU), Jahangirnagar University (JU), Bangladesh and South Asian University (SAU), India. This conference is technically co-sponsored by IEEE Computer Society Bangladesh Chapter and will be held on 19-20 October 2018 at Daffodil International University (DIU).

This conference (named as IWCI 2016) for the first time successfully held on 12-13 December 2016 at Jahangirnagar University (JU), Bangladesh in collaboration with South Asian University (SAU), India under the technical co-sponsorship of IEEE Bangladesh Section. For details please visit IWCI 2016.

IJCCI 2018 invites submissions of substantial, original, and previously unpublished research works on neural networks, evolutionary algorithms, fuzzy systems, machine learning and optimization. The Conference is focused to discuss the state-of-the-art developments, research challenges and unsolved open problems in the field of Computational Intelligence to beginners as well as to professionals. It will also provide a platform for students, scientists and faculty members to involve, interact, present and get reflections on their research. The official language of the Conference is English.

Scope
Neural Networks
Evolutionary Algorithms
Genetic Algorithms
Swarm Intelligence
Fuzzy Logic
Knowledge-Based Expert System
Intelligent Agents and Robotics
Intelligent Systems and Control
Bioinformatics and Biomedical Systems
Cognition
Game Theory
Natural Language Processing
Optimization Algorithms
Web Intelligence
Machine Learning
Information and Network Security
Data Mining and Visualization
Computational Methods for Mathematical Problems
Industrial Automation
Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision
Speech, Image and Video Processing
Intelligent Software
Cloud Computing & IoT
Mobile Computing

Important Dates
Full Paper Submission – 25 August 2018
Notification of Acceptance – 10 September 2018
Camera-Ready Paper – 14 September 2018
Registration Deadline – 10 October 2018
Date of Conference – 19-20 October 2018

Link:http://ijcci2018.daffodilvarsity.edu.bd/
ijcci2018.daffodilvarsity.edu.bd
ijcci2018.daffodilvarsity.edu.bd

9
5th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Systems and Security 2018 hosted by Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology

Call for paper
International Conference on Networking, Systems and Security (NSysS 2018) aims at providing a forum for researchers, practitioners, developers, and users from academia, industry, and government to interact, present and exchange new research ideas and results. Its scope includes recent advances in both theoretical and experimental research addressing the rich space of computer networks, networking systems, and security across academia and industry. NSysS 2018 will be held during December 18-20, 2018 in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. This conference is technically co-sponsored by ACM Chapter (approval pending) and IEEE Bangladesh Section (approval pending). It is the 5th event of this conference series.

Scope
Addressing and location management
Cellular and broadband wireless nets
Cognitive radio networking
Congestion control
Cross layer design and optimization
Cyber physical systems and networking
Data centers
Data reduction, inference, and signal processing
Delay/disruption tolerant networks
Denial of service
Embedded software for sensor networks
Energy harvesting
Experience with real-world applications
Experimental results from operational networks or network applications
Fault-tolerance, reliability, and troubleshooting
Future Internet design
Innovative applications and deployment experiences
Mobile, participatory, and social sensing
Multicast, broadcast and anycast
Multimedia protocols
Near field communication
Network architectures
Network management and traffic engineering
Network security and privacy
Network simulation and emulation
Network, transport, and application-layer protocols
Novel components, devices and architectures for networked sensing
Operating systems and runtime environments
Optical networks
P2P, overlay, and content distribution networks
Power control and management
Quality of service
Resource allocation and management
RFID networks and protocols
Satellite networks
Scheduling and buffer management
Security, trust and privacy
Self-organizing networks
Sensor data storage, retrieval, processing and management
Social computing and networks
Switches and switching
Theoretical foundation and fundamental bounds
Topology characterization and inference
Underground and underwater networks
Vehicular networks
Wireless, mobile, ad-hoc, and sensor networks

Important Dates
Abstract submission deadline: August 1, 2018
Paper submission deadline: August 7, 2018
Notification of acceptance: October 1, 2018
Camera-ready content submission: October 15, 2018
Program: December 18-20, 2018

Link:http://cse.buet.ac.bd/nsyss2018/

10
There is something very distinct about the air over India and the surrounding countries in South Asia.

It is the presence of formaldehyde - a colourless gas that is naturally released by vegetation but also from a number of polluting activities.

The elevated concentrations have been observed by Europe's new Sentinel-5P satellite, which was launched last October to track air quality worldwide.

It is information that will inform policies to clean up the atmosphere.

    Tracking ships' dirty fumes from orbit
    Sentinel tracks California smoke plume
    New Sentinel satellite tracks dirty air

Compared to the major constituents like nitrogen and oxygen, the formaldehyde signal is actually very small; in every billion air molecules just a few will be CH₂O. But it can be a signifier of more general pollution problems, says Isabelle De Smedt from the Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB).

"The formaldehyde column is composed of different sorts of volatile organic compounds, and the source can be from vegetation - so, from natural origin - but also from fires and pollution," she told BBC News.

"It depends on the region but 50-80% of the signal is from some biogenic origin. But above that you have pollution and fire. And the fire can be from coal burning or wildfires, but in India, yes, you have a lot of agricultural fires."

India also uses considerable quantities of wood in the home for cooking and heating.

When volatile organic compounds are brought together with nitrogen dioxide (NO₂, from fossil fuel burning) and sunlight, reactions will produce ground-level ozone.

This is a severe respiratory irritant that can lead to significant health problems.
Image copyright COPERNICUS SENTINEL DATA 2018/BIRA-IASB/DLR
Image caption Power of Tropomi: It took years to get similar data from the previous instrument

Notice how the Himalaya Mountains essentially corral the air on the plains, preventing it from moving north.

The relative low in formaldehyde concentration in north-west India is centred over the desert lands of Rajasthan, where, obviously, there is much less vegetation and fewer people.

Sentinel-5P was procured and launched by the European Space Agency for the European Union's Copernicus Earth-monitoring programme.

The satellite's Tropomi instrument can detect the presence in the atmosphere of a suite of trace gases in addition to formaldehyde, including nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide (SO₂), methane, carbon monoxide (CO) and aerosols (small droplets and particles).

All affect the air we breathe and therefore our health, and a number of them also play a role in climate change.
Image copyright COPERNICUS SENTINEL DATA 2018/BIRA-IASB/DLR
Image caption Formaldehyde concentrations across the globe, Nov-2017 to June-2018: The information will help develop policies to improve air quality

The Tropomi instrument itself represents a remarkable step-change on the capability of its predecessor spectrometer system known as Omi, which still flies today on an American space agency satellite.

"We already had really good data, but we needed many more days of observations, sometimes years of observations, to get this kind of quality," said Dr De Smedt.

"The new (India) map contains four months of data. Tropomi can do in one month what Omi did in six.

"We now see much faster the details, the small emissions, the cities - the kind of signals we didn't see so well before. We needed 10 years of data to see the emissions around Tehran, for example. In this map you can see them from only four months of Tropomi data."

After a test and commissioning phase, S5P will go fully operational at the end of the month for some of its data products, such as nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide.

Others, like formaldehyde, will have to wait until the Autumn.

Overall, the Tropomi investigations on S5P are led from the Netherlands Met Office (KNMI). The BIRA-IASB heads up the CH₂O and SO₂ analyses.

The bus, or chassis, of the satellite was assembled by Airbus in the UK, making S5P Britain's biggest single industrial contribution to the Sentinel series of satellites that have been procured for Copernicus.

11
The International Conference on Computer, Communication, Chemical, Material and Electronic Engineering (IC4ME2-2018) will be held from February 8~9, 2018 at University of Rajshahi in Bangladesh. This conference is a sequel of our first conference ICMEIE-2015. The conference will gather world-class researchers, engineers and educators engaged in the fields of Materials, Electronics, Chemical and Information Engineering to meet and present their latest activities. The main theme of this conference is Networking and Collaboration. You are cordially invited to attend this interesting event. The scope (not limited to) of the conference is:

    Functional Materials (Biomaterials, Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials, Nanomaterials etc.)
    Energy Engineering
    Signal & Image Processing
    Communications and Networking
    Computer & Control
    Information System
    Bioinformatics
    Biomedical Engineering
    Chemical Engineering
    Others

For more details please visit: http://dept.ru.ac.bd/ic4me2-2018/

12
Conference/Seminar / ICECE 2018
« on: May 08, 2018, 10:29:26 AM »
The 10th International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (ICECE 2018) is the pioneering international conference in the areas of electrical and computer engineering. ICECE brings together individuals from academia, research organizations, government, and industry to discuss and share ideas and present their latest findings and experiences in the areas of electrical and computer engineering. Prospective authors are invited to submit original technical papers for presentation at the conference. The presented papers will be available in the digital library of IEEE Xplore.
For more details please visit: http://icece.buet.ac.bd/i2018/

13
he 21st International Conference on Computer and Information Technology 2018 (ICCIT 2018) at United International University (UIU) welcomes and encourages the submission of accurate and relevant papers of original, unpublished work in various fields of Computer Science/Engineering, Information and Communication Technology.

ICCIT 2018, co-sponsored by IEEE Bangladesh section, is the largest technical event on Computer Science and Engineering, Information and Communication Technology in Bangladesh. The focus of the conference is to establish an effective platform for institutions and industries to share ideas and to present the works of scientists, engineers, educators and students from all over the world. The proceedings of the conference will be published in the form of Book (including in IEEE Xplore) and CDROM.

Major tracks of interest include, but not limited to, are:

Algorithms
Artificial intelligence
Bio-informatics
Bangla Language Processing
Computer Vision
Computer Graphics and Multimedia
Computer Based Education
Computer Networks and Data Commu.
Cloud Computing
Database Systems
Digital Signal and Image Processing
Digital systems and Logic Design
Distributed and Parallel Processing

Embedded System and Software
E-commerce and E-governance
Fuzzy Systems
Gaming
Grid and Scalable Computing
Human Computer Interaction
Intelligent Information Systems
Internet and Web Applications
IT Policy and Business Management
Knowledge and Data Engineering
Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing
Modeling and Simulation
Multimedia Systems and Services

Neural Networks
Optical Fiber Communication
Pattern Recognition
Parallel and Distributed Systems
Quantum Computing
Robotics
Reliability Engineering
Software Engineering
Security and Information Assurance
Spatial Information Systems
System Security and control
VLSI
Wireless Communication

14
Over the past year, Qualys (where I’m employed as the CISO) discovered serious weaknesses in the Schneider Electric ETG3000 FactoryCast HMI Gateway, an administrative interface used to manage industrial controls systems, and within the Linux glibc library.  In both cases, the vulnerabilities could allow a remote attacker to take control of the systems and cause significant harm.  Once such vulnerabilities are discovered, should one disclose them? If so, how does one do that?

There are two types of disclosures used by alumnus of Regis' information assurance graduate program and the security research field at large:  full disclosure and responsible disclosure.  Full disclosure is the practice of publishing the details of the vulnerability as early as possible and making the information available to everyone without restriction, which typically includes publicly releasing information through online forums or websites.  The primary argument for full disclosure is that ethically, the potential victim of attacks should be as knowledgeable as those who attack them.

Alternatively, responsible disclosure requires that the security researcher not disclose the vulnerability until a fix is available.  The argument for responsible disclosure is that blackhats – cyber criminals – can typically exploit the vulnerability when publicly disclosed much quicker than those who are attacked can fix the issue.  As such, it is important that a fix is ready and widely available once the vulnerability is made widely known. Responsible disclosure basically requires:

    That the security researcher who found the vulnerability confidentially reports it to the impacted company.
    That the security researcher and company work in good faith to establish an agreed upon period of time for the vulnerability to be patched.
    Once the agreed upon time period expires and the vulnerability is patched or the patch is available for installation by the users of the software, the security researcher can publicly disclose the vulnerability.

Several companies, such as Google, Microsoft, and Facebook, have also instituted bug bounty programs.  Bug bounty programs are similar to responsible disclosure, with the exception that the security researcher is compensated for reporting the vulnerability.

As a future security professional with your master's degree in information assurance, you may one day discover a vulnerability that could be leveraged by blackhats to wreak havoc across the Internet.  When you do, how will you disclose the vulnerability?

15
In a laboratory in Copenhagen, scientists believe they are on the verge of a breakthrough that could transform computing.

A team combining Microsoft researchers and Niels Bohr Institute academics is confident that it has found the key to creating a quantum computer.

If they are right, then Microsoft will leap to the front of a race that has a tremendous prize - the power to solve problems that are beyond conventional computers.

In the lab are a series of white cylinders, which are fridges, cooled almost to absolute zero as part of the process of creating a qubit, the building block of a quantum computer.
"This is colder than deep space, it may be the coldest place in the universe," Prof Charlie Marcus tells me.

The team he leads is working in collaboration with other labs in the Netherlands, Australia and the United States in Microsoft's quantum research programme.

Right now, they are behind in the race - the likes of Google, IBM and a Silicon Valley start-up called Rigetti have already shown they can build systems with as many as 50 qubits. Microsoft has yet to demonstrate - in public at least - that it can build one.

But these scientists are going down a different route from their rivals, trying to create qubits using a subatomic particle, whose existence was first suggested back in the 1930s by an Italian physicist Ettore Majorana.
Media captionWATCH: Quantum computing explained in 20 seconds

This week scientists from Microsoft's laboratory in Delft published a paper in the journal Nature outlining the progress they had made in isolating the Majorana particle.

Their belief is that this will lead to a much more stable qubit than the methods their rivals are using, which are highly prone to errors. That should mean scaling up to a fully operational quantum computer will be far easier.

At the Copenhagen lab they showed me through a powerful microscope the tiny wire where they have created these Majorana particles. Later over dinner, Prof Charlie Marcus tried, not altogether successfully, to demonstrate to someone whose last physics exam was more than 40 years ago what was unique about this approach with three pieces of bread and some cutlery.

"What's really astounding with this activity compared with what everybody else is doing is that we have to invent a particle that's never existed before and then use it for computing," he explains.

"It's a profoundly more exotic challenge than what's going on with other approaches to quantum computing."

Other scientists taking those other approaches are looking on with great interest and a little scepticism.

"It's one of those things that on paper look incredibly exciting but physics has a habit of throwing up spanners in the works," says University College London's Prof John Morton, whose research involves using good old fashioned silicon to build qubits.

"Until we see the demonstration we don't know how well these Majorana qubits developed by Microsoft will really behave."
Media captionCanada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was challenged to explain quantum computing in 2016

He says this is a big year for the field, with the strong likelihood that Google or IBM will demonstrate what is known as quantum supremacy, where a problem that is beyond a conventional supercomputer is solved using quantum methods.

But Microsoft seems confident that its years of research will soon pay off.

"We will have a commercially relevant quantum computer - one that's solving real problems - within five years," says Dr Julie Love, Microsoft's director of quantum computing business development.

She is already out selling the company's customers a vision of a near future where quantum computers will help battle climate change, create new superconducting materials and super-charge machine learning.

"What it allows us to do is solve problems that with all of our supercomputers running in parallel would take the lifetime of the universe to solve in seconds, hours or days."

So, the heat is on for the research team. Prof Charlie Marcus, who spent most of his career at Harvard before being recruited to run the Copenhagen lab, says his life has been about creating knowledge, not building products.

"My job is to find out what works and hand it off to the engineers and computer scientists who will turn it into a technology."

Heading up the whole programme is Todd Holmdahl, the Microsoft executive previously in charge of the Hololens mixed reality headset and the Xbox games console - a measure of how serious the company is about making some quantum hardware pretty soon.

I pressed Prof Marcus on whether his team was going to hit that ambitious five year target set by his employer.

"We're sure going to try," he says with a grin.
Source:bbc news

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