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Topics - Nahian Fyrose Fahim

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<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/bC0hlK7WGcM" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/bC0hlK7WGcM</a>

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Be a Leader / How to manage failure and success by A.P.J.Abdul kalam
« on: July 30, 2017, 04:20:30 PM »
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/7E-cwdnsiow" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/7E-cwdnsiow</a>

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<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/eIho2S0ZahI" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/eIho2S0ZahI</a>

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Career Grooming & Talent Hunt / How we can start a Presentation
« on: July 30, 2017, 04:14:02 PM »
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/-BDJUvaZb-A" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/-BDJUvaZb-A</a>

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Life Science / Easy ways to protect your eyes
« on: July 16, 2017, 05:06:12 PM »
Eyes are the most sensitive organ of the human body .Taking care of your eyes is very important. There are a lot of ways you can keep your eyes in perfect health . Some of them are elaborated below :

1. Whenever you have problems like itching, uneasiness in your eyes go for eye check-up.

2.Use eye drops for dry eyes, it helps to moist your eyes as well as clean particles.

3.Stop smoking, it increases the risk of eye diseases.

4.Don’t rub your eyes.It can cause irritation of your eyes.

5.Wash your hand first then touch your eyes.

6.Try to maintain healthy diet, consume lots of fresh fruits & vegetables like carrot- its a rich source of Vitamin A.

7.Few Vitamins are necessary for eye health, try to consume multivitamins but consult your doctor first.

8.Whenever going out, under sunlight use sunglasses, it protects your eyes from ultra violate radiation.

9.Be healthy and fit, it does have a nice impact on your eyes.

10.Try to use luminous lights all over your home; it helps to increase your vision.

11.People, who are using contact lens, be aware of its rules. Consult your doctor about using contact lens & its protection.

12.If you have fascination of eye make-up, then use a good brand & take it off very carefully.

13. If you are a computer professional & compelled to spend eight hours a day in front of the computer screen, then try to follow some rule, like take a break after every 20 minutes, place monitor as per your comfort, etc. You can even consult with doctors about how to keep your eyes safe and healthy.


Source: Coolhealthtips.com
        

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Motion sickness can quickly spoil that long-awaited vacation or business trip. The inner-ear disorder affects balance and equilibrium, possibly leading to queasiness, nausea and vomiting.

The Cleveland Clinic suggests these tips for preventing motion sickness:

    1.If you're prone to motion sickness, don't read in a moving vehicle.

    2.Be sure to get plenty of sleep before traveling.

    3.Skip foods that are acidic or greasy.

    4.Drink lots of water throughout the day, but restrict drinking alcohol.

    5.Avoid smoking and inhaling second-hand smoke, and close contact with other people who have motion sickness.

    6.Lean your head back against the head rest of your seat.

   8. If you're a car passenger, look at the scenery in the distance. If you're the driver, always focus on the road, but shift your eyes a            bit so that you're not always focused on the same spot.



Source: Healthday.com

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Public Health / Fight Insomnia and Win
« on: July 16, 2017, 04:56:33 PM »
Not being able to fall asleep at a time when you feel most tired and needing rest is a frustrating situation. However, before you chalk yourself up as being a hopeless case, you may benefit from learning that there are simple ways to fight insomnia and win. This involves checking some factors surrounding your sleep time, which may or may not be easily changed, and you may find yourself dozing off more efficiently when you tackle the following questions:

 Is your bedroom clean or messy? Many people have become used to treating their bedroom as an all-in-one room, which means they also work or do other stuff in it. This would result in a room that is very difficult to maintain clean. Even if you believe you are the type of person who can function well in a less-than-tidy room, your brain may think differently. Sometimes a messy bedroom causes restlessness even if you are not conscious of it. As such, it may do you well to create a relaxing atmosphere by keeping your room clean, and if possible, removing any stressful or work-related items from that room. If you have a one-bedroom apartment and really cannot transfer your work station, you can opt to make one corner limited to work just to keep your things organized and not strewn all over the place. If anything, keep your bed area clear.

 How much light does your room get? Even if you are the kind of person who can sleep with the lights on, it may be a good idea to check this factor. For some reason, darkness triggers the release of melatonin, or the sleep hormone. If your room lights are too bright, perhaps you can consider changing your bulbs to those of lower wattage, or add dimmers. If your room faces a bright street lamp, consider putting up heavy blinds or thick curtains to dim your room; they will also help you stay asleep longer by keeping the morning sun out.

What time do you usually exercise? This is important, of course, if you have a workout routine. Intensive workouts are known for making a person more alert, so if you have a workout schedule, check that it does not happen in the evening, or at least not late in the evening. A basic gauge would be to finish your exercise routine at a minimum of three hours before you head to bed.

When and what was your last meal? As crazy as it sounds, what you eat will have repercussions on your sleep, largely because spicy foods tend to cause unsettled stomachs, which makes it harder to fall asleep. Also, if you go to bed with a rumbling, empty tummy, you will be so uncomfortable as to fall off to sleep easily. Of course, it is not advisable to load up on a heavy meal right before sleeping. Instead, you can try taking a glass of warm milk. Interestingly, some experts also recommend eating a handful of nuts or a piece of turkey. These, like milk, contain the amino acid L-tryptophan, which has been proven to induce sleep.

Are you worrying about something? Now, this is a factor that is not too easily gotten rid of, and is perhaps the leading cause of insomnia across all sufferers. It could be worry about money, or about relationship problems, or even an unconscious anxiety about the future. In any case, this cannot be solved in a hurry and you may find ease from it when you deal with the worries during the day. Some people find it comforting to believe in a God who cares for them, who would even give up His life for them, as the belief in perfect love drives away every fear. In any case, you will need a way to vent out those anxieties and find something to give you peace of mind. Once that happens, you will find that falling asleep will no longer be a problem.

These are basic things that you can check in order to fight against your sleeping problem. And surely, you will find yourself winning the battle and enjoying countless nights of beauty sleep to the envy of all your friends!

Source: medsavailable.com
        

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While the appendix doesn't appear to have a real job in the body, it quickly becomes a concern when inflammation of the organ -- known as appendicitis .

The Cleveland Clinic mentions these warning signs of appendicitis:

 Vomiting and nausea.
 Pain in the lower-right area of the abdomen that becomes worse when touched.
 Soreness just above the belly button that may extend to the lower-right area of the belly.
 Aforementioned pain that worsens when coughing, sneezing, moving around or taking a deep breath.
 Running a mild fever.
 Having diarrhea, constipation or being unable to pass gas.
 Loss of appetite.
 Abdominal swelling.

One should not wait to consult with Doctor if she/he has the following symptoms.


Source : Healthy.com

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Pharmacy / Stroke Prevention Tips for Women
« on: July 16, 2017, 04:43:36 PM »
"Knowledge is power," said Dr. Natalia Rost, associate professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School. "If you know that a particular risk factor is sabotaging your health and predisposing you to a higher risk of stroke, you can take steps to alleviate the effects of that risk."

Two leading contributors to stroke are age and family history, which can't be controlled, but factors such as blood pressure and lifestyle behaviors are modifiable, Rost said in a Harvard news release.

Stroke -- sometimes called a brain attack -- occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted.

In the June issue of Harvard Women's Health Watch, Rost suggested the following ways to reduce stroke risk:

Manage your blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure doubles or even quadruples stroke risk. Monitoring blood pressure and treating high blood pressure is an important way to prevent stroke.

Watch your weight. Obesity and the complications linked to it -- such as high blood pressure and diabetes -- boost the risk of having a stroke. For overweight people, losing as little as 10 pounds can reduce stroke risk.

Be active. Exercise helps control weight and blood pressure, and is also an independent reducer of stroke risk. One study found that women who walked three hours a week were less likely to have a stroke than women who didn't walk.

Take baby aspirin. The Women's Health Initiative study found that women over age 65 who took a daily baby aspirin lowered their stroke risk. Aspirin helps reduce stroke risk by preventing blood clots from forming. But if you're considering daily aspirin use, talk to your doctor first.


Source :Healthday.com
   

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Pharmacy education in Bangladesh started its journey in 1964 after the establishment of Department of Pharmacy in  the  University  of  Dhaka.  The  first  academic  session  (1964  -1965)  of  the  department  began  with  24  students,  including  4  female students.However,  Pharmacy  as  a  profession  was  recognized  in  Bangladesh  after  the  promulgation  of  Pharmacy  Ordinance1976.  Initially,  the  academic  curriculum  consisted  of  a  3-year  Bachelor  (Honors) and 1-year Master of Pharmacy programs.Lateron, the undergraduate program was upgraded to 4-year Bachelor of Pharmacy (Honors) degree in 1996. In 2010, theundergraduate course was further upgraded to 5-year with  internship  in  hospitals  and  pharmaceutical  industries  in  order  to  cope  with  the  international  Pharm.  D.  (Doctor  of  Pharmacy)  program.  Pharmacy  graduates  in  Bangladesh  are  mainly  employed  in  different  sectors  of pharmaceutical  industries.  Very  recently,  a  few  pharmacists  have  been  employed  as  hospital pharmacists  in  few  highly  reputed  private  hospitals.  However,  hospital,  community  and  clinical  pharmacy  in  Bangladesh  have  not  been well developed due to lack of government policy and hence our people are partly deprived of proper health care services in Bangladesh.

For more :https://bps-bd.org/journal/volume14/01.pdf

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মুসলিমরা রোজা রাখলে তাকে বলা হয় ‘সিয়াম’। খ্রিস্টানরা রোজা রাখলে তাকে বলা হয় ‘ফাস্টিং’। হিন্দু বা বৌদ্ধরা রোজা রাখলে তাকে বলা হয় ‘উপবাস’। বিপ্লবীরা রোজা রাখলে তাকে বলা হয় ‘অনশন’। আর, মেডিক্যাল সাইন্সে রোজা রাখকে বলা হয় 'অটোফেজি’।
তবে মুসলিমদের রোজা রাখার ধরনের সাথে অন্যদের কিছু পার্থক্য আছে।
খুব বেশি দিন হয়নি, মেডিক্যাল সাইন্স ‘অটোফেজি’র সাথে পরিচিত হয়েছে। ২০১৬ সালে নোবেল কমিটি জাপানের ডাক্তার ‘ওশিনরি ওসুমি’-কে অটোফেজি আবিষ্কারের জন্যে পুরষ্কার দেয়। এরপর থেকে আধুনিক মানুষেরা ব্যাপকভাবে রোজা রাখতে শুরু করে।
youtube এ অনেক ভিডিও পাবেন । যেখানে রোজা রাখার জন্যে আধুনিক সচেতন নারী ও পুরুষেরা কেমন ব্যস্ত হয়ে পড়ছে, দেখুন!!! শত হলেও, মেডিক্যাল সাইন্স বলে কথা!!
যাই হোক, Autophagy কি? এবার তা বলি।
Autophagy শব্দটি একটি গ্রিক শব্দ। Auto অর্থ নিজে নিজে, এবং Phagy অর্থ খাওয়া। সুতরাং, অটোফেজি মানে নিজে নিজেকে খাওয়া।
না, মেডিক্যাল সাইন্স নিজের গোস্ত নিজেকে খেতে বলে না। শরীরের কোষগুলো বাহির থেকে কোনো খাবার না পেয়ে নিজেই যখন নিজের অসুস্থ কোষগুলো খেতে শুরু করে, তখন মেডিক্যাল সাইন্সের ভাষায় তাকে অটোফেজি বলা হয়।
আরেকটু সহজভাবে বলি।
আমাদের ঘরে যেমন ডাস্টবিন থাকে, অথবা আমাদের কম্পিউটারে যেমন রিসাইকেল বিন থাকে, তেমনি আমাদের শরীরের প্রতিটি কোষের মাঝেও একটি করে ডাস্টবিন আছে। সারা বছর শরীরের কোষগুলো খুব ব্যস্ত থাকার কারণে, ডাস্টবিন পরিষ্কার করার সময় পায় না। ফলে কোষগুলোতে অনেক আবর্জনা ও ময়লা জমে যায়।
শরীরের কোষগুলো যদি নিয়মিত তাদের ডাস্টবিন পরিষ্কার করতে না পারে, তাহলে কোষগুলো একসময় নিষ্ক্রিয় হয়ে শরীরে বিভিন্ন প্রকারের রোগের উৎপন্ন করে। ক্যান্সার বা ডায়াবেটিসের মত অনেক বড় বড় রোগের শুরু হয় এখান থেকেই।
মানুষ যখন খালি পেটে থাকে, তখন শরীরের কোষগুলো অনেকটা বেকার হয়ে পড়ে। কিন্তু তারা তো আর আমাদের মত অলস হয়ে বসে থাকে না, তাই প্রতিটি কোষ তার ভিতরের আবর্জনা ও ময়লাগুলো পরিষ্কার করতে শুরু করে। কোষগুলোর আমাদের মত আবর্জনা ফেলার জায়গা নেই বলে তারা নিজের আবর্জনা নিজেই খেয়ে ফেলে। মেডিক্যাল সাইন্সে এই পদ্ধতিকে বলা হয় অটোফেজি।
জাস্ট এ জিনিসটা আবিষ্কার করেই জাপানের ওশিনরি ওসুমি (Yoshinori Ohsumi) ২০১৬ সালে নোবেল পুরস্কারটা নিয়ে গেল। শুনেছি প্রোফেসর ওশিনরি নিজেও সপ্তাহে দুটি করে রোজা রাখেন। আমার আফসোস হলো তাদের জন্যে, যারা স্বাস্থ্যের কথা ভেবে রোজা রাখেন না। আমরা তো প্রতিবছর একমাস রোজা রেখে শরীরের অটোফেজি করে ফেলি। কিন্তু, আপনারা কিভাবে শরীরের অটোফেজি করবেন?



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Viruses & Worms / Some common virus and its infections
« on: May 30, 2017, 01:39:31 PM »

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Famous Speeches / Be a doer !! Success will come ...
« on: May 30, 2017, 01:27:17 PM »
Vision without action is daydream. Action without vision is nightmare.
                                                                                                                        – Japanese Proverb

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Brain / Dementia in Bangladesh
« on: May 30, 2017, 10:44:02 AM »

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