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Topics - Afroza Akhter Tina

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76
English / Features of an Effective Teacher
« on: February 04, 2015, 10:42:26 AM »
In the book, Language Teaching Awareness, Fanselow points out the aim of exploration that is “seeing…teaching differently” (1988:114). The main theme of the book is ‘exploration of teaching’ which tries to identify some important techniques of language teaching along with some of the important features of an effective teacher. These are:
a.   Simply gaining awareness of teaching beliefs and practices
b.   Seeing nonjudgmental description as preferable to prescriptions of how teaching ‘should’ be done
c.   The need to pay attention to language and behavior
d.   Emphasis on going beyond usual ways of understanding teaching, especially that of problem solving(i.e., identifying and overcoming a problem area in one’s teaching)
e.   Interest in having teachers considers ‘connecting questions’, that is, questions connecting who they are as people with who they are as teachers.
f.   To highlight the importance of involving teachers in processes through which they can make more informed decisions. Bailey (1990) discusses the process of keeping a teaching journal. Wallace (1998) elaborates on doing action research. Gaies and Bowers (1990) present a process of clinical supervision.
g.   To start with “a beginner’s mind” (Suzuki 1970), that is to start with an open mind as a fresher always.

77
Faculty Forum / Features of an Effective Teacher
« on: February 04, 2015, 10:41:38 AM »
In the book, Language Teaching Awareness, Fanselow points out the aim of exploration that is “seeing…teaching differently” (1988:114). The main theme of the book is ‘exploration of teaching’ which tries to identify some important techniques of language teaching along with some of the important features of an effective teacher. These are:
a.   Simply gaining awareness of teaching beliefs and practices
b.   Seeing nonjudgmental description as preferable to prescriptions of how teaching ‘should’ be done
c.   The need to pay attention to language and behavior
d.   Emphasis on going beyond usual ways of understanding teaching, especially that of problem solving(i.e., identifying and overcoming a problem area in one’s teaching)
e.   Interest in having teachers considers ‘connecting questions’, that is, questions connecting who they are as people with who they are as teachers.
f.   To highlight the importance of involving teachers in processes through which they can make more informed decisions. Bailey (1990) discusses the process of keeping a teaching journal. Wallace (1998) elaborates on doing action research. Gaies and Bowers (1990) present a process of clinical supervision.
g.   To start with “a beginner’s mind” (Suzuki 1970), that is to start with an open mind as a fresher always.

78
Faculty Forum / Using authentic materials
« on: January 31, 2015, 06:48:02 PM »
Using authentic material is very important to enhance language learning in terms of having the real exposure of the target language. Charlene Polio in his article Using Authentic Materials in The Beginning Language Classroom states that, it is really important to have the real life exposure in terms of learning. It further mentions about the different types of authentic materials as children’s books and translated materials depending on the learner’s ability and level. Ferit Kilickaya in the article Authentic Materials and Cultural Content in EFL Classrooms' defines authentic material as ‘the exposure to real language and its use in its own community'. In addition, Harmer (1991), cited in Matsuta (n.d., para. 1) defines authentic texts as materials that are meant to design and use for the native speakers only; they are not designed for language students. Moreover Jordan (1997, p. 113) concerns these texts as not to be used for language teaching purposes.
There are issues regarding the use of authentic materials in a language teaching class. There can be some problems as the students may miss the vocabulary, structure and pattern of the target language and they can be fully motivated to use the language only in their real life. However, most of the teachers around the world agree on the issue that these are very helpful for learning a foreign language but the concern should be on the appropriate timing and how these can be used in a language classroom. Here I am attaching Charlene Polio’s article for your further concern.

79
English / Using authentic materials
« on: January 31, 2015, 06:42:33 PM »
Using authentic material is very important to enhance language learning in terms of having the real exposure of the target language. Charlene Polio in his article Using Authentic Materials in The Beginning Language Classroom states that, it is really important to have the real life exposure in terms of learning. It further mentions about the different types of authentic materials as children’s books and translated materials depending on the learner’s ability and level. Ferit Kilickaya in the article Authentic Materials and Cultural Content in EFL Classrooms' defines authentic material as ‘the exposure to real language and its use in its own community'. In addition, Harmer (1991), cited in Matsuta (n.d., para. 1) defines authentic texts as materials that are meant to design and use for the native speakers only; they are not designed for language students. Moreover Jordan (1997, p. 113) concerns these texts as not to be used for language teaching purposes.
There are issues regarding the use of authentic materials in a language teaching class. There can be some problems as the students may miss the vocabulary, structure and pattern of the target language and they can be fully motivated to use the language only in their real life. However, most of the teachers around the world agree on the issue that these are very helpful for learning a foreign language but the concern should be on the appropriate timing and how these can be used in a language classroom. Here I am attaching Charlene Polio’s article for your further concern.

80
English / Double Consciousness in Achebe
« on: January 30, 2015, 03:50:09 PM »

The notion of ‘double consciousness’ which is a characteristic of the post-colonial writers, explains the great attraction, which is concerned to show the fluid and unstable nature of personal and gender identity, contradictory currents of signification. The crowning glory of Achebe’s novels is undoubtedly his use of the language and aphorism of oral culture. What sets him apart from other African writers is the fact that he is by far, more successful than others in flawlessly translating the working of African psyche from one medium to another, from an indigenous oral tradition to an alien form of European origin without obliterating the freshness and vigor of the former. Achebe’s narrative technique is different in Things Fall Apart where he employs ‘double consciousness’ which is perhaps inevitable when writing about a society that did not itself know writing, or using English to describe an Ibo speaking world. Jan Mohamed’s implication is that modern western educated readers know more than the traditional Umofians and so can judge them accordingly which is not limited to the characters rather characterizes the narrative as a whole.

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