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The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Division on Tuesday issued an emergency advisory on a rampaging ransomware virus that emerged across the globe on Friday.
 The ICT suggested all computer users to follow some guidelines on how to protect their personal and workplace computers from being affected by the virus known as “WannaCry” or “Wannacrypt”.

The virus swept computers running on Microsoft Windows Operating System, especially those not currently supported such as Windows XP, Windows 8 and Windows Server 2003.

To avoid the attack, the ICT suggested people for taking regular data backup of the computers and keep the data save another devices.

“Regularly update the operating systems, with keeping the windows automatic update activated,” the advisory said.

For windows, the ICT advised updating the computer with MS17-010 patch.

It also strongly recommended avoiding downloading and opening unsolicited files and attachments.

“Never click any unknown link without verifying the source” it said.

Besides, the ICT advised updating security system and anti-virus of before browsing internet.

Software Engineering / World’s first modular self-driving car
« on: July 19, 2017, 07:03:43 PM »
Trying to find a car that matches your style is no easy task.

But a new modular driverless vehicle that is described as a ‘blank sheet of paper’ could be the solution to meeting people’s varying styles.

The ‘Edit’ self-driving vehicle is made up of five parts, allowing users to create different configurations of the same vehicle both in terms of style and use.

The Edit vehicle was designed by Hong Kong based OSVehicle, who wanted to make a self-driving car for everyone.

Alessandro Camorali, CEO of OSVehicle said: ‘EDIT is designed for the future, five parts define the whole volume so everyone can easily have more configurations of the same vehicle both in terms of use, style, and recognizability.

‘The intention was to create a “non form”, a blank sheet of paper, where people can develop their own ideas.

‘Because design must not be an imposition but a participation.’

The modular technology allows users to easily embed several autonomous driving technologies, including lidars and sensors.

The firm describes this as ‘BYOSDCACH’ – Bring Your Own Self Driving Code And Custom Hardware Stack.

The cars are expected to last more than 20 years, as modules can be replaced.

On its website, OSVehicle said: ‘EDIT’s modular technology enables the easy replacement of key components such as electric motor and battery pack, which allow vehicles to last 10X longer than traditional cars.’

Edit can also be customised by brands, both in the exterior body and the interior.
Described as ‘Vehicle-as-a-Service’, this allows companies to quickly deliver models tailored for each service and country.

OSVehicle said: ‘With the rise of food delivery, ride and car sharing, vehicles should focus on the service brand and its needs, not the car brand.’

The body is divided into five main parts – front, rear, roof and double symmetrical door, optimizing production and decreasing costs.

OSVehicle said: ‘A friendly shape, easily transformable according to the needs of the customer that could help the transition towards a different layout of the autonomous driving cars of the future.

‘Easy to repair and upgrade to transition faster to a zero emission and zero fatality mobility.’

The interior can provide different settings from level one to five of autonomous driving.
In a level five version, there is a face-to-face seating layout with a table in the central area.

It is unclear when the car will be available, or how much it will cost.

Fish production in Bangladesh is estimated to increase to 4.04 million tonnes in 20015-16 fiscal year from 3.88 million tonnes in 2014-15 fiscal.

Fisheries and Livestock Minister Muhammed Sayedul Hoque Tuesday said this adding the country will be self-sufficient in fish through enhancing production up to 4.2 million tones within the next year.

He was addressing a press briefing  in the city marking the beginning of National Fisheries Week-2017.

The fisheries minister said in 2008-09 the country produced only 2.70 million  tonnes fishes and the production was significantly increased to 3.88 million tonnes in 2015-16 fiscal year due to various development programmes taken by the government.
Source: Financial Express

Citing a Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimate, the minister said the country will need almost 4.2 million tonnes fish in a year to meet its annual demand with daily per capita requirement of 60 grams.

The minister  said the government has released 558.35 tonnes of fish fries throughout the country under development and revenue sectors in 2016-17 fiscal year, adding that a total of 1251 beel-hatcheries also have been set up for raising the production of open water fishes, according to a report by BSS.

The key attraction of the remote village located in the foot of hills in Mirshara upazila’s Khoyachora union is its four beautiful waterfalls -- Ujalia, Kupikatakum, Napittyachora and Bandorkum. Tourists started flocking the area after the beauty of the waterfalls and the scenic trail that leads to the water falls inside the hills spread through social media in the last two years.

The waterfalls of Napittyachora trail are attracting daily 500 to 1000 visitors, said locals. During holidays, it crosses thousand.

For visiting the waterfalls one needs to go to Noyduara area of Mirsharai upazila. It takes around three hours to reach the waterfalls from Noyduara area. After walking for half an hour, one could reach the first two waterfalls -- Ujalia and Kupikatakum. On crossing the first two waterfalls it would take more than two hours to reach the other two waterfalls. Local youths and teenage boys work as guide to show the ways through deep jungle. They charge Tk 300 to 500 for the whole journey. 

Way to the other two waterfalls takes over two hours to reach and it needs ascending-descending the steep hills, walking through the ankle to knee deep water course, going through green jungle, walking on large slippery stones that resemble like eggs of a prehistoric animals. In addition, chirping of wild birds and sound of insects would make it a memorable journey.

For visitors it could become quite difficult and risky to reach the four waterfalls deep inside the jungle as there is no sign boards with directions were seen on the way.

Besides, the tourists have to suffer a lot as the road is not much developed.

Mentionable, a tourist was killed after falling from hill in the Napittyachora trail last year after a group of tourist lost their way on August 15, 2016.

Other than these hazards, the waterfalls could become a great tourist attraction in Chittagong.


Bangladesh Bank officials will sit with the top executives of 20 banks today to find out how to reduce the cost of sending remittance through the banking channel.

The meeting will be held at the headquarters of the banking regulator in Dhaka, as part of an effort to arrest the fall in remittance and encourage the expatriates to send more money.

Migrant workers sent home $12.77 billion in the last fiscal year, down 14.47 percent year-on-year, according to data from the central bank.

The cost of sending remittance is high mainly due to the commission taken by the exchange houses aboard, said Ahmed Jamal, executive director of Bangladesh Bank.

He spoke at a workshop for journalists jointly organised by the BB and Economic Reporters Forum, at the central bank headquarters yesterday.

The central bank is concerned about the declining remittance, as the strong growth of remittance had helped Bangladesh cushion the shocks of the global economic meltdown earlier, he said. Tightening of anti-money laundering regulations globally amid rising militant activities hindered the remittance inflow, said Habibur Rahman, general manager of the BB.

Rahman, who was a member of the research team that the BB had formed to find out the causes of falling remittance, said cost is not the major reason behind the sliding remittance.

The workers are being harassed while sending money through the banking channel due to the tightening of the anti-money laundering regulations in the countries where Bangladesh has a big labour market, he said.

The cuts in wages amid economic crisis in Middle Eastern countries are also responsible for the fall in remittance, he said.

Remittance inflows from Saudi Arabia slumped 23 percent and from the UAE 22.79 percent in last fiscal year compared to the previous year, according to BB data.
Source: Star Business, 19.07.2017

Business & Entrepreneurship / What Does the Malware Do?
« on: April 20, 2017, 06:26:14 PM »
As far as what malware is installed exactly, it can vary. Some devices had malware that shows adverts such as the Loki malware. Other examples gleaned information from the user and sent it to a third-party server. Others acted as Android-specific ransomware. As such, there’s no single diagnosis or symptom you can give a newly-bought phone to tell if it has been pre-infected with malware or not.
How Did This Happen?

It’s distressing to hear that phones are now shipping with malware installed the moment you buy them! How did this even happen in the first place? How is it that malware is finding its way onto users’ phones before they even go online?

As for the report by Check Point, they state that the companies found to be selling malware-infected devices were “a large telecommunications company and a multinational technology company,” which doesn’t say much. However, it does mention that the malware attacks “… were not part of the official ROM supplied by the vendor, and were added somewhere along the supply chain.”

This means that the distributors of the phones were the ones adding the malware, not the manufacturers. A Samsung Galaxy phone infected with pre-installed malware wasn’t the fault of Samsung themselves, for instance. This creates a worrying scenario where customers can no longer be certain that their phone will remain untampered with from the factory line to the home.
How Do I Avoid It?


Now that malware is being spread onto phones before they’re even sold, the tried and trusted anti-malware advice won’t work against this new form of attack. Exercising caution over the apps you download, the websites you visit, and the links you click won’t help you avoid malware that’s already on your system since day one. There are some additional precautions you can take, however, to prevent being bitten by this bug.

First, make sure you purchase your devices from trusted resellers. This includes stores that are owned entirely by the people manufacturing the phone that you want, as well as highly respected and trusted network providers for your country. Purchasing a phone from less-reputable sellers runs the risk of having malware pre-installed on it.

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