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Messages - Shabnam Sakia

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Students' Activities / Benefits of joining in group study
« on: March 07, 2019, 06:26:33 PM »
Improve your notes
Study groups provide an excellent means for students to compare class lecture notes. Comparing notes allows students to fill in any information or important concepts they may have missed during lecture.

Sharing talents

Everyone has individual talents and unique insights, group members can learn from each other. Study groups provides students an opportunity to benefit from the talents and knowledge of the other group members.

Support system   
School can be very stressful, so it is advantageous to seek support from people in similar situations that can provide you support. Joining or forming a study group is a great way to give and receive motivation and support from fellow students and group members. And if you become sick or are unable to attend class, you can get notes from members of your study group.

Cover more material
Working in groups makes it possible to focus on more concepts since multiple people can review more material than just one. Many groups decide to assign topics to individual group members to research and study and then provide a summary for the group. This strategy allows students to learn a lot more, in a lot shorter time, than if they were to study each topic on their own.

It makes learning fun!
Studying with a group is a great way to liven up your study sessions. It can be very monotonous and draining to spend long hours alone in the library. Joining a study group and studying in a group environment makes learning much more fulfilling and enjoyable.

Faculty Forum / Re: Ways to improve sleep naturally
« on: November 07, 2018, 07:43:47 PM »
As we are growing old day by day, we need to follow it regularly. Thanks for sharing.

Faculty Forum / Lightning: The reason behind this new disaster.
« on: November 06, 2018, 10:40:18 AM »
Now-a-days, one of the most discussed issues of the country is lightning and thunderstorm. The Government has recently announced it as a natural disaster.

It makes us very thoughtful what are the causes behind this incidents.
When the temperature rises, hot moist air rises upwards, known as updrafts. At the same time, the cool air sinks downwards, and this is called downdrafts. The collision of updrafts and downdrafts creates cumulonimbus (storm cells with electric charge) and it produces lightning and thunderstorm. Usually it happens during summer, in the months between March and May, but as the world temperature is rising day by day, such collisions occur every now and then.

Other than the rising temperature in the atmosphere, there is another specific reason. In prior times, we had many tall, old trees, most of which have been cut down over the years. As we know, trees are electricity resistant; they can absorb lightning strikes and save us. But due to massive deforestation, we are rapidly losing our forests. Besides, the increased use of metallic devices is one more reason for lightning to reach humans easily, as metals also conduct electricity.

There are some ways which are strictly need to be followed for the safety protection during the lightning. The structural way is using 'Lightning Arrestor' both in residential and high rise industrial buildings, so that the current is diverted through the arrestor, in most cases, to earth.
The non-structural way is to create awareness among the people. It is very tough to develop warnings to protect lightning, as we know that the volt of lightning is very high (in some cases 30-50 lakh volts) and it comes at 220 kilometers per second. Yet, some quick steps can be effective in this regard. After seeing the flash, if we can manage a safe shelter within 30 seconds, we'll be able to protect ourselves. We should keep in mind that, we must avoid tall trees, open fields, boating, fishing, metal wires, electronic equipment, wire fences, water pipes, inflammable materials, corded phones, concrete floor or walls, and utility poles. Apart from these, unplugging expensive electronic equipment and securing outdoor objects that could explode or cause damage is a wise decision.

Faculty Sections / Benefits of Rainwater Harvesting
« on: July 05, 2018, 05:55:22 PM »
What is rainwater harvesting and why is it Important?

Water is our most precious natural resource and something that most of us take for granted. We are now increasingly becoming aware of the importance of water to our survival and its limited supply.

The harvesting of rainwater simply involves the collection of water from surfaces on which rain falls, and subsequently storing this water for later use. Normally water is collected from the roofs of buildings and stored in rainwater tanks. Water can also be collected in dams from rain falling on the ground and producing runoff.

Benefits of Rainwater Harvesting

The collection of rainwater and harvesting it for everyday use has an ample number of exciting benefits. Let’s take a look and discover some of those benefits.
Provides backup source of water

There are many uncertainties in water supply systems. Droughts may lead to shortage of water. Destruction of water supply systems may occur at specific locations. Major repairs and maintenance in water companies happen sporadically. All these variables lead to unavailability of water in your home. So, installing rainwater harvesting system is the best course of action to continue enjoying water supply in case any of the above variables occur.

The collected rainwater can be used for many different purposes around the home. This includes laundry, washing dishes and more. This would prevent groundwater depletion and augment ground water table.
Ecological benefit

The ecological benefits of rainwater harvesting are immense. An activity like flushing the toilet, for instance, attributes to about 35% of home water usage. Add up the amount of water used to irrigate the lawn, do laundry, wash cars and the total amount water used is simply astronomical. For businesses, more so hospitality establishments that accommodate a big number of guests in a single location, require a lot of water to satisfy customers. Rainwater harvesting will simply help to fill this gap.
The ecological benefit rainwater harvesting systems bring is that there will be a significant reduction in the amount of water used from the mains. This, ideally, means that water companies will not have to artificially pump in water from rivers and lakes. This will help minimize the possibility of rivers drying up. Another great ecological benefit of rainwater harvesting systems is that they help reduced the load placed upon drainage systems, minimizing the impacts of flooding by funneling the runoff water into large tanks for recycling.
Easy to maintain

Rainwater harvesting systems are considerably easy to maintain since they are not utilized for drinking, cooking or other sensitive uses. This means that they will not need installation of purification systems, which are usually expensive.
Rainwater harvesting systems are cost effective, provide high quality water, reduce dependence on wells. The surplus rainwater can also be used to recharge ground water aquifer through artificial recharge techniques.
Reduces erosion and flooding around buildings
Most buildings that utilize rainwater harvesting systems have a built-in catchment area on top of the roof, which is capable of collecting vast amounts of water in case of rain storms. It helps to reduce soil erosion as by capturing rainwater, the flow of storm water is reduced which can also prevent urban flooding. If the water were not collected efficiently, it could have resulted in serious soil erosion and flooding around the house.Requires low upfront capital investment

Installation of rainwater harvesting system is not that expensive, plus it’s a one-time installation, and that’s it. The only routine maintenance required is cleaning out the tank. You will probably hire an expert technician to install the system for you. The technician won’t quote a high price, plus he will offer free advice on the best rainwater system to buy. He will also help out when buying the system to ensure you get the best quality rainwater harvesting system. When you sum up the overall cost of installing the system, you’ll find that it’s actually manageable.
Once you begin using rainwater you will also appreciate a reduced amount of water consumption in the home, thus all of your utility bills will greatly shrink in size. How incredible would it be to slash as much as 50 to 60% off of your water bill each month? No complaints with having additional money in the pocket each and every month.

A young man asked Socrates about the secret to success. Socrates told the young man to meet him near the river the next morning. They met. Socrates asked the young man to walk with him toward the river.
When the water got up to their neck, Socrates took the young man by surprise and ducked him into the water. The boy struggled to get out but Socrates was strong and kept him there until the boy started turning blue. Socrates pulled his head out of the water and the first thing the young man did was to gasp and take a deep breath of air.
Socrates asked, 'What did you want the most when you were there?" The boy replied, "Air." ……Socrates said, "That is the secret to success. When you want success as badly as you wanted the air, then you will get it. There is no secret.

“A burning desire is the starting point of all accomplishment.”

Just like a small fire cannot give much heat, a weak desire cannot produce great results.

Natural Science / Plastic pollution in the ocean ( Earth Day special)
« on: April 22, 2017, 01:47:55 AM »

This manmade debris gets into the water in many ways. People often leave trash on beaches or throw it into the water from boats or offshore facilities. This debris is carried by storm drains, canals, or rivers.

Any kind of trash can get into the ocean—from glass bottles to aluminum cans to medical waste. The vast majority of marine debris, however, is plastic.

Plastic products can be very harmful to marine life. For instance, loggerhead sea turtles often mistake plastic bags for jellyfish, their favorite food. And many sea animals and birds have become strangled by the plastic rings used to hold six-packs of soda together.

Plastics do not biodegrade quickly. Ironically, some new biodegradable plastics might not break down in oceans at all. These products are designed to break down when they heat up in a landfill or compost pile. Cooler ocean temperatures prevent these products from truly degrading.

Instead, like many other types of plastic, they simply break down into tiny particles called microplastics. Microplastics are pieces of debris between 0.3 and 5 millimeters (0.01 to 0.20 inches) thick, no thicker than a grain of rice. One example of microplastics is “nurdles,” the manmade pellets of raw material used in making plastic products. These tiny pieces of plastic can collect in the stomachs of marine animals, interfering with digestion. When marine animals ingest nurdles, they can feel “full” although they are not getting nutrients. The animals are at risk of malnutrition and starvation.

Floating on the ocean’s surface, nurdles and other small plastic pieces can block the sun’s rays from reaching plants and algae that depend on the sun to create nutrients. When these organisms are threatened, the entire marine food web may be disturbed.

As plastics get smaller and smaller, they release chemicals. One of those chemicals can be bisphenol A (BPA). Bisphenol A can interfere with animals’ reproductive systems. Fish are especially at risk when exposed to bisphenol A. Exposed fish produce fewer healthy offspring.

Bisphenol A and other chemicals build up in the fish’s body through a process called bioaccumulation. Plants or algae may absorb bisphenol A through the water. A fish, already exposed to the chemical, ingests more bisphenol A when it eats the algae. Top predators such as sharks or dolphins, which eat the fish, accumulate the most chemicals.

A reduction in the fish population can impact human activity in the area. Fisheries shrink, weakening the area’s economy. Fish that are harvested may have a high amount of toxins or other marine debris in their system as a result of bioaccumulation. Some of these toxins, such as mercury or bisphenol A, may be harmful to people, putting consumers at risk.

“Vertigo” নিরাময়ে খাদ্য ভূমিকা
“Vertigo” এই রোগে মাথা ঘোরা ছাড়াও বমি বমিভাব এবং অতিরিক্ত ঘাম হতে পারে। এই সমস্যা থেকে বাঁচতে শরীরে পর্যাপ্ত পরিমাণে তরল ও পুষ্টি উপাদান থাকার জন্য দৈনন্দিন খাদ্যতালিকায় নিচের খাবারগুলো যোগ করে নিতে পারেন।
কাঠবাদাম: প্রচুর পরিমাণে ভিটামিন ই এবং ভিটামিন বি থাকে কাঠবাদামে, যা আপনাকে রাখবে স্বাস্থ্যবান ও কর্মচঞ্চল। রাতে ঘুমানোর আগে একমুঠ কাঠবাদাম পানিতে ভিজিয়ে রাখতে হবে। সকালে ওই বাদাম পিষে এক গ্লাস দুধের সঙ্গে মেশাতে হবে। প্রতিদিন সকালে খালি পেটে এই দুধ পান করলে মাথা ঘোরানোর সমস্যা দূর হবে।
আমলকি ও ধনিয়ার বীজ: ধনিয়ার বীজে থাকে কর্পূর, ম্যাঙ্গানিজ, লৌহ, ম্যাগনেসিয়াম, ক্যালসিয়াম। আর আমলকিতে আছে ভিটামিন সি। এক গ্লাস খাওয়ার পানিতে ১ টেবিল-চামচ করে ধনিয়ার বীজ ও আমলকির গুঁড়া নিয়ে সারারাত ভিজিয়ে রাখতে হবে। সকালে পানিটুকু ছেঁকে নিয়ে তাতে মধু যোগ করতে পারেন। প্রতিদিন সকালে কিংবা যখন মাথা ঘোরায় সেই সময়ে এটি পান করলে উপকার মিলবে। 
লালমরিচ: এতে থাকে ‘ক্যাপসাইসিন’, যা কানের ভেতরে অংশ ও মস্তিষ্কে রক্তসঞ্চালন বাড়ায়। ফলে মাথা ঘোরাভাব কমে। ১ টেবিল-চামচ লালমরিচ ও আধা টেবিল-চামচ গোলমরিচের গুঁড়া একটি বাটিতে নিয়ে ১ চিমটি লবণ, ১ টেবিল-চামচ অপাস্তুরিত অ্যাপল সাইডার ভিনিগার ও ১ টেবিল-চামচ মধু মিশিয়ে প্রতিদিন দুতিনবার খেলে মস্তিষ্কে রক্তসঞ্চালন বাড়বে।
লেমনগ্রাস: মাথা ঘোরা ও বমিভাব দূর করতে এটি বেশ উপকারী। থেতলানো লেমনগ্রাস মিশিয়ে চা বানিয়ে পান করতে পারেন, যোগ করতে পারেন প্রতিদিনের খাদ্য তালিকাতেও। মাথা ঘোরাভাব অনুভুত হওয়ার সময় এক কাপ লেমনগ্রাস চা পান করলে কয়েক মিনিটের মধ্যেই উপকার মিলবে।
স্ট্রবেরি: ভিটামিন সি’র একটি উল্লেখযোগ্য উৎস স্ট্রবেরি। যা মাথা ঘোরানোর সমস্যা সমাধানে বেশ কার্যকর। প্রতিদিন তিন থেকে চারটি তাজা স্ট্রবেরি চিবিয়ে খেতে পারেন। আবার কাটা স্ট্রবেরি সারারাত দইয়ের উপর রেখে দিয়ে সকালে খেতে পারেন। দইতে প্রচুর ম্যাগনেসিয়াম থাকে যা মাথা ঘোরাভাব দূর করতে সহায়ক।

Be a Leader / Human Values- Steps need to be practiced
« on: April 20, 2017, 02:21:59 PM »
When we think of our values, we think of what is important to us in our lives (e.g., security, independence, wisdom, success, kindness, pleasure). Each of us holds numerous values with varying degrees of importance. A particular value may be very important to one person, but unimportant to another. The main features of the conception of basic values are summarized in the following points:

• Values are beliefs. But they are beliefs tied inextricably to emotion, not objective, cold ideas.
• Values are a motivational construct. They refer to the desirable goals people strive to attain.
• Values transcend specific actions and situations. They are abstract goals. The abstract nature of values distinguishes them from concepts like norms and attitudes, which usually refer to specific actions, objects, or situations.
• Values guide the selection or evaluation of actions, policies, people, and events. That is, values serve as standards or criteria.
• Values are ordered by importance relative to one another. People’s values form an ordered system of value priorities that characterize them as individuals.

 Each of the basic values can be characterized by describing its central motivational goal:
1. Self-Direction. Independent thought and action; choosing, creating, exploring.
2. Stimulation. Excitement, novelty, and challenge in life.
3. Hedonism. Pleasure and sensuous gratification for oneself.
4. Achievement. Personal success through demonstrating competence according to social standards.
5. Power. Social status and prestige, control or dominance over people and resources.
6. Security. Safety, harmony, and stability of society, of relationships, and of self.
7. Conformity. Restraint of actions, inclinations, and impulses likely to upset or harm others and violate social expectations or norms.
8. Tradition. Respect, commitment, and acceptance of the customs and ideas that traditional culture or religion provide the self. 
9. Benevolence. Preserving and enhancing the welfare of those with whom one is in frequent personal contact

Well said....try to stay close to nature will give you healthy life

Interesting ..........hopefully it will work properly

wonderful place for the selfie lover

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