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Topics - nashid

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Any organized approach to move production towards clean production should have the following steps:

Prevent: To 'prevent' is to give up a process or product in favor of noticeably improving the environmental situation.
Decrease: This can be attained by reducing the pollutant load, exhaustion and fixation of dyes close to 100 per cent and responding to water and energy requirement.
Re-utilise / Re-use: Re-utilisation of the dye bath is a vital deliberation under the pressure of dwindling resources. This has now turned into pragmatism because of addition of new auxiliaries, modern filter technology and spectrophotometers that calculate the substance of the dye in the dye bath accurately.
Recycle: This recycling of natural fibres is achievable, but it has a limitation of application because of natural degradation. Synthetic fibres can be recycled by melting down and regranulating with or without applying fresh granules. This perhaps is most acceptable to 'green' organizations, but is limited due to lack of uses for the material recycled.

Globalization of textile industry makes it necessary to analyze its production techniques, procedures and product qualities to satisfy all international eco-standards. Some key points are-

#In different textile production processes, steps should be taken to ensure that these processes are done chemically, but do not create any toxic effects.
#For making sure that the effluent created complies with the standards set by effluent control authorities, appropriate changes in recipes should be made, effluent treatment plants should be set and re-use of effluent wherever viable should be made.
#The process of management should be designed in such a way that proper control on choosing and purchase of input materials are inbuilt in the system itself.
#The cost of effluent treatment is measured as inevitable. Any effort to decrease this cost should not be made by diluting' eco-standards.
#Suitable audit system should also be introduced by textile units, which ensure that eco-standards are realized.

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