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Do Fast-Food Restaurants Fall Short on Their Health Claims?
At fast food restaurants, most parents buy their children unhealthy items that can account for up to 51 percent of a child's daily calorie needs, even though healthier options are available, the study shows.
Credit: Dreamstime

Fast-food restaurants are serving healthier options, although only marginally so, according to a study published last week in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

You may have known that changes were afoot in the fast-food restaurants most vilified by doctors for serving unhealthy fare. McDonald's, Burger King and others now offer salad, fruit, and skim milk. The new offerings, advertised prominently, would make one think that a trip to the local burger joint is suddenly heart-healthy, and waistline-friendly.
 So, yes, you now can get a side salad. But along with adding some greens, the restaurants also have added less healthful items — in terms of calories, fat, salt, sugar, and other measures — that have minimized any nutritional gains relative to the entire menu, the study found. The restaurants analyzed were McDonald's, Burger King, Wendy's, Taco Bell, Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC), Arby's, Jack in the Box, and Dairy Queen.

Perhaps this comes to little surprise. After all, fast food is fast food. But Hearst emphasized that the study doesn't state that fast food restaurants need to alter their menu. At issue for the researchers, in part, are the health claims that fast-food restaurants make.

"If they are claiming healthy options, they should be able to demonstrate it," Hearst said. "If they seek a socially responsible mission, they should continue to improve the nutritional quality of their menus." So, yes, you now can get a side salad. But along with adding some greens, the restaurants also have added less healthful items — in terms of calories, fat, salt, sugar, and other measures — that have minimized any nutritional gains relative to the entire menu, the study found. The restaurants analyzed were McDonald's, Burger King, Wendy's, Taco Bell, Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC), Arby's, Jack in the Box, and Dairy Queen.

Perhaps this comes to little surprise. After all, fast food is fast food. But Hearst emphasized that the study doesn't state that fast food restaurants need to alter their menu. At issue for the researchers, in part, are the health claims that fast-food restaurants make.

"If they are claiming healthy options, they should be able to demonstrate it," Hearst said. "If they seek a socially responsible mission, they should continue to improve the nutritional quality of their menus."
 So, what's a health-conscious consumer to do for lunch aside from packing it? A salad at just about any fast-food chain might not be the answer. Analyses by the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) has found that most fast-food salads are not any more healthful than a greasy burger.

"You need to be creative" when eating at fast-food restaurants, said Ulka Agarwal, chief medical officer for the Washington, D.C.-based PCRM, a health-advocacy group that also conducts its own research.

Agarwal said to watch for unhealthy items in disguise, such as salads with bacon and fatty dressings pre-added. A salad bar can allow you to control food type and portion and steer toward largely plant-based items, she said. At Chipotle, one could order a burrito bowl with rice, beans, peppers, and onions and no sour cream. At Subway there are several low-fat, cholesterol-free sandwiches now.

But Agarwal added that sometimes, when trapped at airports or in a small city, there can be very few options.

Hearst and her co-authors also discussed the positive impact that fast-food restaurants could have on their customers' health. "Given the relative influence of the fast-food industry on the U.S. diet, fast-food restaurants are in a unique position to improve the diet quality of the U.S. population by improving the nutritional quality of menu offerings," the authors wrote.

Hearst said that the data they analyzed only reach to 2010, and that the positive trend they documented might have continued during the past three years.
Source : http://www.livescience.com/32070-fast-food-health-quality-nutrition.html

602
Food Habit / Healthy Eating
« on: April 22, 2017, 07:08:00 PM »
source https://www.helpguide.org/articles/healthy-eating/healthy-eating.htm

Healthy eating is not about strict dietary limitations, staying unrealistically thin, or depriving yourself of the foods you love. Rather, it’s about feeling great, having more energy, improving your health, and stabilizing your mood. If you feel overwhelmed by all the conflicting nutrition and diet advice out there, you’re not alone. It seems that for every expert who tells you a certain food is good for you, you’ll find another saying exactly the opposite. But by using these simple tips, you can cut through the confusion and learn how to create a tasty, varied, and healthy diet that is as good for your mind as it is for your body.
How can healthy eating improve your mental health?

We all know that eating right can help you maintain a healthy weight and avoid certain health problems, but your diet can also have a profound effect on your mood and sense of wellbeing. Studies have linked eating a typical Western diet—filled with processed meats, packaged meals, takeout food, and sugary snacks—with higher rates of depression, stress, bipolar disorder, and anxiety. Eating an unhealthy diet may even play a role in the development of mental health disorders such as ADHD, Alzheimer’s disease, and schizophrenia, or in the increased risk of suicide in young people.

Eating more fresh fruits and vegetables, cooking meals at home, and reducing your intake of sugar and refined carbohydrates, on the other hand, may help to improve mood and lower your risk for mental health issues. If you have already been diagnosed with a mental health problem, eating well can even help to manage your symptoms and regain control of your life.
What constitutes a healthy diet?

Eating a healthy diet doesn’t have to be overly complicated. While some specific foods or nutrients have been shown to have a beneficial effect on mood, it’s your overall dietary pattern that is most important. The cornerstone of a healthy diet pattern should be to replace processed food with real food whenever possible. Eating food that is as close as possible to the way nature made it can make a huge difference to the way you think, look, and feel.
Building your healthy diet

While some extreme diets may suggest otherwise, we all need a balance of protein, fat, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, and minerals in our diets to sustain a healthy body. You don’t need to eliminate certain categories of food from your diet, but rather select the healthiest options from each category.
Protein gives us the energy to get up and go—and keep going—while also supporting mood and cognitive function. Too much protein can be harmful to people with kidney disease, but the latest research suggests that many of us need more high-quality protein, especially as we age. That doesn’t mean you have to eat more animal products—a variety of plant-based sources of protein each day can ensure your body gets all the essential protein it needs.
Not all fat is the same. While bad fats can wreck your diet and increase your risk of certain diseases, good fats protect your brain and heart. In fact, healthy fats—such as omega-3s—are vital to your physical and emotional health. Understanding how to include more healthy fat in your diet can help improve your mood, boost your well-being, and even trim your waistline.
Carbohydrates are one of your body’s main sources of energy. But most should come from complex, unrefined carbs (vegetables, whole grains, fruit) rather than sugars and refined carbs that have been stripped of all bran, fiber, and nutrients. Cutting back on white bread, pastries, starches, and sugar can prevent rapid spikes in blood sugar, fluctuations in mood and energy, and a build-up of fat, especially around your waistline.
Eating foods high in dietary fiber (grains, fruit, vegetables, nuts, and beans) can help you stay regular and lower your risk for heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. It can also improve your skin and even help you to lose weight. Depending on your age and gender, nutrition experts recommend you eat at least 21 to 38 grams of fiber each day for optimal health. Unfortunately, most of us aren't eating even half that amount.

603
Food Habit / The Top Ten Healthy Eating Habits
« on: April 22, 2017, 07:04:53 PM »
source https://www.12wbt.com/nutrition/healthy-eating-habits


Many people who struggle with their health or weight say they've tried every diet or food plan under the sun, without any long-term success.

The changes they make end up being short term and their old eating habits soon return, leaving them disheartened and demoralised.

The reality is that there's no need to cut whole food groups or deny yourself the pleasure of eating.

On the contrary, limiting your nutritional intake will only make you feel tired, lethargic and lacking any willpower to make sensible food choices.

The key to success lies in developing healthy eating habits that will not only help you reach your goals, but will also leave you feeling full and with plenty of energy to do everything you want to do.

Healthy eating habits are all about putting changes in place that are sustainable in the long term.

Here are a few eating habits which, once you've made them part of your routine, will have you set up for life.
1. Eat Healthy Unprocessed Food

Many of the packaged foods we buy today are aimed at convenience and involve the minimum of preparation time on our part - but they're not that healthy.

They often contain high amounts of preservatives, man-made colourings and other added chemicals, and as 12WBT dietitian Georgie Moore explains, there are other downsides.

"Packaged foods tend to be higher in fat, salt and sugar than food cooked from scratch, while lacking nutrients and fibre," she says.

Get into the habit of preparing meals from unprocessed foods and you will reap the health benefits.

This means cooking with fresh vegetables, lean meat, eggs and milk and eating plenty of fruit, nuts and legumes.

Try this: One of the best healthy eating habits you can put in place is to chuck out your toxic packaged and processed foods.

Instead, stock the pantry and shelves with beautiful fresh ingredients so they're at arm's reach when you're ready to eat.
2. Switch to Healthy Whole Grains

Whole grains offer far more nutrients and fibre than their refined "white" varieties.

And in a 2012 study at the University of Copenhagen, researchers found that overweight people who ate wholegrain wheat products lost more weight than those who ate refined wheat, and they also came out with lower cholesterol.

"Whole grains tend to have a lower GI (glycaemic index), so they help keep you feeling fuller for longer and maintain your energy levels and concentration," Georgie says.

On the taste side, whole grains have more texture, flavour and nuttiness than refined ones.

Try this: As a fast and simple way to improve your eating habits, choose wholemeal or wholegrain bread next time you hit the bakery.

And in the supermarket, buy brown rice instead of white, and wholegrain pasta.

Adding whole grains such as quinoa and buckwheat to salads and other meals will add a heap of nutrients.

You can find these in a health food store or the health food aisle of your supermarket.
3. Change to Healthy Cooking Methods

The more you "do" to your food, the less it does for you.

So avoid things like deep-frying, which drenches your food in unnecessary calories, and boiling vegetables until they're drained of colour, as this will sap them of nutrients.

Try this:

    Grill or barbecue meat, fish and vegetables.
    Stir-fry meat and vegetables, using just a little olive oil or a light spray of cooking oil.
    Steam vegetables until they're lightly crunchy.
    Use herbs, spices and ground pepper instead of salt.
    Use balsamic vinegar or lemon juice instead of salad dressing.
    Make your own sauces rather than using bottled or sachet versions - for example, using fresh tomatoes as your base combined with herbs and spices.

4. Eat Healthy Portion Sizes

In today's supersized world, it can be hard to know what a healthy portion looks like.

All the advertising we see seems to be aimed at encouraging us to eat and drink a lot.

Plate sizes in restaurants get bigger and bigger, as do the servings themselves.

So it's little wonder that many of us consume more than we need on a daily basis, as our eating habits have changed without us even realising it.

Try this: "Imagine a plate on the table in front of you," says Georgie.

"For the ideal lunch, a quarter of the plate would be taken up by lean protein, another quarter would be filled with low-GI or wholegrain carbs, and the remaining half would be filled with salad or vegetables."

For dinner, eat a little less than at lunch.

"The chances are that all you'll be doing after dinner is watching TV or going to bed, so you don't actually need a lot of energy," Georgie says.

Take a look at these articles on healthy breakfasts, healthy lunches, healthy dinners and healthy snacks for some great ideas.
5. Understand Healthy Eating-Out Options

Restaurants and cafes can seem like a minefield, not least because their portions are often much bigger than we need.

It's also tempting to go for the less healthy menu options. But that doesn't mean you can't put healthy eating habits in place when you're out with friends.

Georgie suggests using the plate-portioning guide (see above) to help you when eating out. And you don't have to eat everything on your plate!

Try this:

    See if the restaurant's menu is available online and choose your meal before you go out.
    Choose an entrée-sized dish for your main course and bump it up with a healthy side salad.
    Ask for dressings and sauces to be served on the side.
    Ask for rice or extra vegetables instead of chips.
    Set aside half the dish and ask for it in a takeaway container.

6. A Food Diary Will Help Your Healthy Eating Habits

Keeping a diary of everything you eat and drink throughout the day will give you a clear picture of how much you're consuming and how healthy it is.

It's not until we write everything down that we can see where to improve.

Try this: Grab yourself a small notebook and start your diary today.

If you're unsure of how many calories are contained in the foods you're eating, a pocket-sized book such as Michelle Bridges' Australian Calorie Counter (Penguin, $9.99) will provide the answers.

Check out this story on how to keep a food diary.
7. Healthy Eating at Social Events

For most of us, it's impossible to avoid work gatherings or birthday bashes, where lots of food and alcohol are on offer, and the next day we're wracked with remorse if we've over-indulged.

Set up some healthy eating habits for these situations to stay on track.

Try this:

    Eat a healthy, filling snack to take the edge off your hunger before you arrive.
    At a buffet, fill your plate once and then stand away from the food table.
    Look for the most healthy option: a grilled piece of fish or lean meat, for example.
    Load up on salad and vegetables.
    Skip cheeses and dessert, or share a little with a friend or partner.

8. Plan Your Healthy Shopping

It's too easy to eat takeaway if there's nothing in the fridge or put together something naughty when it's filled with unhealthy foods.

But if your fridge and pantry are stocked with healthy options you'll be able to make better choices when you're hungry.

The secret to healthy shopping is to plan ahead.

Try this: Set aside a regular time to create a shopping list based on healthy options for each of your meals and snacks during the week, and then set aside a regular time to shop.
9. Treats Can be Healthy Too!

We often think of certain foods as "bad" and cut them out altogether.

However, this can set us up for failure because we end up craving them all the more and then bingeing.

Try this: Set aside one meal a week to indulge in as a treat.

This is the time to eat something you may have otherwise kept out of your healthy eating plan. And don't feel guilty about it!
10. Water: Nature's Healthy Drink

Water is essential for life - it's required for digestion, absorption and transportation of nutrients, for elimination of waste and to regulate body temperature.

According to the Australian Dietary Guidelines a healthy amount for men to drink is 2.6 litres per day and women should have 2.1 litres (or 8 to 10 cups per day).

Try this: Ditch sugar-packed soft drinks. Instead, buy yourself an aluminium drink bottle and keep it on hand, filled with water, to sip on all day.

604
Education Tours / Importance of educational Tour
« on: April 22, 2017, 06:52:15 PM »
Source : http://www.educationaltourism.org/why-us.html
Memories of school Educational trips are among the most prominent of the formative years, largely because they are a welcome break in the routine for both students and teachers. While their purpose is essentially to educate, they can also be a fun bonding experience for everyone involved.
 
Reinforcement
The trip can reinforce what a teacher has been instructing in class about a subject and help students understand the topic better.
 
Engagement

        Teachers turn trips into mobile classrooms, instructing students to collect data, then quizzing them or assigning a project based on what they learned during the outing.

 
Socialization
Taking students into a new environment gives them the experience of traveling in a group and teaches them to be respectful of the locations they visit.
 
Exposure

        Kids get to visit a place to which they have never been before. This can be particularly advantageous to students who are less fortunate and don't have the opportunity to travel.

 
Curiosity
Students who go on Educational trips find that they want to learn more about the subjects on which the trip focused.
 
Retention
The type of memories that Educational trips create, called “episodic memories,” helps children retain information for longer periods.
 

What Is the Importance of Educational trips?
What Is the Importance of Educational trips?    

Educational trips are important in many ways.
Going on a Educational  trip means more than simply leaving the school grounds. Educational trips should always have a major educational element, but the impact of Educational trips can extend much further. The importance of Educational trips includes giving students the chance to build closer bonds with their classmates, experience new environments and enjoy a day away from the classroom
 
New Sights
When students and teachers are together outside the classroom, new educational environments and experiences are possible. Students may have the opportunity to observe many things that are not available at school, including exotic wildlife, rare plants and maybe even the stars if the Educational  trip is to a planetarium. Discussing the Educational  trip beforehand is wise because it allows students to know what they will experience during their time away from school
 
Bonding
Getting away from the everyday atmosphere of the classroom gives students an opportunity to spend time with each other in a new environment. They may be able to connect on more of a personal level without the structure of the normal school day. Students may be able to spend much of the Educational  trip day in small groups, observing, chatting and learning about each other. Having a Educational  trip in the early part of the term is wise, since it will allow students to bond with classmates they may not know very well.
 
Informal Learning Environment
Educational trips provide valuable educational opportunities away from the classroom, without using textbooks and other tools used in a normal school setting. Students on Educational trips can often learn while having fun in a more informal environment. If the Educational  trip destination has staff members who do hands-on teaching with visiting students -- such as at a science center or historical museum -- the children will be excited to learn from someone new
 
Fun

        No matter how much students learn during a Educational  trip, their favorite memories may be based on their enjoyment of the day. Getting away from school for a day or even half a day is always exciting for students, and Educational trips are always highly anticipated. Students will have fun with their friends and they also may return to the classroom with a renewed focus on their schoolwork.

 
How Do Students Benefit From Educational trips?
Why Teachers Should Go on Educational trips?    

Educational trips can give students exposure to places they might not otherwise visit.
Many schools, camps and institutions offer Educational trips for students to spend several hours or days outside of the classroom. Educational trips range from local visits to civic offices or businesses to international excursions, complete with overnight stays. Whatever their scope, Educational trips can offer many advantages to the students who take them.
 
Perspective
Part of how students benefit from Educational trips is by gaining new perspectives on the world. This is especially true for more extensive Educational trips where students travel farther away from home. By coming into direct contact with a different environment or even a new culture or language, students can better understand their place in the community and develop an openness to differences in others.
 
Variety
Educational trips also function to put some variety into otherwise regimented lesson plans. Instead of spending every day in the classroom, students get to learn in a new environment with new instructors. Educational trips also may give students a chance to interact with students from other schools as they learn together or participate in group activities
 
Learning Styles
Educational trips will often cater to more than one learning style, making them excellent teaching tools for certain students. Classroom lectures apply primarily to audio learners, who learn best by listening. Visual learners can benefit from visual aids, which exist in the classroom, but are much more frequent during a Educational  trip. Finally, for tactile learners, Educational trips offer an uncommon opportunity to perform hands-on learning.
 
Classroom Supplement
It's important for instructors and school administrators to choose Educational trips that augment existing lesson plans and synchronize with classroom learning. A Educational  trip that teachers choose for these reasons can serve to illustrate difficult concepts or extend the general natural of a classroom lesson by giving more specific information. The specialists who lead school groups on Educational trips also may be able to provide professional insight from advanced study or direct experience that teachers could never provide alone.
 
Reward
Before a Educational  trip even takes place, it can begin to produce benefits for students. By not allowing students with behavioral or academic problems to participate in a Educational  trip, teachers can encourage good behavior and motivate students to work hard with the prospect of a Educational  trip looming as a reward. Even the most informative Educational trips usually have an element of recreation, making them a time to unwind for all students.
 
Why Teachers Should Go on Educational trips?
Why Teachers Should Go on Educational trips?    

Why Teachers Should Go on Educational trips
Educational trips are educational experiences that allow students to apply their lessons to the real world. These trips tend to be the most memorable moments of a student's career.
 
Educational and Relaxing
Students are more likely to learn on a Educational  trip because their minds are relaxed. They aren't worried about the competitive classroom setting.
 
Break from the Routine
Students see Educational trips as extended play time. If you find that you are approaching a topic that drains on your students, consider applying a relevant Educational  trip to make the topic more enjoyable.
 
Learn Something New
There are facts that aren't included in the textbooks that are fascinating to know. Many experts can share knowledge to further the learning process about your topic.
 
Teaches Professionalism
Teachers expect students to be on their best behavior during Educational trips. This is a way to teach students how to act properly and show their manners in a professional setting.
 
Enhanced Sense of Community
If your Educational  trip is to a local destination, students will gain a better understanding about their community. This sometimes boosts the students' interest in being an active citizen to help preserve what makes the community special.
 
Creates an Interest in New Professions
Educational trips usually involve a tour director or representative who leads the group. These representatives can give students insight into the careers that are available for those who are interested in that particular topic

605
Animals and Pets / Animal Welfare
« on: April 20, 2017, 09:46:06 PM »
 What is Animal Welfare?

In its simplest form, animal welfare refers to the relationships people have with animals and the duty they have to assure that the animals under their care are treated humanely and responsibly.
Despite its current popularity, interest in animal welfare is not a modern phenomenon. Concern for animal care and wellbeing has existed since domestication, which occurred at least 10,000 years ago in Neolithic times. Our appreciation and respect for animals led to their domestication, animal agriculture and animal husbandry, the branch of agriculture that deals with the care and breeding of animals. Many historians consider the development of agriculture to be the most important event in all of human history.

The animal welfare ethic that developed in the Neolithic era is one that obligated people to consider their animals’ welfare in order to achieve their own purposes. It set in place a mutually beneficial arrangement between people and animals that goes like this: “If we take care of the animals, the animals will take care of us.” In this ancient but enduring pact, self-interest demanded that people take good care of their animals. Amazingly, this very fundamental animal welfare ethic survives today, especially in settings where hands-on animal care continues. Today we call this special relationship the human-animal bond.
Dr. Bernard Rollin, an animal science professor at Colorado State University, argues however, that 20th century technology broke this ancient contract when it allowed us to put animals into environments and uses that didn't impair their productivity but harmed their well-being.

That defines the challenge today, the need to provide acceptable levels of animal welfare in a nation that is no longer rural and agricultural, but which in the span of 2 paradigm-shifting centuries has become urbanized and technological. In modern American society only 2% of an ever-increasing population lives on farms and only 1% practices farming as an occupation. This contrasts sharply with the mid 1800’s when 90% of Americans were farmers. If these trends continue, farming will become more concentrated in the future, a situation that makes animal welfare an even more important subject.
Source : http://www.naiaonline.org/articles/article/what-is-animal-welfare-and-why-is-it-important#sthash.lSdTFcBj.dpbs

606
Cartoon / History of cartoon
« on: April 20, 2017, 01:57:38 PM »
Source :https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Cartoon_History_of_the_Universe
The Cartoon History of the Universe is a book series about the history of the world. It is written and illustrated by American cartoonist, professor, and mathematician Larry Gonick, who started the project in 1978.[1] The final two volumes, published in 2007 and 2009, are named The Cartoon History of the Modern World volumes one and two. The final volume covers history from the late 18th century to early 2008.

Each book in the series explains a period of world history in a loosely chronological order. Though originally published in limited runs as comic books, the series is now published in trade paperback volumes of several hundred pages each. The books have been translated into many languages, including Portuguese, Greek, Czech and Polish.

While seeking a publisher, Gonick received early support from Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, who worked as an editor at Doubleday and championed The Cartoon History of the Universe's publication.

607
Stroke / thing you can do to prevent a stroke
« on: April 20, 2017, 01:49:36 PM »
 Lower blood pressure

High blood pressure is a huge factor, doubling or even quadrupling your stroke risk if it is not controlled. "High blood pressure is the biggest contributor to the risk of stroke in both men and women," Dr. Rost says. "Monitoring blood pressure and, if it is elevated, treating it, is probably the biggest difference women can make to their vascular health."

Your ideal goal: Maintain a blood pressure of less than 120/80. But for some, a less aggressive goal (such as 140/90) may be more appropriate.

How to achieve it:

    Reduce the salt in your diet to no more than 1,500 milligrams a day (about a half teaspoon).
    Avoid high-cholesterol foods, such as burgers, cheese, and ice cream.
    Eat 4 to 5 cups of fruits and vegetables every day, one serving of fish two to three times a week, and several daily servings of whole grains and low-fat dairy.
    Get more exercise — at least 30 minutes of activity a day, and more, if possible.
    Quit smoking, if you smoke.

If needed, take blood pressure medicines.
Source
http://www.health.harvard.edu/womens-health/8-things-you-can-do-to-prevent-a-stroke

608
Fever / Home Remedies for Fever
« on: April 20, 2017, 01:43:35 PM »
Whenever the body’s temperature is higher than the normal range, it is called a fever. Although we commonly hear that 98.6 degrees F, or 37 degrees C, is considered normal, this is not a set number that applies universally to all. Normal body temperature is different for children than adults and also can vary among individuals.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a child has a fever when his or her body temperature is higher than 99.5 degrees F, or 37.5 degrees C. An adult has a fever when his or her body temperature exceeds 99 to 99.5 degrees F, or 37.2 to 37.5 degrees C.

A fever is basically a symptom of another condition or illness. A fever can occur when your body is fighting an infection, such as the flu.
Additional reasons for a fever are a response to immunization in children, ear infections, urinary tract infections, certain inflammatory diseases, gastroenteritis, autoimmune disorders, cancer, and blood clots. Sudden change in the weather and unhygienic lifestyle may also contribute to a fever.

Some of the common symptoms associated with a fever include sweating, headache, muscle ache, dehydration, weakness, slight shivering and loss of appetite.

A fever is a good thing and usually will go away within a few days. But if a fever is making you uncomfortable, you can try some simple and easy home remedies to cool the body down and make you feel better.

However, if your fever exceeds 104 degrees F, or 40 degrees C, it can become very dangerous. During such a situation, you must immediately see a doctor.
oak a wash cloth in cool tap water, wring out the excess water and then sponge areas like your armpits, feet, hands and groin to reduce the temperature.

Also, you can place cold, damp washcloths on your forehead and the back of your neck. The cloth pieces should be changed regularly after a few minutes. This remedy is beneficial when dealing with a high fever as it helps keep temperature under control.

You can also take a bath in lukewarm water to relax your body. Taking a shower, however, may not be a good idea. Plus, needless to say, take as much rest as possible as it helps the body fight the illness.

Note: Do not use very cold water as it may cause the internal body temperature to increase.
The warm nature of garlic can also lower a high fever by promoting sweating. This also helps eliminate harmful toxins from the body and speed up recovery. Plus, garlic is an antifungal and antibacterial agent that helps the body fight infections as well as ward off disease.

    Finely mince one garlic clove and add it to one cup of hot water. Steep for 10 minutes, strain and sip it slowly. Drink this twice a day and you will feel much better the next day.
    Warm a mixture of two crushed garlic cloves and two tablespoons of olive oil. Apply this mixture over the sole of each foot, leaving a few spots uncovered. Wrap your feet with gauze to keep the garlic in place and leave it on overnight. For some people, this can eliminate a fever in just one night.

Note: Garlic remedies are not recommended for pregnant ladies and small children.




source -
http://www.top10homeremedies.com/home-remedies/home-remedies-fever.html

609
Mouth / Oral Health Tips
« on: April 20, 2017, 01:34:20 PM »
Brushing, flossing, and rinsing are the ABCs of oral health, but they're only the beginning. A marvelous mouth takes more than squeezing paste out of a tube -- think improving your tooth brushing technique, ditching the daily soda habit, and saying good-bye to cigarettes.
Fizzy is fun but also part of the reason soda is so bad for your teeth. Two ingredients -- phosphoric acid and citric acid -- give soda its "bite" but also eat away at the surface of your teeth. Although the occasional soda won't hurt, a can or more a day makes your tooth enamel softer and more susceptible to cavities. Switch to water instead, adding flavor with sliced citrus or crushed berries or mint leaves.
Sugar is a major culprit in tooth decay. It fuels bacteria and acidity in your mouth, causing plaque to form and eat away at your enamel and gums. Your pearly whites are hit with up to 20 minutes of acid production for every sugar fest you indulge in, from sweetened coffee in the morning to ice cream at night. To avoid being among the 20% of people in the United States who face tooth decay every time they look in the mirror, try to cut down on sugary treats, and aim to brush and floss after every meal or snack.
You've heard it before: Quit smoking. But this time, it's your dentist talking. The nicotine and tar in cigarettes not only turn your teeth an unsightly shade of yellow, they eat away at your gums. Smoking creates a ripe environment for bacteria and plaque on your teeth and along the gum line. That harms tissue, degrades the bone that supports teeth, and, eventually, increases your risk of tooth loss. Even worse, tobacco chemicals can lead to oral cancer.

610
Teeth / 3 Natural Ways to Whiten Teeth at Home
« on: April 17, 2017, 11:01:11 AM »
1. Baking Soda and Lemon Juice Paste

Baking Soda isn’t a shocker here. Sodium bicarbonate (its official name) is mildly abrasive; gently scrubbing away surface stains to return teeth to a whiter shade. It’s also very alkaline (the opposite of acidic) so I would think if you have a very acidic mouth or eat a lot of acidic food, it could help balance out the Ph, which would be useful as acid breaks down enamel-this is strictly speculation on my part. It will also reduce the acidity of the lemon juice, which acts as a natural bleach of sorts. I use a mixture of baking soda and water on some days, and use the lemon juice on others, as I don’t want to overdo it.

You will need…
-Several teaspoons of baking soda
-Enough lemon juice or water to form a paste
-A toothbrush

Directions
Mix several teaspoons of baking soda with enough fresh lemon juice (or water) to make a paste. Wipe your teeth and any extra saliva off of them with a paper towel. Put a good amount of paste onto your toothbrush and apply.

2. Strawberry, Salt and Baking Soda Scrub

Strawberries are high in Vitamin C, which can help break-down plaque that is causing your teeth to look yellow. It also has an enzyme called malic acid, which may help to remove surface stains. The salt acts as an abrasive portion of the paste, physically scrubbing away stain-causing gunk, and the baking soda is an extra touch that you can choose to leave out if you’d prefer (I just like to add it to anything involving my teeth.)

You will need…
-1-3 large strawberries
-A pinch of seat salt
-1/2 teaspoon of baking soda (optional)

Directions
Mash the berries into a pulp, and add a pinch of sea salt and ½ teaspoon of baking soda, if you’re using it. Wipe any extra saliva off your teeth with a paper towel, and then apply a generous portion of the mixture to a toothbrush and apply. Let the mixture sit for 5 minutes, then rinse. Do this nightly.



3. Coconut Oil Rinse

I know this sounds absolutely mad (I thought it was crazy too when I first read about it) but rinsing your mouth with coconut oil (called ‘oil pulling’) is a unique, old, remedy that people swear by to help whiten teeth. It doesn’t sound like the most pleasant thing in the world, but I actually don’t mind the taste, and I think it does make a difference in the color of your teeth. It won’t make a difference by “bleaching” per say, but lauric acid in coconut oil can rid your teeth of bacteria found in plaque that can make them yellow. It is also supposed to promote gum health, and help keep your breath fresh.

You will need…
-About a tablespoon of coconut oil

Directions
In the morning, before you brush your teeth, scoop out a tablespoon or a little less (depending on the size of your mouth) of coconut oil. You can either soften it, or just put it in your mouth (I usually do the latter, and just let it soften.) Push, swish, and “pull” the oil through and around your teeth for 10-15 minutes, then spit it out, rinse with water, and brush your teeth.

Source : http://everydayroots.com/teeth-whitening-at-home

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A Good CV/Resume / How to Write a Perfect CV
« on: April 17, 2017, 09:58:04 AM »

How to Write a Perfect CV


Writing a CV takes care

Fashion a perfect CV by downloading our invaluable ebook.

It gives you the following valuable information on how to write a perfect CV:

    Identify the right personal details to include. Learn what to add and what to leave out, such as whether to include your marital status or nickname.
    Add a personal statement. Find out what one is and how it can be used to focus a potential employer's attention on your best attributes.
    Know what to include in the skill section. Discover how to bring your skills to the fore and make sure you understand the difference between transferable, job-related and adaptive skills.
    Mention former jobs. Brush up on the best ways to present former or current employment in a way that shows you in the best light.
    Don’t forget your qualifications. Learn what to include, how to select relevant qualifications for a particular CV and why not listing everything exhaustively is crucial.
    Tailor it to the application. Gain skills with writing a CV that is adapted to an individual employer or a particular sector of industry to get the best results.
    Keep it up to date. Find out the best ways of keeping your CV up to date so that it is ready to go at a moment's notice.

The ebook also gives plenty of help on how to avoid the common pitfalls found in many CVs such as poor layouts, inappropriate language or simply writing too much.

source : https://www.monster.co.uk/cv/post-resume?intcid=CA_TopNav_Post_CV

612
Beauty Tips / Simple All Natural Beauty Tips
« on: April 17, 2017, 09:13:46 AM »
Banana and Egg Hair Treatment

Looking for a little more shine in your hair? Simply mix one egg and a mashed up banana. Apply it as a thick paste to your hair and leave it on for 10 – 30 minutes. Wash it our doing your usual hair washing ritual (if you usually use a store-bought conditioner you’ll probably only need to condition the ends). And voila! Super simple, and all natural, beauty tip.

Simple Honey Face Mask

Raw honey is naturally anti-bacterial and a super quick way to get soft, beautiful skin. Once a week use a tablespoon or so of raw honey (not the processed stuff parading as honey) and gently warm it by rubbing your fingertips together. Spread on your face. Leave on for 5 – 10 minutes and then use warm water to gently rinse it off and pat dry. Then bask in the glow of your honey-awesomeness. This raw honey is awesome, by the way.

Elbow and Knee Exfoliate and Skin Brightener

Cut an orange in half and rub it on your elbows and knees. Helps soften those rough patches. And it smells good. (Rinse off the sticky mess when you are done.)

Gentle Body Scrub

Mix a 2 to 1 ratio of olive oil and sea salt to make a quick and effective body scrub. This helps get rid of dead skin cells creating softer, more glowing skin. And this natural beauty tip is much cheaper that expensive store bought  body scrubs.

613
Beauty Tips / Re: 12 Ways to Make Your Hair Grow Faster
« on: April 17, 2017, 08:58:18 AM »
nice

614
Necessary infrastructure and faculties may help turn the Chittagong BGMEA Institute of Fashion and Technology (CBIFT) into a university in the near future. The institute will soon have additional courses along with post-graduate courses. Currently, it offers 4-year courses in Apparel Manufacture and Technology (AMT) and Fashion Design and Technology (FDT).
The first batch of 26 students has successfully completed their BSc Honours in AMT and FDT from the institute. They will receive their graduation certificates on a ceremony on April 15 that is being organised to celebrate the fourth anniversary of the institute affiliated with the National University of Bangladesh.

Nurul Islam Nahid, education minister of Bangladesh, will be the chief guest at the ceremony, said Nasir Uddin Chowdhury, governing body president, CBIFT at a press conference.

The institute started in 2013 with 34 students with the objective of generating technically workforce for the readymade garment industry of the country. It is currently located on 10th and 11th floor of the BGMEA headquarters.

Chowdhury said that the number of foreign experts has reduced from 5,000 to 1,000 in five years, saving a lot of foreign currency for Bangladesh. (KD)


Source : http://www.fibre2fashion.com/news/textile-news/bangladesh-s-cbift-could-become-a-fashion-university-205245-newsdetails.htm

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