The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the first incorporated treaty on climate change; the treaty is affirmed in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The treaty sets no legal binding for countries on greenhouse gas emissions. And that’s the treaty is considered legally non-binding.
The key commitments in climate change convention are like as follows:
1. That the signing states will work based on their individual but general capacities.
2. The interest of the developing countries should be kept in priorities
3. The states have to work based on precautionary and sustainable development principle
4. The key sources of green house gas emissions need to be stopped felt the necessities to set sink .
5. The states are under obligation to transfer technology, technique, and management policy and development principle in cooperative manner.
6. The states have to consider the issues of climate change during enacting economic, social and environmental policy.
7. The developed countries have to confirm green house gas reduction like as it was in 1990
8. states are under obligation to submit their yearly report
This treaty requires emission reduction at a domestic level. In short, it succeeded to get credibility for the Kyoto Protocol and for any future climate accord.
The key compliances /commitments given in climate change convention are like as follows:
• National compliance systems are promoted, consistent to meet international commitment.
• Monitoring and verification through cooperative effort and integration in national systems.
• The Kyoto Protocol meets broader climate change policy goals among the states.
The Framework Convention and the Kyoto Protocol is just monitoring and verifying compliance with climate change commitments into national systems.. In sum, the analysis of these three separate but related themes of national compliance systems, monitoring and verification, and participation lead to the following principal findings:
1. Meaningful compliance with climate change commitments in domestically.
2. National compliance systems should be promoted
3. Effective incentives with regulatory models suited to domestic should be given in priorities.
4. Monitoring and verifying needs to be substantially aided cooperative mechanisms.
5. Broad state participation in climate change is important in national stage.
That’s the convention declared the climate change and its negative impacts are the key concern for the states at present and that’s the objective of the treaty is to "stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference and other objectives of the instrument might be like the followings:
1. To recognize the principle of precautionary and equity towards tackling the impacts of climate change
2. To consider the demand of developing countries as utmost priorities
3. To recognize the right to sustainable development.
4. To prohibit discrimination on bilateral and multilateral trade.
5. To confirm commitment towards tackling the impacts of climate change.
6. To recognize the principle of individual but general responsibility of the states.
These factors may not be sufficient to guarantee the ultimate success of an international compliance climate change framework but they are necessary to make any real progress. The reason that the role of states as regulators translating their international climate change commitments to domestic action is important.