Some rules of spelling: Rule 1

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Offline Shampa Iftakhar

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Some rules of spelling: Rule 1
« on: August 02, 2013, 11:53:40 AM »
Rule 1:  i before e except after c, or when sounded like /ay/ as in neighbour or weigh.

    This simple rhyme helps explain the difference between the spellings of believe (i before e) and receive (except after
   c). In general, when the long /e/ sound (ee) is spelled with the letters i and e, the order is ie: shield, field, fiend.

    Common exceptions are leisure, seizure, and weird.
   
   When the letters i and e are used in words with a long /a/ sound, they are usually spelled ei: sleigh, feint, heinous.

    When the sound is neither long /e/ nor long /a/, the spelling is usually ei: their, seismic, foreign. Some exceptions to   
    this rule are friend, sieve, and mischief.

Source:www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/style-and-editing/spelling‎
« Last Edit: August 02, 2013, 12:12:59 PM by Shampa Iftakhar »

Offline A.S. Rafi

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Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 1
« Reply #1 on: August 03, 2013, 02:26:01 AM »
very helpful
Abu Saleh Md. Rafi
Senior Lecturer,
Department of English.
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Daffodil International University.

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

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Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 1
« Reply #2 on: August 03, 2013, 10:39:40 AM »
Rafi:

Thank you.

If you know some other rules, please share.


Offline A.S. Rafi

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Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 1
« Reply #3 on: August 03, 2013, 11:20:40 AM »
Here you go..

Rule No 1. Using I Before E

Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded as "a" as in "neighbor" and "weigh."
EXAMPLES: believe, chief, piece, and thief; deceive, receive, weigh, and freight
COMMON EXCEPTIONS: efficient, weird, height, neither, ancient, caffeine, foreign.
Abu Saleh Md. Rafi
Senior Lecturer,
Department of English.
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Daffodil International University.

Offline A.S. Rafi

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Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 1
« Reply #4 on: August 03, 2013, 11:21:43 AM »
2. Dropping the Final E

Drop the final e before a suffix beginning with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) but not before a suffix beginning with a consonant.

EXAMPLES:
ride + ing = riding
guide + ance = guidance
hope + ing = hoping
entire + ly = entirely
like + ness = likeness
arrange + ment = arrangement

COMMON EXCEPTIONS: truly, noticeable
Abu Saleh Md. Rafi
Senior Lecturer,
Department of English.
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Daffodil International University.

Offline A.S. Rafi

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Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 1
« Reply #5 on: August 03, 2013, 11:22:48 AM »
Rule No 3. Changing a Final Y to I

Change a final y to i before a suffix, unless the suffix begins with i.

EXAMPLES:
defy + ance = defiance
party + es = parties
pity + ful = pitiful
try + es = tries
try + ing = trying
copy + ing = copying
occupy + ing = occupying
COMMON EXCEPTIONS: journeying, memorize
Abu Saleh Md. Rafi
Senior Lecturer,
Department of English.
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Daffodil International University.

Offline A.S. Rafi

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Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 1
« Reply #6 on: August 03, 2013, 11:24:35 AM »
4. Doubling a Final Consonant


Double a final single consonant before a suffix beginning with a vowel when both of these conditions exist:

(a) a single vowel precedes the consonant;
(b) the consonant ends an accented syllable or a one-syllable word.

EXAMPLES:

stop + ing = stopping
admit + ed = admitted
occur + ence = occurrence
stoop + ing = stooping
benefit + ed = benefited
delight + ful = delightful

(Source: www.about.com)
Abu Saleh Md. Rafi
Senior Lecturer,
Department of English.
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Daffodil International University.

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

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Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 1
« Reply #7 on: August 03, 2013, 11:53:25 AM »
Very very helpful for all.........

Offline A.S. Rafi

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Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 1
« Reply #8 on: August 03, 2013, 12:30:24 PM »
 :)
Abu Saleh Md. Rafi
Senior Lecturer,
Department of English.
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Daffodil International University.