Some rules of spelling: Rule 4

Author Topic: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4  (Read 1050 times)

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 624
  • Test
    • View Profile
Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« on: August 02, 2013, 12:06:16 PM »
RULE: 4

The final consonant is preceded by a single vowel: bar → barred. When there is more than one vowel before the final
    consonant, the consonant is not doubled: fail → failed. When the final consonant is preceded by another consonant,
    the consonant is not doubled: bark → barking.
   
   The word has only one syllable or has the stress on the last syllable: fit → fitted, commit → committed, prefer →
    preferred. For words with more than one syllable where the stress does not fall on the last syllable, the final consonant
    is not doubled: benefit → benefited, offer → offered.

    The suffix begins with a vowel: prefer → preferred. But if the syllable stress changes because of the addition of the   
   suffix, then the consonant is not doubled: prefer → preference. Final consonants are also not doubled if the suffix   
   begins with a consonant: prefer → preferment.

    If the word ends in l or p, then the consonant is usually doubled in Canadian spelling:

    travel → travelled; worship → worshipped. Note: American spelling does not follow this rule.

Source: www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/style-and-editing/spelling


Offline nirvana

  • Newbie
  • *
  • Posts: 27
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« Reply #1 on: August 02, 2013, 08:26:41 PM »
Shampa Madam

Can't thank u enough for posting this rule. Loving it :-)

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 624
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« Reply #2 on: August 03, 2013, 10:32:16 AM »
Thank you sir.

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 624
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« Reply #3 on: August 17, 2013, 01:03:53 PM »
Final -E

Leave off the final 'e' in the following cases:

•   When the word ends in 'e' adding a suffix that begins with a vowel (this is usually the case, although there are exceptions such as 'outrageous').

make - making
note - notable


Offline Shampa Iftakhar

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 624
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« Reply #4 on: August 17, 2013, 01:05:12 PM »
Final E

Do not leave out the final 'e' when a word ends in 'ee'.

agree - agreeable

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 624
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« Reply #5 on: August 17, 2013, 01:07:17 PM »
Final E


Words ending in 'ge' and 'ce' do NOT drop the final 'e'

encourage - encouragement
embrace - embraceable

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 624
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« Reply #6 on: August 17, 2013, 01:09:00 PM »
'IE' and 'EI'

This is a common spelling problem, even for native English speakers. Probably the best thing to do is remember this rhyme:

I before E except after C

relief
thief
believe

BUT

perceive
receipt

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 624
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« Reply #7 on: August 17, 2013, 01:10:14 PM »
'Y' and 'I'

When adding an ending to a word that finishes in 'y', the 'y' usually changes to 'i':

    Most nouns and verbs that end in 'y' have plural or third person singular conjugations that change to 'i'.

    party - parties
    hurry - She hurries to work.

Source: http://grammar.about.com/od/words/tp/spellrules.htm

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 624
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« Reply #8 on: August 17, 2013, 01:13:54 PM »
'Y' and 'I'

When changing the word form (for example from adjective to adverb)

happy - happily
lazy - lazily
easy - easier

Do NOT change the final 'y' to 'i' when 'y' is preceded by a vowel

stay - stays
enjoy - enjoyed

EXCEPTIONS:

say, lay, pay - said, laid, paid
Do NOT change the final 'y' to 'i' when followed by '-ing', '-ism', '-ish'.

boy - boyish
try - trying

Source: http://grammar.about.com/od/words/tp/spellrules.htm

Offline Shampa Iftakhar

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 624
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Some rules of spelling: Rule 4
« Reply #9 on: August 17, 2013, 01:15:44 PM »
IE' to 'Y'

When a word ends in 'ie' change to 'y' before adding '-ing'

die - dying
lie - lying

Source: http://grammar.about.com/od/words/tp/spellrules.htm