In Mathematics, there is a theory known as â€˜Theory of Probabilityâ€™. If you have two options, out of which one is right, and one is wrong, the chances that you will choose the right one is half i.e. one out of the two will be correct. You have 50% chances of being correct, similarly if you toss a coin the chances that your guess will be correct is 50% (1 out of 2) i.e. Â½. If you toss a coin the second time, the chances that you will be correct in the second toss is again 50% i.e. Â½. But the chances that you will be correct in both the tosses is half x half ( Â½ x Â½ ) which is equal to Â¼. i.e. 50% of 50% i.e. equal to 25%. If you toss a coin the third time, chances that you will be correct all three times is ( Â½ x Â½ x Â½ ) that is 1/8 or 50% of 50% of 50% that is 12.5%.
A dice has got six sides. If you throw a dice and guess any number between 1 and 6, the chances that your guess will be correct are 1/6. If you throw the dice the second time, the chances that your guess will be correct in both the throws is ( 1/6 x 1/6 ) which is equal to 1/36. If you throw the dice the third time, the chances that all your three guesses are correct is ( 1/6 x 1/6 x 1/6 ) is equal to 1/216 that is less than Â½ a percent.
Let us apply this theory of probability to the Qurâ€™an, and assume that a person has guessed all the information that is mentioned in the Qurâ€™an, which was unknown at that time. Let us discuss the probability of all the guesses being correct.
At the time when the Qurâ€™an was revealed, people thought the world was flat. There are several other options for the shape of the earth. It could be triangular; it could be quadrangular, pentagonal, hexagonal, heptagonal, octagonal, spherical, etc. Letâ€™s assume there are about 30 different options for the shape of the earth. The Qurâ€™an rightly says it is spherical, if it was a guess the chances of the guess being correct is 1/30.
The light of the moon can be its own light or a reflected light. The Qurâ€™an rightly says it is a reflected light. If it was a guess, the chances that it will be correct is Â½ and the probability that both the guesses i.e. the earth is spherical and the light of the moon is reflected light is 1/30 x Â½ = 1/60.
Further the Qurâ€™an also mentions every living thing made up of water. The options are say about 10,000. Every living thing can be made up of either wood, stone, copper, aluminium, steel, silver, gold, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, oil, water, cement, concrete etc. The Qurâ€™an rightly says that every living thing is made up of water. Therefore if itâ€™s a guess, the chances that it will be correct is 1/10,000 and the probability of all the three guesses i.e. earth is spherical, light of moon is reflected, every living thing is created from water being correct is 1/30 x Â½ x 1/10,000 = 1/600,000 which is equal to about .00017%.
The Qurâ€™an speaks about hundreds of things that were not known at that time. Only in three options the result is .00017%. I leave it up to you the intellectual audience to work out the probability if all the hundreds of the unknown facts were guesses, the chances of all the guesses being correct and not a single wrong. It is beyond human capacity to have all the guesses correct without a single mistake, which in itself is sufficient to prove to a logical person that the origin of the Qurâ€™an is divine.
QURâ€™AN IS A BOOK OF SIGNS AND NOT SCIENCE:
Let me remind you that Qurâ€™an is not a book of Science, â€˜S.C.I.E.N.C.E.â€™ but a book of â€˜signsâ€™ â€“ S.I.G.N.S. i.e. a book of ayaats. The Qurâ€™an contains more than 6000 ayaats that is â€˜signsâ€™ out of which more than a thousand speak about science. For Muslims, the Qurâ€™an is the â€˜Furqaanâ€™ i.e. the criteria to judge right from wrong and it is the ultimate yard stick which is more superior to scientific knowledge. But for an educated man who is an atheist, scientific knowledge is the ultimate test, which he believes in. Using the ultimate yardstick of the atheist, I try to prove to him that the Qurâ€™an is the word of God and while it was revealed 1400 ago, it contains the scientific knowledge that was discovered recently. Therefore at the end of the discussion, we both come to the same conclusion that God, though superior to science, does not conflict with it.
CREATOR IS THE AUTHOR OF THE QURAN:
The only logical answer to the question, who could have mentioned all these scientific facts 1400 years ago before they were discovered, is exactly the same answer as was initially given by the atheist or any person, to the question who is the first person who will be able to tell the mechanism of the unknown object. It is the â€˜CREATOR,â€™ the Producer, the Manufacturer. Another name in the English Language for this Creator, Producer, Manufacturer of the whole universe and its contents, is â€˜Godâ€™ or more appropriately in the Arabic Language is â€˜Allahâ€™.
SCIENCE IS ELIMINATING MODELS OF GOD BUT NOT GOD:
Francis Bacon, the famous philosopher, has rightly said that a little knowledge of science makes you an atheist, but an in-depth study of science makes you a believer in God. Scientists today are eliminating models of God, but they are not eliminating God.