What Causes Poor Group Dynamics?
Group leaders and team members can contribute to a negative group dynamic. Let's look at some of the most common problems that can occur:
Weak leadership: when a team lacks a strong leader, a more dominant member of the group can often take charge. This can lead to a lack of direction, infighting, or a focus on the wrong priorities.
Excessive deference to authority: this can happen when people want to be seen to agree with a leader, and therefore hold back from expressing their own opinions.
Blocking: this happens when team members behave in a way that disrupts the flow of information in the group. People can adopt blocking roles such as:
The aggressor: this person often disagrees with others, or is inappropriately outspoken.
The negator: this group member is often critical of others' ideas.
The withdrawer: this person doesn't participate in the discussion.
The recognition seeker: this group member is boastful, or dominates the session.
The joker: this person introduces humor at inappropriate times.
Groupthink Add to My Personal Learning Plan: this happens when people place a desire for consensus above their desire to reach the right decision. This prevents people from fully exploring alternative solutions.
Free riding: here, some group members take it easy, and leave their colleagues to do all the work. Free riders may work hard on their own, but limit their contributions in group situations; this is known as "social loafing."
Evaluation apprehension: team members' perceptions can also create a negative group dynamic. Evaluation apprehension happens when people feel that they are being judged excessively harshly by other group members, and they hold back their opinions as a result.https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/improving-group-dynamics.htm