this is spelling bee second time....
HERE ARE WORDS FROM ALL DEPARTMENTS
Basic Terms Elaborations
Vertical Industry : is a group of similar businesses/industries
Supply Chain : is a network of suppliers, manufacturers, distributors and retailers.
Backward Linkage :a channel through which information, material, and money flows between a firm and its suppliers and create a network of economic interdependence
Quota : is a type of license or restriction imposed by importing or exporting countries on products/services.
ISO 9000 standard :is a standard relate to quality management systems (ISO-International Standard Organization/International Organization for Standardization)
BGMEA Bangladesh Garments Manufacturers and Exporters Association.
ERP : Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), which is basically a software to manage manufacturing/service organization.
Efficiency : is the ratio of outputs (finished goods) and inputs (raw materials).It is concerned with means
Barcode :is a series of vertical bars of variable width that are scanned by a laser; printed on consumer product packages to identify the item for a computer that provides the price and registers inventory information.
Plotter A plotter is a printing device for printing paper or any sheet. Pen is used instead of printing head in the plotter and usually higher width and length of printing is done.
LAN : Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of computers and associated devices that share a common communications line or wireless link.
EDI Electronic data interchange (EDI) is used to transfer electronic documents or business data from one computer system to another computer system, i.e. from one trading partner to another trading partner without human intervention.
WTO World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.
ETP Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP)
GSP Generalized System of Preference (GSP) facility provided by the European Union (EU) for the Textile-clothing sector. Under GSP facility, the country exports textile products with duty-exemption.
Compliance : means conforming to a rule, such as a specification, policy, standard or law etc. imposed by buyers/customers
Upstream Industry : the industry that processes the basic materials into intermediate products which are converted into finished products by the midstream/downstream industries. For Example, textile industry produces textiles/fabrics(intermediate products) which are converted into garments/clothing (finished products) by Garment industry.
Resource Economic or productive factor required in accomplishing an activity. The most basic resources: land, laborers and capital
Inventory : is the stock or store of an item or a resource used by an organization in future.
Economics of Scale : means the reduction in cost-per-unit as more units are produced.
TQM Total Quality Management (TQM) is a program in an attempt to retain its competitiveness through continuous improvement in the required fields.
ROO Rule of Origin (ROO) is a product specific rule that determines the country of origin of a product for the purpose of international trade.
RFID Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a tracking system that uses intelligent bar codes to track items in a store/godown
EPZ Export Processing Zone (EPZ) is an area of a country where some normal trade barriers such as tariffs and quotas are eliminated and bureaucratic requirements are lowered in hopes of attracting new business and foreign investments
SWOT SWOT a tool to analyze a project or businessâ€™ Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats involved.
CSR Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is self-regulated business model to create positive impact on its environment, consumers, employees, communities and stakeholders.
Greentech Green technology (abbreviated as greentech) is the application of the environmental science to conserve the natural environment and resources, and to curb the negative impacts of human involvement.
SAMPLE QUIZ QUESTIONS (ETE)Serial
1 GSM Global System for Mobile Communication
2 CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
3 Bandwidth Amount of data transfer per second
4 GPS Global Positioning System
5 GPRS General Packet Radio Service
6 EDGE Enhanced Data GSM Environment
7 ISP Internet Service Provider
8 IP Internet Protocol
9 Insulator A material Which Doesnâ€™t Conduct Electricity
10 Resistor An Electronic Component which creates resistance to the flow of electricity.
13 Capacitor A storage device of charge
14 FM Frequency Modulation
15 PUK Personal Unblocking Code
16 BTS Base Transceiver Station
17 WiMax Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
18 Wi-fi Wireless Fidelity
19 Signal When a wave carries information it is called a signal
20 LASER Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
21 RADAR Radio Detection and Ranging
22 Internet A Network of Networks
23 Telecommunication Exchange of information over long distance by electronic means
24 SMS Short Message Service
25 Broadband Telecommunication Signal of greater bandwidth
26 SIM Subscriber Identification Module
27 Vo-IP Voice Over Internet Protocol
28 PIN Personal Identification Number
29 Frequency Number of cycles completed per second
30 Optical Fiber A fiber made of glass or plastic used to carry information using light wave as a carrier.
WORDS FROM LAW
1. Actus reus: The actus reus is the act which, in combination with a certain mental state, such as intent or recklessness, constitutes.
2. Adjudication: Judgment or decision of a Court or tribunal.
3. Appeal: an application by a party to an appellate court asking it to set aside or reverse a decision of a subordinate court.
4. Arbitration: A non court procedure for resolving disputes using one or more natural third parties.
5. Argument: A persuasive presentation of the law and facts of a case or particular issue within a case to the judge.
6. Arrest warrant: A document issued by a judge or magistrate that authorizes the police to arrest someone.
7. Assault: An unlawful physical attract on someone often indicating a sexual assault or serious injuries due to blunt force.
8. Bail Bond: A document guaranteeing the appearance of a defendant in court as required and recording the pledge of money or property to be paid to the court if he or she does not appear.
9. Burden of proof: Generally the burden of proof lies on the party who asserts the truth of the issue in dispute.
10. Civil Right: Civil Right ids the right of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.
11. Common law: law originating from usage and custom rather than from written statutes.
12. Constitutions: A constitution is the body of judicial rules which determine the supreme organs of the state.
13. Constitutional law: Constitutionals law are drawn primarily from constitutions including from such sources as decisions of the supreme court.
14. Conviction: once the charge is firmed and if the accused admitted that he has committed the offences with which he is charged and if he shows no sufficient cause why he should not be convicted, the magistrate may convicted him.
15. Defamation: Defamation is an imputation made against another person which is injurious to his reputations.
16. Default: A failure to perform a legal duty.
17. Defendant: A party sued in an action.
18. Foetus: An unborn child within the womb.
19. Ignorance of law: ignorance of law without any excuses
20. Impeachment: A president may be impeachment on a charge of violating the constitutions or of grave misconduct.
21. Mens rea: the mental component of criminal liability.
22. Mistake of law: A misunderstanding or erroneous belief about a matter of law.
23. Natural law: the philosophical perspective that certain immutable laws are fundamentals to human nature and can be readily ascertained through reason.
24. Parole: parole is the release of a long term prisoner from a penal.
25. Remand: if a persona is arrested and determined by the police and the investigation of the case cannot be completed within 24 hours.
26. Resjudicata: A matter already decided or adjudicated upon by the authority.
27. Summons: to call up.
WORDS FROM ENGLISH
Irony: contrast between reality and appearance.
Pun: Words identical in sound but different in meaning.
Onomatopoeia: The words containing sounds similar to the noises they describe.
Phonology: The study of the elementary speech sounds.
Morphology:The study of ordering of speech sounds into the smallest meaningful
Paradox: Statement containing two opposite ideas that seems to be impossible but it is
Metaphor:Ccomparison between two distinctly different things without using â€˜asâ€™ or â€˜likeâ€™.
Simile: Comparison between two distinctly different things by using â€˜asâ€™ or â€˜likeâ€™.
Hyperbole: The extravagant exaggeration of fact or of possibility.
Hegemony: Control by one organization or country etc. over other countries or any particular group.
Allusion: Reference with implicit identification to a literary or historical person, place or event etc.
Anecdote: A short, interesting or amusing story about a real person or event.
Cacophony: Language which is perceived as harsh, rough and unmusical.
Satire: To criticize a person, an idea or institution with humour to show their faults or weaknesses.
Fiction: A type of literature that describes imaginary people and events.
Alliteration: Repetition of a speech sound in asequence of nearby words.
Lullaby: A soft gentle song sung to make a child go to sleep.
Monologue: A lengthy speech by a single person.
Carpe Diem: â€˜Seize the dayâ€™
Metamorphosis: 1. A transformation, as by magic or sorcery.
2. A marked change in appearance, character, condition, or function
Alma mater the school, college or university where you studied
Euphoria: extreme happiness, sometimes more than is reasonable in a particular situation
Phenomenon: 1.something that exists and can be seen, felt, tasted, etc specially something which is unusual or interesting
2. someone or something extremely successful, often because of special qualities or abilities.
Therapeutic: causing someone to feel happier and more relaxed or to be more healthy
Vis-Ã -vis: 1. in relation to 2. in comparison with
Pastoral : describes a piece of art writing or music that represents the pleasant and traditional features of the countryside
Oblivious: not aware of something specially what is happening around you.
WORD FROM BBA1
Decode To discover the meaning of information given in a secret or complicated way.
2 Consumerism An organized movement of citizens and Government agencies to improve the rights and power of buyers in relation to sellers.
2 Benchmarking To measure the quality of something by comparing it with something else of an accepted standard.
3 Collectivism A theory or political system based on the principle that all of the farms, factories and other places of work in a country should be owned by or for all the people in that country.
4 Empowerment To give someone official authority or the freedom to do something.
5 Franchise A right to sell a company's products in a particular area using the company's name.
6 Globalization The increase of trade around the world, especially by large companies producing and trading goods in many different countries.
7 Parochialism The tendency to view the world through oneâ€™s own eyes and perspectives.
8 Legislature The group of people in a country or part of a country who have the power to make and change laws.
9 Broker A person who buys and sells foreign money, shares in companies, etc., for other people.
10 Lunatic Someone who behaves in a silly or dangerous way
11 Sovereign A king or queen, or the person with the highest power in a country.
12 Embargo An order to temporarily stop something, especially trading or giving information.
13 Environmentalism An interest in or the study of the environment, in order to protect it from damage by human activities.
14 Brand A type of product made by a particular company.
15 Advertising The business of trying to persuade people to buy products or services.
16 Opinion leader A person who exerts influence on others because of special skills, knowledge, personality or other characteristics.
The set of beliefs which states that all people are equal and should share equally in a country's money, or the political systems based on these beliefs.
18 Amateur Taking part in an activity for pleasure, not as a job.
19 Encode To change something into a system for sending messages secretly, or to represent complicated information in a simple or short way.
20 Free market economy An economic system with only a small amount of government control, in which prices and earnings are decided by the level of demand for, and production of goods and services.
21 Transact To do and complete a business activity.
22 Ethnocentric Believing that the people, customs and traditions of your own race or nationality are better than those of other races.
23 Perfection The state of being complete and correct in every way.
24 Arbitration The process of solving an argument between people by helping them to agree to an acceptable solution.
25 Terminate To end or stop.
1. Gweeping: Activity of spending many hours at a time surfing the internet.
2. Honorarium: A token sum given in recognition of the recipientâ€™s performance of specific duties.
3. Illiquid: used to describe a person or business that lacks cash or assets such as securities that can readily be converted into cash.
4. Inference: a conclusion drawn by a researcher about a statistical population after observing individuals in the population.
8. License: a contractual agreement.
9. Merchandising: the process of increasing the market share of a product in retail outlets using display, stocking, and sales promotion techniques.
10. Minutes: an official written record of the proceedings of a meeting.
11. Mortgage: a financial lending arrangement whereby an individual borrows money from a bank.
12. Obsolescence: the decline of products in a market due to the introduction of better competitor products or rapid technological development.
13. Oligopoly: a market in which there are only a few, very large, suppliers
14. Pawnbroker: a person who lends money against the security of a wide variety of chattels, from jewelry to cars.
15. Pension: money received regularly after retirement.
16. Plentitude: an hypothetical condition of an economy in which manufacturing technology has been perfected and scarcity is replayed by an abundance of products.
17. Quorum: the minimum number of people required in a meeting for it to be able to make decision that are binding on the organization.
18. Repossession: the return of goods purchased through an installment plan when the purchaser fails to make the required regular payments.
19. Commercial: relating to the buying and selling of goods and service.
20. Commercialization: the application of business principles to something in order to run it as a business.
21. Commission: a payment made to an intermediary, often calculated as a percentage of the value of goods or services provided.
22. Competence: an acquired personal skill that demonstrated in an employeeâ€™s ability to provide a consistently adequate or high level of performance in a specific job function.
23. Conciliation: action taken by an independent negotiator to bring disputing sides together with the aim of restoring trust or goodwill and reaching an agreement.
24. Conglomerate: an entity comprising a number of dissimilar businesses.
25. Coupon: a piece of paper that a bondholder presents to request payment.
26. Currency: the money in circulation in a particular country.
27. Depression: a high level of unemployment during a downturn in the business cycle.
28. Dilution: a reduction in the earnings and voting power per share caused by an increase or potential increase in the number of shares in issue.
29. Franchise: an agreement enabling a third party to sell or provide products or service owned by a manufacturer or supplier.
30. Freebie: a product or service that is given away, often as a business promotion.
WORDS FROM CSE
1. Accumulate - collect, gather, amass
2. Simulate - copy, imitate, model
3. Emulate - compete, imitate
4. Bifurcated - branched, forked
5. Reckon - calculate, compute
6. Cognitive - having to do with knowledge
7. Concatenate - link as a chain
8. Contest - competition, contend
9. Deadlock - standstill, stalemate
10. Diverge - wander, move away
11. Elicit - arouse, evoke
12. Evoke - invoke
13. Muse - ponder, reflect
14. Nexus - link, connection
15. Cache - hiding place, hoard
16. Cipher - non entity, code
17. Conundrum - riddle, hard problem
18. Enigma - mystery
19. Feasible - viable, workable
20. Nullify - declare invalid
21. Odyssey - journey
22. Outwit - circumvent
23. Generic - related to, common to all member of a genus
24. Attribute - assign, ascribe
25. Intractable - difficult to manage
26. Juxtapose - adjacent, put side by side
27. Modulation - intonation, inflection
28. Paradox - contradiction
29. Paradigm - a standard or typical example
30. Plagiarism - piracy
TERMS FROM REAL ESTATE
A clause in your mortgage which allows the lender to demand payment of the outstanding loan balance for various reasons. The most common reasons for accelerating a loan are if the borrower defaults on the loan or transfers title to another individual without informing the lender.
Adjustable-Rate Mortgage (ARM)
A mortgage in which the interest changes periodically, according to corresponding fluctuations in an index.
The loan payment consists of a portion which will be applied to pay the accruing interest on a loan, with the remainder being applied to the principal. Over time, the interest portion decreases as the loan balance decreases, and the amount applied to principal increases so that the loan is paid off (amortized) in the specified time.
A written justification of the price paid for a property, primarily based on an analysis of comparable sales of similar homes nearby.
The increase in the value of a property due to changes in market conditions, inflation, or other causes.
The placing of a value on property for the purpose of taxation.
Not used much anymore, bridge loans are obtained by those who have not yet sold their previous property, but must close on a purchase property. The bridge loan becomes the source of their funds for the down payment. One reason for their fall from favor is that there are more and more second mortgage lenders now that will lend at a high loan to value. In addition, sellers often prefer to accept offers from buyers who have already sold their property.
When a borrower refinances his mortgage at a higher amount than the current loan balance with the intention of pulling out money for personal use, it is referred to as a "cash out refinance."
A title that is free of liens or legal questions as to ownership of the property.
Closing costs are separated into what are called "non-recurring closing costs" and "pre-paid items." Non-recurring closing costs are any items which are paid just once as a result of buying the property or obtaining a loan. "Pre-paids" are items which recur over time, such as property taxes and homeowners insurance. A lender makes an attempt to estimate the amount of non-recurring closing costs and prepaid items on the Good Faith Estimate which they must issue to the borrower within three days of receiving a home loan application.
IAn additional individual who is both obligated on the loan and is on title to the property.
In a home loan, the property is the collateral. The borrower risks losing the property if the loan is not repaid according to the terms of the mortgage or deed of trust.
Those portions of a building, land, and amenities owned (or managed) by a planned unit development (PUD) or condominium project's homeowners' association (or a cooperative project's cooperative corporation) that are used by all of the unit owners, who share in the common expenses of their operation and maintenance. Common areas include swimming pools, tennis courts, and other recreational facilities, as well as common corridors of buildings, parking areas, means of ingress and egress, etc.
A type of multiple ownership in which the residents of a multiunit housing complex own shares in the cooperative corporation that owns the property, giving each resident the right to occupy a specific apartment or unit.
The legal document conveying title to a property.
Deed of Trust
An instrument used instead of a mortgage. The borrower conveys a deed of trust to a trustee, who holds the deed on behalf of both borrower and lender. If the loan obligation is paid off in accordance with the note, the trustee returns the deed to the borrower.
The part of the purchase price of a property that the buyer pays in cash and does not finance with a mortgage.
A provision in a mortgage that allows the lender to demand repayment in full if the borrower sells the property that serves as security for the mortgage.
Earnest Money Deposit
A deposit made by the potential home buyer to show that he or she is serious about buying the house.
A right of way giving persons other than the owner access to or over a property.
An item of value, money, or documents deposited with a third party to be delivered upon the fulfillment of a condition. For example, the earnest money deposit is put into escrow until delivered to the seller when the transaction is closed.
The greatest possible interest a person can have in real estate.
A lender's agreement to make a loan to a specific borrower on a specific property.
A mortgage in which the interest rate does not change during the entire term of the loan.
Personal property that becomes real property when attached in a permanent manner to real estate.
The person conveying an interest in real property.
Real Estate & Housing Association of Bangladesh. REHAB is the only trade organization of Real Estate Developers with a current membership of 260 Developers. All major institutionalized Developers are members of this organization. REHAB is also the "A Class" member of the Federation of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FBCCI).
Contract of sale: An agreement in writing that details the terms and conditions in regards to the sale/purchase of a property.
Open listing: A type of listing agreement in which more than one real estate agent may be employed to sell the property.
A corporation or trust that uses the pooled capital of many investors to purchase and manage income property and/or mortgage loans.
WORDS FROM JOURNALISM
Ad - Advertisement is called ad in journalism
Super Lead â€“It is also called headline, the main part of a story in 9 words that advertises a story in big font.
Lead â€“ It is the gist of the story that is written in maximum 32 words to tell what the entire story and it is placed just under the super lead or headline.
Nameplate - The name of the Newspaper at the top of the front page is called nameplate.
Byline report/ story - Story that contain the name of the reporter is called byline report.
Free lancer - The journalist who is not affiliated to any particular news organization but provides reports or stories as per the demand of a news organization and paid that way is called free lancer.
Editorial - An editorial is an opinion piece written by the senior editorial staff or publisher of a newspaper or magazine. Editorials are usually unsigned and may be supposed to reflect the opinion of the periodical.
Fold - Place where the half fold is made in a newspaper
Dateline - In the case of news that comes outside the city in the beginning the source, place, date and the name of the agency is used. It is called Dateline.
Deadline - The timeframe within which a reporter will have to submit his or her report or the first edition of the news paper will have to be published is called Deadline.
Off the record â€“ There are some information which source would not like to publish to all but since that information can help an incident a lot to understand the source would like to give only to the reporter on this condition that it will not be published to all or must not be recorded. This is called off the record.
Libel- though in press constitution the freedom of press is ensured even then the newspapers canâ€™t write or publish anything about any person, group or organization that goes against that person or organization or hampers the prestige person or organization. This prestige hampered issue is called libel. Against libel that person, group or organization can case files.
Nose for news - Aptness in sensing or finding out a news even from a simple matter.
Caption â€“ Simply it is the story of a photograph. Under every photograph there is a description that tells what the story is all about.
Cub â€“ a new reporter is called cub.
Bulletin â€“ Any important news of eleventh hour or last moment is called bulletin. Again any short Govt. declaration
Communication â€“ Communication is the process whereby speech, signs or actions transmit information from one person to another.
Mass Communication Mass Communication: Communication (Message) sent from a person/group through a transmitting device (A Medium) to a large audience (Market).
Interpersonal Communication â€“ It is simply any verbal or nonverbal message transferred between people.
Intrapersonal Communication - Intrapersonal communication is language use or thought internal to the communicator. Intrapersonal communication is the active internal involvement of the individual in symbolic processing of messages.
Development Communication - Development Communication has been alternatively defined as a type of marketing and public opinion research that is used specifically to develop effective communication or as the use of communication to promote social development.
Mass Media is those means of communication that reach and influence large numbers of people, especially newspapers, popular magazines, radio, and television.
PTC â€“ Piece to camera
ENG â€“ Electronic news Gathering
BSS Bangladesh Shangbad Shangshtha
UNB United News of Bangladesh
AP - Associated Press
AP - Agene France Press
PTI â€“ Press Trust of India
ASSIGNED GENDER: The announcement by doctors (Itâ€™s a boy/girl) based on what your physical anatomy looks like. Based on this, you are supposed to grow up, to be and exist within a certain set of gender roles.
GENDER QUEER: A term which is used by some people who may or may not fit on the spectrum of trans, or be labeled as trans, but who identify their gender and their sexual orientation to be outside of the assumed norm.