Job Trends - How the Job market is Changing

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Offline Monir Hossan

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Job Trends - How the Job market is Changing
« on: April 22, 2018, 05:29:29 PM »
How do job trends impact on me?

It makes sense for you to plan your career while keeping in mind trends and demands in the job market. In other words, select jobs in areas or industries where job demands are growing and where opportunities exist as opposed to where job demands are decreasing. Trends indicate the direction in which the job market is moving, what niches or gaps exist, and what to look out for when planning your career. Let’s look at some of the trends that impact the job market in Africa and how this is creating the need for you to keep up with the rapid changes. Learning to read the job market means looking out for opportunities and waiting patiently for the right one to come along.

There is no denying that technology is changing the nature of how work is done all over the world. Throughout history, new inventions have created the need for new types of jobs for example:

Inventions that changed the world of work

The Car
truck driver
petrol pump attendant
petroleum technologist
rubber technologist

The aeroplane
air steward
air traffic controller
aerial photographer
aeronautical and aerospace engineer

The telephone
call centre operator
satellite systems technician
telecommunications engineer
instrument technician

The computer
computer programmer
electronics engineer
mechatronic engineer
systems analyst
database administrator

The Internet
GIS specialist
web designer
game designer (multimedia)
mobile apps developer
cloud developer

Solar power
solar power technician
energy engineer
energy conservationist
environmental lawyer

Artificial Intelligence
Mechatronic Engineer
Drone Pilot
Nanoscientist or Nanosystems Engineer

Changes in technology

Robotics and Artificial Intelligence or AI are buzzwords we hear when talking about the future of work. Some people are fearful that robotics and AI will reduce work opportunities especially here in South Africa where we already have a high unemployment rate. Others are excited about the possibilities these innovations create to improve the standard of living for humankind.  So what is the future of robotics and how will it affect your job one day?

Robotics is a branch of engineering that deals with the design, construction, operation and application of robots.  A Robot is any man-made machine that can perform work or other actions normally performed by humans. Up until quite recently, industrial robots could only be programmed to carry out a repetitive series of movements, i.e. pick up and place an object.  An artificially intelligent robot is more advanced, because it will self-learn. An AI robot uses cameras and a specialized vision program to recognize the different types of objects. An AI robot learns to detect and select between various objects; it can also place the object in a different location depending on the type of object. (

Robotics together with AI are advancing rapidly, replacing all of the tasks that humans are bad at, such as searching through databases, performing repetitive and monotonous tasks, concentrating for long periods of time. Robots can perform these tasks better and faster.

Technological change and global competition are creating huge changes in our labour market. As more machinery is used in the primary sector, fewer workers are needed. Hundreds of thousands of jobs have been lost in, for example, agriculture and mining. The demand for unskilled labour is also decreasing in the manufacturing sector as machines replace workers and companies move production to other countries such as China where labour is cheaper and production output is higher than in Africa.  On the rise is the demand for professional and skilled employees.   

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Mohammad Monir Hossan
Senior Assistant Director (Division of Research)

Offline Samsul Alam

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Re: Job Trends - How the Job market is Changing
« Reply #1 on: April 22, 2018, 10:26:38 PM »
Thanks for posting.
Samsul Alam (710001796)
Sr. Lecturer (MIS)
Department of Business Administration
Faculty of Business and Entrepreneurship
Daffodil International University