Future World

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Offline M Z Karim

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Future World
« on: November 26, 2011, 01:31:37 PM »
Bangladesh Gov. has setup a plan to be middle income country by  2020. It is predicted that, in 21st century the future of world will be different . Here is the timeline for such changes :
 
2020-2035 - World energy crisis

2020 - Generation X is reshaping global politics
          Internet use reaches 5 billion worldwide
          The 5G standard is released
          Texting by thinking
          Complex organ replacements grown from stem cells
          Ultra High Definition Television (4320p) is available in domestic homes
          Holographic TV is available
          Sweden becomes the first oil-free country
          Hong Kong's Mass Transit Railway (MTR) has been significantly expanded
          Completion of the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link
          Public smoking is banned across every US state
          Glacier National Park and other regions are becoming ice-free
          BepiColombo arrives in orbit around Mercury
          Video games with truly lifelike CGI
          Smart meters in every UK home

2021 - Global average temperatures have risen by 1°C
          Water crisis in southwest USA
          Mind reading technology is being deployed for security purposes
          Fully reusable, single-stage-to-orbit spacecraft
         Telecommuting is a standard flexible work option
         Traditional microchips are reaching the limits of miniaturisation

2022 - Germany phases out nuclear energy
          Qatar hosts the FIFA World Cup
          Nanotech clothing is growing in popularity
          Tooth regeneration is transforming dental care
          Piezoelectric nanowires are appearing in high-end products
          Deafness is fully curable

2023 - Laser-driven fusion energy makes progress
         Borneo’s rainforests have been wiped from the map
         Gorillas are extinct in Central Africa
        Turkey becomes self-sufficient in energy production
         A permanent cure for migraine is available

2024 - The biggest refugee crisis in world history
          Gay marriage is legal in every US state
          African elephants are on the brink of extinction
          A cure for the common cold is available for general public use
          Completion of the Square Kilometre Array
          Petabyte storage devices are available
          The first probe to fly into the Sun's outer atmosphere

2025 - Human brain simulations are becoming possible
          Medical nanobots are being developed
          China's economy continues to boom
          Vertical farms are appearing in cities
          High speed rail networks are being expanded in many countries
          Africa and the Middle East are linked by a trans-continental bridge
          Progress with longevity extension
          Stress and anxiety are reaching crisis levels

2025-2030 - The threat of bioterrorism is peaking

2026 - New treatments for Alzheimer’s disease
         The cost per watt of solar PV has dropped to below $1
         Wireless electricity is ubiquitous
         Rising sea levels are wreaking havoc on the Maldives
         Construction of the Sagrada Família is complete
         Contact with the Voyager probes is lost

2026-2029 - Europa Jupiter System Mission (EJSM)

2027 - The BRICs overtake the G7 nations
          Carbon sequestration is underway in many nations

2028 - The International Space Station is decommissioned
          Printed electronics are ubiquitous
          UK population reaches 70m
          Manned fighter planes are being phased out and replaced with UAVs
          Amputees can regrow lost limbs

2029 - Human-like AI is becoming a reality
          Heavy automation of supermarkets and retail environments
          Intelligent advertising
          Lake Chad disappears from the map
          The wreck of the Titanic has decomposed
M Z Karim
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Department of CSE
Daffodil International University,Dhaka

Offline M Z Karim

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Re: Future World
« Reply #1 on: November 27, 2011, 01:14:51 PM »
Future World: Internet use reaches 5 billion worldwide

The number of Internet users has now reached almost 5 billion - equivalent to the entire world's population in 1987. This compares with 1.7 billion users in 2010 and only 360 million in 2000.*

Vast numbers of people in developing countries now have access to the web, thanks to a combination of plummeting costs and exponential technology improvements. This includes laptops, smartphones and tablet devices that can be bought for only a few tens of dollars, together with explosive growth in mobile networks. Even some of the most remote populations on Earth can take advantage of the web thanks to the infrastructure now in place.

                   

Broadband speeds have continued to accelerate. In the USA, a project known as the National Broadband Plan is coming to fruition. This gives nearly 100 million Americans access to home broadband speeds of at least 100 Mbps. Connections of 1 Gbps are also present in the vast majority of schools, universities, libraries, hospitals and government buildings. Broadband is now available to essentially the entire population. By 2020, the USA has become one of the leaders in mobile innovation, with one of the most extensive wireless networks of any country. There is a massive increase in the broadcasting of wireless Internet and broadband multimedia.

In Australia, one of the world's most ambitious upgrades – the National Broadband Network – is nearing completion. Vast extensions to the fibre-optic cable networks are being undertaken, with the result that 93% of the population has access to 1 Gbps transfer speeds by 2021. Australia rises to be one of the leading digital economies, with many new jobs and opportunities created. The remaining 7% of households are able to utilise two new satellites for a minimum speed of 12 Mbps.

South Korea - one of the most technologically advanced countries in Asia - has already had nationwide gigabit transfer speeds since 2013. It has since strengthened its broadband network, expanding it even further. China has also laid down a national broadband network, another step in its path to becoming a developed nation. The majority of developed and developing nations now have greatly increased Internet access compared to what existed before.

However, there is still the problem of a "digital divide" in some places, with rural areas particularly affected. In the United Kingdom, for example, while more than half of users now have access to 100 Mbps or faster, around 10% of the population is limited to substantially slower connections.
M Z Karim
Assistant Professor
Department of CSE
Daffodil International University,Dhaka

Offline M Z Karim

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Re: Future World
« Reply #2 on: November 27, 2011, 01:26:46 PM »
Future World: The 5G standard is released

By 2020, the next major cellular wireless standard has been adopted.* This continues the trend seen since 1981 - in which a new mobile generation has appeared roughly every 10th year. The 5G family of standards is a major leap from previous generations in terms of power and functionality. Among its key features are:

    Pervasive networks providing ubiquitous computing. The user can simultaneously be connected to several wireless access technologies and seamlessly move between them. These can be 2.5G, 3G, 4G or 5G networks, Wi-Fi, WPAN or any other contemporary access technology. Multiple, concurrent data transfer paths can be easily handled.

    Group cooperative relay. High bit rates are now available in a larger portion of the cell, especially to users in an exposed location in between several base stations. This is achieved by cellular repeaters, together with macro-diversity techniques (also known as group cooperative relay), as well as beam-division multiple access.

    IPv6, where a visiting care-of mobile IP address is assigned according to location and connected network.

    High-altitude stratospheric platform station (HAPS) systems, delivering high-speed Internet service to very large geographical areas.

    Wearable devices with AI capabilities, offering greater levels of user interaction and personalization.
    One unified global standard with full compatibility, no matter what brand or model.

                   
M Z Karim
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Daffodil International University,Dhaka

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Re: Future World
« Reply #3 on: November 27, 2011, 01:53:15 PM »
Future World : Texting by thinking

In addition to 5G, phones are becoming available with the option of texting by thought power alone. This is achieved by a sensor-mounted headset worn by the user. The device contains brain-machine interface technology which analyses brain waves, converts them into digital signals and displays the resulting letters on-screen.

Some of the higher end models feature glasses or visors, with displays built into the lenses. This allows completely hands-free texting, effectively creating a form of electronic telepathy. The process is rather slow at this stage - requiring a high degree of concentration. It is more of a novelty for now. However, advances in the coming years will enable smooth and fast interactions, revolutionising the world of communication.

             

M Z Karim
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Daffodil International University,Dhaka

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Re: Future World
« Reply #4 on: November 27, 2011, 02:07:55 PM »
Future World : Complex organ replacements grown from stem cells

In the previous decade, it had already been possible to grow various tissues, bones and muscles using stem cells. The first complete synthetic organ transplant was achieved in 2011, when a replacement windpipe was given to a terminal cancer patient. This was followed by further breakthroughs as more complex body structures and systems began to be engineered.

By 2020, a major landmark is reached, with scientists having fully characterised how every part of the heart works - enabling complete replacements for use in transplants.* The need for external donors is eliminated, and since the organ is genetically matched to the patient, there is no chance of rejection. This new treatment offers radical hope to millions of people affected by cardiovascular disease. Until now, around 15m people had died each year from heart-related conditions.

The economic benefits are huge. A significant fraction of healthcare costs have been attributable to organ failure, the recurring treatments for chronic diseases and their subsequent complications. This new regenerative medicine effectively provides a cure, rather than ongoing treatment. Until now, direct healthcare costs of organ replacement and associated care had been $350 billion globally (about 8 percent of global healthcare spending).

As well as the heart, various other organs are developed over the subsequent decade: lungs, livers, kidneys, spleens, stomachs and sexual organs all become available by 2030. Internal organ failure is gradually becoming a thing of the past; for those who can afford the treatments, at least.

Combined with new vitrification techniques* (which allow organ banking without damage from ice crystal formation), this is a major breakthrough in longevity extension.

     
M Z Karim
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Daffodil International University,Dhaka

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Re: Future World
« Reply #5 on: November 29, 2011, 05:31:08 PM »
Future World : Sweden becomes the first oil-free country

This has been achieved through large-scale investments in renewable energy, huge tax incentives and grants for scientific research, along with a strict programme of energy conservation. The country is dominated by zero-carbon technologies and has now almost completely rid itself of gasoline cars and oil-heated homes.* From 2020 onwards, Sweden experiences great prosperity.

           
M Z Karim
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Daffodil International University,Dhaka

Offline M Z Karim

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Re: Future World
« Reply #6 on: November 29, 2011, 05:33:26 PM »
Future World : Completion of the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link

The Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link is an 18 km (11 mi) tunnel connecting the German offshore island of Fehmarn with the Danish island of Lolland. Originally planned as a bridge, it was later announced that a tunnel was preferable, as it would have fewer construction risks, a reduced environmental impact and independence from weather conditions. The costs would be broadly similar.

The Danish government approved the project by a large parliamentary majority in 2011. However, it required the passage of a Construction Act, along with further legislation in both countries that wasn't completed until 2013.

With final approval, construction began in 2014, finishing in 2020. Precast concrete tunnel sections were utilised, with a rectangular cross-section about 40 metres wide and 10 metres high, containing four separate passageways (two for cars and two for trains), plus a small service passageway. The total cost of the project is €5.5 billion and it has a technical lifespan of 120 years.

     

Fehmarn Island was already connected by bridge with the German mainland, and Lolland was already connected by bridge with Zealand. Furthermore, Zealand was already connected with the Swedish coast, via the Øresund Bridge. However, there was no link between Fehmarn Island and Lolland until now. The Fehmarn Belt fixed link, therefore, provides a far more direct route from Germany to Sweden and Norway.

Travel times between Scandinavia and continental Europe are in fact substantially reduced: the ferry transit that was required previously took 45 minutes (plus waiting time), but car drivers now require a mere 10 minutes, while train passengers can complete the journey in no more than 7 minutes. The duration of a train journey between Hamburg and Copenhagen is cut from around 4.5 to 3 hours.

         
M Z Karim
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Department of CSE
Daffodil International University,Dhaka

Offline M Z Karim

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Re: Future World
« Reply #7 on: November 29, 2011, 05:35:13 PM »
Future World : Public smoking is banned across every US state

The number of states with comprehensive indoor smoking bans went from zero in 2000, to 25 in 2010. The success of the anti-smoking lobby continued, with every state having a ban in place by 2020.* Many other countries around the world are enacting similar measures now. The health effects of secondhand smoke have been well-documented. In the US alone, they caused 46,000 heart-related deaths and 3,400 lung cancer deaths in 2010.

     
M Z Karim
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Daffodil International University,Dhaka

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Re: Future World
« Reply #8 on: November 29, 2011, 05:40:54 PM »
Future World : BepiColombo arrives in orbit around Mercury

BepiColombo is a joint mission between the European and Japanese space agencies. It is only the third mission to study Mercury at close range - and only the second to enter into orbit around the planet. Consisting of a rocket component and two science probes, the mission is launched in 2014. It performs a total of seven flybys around Earth, Venus and Mercury before orbital insertion in 2020.* It is the most comprehensive on-location study of Mercury so far, with 12 specific objectives:

    What can be learned from Mercury about the composition of the solar nebula and the formation of the planetary system?
    Why is Mercury's normalised density markedly higher than that of all other terrestrial planets, Moon included?
    Is the core of Mercury liquid or solid?
    Is Mercury tectonically active today?
    Why does such a small planet possess an intrinsic magnetic field, while Venus, Mars and the Moon do not have any?
    Why do spectroscopic observations not reveal the presence of any iron, while this element is supposedly the major constituent of Mercury?
    Do the permanently shadowed craters of the polar regions contain sulphur or water ice?
    Is the unseen hemisphere of Mercury markedly different from that imaged by Mariner 10?
    What are the production mechanisms of the exosphere?
    In the absence of any ionosphere, how does the magnetic field interact with the solar wind?
    Is Mercury's magnetised environment characterised by features reminiscent of the aurorae, radiation belts and magnetospheric substorms observed at Earth?
    Since the advance of Mercury's perihelion was explained in terms of space-time curvature, can we take advantage of the proximity of the Sun to test general relativity with improved accuracy?

The European contribution, Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), studies the surface and internal composition, while the Japanese portion, Mercury Magnetosphere Orbiter (MMO), analyses the magnetosphere and atmosphere. A new form of ion engine is used for the propulsion system.

M Z Karim
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Department of CSE
Daffodil International University,Dhaka

Offline arefin

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Re: Future World
« Reply #9 on: January 09, 2012, 06:50:41 PM »
:)
“Allahumma inni as'aluka 'Ilman naafi'an, wa rizqan tayyiban, wa 'amalan mutaqabbalan”

O Allah! I ask You for knowledge that is of benefit, a good provision and deeds that will be accepted. [Ibne Majah & Others]
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Offline partho222

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Re: Future World
« Reply #10 on: January 21, 2012, 10:39:53 PM »
 ;D ;D

Offline arefin

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Re: Future World
« Reply #11 on: February 08, 2012, 09:58:19 AM »
what a amazing future world. Hope for the best so that we all can observe these amazing innovations.
“Allahumma inni as'aluka 'Ilman naafi'an, wa rizqan tayyiban, wa 'amalan mutaqabbalan”

O Allah! I ask You for knowledge that is of benefit, a good provision and deeds that will be accepted. [Ibne Majah & Others]
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DIU

Offline Nur-E-Alam Siddique

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Re: Future World
« Reply #12 on: February 20, 2012, 05:42:06 PM »
Thanks sir for a free and advanced trip to future world!!

Offline Sharmin Jahan

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Re: Future World
« Reply #13 on: February 23, 2012, 10:25:27 AM »
 :D

Offline Sima

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Re: Future World
« Reply #14 on: March 24, 2012, 04:27:48 PM »
Really confusing, what's going to happen in future good or bad???
Sima Rani Dey
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Dept. of Natural Sciences