The new demands upon the universities are not entirely novel, if all fields and higher educational institutions (HEI) are considered. What is new is the global nature of the phenomenon, national systems of knowledge production and innovation, believed to underlie national competitive positions, are undergoing deep changes nearly everywhere.
b] The emerging system has been captured in the triple helix model (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 2000), consisting of three poles: university, industry, and government, previously assumed to constitute separate systems, each with distinct, stable roles. Increasingly, they are becoming intertwined and with partially overlapping functions.[/b]
Universities are shifting their paradigms towards entrepreneurship development in the recent years because of implications and development of the business which will enhance the macroeconomic development of the country. The role of knowledge commercialization and active contribution of developing private enterprises in the local economy. As such university has become the national innovation system.