Literary Terms

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Offline Binoy

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Literary Terms
« on: July 04, 2019, 08:58:10 PM »
Literary terms are important for those who want to get an accurate taste of literature or make an assessment of literature. Each literary term is essentially a literary device. That is why these two phrases are often used interchangeably.

Literary terms refer to the technique, style, and formatting used by writers and speakers to masterfully emphasize, embellish, or strengthen their compositions. Literary terms can refer to playful techniques employed by comedians to make us laugh or witty tricks wordsmiths use to coin new words or phrases. They can also include the tools of persuasion that writers use to convince and drive audiences to action. With their carefully crafted speeches geared towards both logical and emotional thinking, they challenge our everyday modes of thinking.

Literary terms also include powerful figurative language that writers use to summon emotion ranging from guilt to anger to bliss, and to allow us to see the world in new and magical ways. Words can be arranged to give poems, songs, and prose alike, rhythm and musicality. They can animate a story with such wealth of detail, character development, and action that as readers, we are taken by a story, and feel as if the people on the page are real. Literary terms have a wide range of application, from the poet’s beauty, to the speaker’s persuasion, to the novelist’s story development.

Sources:
https://literary-devices.com/
https://literaryterms.net/
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 04:24:59 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #1 on: July 04, 2019, 09:01:01 PM »
Allegory 
রূপকবর্ণনা; প্রতীকাশ্রয়ী কাহিনি


Definition:
An allegory suggests a hidden meaning via the use of metaphoric examples. An allegory is a device where the meaning of a greater, often abstract moral or political concept is conveyed with the aid of more material objects or ideas being used as an example.

Example:
Faith is like a stony uphill climb: a single stumble might send you sprawling but belief and steadfastness will see you to the very top.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:20:22 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #2 on: July 04, 2019, 09:02:45 PM »
Alliteration 
ধ্বনিসাম্য


Definition:
Alliteration is a literary device where words are used in quick succession and begin with letters belonging to the same sound group. Whether it is the consonant sound or a specific vowel group, the alliteration involves creating a repetition of similar sounds in the sentence. Alliterations are also created when the words all begin with the same letter. Alliterations are used to add character to the writing and often add an element of ‘fun’ to the piece.

Example:
The Wicked Witch of the West went her own way. The ‘W’ sound is highlighted and repeated throughout the sentence.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:20:38 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #3 on: July 04, 2019, 09:05:36 PM »
Allusion 
দূরোল্লেখ


Definition:
An allusion is a figure of speech whereby the author refers to a subject matter such as a place, event, or literary work by way of a passing reference. It is up to the reader to make a connection to the subject being mentioned.

Example:
It’s no wonder everyone refers to Mary as another Mother Teresa in the making; she loves to help and care after people everywhere, from the streets to her own friends.

In the example the author uses the mention of Mother Teresa to indicate the sort of qualities that Mary has.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:21:16 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #4 on: July 04, 2019, 09:07:37 PM »
Amplification 
তীব্রতাবর্ধন


Definition:
Amplification refers to a literary practice wherein the writer embellishes the sentence by adding more information to it in order to increase its worth and understandability. When a plain sentence is too abrupt and fails to convey the full implications desired, amplification comes into play when the writer adds more to the structure to give it more meaning.

Example:
Original sentence: “The thesis paper was difficult.” After amplification: “The thesis paper was difficult: it required extensive research, data collection, sample surveys, interviews and a lot of fieldwork.”
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:21:34 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #5 on: July 04, 2019, 09:09:19 PM »
Anagram 
ধ্বনিশব্দ


Definition:
Anagrams are an extremely popular form of literary device wherein the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word. From the syllables of a phrase to the individual letters of a word, any fraction can be jumbled to create a new form. Anagram is a form of wordplay that allows the writer to infuse mystery and a little interactive fun in the writing so that the reader can decipher the actual word on their own and discover a depth of meaning to the writing.

Example:
An anagram for “debit card” is “bad credit”. As you can see, both phrases use the same letters. By mixing the letters a bit of humor is created.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:21:49 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #6 on: July 05, 2019, 03:33:36 PM »
Analogy
তুলনা, উপমান


Definition:
An analogy is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. By using an analogy we can convey a new idea by using the blueprint of an old one as a basis for understanding. With a mental linkage between the two, one can create understanding regarding the new concept in a simple and succinct manner.

Example:
In the same way as one cannot have the rainbow without the rain, one cannot achieve success and riches without hard work.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:22:04 PM by Binoy »

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #7 on: July 05, 2019, 03:36:46 PM »
Anastrophe 
প্রথমে বিশেষ্য পরে বিশেষণ


Definition:
Anastrophe is a form of literary device wherein the order of the noun and the adjective in the sentence is exchanged. In standard parlance and writing the adjective comes before the noun but when one is employing an anastrophe the noun is followed by the adjective. This reversed order creates a dramatic impact and lends weight to the description offered by the adjective.

Example:
He spoke of times past and future, and dreamt of things to be.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:22:24 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #8 on: July 05, 2019, 03:39:54 PM »
Anecdote 
অভিজ্ঞতাসঞ্জাত বচন; অনুকথন


Definition:
The word anecdote, phonetically pronounced an.ik.doht, means a short verbal accounting of a funny, amusing, interesting event or incident. The story is usually a reminiscence from the teller’s life but at best is a related story of fact, as opposed to a contrived work of fiction. The origin of the word anecdote comes from the Greek Byzantine period, A.D. 527 to 565 during the reign of emperor Justinian.

Example:
Amusing anecdotes many times find their way into wedding receptions, family reunions and any other gathering of people who know each other well. Teachers and educators often tell classrooms of pupils anecdotes about famous people. The anecdotes are not always flattering, but are usually revealing of character and invariably amusing. Here is an example of an anecdote about Winston Churchill:

Winston Churchill was very fond of his pet dog Rufus. He ate in the dining room with the family on a special cloth and was treated with utmost respect. When enjoying movies, Rufus had the best seat in the house; on Winston Churchill’s lap. While watching “Oliver Twist,” Churchill put his hands over Rufus’ eyes during the scene where Bill Sike’s intends to drown his dog. Churchill is believed to have said to Rufus: “don’t look now, dear. I’ll tell you about it later.”
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:23:14 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #9 on: July 05, 2019, 03:41:27 PM »
Anthropomorphism 
মানবায়ন


Definition:
Anthropomorphism can be understood to be the act of lending a human quality, emotion or ambition to a non-human object or being. This act of lending a human element to a non-human subject is often employed in order to endear the latter to the readers or audience and increase the level of relativity between the two while also lending character to the subject.

Example:
The raging storm brought with it howling winds and fierce lightning as the residents of the village looked up at the angry skies in alarm.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:23:35 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #10 on: July 05, 2019, 03:43:13 PM »
Antithesis 
বিরোধাভাস


Definition:
An antithesis is used when the writer employs two sentences of contrasting meanings in close proximity to one another. Whether they are words or phrases of the same sentence, an antithesis is used to create a stark contrast using two divergent elements that come together to create one uniform whole. An antithesis plays on the complementary property of opposites to create one vivid picture. The purpose of using an antithesis in literature is to create a balance between opposite qualities and lend a greater insight into the subject.

Example:
When Neil Armstrong walked on the moon it might have been one small step for a man but it was one giant leap for mankind.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:24:05 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #11 on: July 05, 2019, 03:46:28 PM »
Aphorism 
প্রাজ্ঞোক্তি; প্রবচন


Definition:
An aphorism is a concise statement that is made in a matter of fact tone to state a principle or an opinion that is generally understood to be a universal truth. Aphorisms are often adages, wise sayings and maxims aimed at imparting sense and wisdom. It is to be noted that aphorisms are usually witty and curt and often have an underlying tone of authority to them.

Example:
Upon seeing the shoddy work done by the employee, the boss told him that anything worth doing, is worth doing well.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:24:52 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #12 on: July 05, 2019, 03:48:17 PM »
Archetype 
মৌলরূপ; আদর্শ প্রকরণ


Definition:
An archetype is a reference to a concept, a person or an object that has served as a prototype of its kind and is the original idea that has come to be used over and over again. Archetypes are literary devices that employ the use of a famous concept, person or object to convey a wealth of meaning. Archetypes are immediately identifiable and even though they run the risk of being overused, they are still the best examples of their kind.

Example:
Romeo and Juliet are an archetype of eternal love and a star-crossed love story.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:25:31 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #13 on: July 05, 2019, 03:49:14 PM »
Assonance 
স্বরসাম্য


Definition:
Assonance refers to repetition of sounds produced by vowels within a sentence or phrase. In this regard assonance can be understood to be a kind of alliteration. What sets it apart from alliterations is that it is the repetition of only vowel sounds. Assonance is the opposite of consonance, which implies repetitive usage of consonant sounds.

Example:
“A long song”. (Where the ‘o’ sound is repeated in the last two words of the sentence)
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:25:42 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: Literary Terms
« Reply #14 on: July 05, 2019, 03:50:48 PM »
Asyndeton 
অব্যয়লোপ


Definition:
Asyndeton refers to a practice in literature whereby the author purposely leaves out conjunctions in the sentence, while maintaining the grammatical accuracy of the phrase. Asyndeton as a literary tool helps in shortening up the implied meaning of the entire phrase and presenting it in a succinct form. This compact version helps in creating an immediate impact whereby the reader is instantly attuned to what the writer is trying to convey. Use of this literary device helps in creating a strong impact and such sentences have greater recall worth since the idea is presented in a nutshell.

Example:
1. Read, Write, Learn.
2. Watch, Absorb, Understand.
3. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2019, 03:25:58 PM by Binoy »