Career change is about finding fulfillment for you. Don’t hide behind someone else’s dreams
Rachel Montanez, Career Coach | Forbes ColumnistThere has to be a little space for creativity! Understanding what you value, how you see the world and how you see yourself in the world are vital steps to gaining clarity with your next career move. These are three common career theories that can also help you achieve career clarity.Super’s Career Theory
According to Super, career exploration typically occurs in the following stages:
Super then went on to adopt his theory later believing in an age-independent, task-centered view of stages.
- Exploration (14-24 years old)
- Establishment (25-44 years old)
Exploratory tasks include: trying things out through classes, employment experiences, volunteering, hobbies and skill development. When you are in the establishment stage, you may go through various tasks such as adapting to the company culture and performing job duties to your best ability, forming good work attitudes and habits and building positive co-worker relationships.
The exploration and establishment stages help us get clear on professional strengths and work preferences. Work preferences include things like your communication style, preferred leadership style, learning preferences, productivity style and work-life harmony preferences. The more you understand yourself the easier it is to find career clarity and share your value with employers.
Activities for you based on this theory:
John Holland’s TheoryIn John Holland’s theory, careers are determined a good fit if there’s an overlap between the six personality types and an environment that will let us express our attitudes and values while doing meaningful work.The six personality types and some of their respective jobs:
- Write down three personal work attitudes or habits that are important to you?
- Write down two tasks you’ve done that aren’t related to what you do in your career. What makes these tasks fulfilling?
- Think about up to three life experiences that were particularly enjoyable for you. A few themes will likely emerge.
Activities for you based on this theory:You are unique and your personality is too. Your personality type may not ‘fit into’ one of the most used personality tests. Write down five words that describe your personality. Sometimes our personalities are different at work compared to familiar social settings. Do the exercise for both? It would be interesting to hear how closely your words match.The Krumboltz TheoryGenetics and stereotypes can limit you from chasing some careers and make you more prone to pursue others. This theory also suggests that environmental conditions, events and learning experiences have an extremely significant influence on career choice. “Planned happenstance” is also a part of the Krumboltz theory. The term means that one can gain experiences by reacting to actions or consequences, observing others as they do so or by associative experiences. When you associate positive or negative feelings with people or events, you create associative experiences. Sometimes we avoid making a certain career move because of the people around us that may judge or belittle us.
- Realistic - engineer, computer technologist
- Investigative - science, research, medical and health occupations, dentist, doctor
- Artistic - writer, advertiser, fashion designer
- Social - teacher, social worker
- Enterprising - lawyer, executive or manager
- Conventional - secretary, bank clerk, accountant
Think about the following:
Do you need to modify your environment by surrounding yourself with people that accept you for who you are and what you want to do in life?
Have you created any associative experiences that may be getting in the way of your career clarity?
At the end, digging deep is fun, isn’t it? Trust your gut though along with reason and get help if you want a unique, proven method that combines the best ways to find career clarity.Source: Super’s Career Development Theory, Holland Codes, Krumboltz Learning Theory