Semantic Roles

Author Topic: Semantic Roles  (Read 108 times)

Offline Anta

  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 593
  • Never lose hope
    • View Profile
Semantic Roles
« on: August 05, 2021, 03:46:04 PM »
Semantic Roles
   
Introduction

Semantic relations were introduced in generative grammar during the mid-1960s and early 1970s ([Fil68], [Jac72], [Gru67]) as a way of classifying the arguments of natural language predicates into a closed set of participant types which were thought to have a special status in grammar. A list of the most popular roles and the properties usually associated with them is given below.

Agent:
A participant which the meaning of the verb specifies as doing or causing something, possibly intentionally. Examples: subjects of kill, eat, hit, smash, kick, watch.
Patient:
a participant which the verb characterizes as having something happen to it, and as being affected by what happens to it. Examples: objects of kill, eat, smash but not those of watch, hear, love.
Experiencer:
A participant who is characterized as aware of something. Examples: subject of love, object of annoy.
Theme:
A participant which is characterized as changing its position or condition, or as being in a state or position. Examples: objects of give, hand, subjects of walk, die.
Location:
The thematic role associated with the NP expressing the location in a sentence with a verb of location. Examples: subjects of keep, own, retain, know, locative PPs.
Source:
Object from which motion proceeds. Examples: subjects of buy, promise, objects of deprive, free, cure.
Goal:
Object to which motion proceeds. Examples: subject of receive, buy, dative objects of tell, give.
Anta Afsana
Lecturer
Department of English
Daffodil International University
email id: anta.eng@diu.edu.bd
Contact number: 07134195331

Offline nahidaakter

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Posts: 50
  • Test
    • View Profile
Re: Semantic Roles
« Reply #1 on: August 08, 2021, 10:37:48 PM »
Thank you for sharing!