A Word A Day

Author Topic: A Word A Day  (Read 30087 times)

Offline Binoy

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A Word A Day
« on: January 18, 2012, 02:33:46 PM »
Here you will get different English words: a word a day. The main word-entry is presented with Bangla and English meaning along with word-class label (e.g. noun, verb, adjective, adverb). Every entry is adequately exemplified with phrases/sentences (in italic). If a word has several meanings, they are numbered, treated separately. Lexical items derived from the main entry are also given with examples. Where available, synonyms (abbreviated as 'syn.') and antonyms (abbreviated as 'ant.') are provided. Necessary phrasal/ collocational/ idiomatic/ proverbial expressions can also be found. Where necessary, usage note has been annexed. Words selected here are of intermediate level in terms of difficulty. The entries will go through an alphabetic order. This is an opportunity to enrich your vocabulary. In a year you may add 365 words to your stock, multiplied by numerous derivations/conversions. Start your journey from here right now.
(Note: to view Bangla font, you need to have Avro keyboard installed in your computer.)
« Last Edit: March 27, 2012, 02:47:19 PM by Binoy »

Offline Binoy

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #1 on: January 18, 2012, 02:36:06 PM »
word-1 (18-01-2012)

abandon (verb) [syn. leave, quit]

1. চিরতরে ত্যাগ করা; to leave a place, thing or person forever
We had to abandon the car.
Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.
By the time the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.
They had to abandon their lands to the invading forces.
As a baby he'd been abandoned by his mother.
We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon ship.


2. থামিয়ে দেওয়া; বাদ দেওয়া; to stop doing an activity before you have finished it
They abandoned the journey because of rain.
The match was abandoned at half-time because of the poor weather conditions.
They had to abandon their attempt to climb the mountain.
The party has now abandoned its policy of unilateral disarmament.
She abandoned hope of any reconciliation.


derived word(s):

abandoned (adjective) পরিত্যাক্ত
an abandoned car / house
The child was found abandoned but unharmed.
An abandoned baby was found in a box on the hospital steps.


abandonment (noun) পরিত্যাগ
the government’s abandonment of its new economic policy
The abandonment of the island followed nuclear tests in the area.


phrasal/collocational/idiomatic/proverbial expressions:

noun phrase:
abandoned cottage
abandoned building
abandoned children
abandoned dog


infinitive phrase:
to abandon place
to abandon property
to abandon movie
to abandon music
to abandon band
to abandon team
to abandon effort
to abandon campaign
to abandon idea
to abandon theory
to abandon farming
to abandon searching


prepositional phrase:
with reckless abandon
with careless abandon
with wild abandon
with gay abandon


adjective phrase:
abandoned to the care of

phrasal verb:
abandon oneself to emotion
abandon oneself to despair

« Last Edit: January 19, 2012, 03:04:16 PM by Binoy »

Offline sushmita

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #2 on: January 18, 2012, 03:14:05 PM »
Thank you, sir.

Offline Binoy

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #3 on: January 18, 2012, 03:40:59 PM »
Most welcome, Sush! Encourage your students to read the posts everyday. Their word power will increase in the way. They may also ask me any question as to the English words.

Offline sushmita

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #4 on: January 18, 2012, 03:55:18 PM »
Yes Sir,

Thank you once again.

Offline Binoy

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #5 on: January 19, 2012, 11:03:28 AM »
word-2 (19-01-2012)

abbreviate (verb) [syn. shorten]
সংক্ষেপিত করা; to make a word shorter usually by using some initial letters or a phrase shorter by using only the first letters of each word
You can abbreviate ‘Daffodil International University’ as ‘DIU’.
'Compact Disc' is often abbreviated to 'CD'.
'Chief Executive Officer' is abbreviated as 'CEO'.


derived word(s):

abbreviated (adjective) সংক্ষেপিত
‘DIU’ is the abbreviated name of ‘Daffodil International University’.
'TV' is the abbreviated form of 'Television'.
Where appropriate, abbreviated forms are used.


abbreviation (noun) শব্দ-সংক্ষেপ; সংক্ষেপণ; সংক্ষিপ্ত রূপ [syn. acronym]
‘DIU’ is the abbreviation of ‘Daffodil International University’.
What’s the abbreviation for ‘Saint’?
'SAARC' is the abbreviation for 'South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation'.


----------
Test you knowledge of abbreviation

Do you know the full forms of the following abbreviations?

VAT, TIN, CNG, UNDP, WB, IMF, ADB, gym, lab, memo
(See answer tomorrow and compare with yours)

Note: ‘Acronym’ is often thought to be a synonym for ‘abbreviation’, but there is a little difference between the two. Abbreviation is a broader term and acronym is a special kind of it. Acronym is that kind of abbreviation which consists of the first letters of each word in the name of something, pronounced as a word. For example: AIDS is an acronym for 'Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome'. So all acronyms are abbreviations but all abbreviations are not acronyms.
Do you find any acronym in the examples given above?
« Last Edit: January 19, 2012, 02:23:27 PM by Binoy »

Offline nafrin

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #6 on: January 19, 2012, 11:18:37 AM »
Nice try sir, thank you very much

Offline Binoy

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #7 on: January 19, 2012, 12:05:07 PM »
Thanks Nujhat. Ask your students to follow the posts regularly. Good luck!

Offline Bhowmik

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #8 on: January 19, 2012, 01:05:40 PM »
Very good posting sir,
It will help students learn a word with its classes.



Swapan Kumar Bhowmik
Lecturer,
Dept. of English
Daffodil International University

Offline Binoy

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #9 on: January 19, 2012, 01:50:09 PM »
Thanks Swapan. Give your feedback and also ask your students to read the posts regularly. Good luck!

Offline Binoy

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #10 on: January 20, 2012, 09:38:12 AM »
word-3 (20-01-12)

abduct (verb) [syn. kidnap]
অপহরন করা; to force someone to go somewhere, often using threats or violence
The company director was abducted from his car by terrorists.
Every day, they abduct ordinary people, especially children.
Usually, criminals abduct children and put pressure on the head of a family.


derived word(s):

abduction (noun) অপহরন [syn. kidnapping]
There has been a series of abductions of young children from schools in the area.
He was charged with abduction.


abductor (noun) অপহরনকারী [syn. kidnapper]
She was tortured by her abductors.

abductee (noun) অপহৃত ব্যক্তি
The dead body of the abductee was found in the forest.

----------
Answer of the last post (abbreviation):

VAT – Value Added Tax
TIN – Taxpayer Identification Number
CNG – Compressed Natural Gas
UNDP – United Nations Development Program
WB – World Bank
IMF – International Monetary Fund
ADB – Asian Development Bank
gym – gymnasium
lab – laboratory
memo – memorandum

Offline ns.tonmoy

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #11 on: January 20, 2012, 09:40:19 PM »
Thank you so much Sir for giving us a great chance to achieve this useful knowledge.  :)

Offline Binoy

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #12 on: January 21, 2012, 02:21:24 AM »
Thanks Tonmoy. Follow it up regularly and enrich your vocabulary. Good luck!

Offline Binoy

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #13 on: January 21, 2012, 02:23:06 AM »
word-4 (21-01-12)

abide (verb) [syn. live]
বাস করা বা থাকা; to live or stay somewhere
He abided in the wilderness for forty days.
May joy and peace abide in us all.


derived word(s):

abiding (adjective) [ant. unabiding]
দীর্ঘস্থায়ী; lasting for a long time
abiding beauty
abiding conflict
abiding faith/belief
abiding friendship
abiding failure/success
abiding infatuation/love
law abiding citizens
a matter of abiding interest
My abiding memory is of him watering his plants in the garden.
She says she had an abiding fondness for children even as a child.
Pakistan has an abiding fear of chaos and violence.


phrasal/collocational/idiomatic/proverbial expressions:

abide by sth
মেনে চলা; to accept or obey an agreement, decision or rule
to abide by requirements.
to abide by standards.
Students have to abide by the instructions of their teachers.
Competitors must abide by the judge's decision.
You’ll have to abide by the rules of the club.
We will abide by their decision.
It is difficult to abide by these stricter regulations.
We have always prided ourselves on abiding by our own principles.


can't abide sb/sth [syn. bear, stand]
সহ্য করতে না পারা; to dislike sb/sth
I can't abide her.
He couldn't abide laziness.
She can't abide coarseness and stupidity.
I can’t abide people with no sense of humour.
He couldn’t abide the thought of being cooped up in an office.
« Last Edit: January 21, 2012, 03:28:56 PM by Binoy »

Offline Real

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Re: A Word A Day
« Reply #14 on: January 21, 2012, 01:57:13 PM »
Thanks Sir.....

Mehedi Hassan (Real)
19th Batch
Eng dept.
DIU
Real