learn grammar

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Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #30 on: July 01, 2010, 05:54:56 PM »
Thank you, Madam. More lessons are coming up, regards

Avoid Using an Infinitive or Participle with Need
He needs going
The house needs painting
The house needs to be painted
The report needs to be filed

(Present) Be Verb + to be: Expresses future intention
The project is to be completed by 2010

(Past) Be Verb + to be: Expresses intention that was not realized
The project was to be completed by 2010

Don't use to after need not

He needn't go there.
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #31 on: July 01, 2010, 05:57:18 PM »

Incorrect: I don't see the need of a supermarket.
Correct: I don't see the need for a supermarket.


Incorrect: This town is in need for a supermarket.
Correct: This town is in need of a supermarket
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #32 on: July 01, 2010, 06:00:28 PM »
Negative Imperatives (Avoid using infinitive)
Please don’t tell anyone
Would you please not tell anyone

Please don’t smoke
Would you please not smoke

Logical Conclusions (About Past)
It must have done

Logical Conclusions (About Present)
It must be done

Logical Conclusions (About future)
It must rain
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #33 on: July 01, 2010, 06:03:09 PM »
Inversion Law
Conditional  words + Sub. + Verb +   Be verb  + Subject
Only when                   it        is defined,    can            it be discussed.
Only if                        you     have a pen, should       you call me

Only if; only after; only because; only until; only when

Split infinitives (avoid placing an adverb between to and the verb)


Correct
To go quickly
To enter cautiously
To contemplate carefully

Incorrect
To quickly go
To cautiously enter
To carefully contemplate
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #34 on: July 01, 2010, 06:04:25 PM »
Inversion Law
Negative words +    Be verb  + Subject  +-----
Not only                           is                he          a good man.
Under no circumstances, is                 he          a good man

By no means
Under no circumstances
Seldom
Rarely
Scarcely
No sooner
No where
Never
Never again
At no time
Not all
Not one
Not only
Not once
Not until




Only+in/on/at/by/once/recently/ rarely+Expression+To be verb
Only in an emergency should you use this exit.
Only by asking question can you learn.
Only recently did she return from abroad.
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #35 on: July 01, 2010, 06:07:33 PM »
To say what you think is the correct or best thing to do, don't say 'would', say should.

Incorrect: I think all teachers would be able to speak English

Correct: I think all teachers should be able to speak English.

Don't say: speak in English.

Or you can say, talk in English
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #36 on: July 02, 2010, 12:09:18 PM »
Incorrect: I would like to congratulate you for your outstanding performance.

Correct: I would like to congratulate you on your outstanding performance.


Incorrect: Congratulation for your brilliant result.

Correct: Congratulations on your brilliant results.


« Last Edit: August 03, 2010, 12:31:22 PM by shibli »
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #37 on: July 02, 2010, 12:19:12 PM »

Incorrect: This would be the country’s one of the largest campus first ever for any private University in Bangladesh. 

Correct:This would be the country’s one of the largest campuses ever built for any private University in Bangladesh. 
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #38 on: July 03, 2010, 04:16:14 PM »

Incorrect: I have lost my cell phone yesterday.
Correct:   I lost my cell phone yesterday.

Or:          I have lost my cell phone recently.
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline Mustafizur rRhman

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #39 on: July 04, 2010, 01:14:45 PM »
Dear Sir:

This is the best window I have found. Please go on.... good wishes r for u.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #40 on: July 04, 2010, 01:38:04 PM »
Thank you for your inspiration, Sameen and Uk madam. Regards.

Please don't say 'find difficulty doing something',  please say have difficulty doing something:

Incorrect: If you find difficulty understanding the instructions, call me.

Correct: If you have difficulty understanding the instructions, call me.
« Last Edit: July 05, 2010, 01:05:31 PM by shibli »
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #41 on: July 04, 2010, 01:42:10 PM »
Has gone to vs. Has been to

... has/have gone to ... refers to someone who has gone to a place but has not yet returned.

He's gone to the bank. He should be back soon.
Where has Tom gone?

... has/have been to ... refers to a place which someone has visited sometime in his life. In other words, "has been to" refers to an experience.

Examples:

He's been to London many times.
I've been to Disneyland twice.
Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #42 on: July 04, 2010, 01:49:57 PM »
e.g./i.e.

When you mean “for example,” use e.g. It is an abbreviation for the Latin phrase exempli gratia. When you mean “that is,” use “i.e.” It is an abbreviation for the Latin phrase id est. Either can be used to clarify a preceding statement, the first by example, the second by restating the idea more clearly or expanding upon it. Because these uses are so similar, the two abbreviations are easily confused. If you just stick with good old English “for example” and “that is” you won’t give anyone a chance to sneer at you. If you insist on using the abbreviation, perhaps “example given” will remind you to use “e.g.,” while “in effect” suggests “I.E.”


Since e.g. indicates a partial list, it is redundant to add “etc.” at the end of a list introduced by this abbreviation.

Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #43 on: July 04, 2010, 01:52:53 PM »
AM/PM

“AM” stands for the Latin phrase Ante Meridiem —which means “before noon”—and “PM” stands for Post Meridiem : “after noon.” Although digital clocks routinely label noon “12:00 PM” you should avoid this expression not only because it is incorrect, but because many people will imagine you are talking about midnight instead. The same goes for “12:00 AM.” You can say or write “twelve noon,” “noon sharp,” or “exactly at noon” when you want designate a precise time.


It is now rare to see periods placed after these abbreviations: “A.M.”; but in formal writing it is still preferable to capitalize them, though the lower-case “am” and “pm” are now so popular they are not likely to get you into trouble.


Occasionally computer programs encourage you to write “AM” and “PM” without a space before them, but others will misread your data if you omit the space. The nonstandard habit of omitting the space is spreading rapidly, and should be avoided in formal writing.

Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.

Offline shibli

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Re: learn grammar
« Reply #44 on: July 04, 2010, 02:04:39 PM »
SPECIALLY/ESPECIALLY


In most contexts “specially” is more common than “especially,” but when you mean “particularly” “especially” works better: “I am not especially excited about inheriting my grandmother’s cat.” “Especial” in the place of “special” is very formal and rather old-fashioned.

Those who worship the natural elements enter darkness (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). Those who worship sambhuti sink deeper in darkness. [Yajurveda 40:9]; Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.