Time Management - Meaning and its Importance
It is rightly said â€œTime and Tide wait for noneâ€. An individual should understand the value of time for him to succeed in all aspects of life. People who waste time are the ones who fail to create an identity of their own.What is Time Management ?
> Time Management refers to managing time effectively so that the right time is allocated to the right activity.
> Effective time management allows individuals to assign specific time slots to activities as per their importance.
> Time Management refers to making the best use of time as time is always limited.
Ask yourself which activity is more important and how much time should be allocated to the same? Know which work should be done earlier and which can be done a little later.
Time Management plays a very important role not only in organizations but also in our personal lives.
Time Management includes:
I. Effective Planning
II. Setting goals and objectives
III. Setting deadlines
IV. Delegation of responsibilities
V. Prioritizing activities as per their importance
VI. Spending the right time on the right activity Effective Planning
Plan your day well in advance. Prepare a To Do List or a â€œTASK PLANâ€. Jot down the important activities that need to be done in a single day
against the time that should be allocated to each activity. High Priority work should come on top followed by those which do not need much of
your importance at the moment. Complete pending tasks one by one. Do not begin fresh work unless you have finished your previous task. Tick
the ones you have already completed. Ensure you finish the tasks within the stipulated time frame. Setting Goals and Objectives
Working without goals and targets in an organization would be similar to a situation where the captain of the ship loses his way in the sea. Yes, you would be lost. Set targets for yourself and make sure they are realistic ones and achievable. Setting Deadlines
Set deadlines for yourself and strive hard to complete tasks ahead of the deadlines. Do not wait for your superiors to ask you everytime. Learn
to take ownership of work. One person who can best set the deadlines is you yourself. Ask yourself how much time needs to be devoted to a
particular task and for how many days. Use a planner to mark the important dates against the set deadlines. Delegation of Responsibilities
Learn to say â€œNOâ€ at workplace. Donâ€™t do everything on your own. There are other people as well. One should not accept something which he
knows is difficult for him. The roles and responsibilities must be delegated as per interest and specialization of employees for them to finish
tasks within deadlines. A person who does not have knowledge about something needs more time than someone who knows the work well. Prioritizing Tasks
Prioritize the tasks as per their importance and urgency. Know the difference between important and urgent work. Identify which tasks should
be done within a day, which all should be done within a month and so on. Tasks which are most important should be done earlier. Spending the right time on right activity
Develop the habit of doing the right thing at the right time. Work done at the wrong time is not of much use. Donâ€™t waste a complete day on
something which can be done in an hour or so. Also keep some time separate for your personal calls or checking updates on Facebook or
Twitter. After all human being is not a machine.
For Effective Time Management one needs to be:Organized
- Avoid keeping stacks of file and heaps of paper at your workstation. Throw what all you donâ€™t need. Put important documents in folders. Keep the files in their respective drawers with labels on top of each file. It saves time which goes on unnecessary searching.Donâ€™t misuse time
- Do not kill time by loitering or gossiping around. Concentrate on your work and finish assignments on time. Remember your organization is not paying you for playing games on computer or peeping into otherâ€™s cubicles. First complete your work and then do whatever you feel like doing. Donâ€™t wait till the last moment.Be Focused
- One needs to be focused for effective time management.
Develop the habit of using planners, organizers, table top calendars for better time management. Set reminders on phones or your personal computers.