As the peak of summer approaches, the temperature often increases to unbearable highs, thereby decreasing the bodyâ€™s efficiency. Watch for the signs and symptoms of the two major medical emergencies associated with heat exposure: heat exhaustion and heatstroke.
HEAT EXHAUSTION SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:
-- Sweating, moist, clammy skin
-- Weakness and fatigue
-- Nausea, vomiting
-- Slightly elevated temperature
WHAT TO DO:
-- Remove victim from heat.
-- Apply cool, wet clothes.
-- Fan victim. Stop if victim develops goose bumps or shivers.
-- If victim is conscious, give fluids.
-- If possible, have victim drink a mixture of 1 pint water with 1 teaspoon of salt every 30 minutes until person recovers.
-- See medical attention if person does not continually improve.
-- Do not give victim any stimulant, including alcohol and cigarettes.
-- Do not apply ice directly to skin.
-- Do not allow victim to become so cold that he or she shivers.
-- Do not leave victim alone.
HEATSTROKE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:
= Hot, dry skin
= Red or spotted skin
= Extremely high blood temperature
= Mental confusion
= Loss of consciousness
WHAT TO DO:
>> Remove person from heat.
>> Remove victims clothing and place him or her in a cool bath, if possible, or apply cool compresses to body.
>> Get medical attention immediately.
>> Do not give fluids.
>> Do not give victim aspirin or any other medication to lower fever. Do not give victim any stimulant, including alcohol and cigarettes.
>> Do not apply ice directly to skin.
>> Do not allow victim to become so cold that he or she shivers.
>> Do not leave victim alone.
** Slow down. Eliminate strenuous activities or reschedule them to the coolest time of the day.
** Dress for summer. Lightweight, light-colored clothing reflects heat and sunlight, and helps your body maintain normal temperatures.
** Drink plenty of water even if you do not feel thirsty.
** Do not drink alcoholic beverages.
** Spend more time in air-conditioned places. Air conditioning in homes and other building markedly reduces danger from the heat. ** If you cannot afford an air conditioner, spending some time each day in an air-conditioned environment affords some protection.
** Donâ€™t get too much sun. Sunburn makes cooling down that much more difficult.