It is not possible for a marketer to have similar strategies for product promotion amongst all individuals. Kids do not get attracted towards products meant for adults and vice a versa. Every segment has a different need, interest and perception. No two segments can have the same ideologies or require a similar product.
Target Marketing refers to a concept in marketing which helps the marketers to divide the market into small units comprising of like minded people. Such segmentation helps the marketers to design specific strategies and techniques to promote a product amongst its target market. A target market refers to a group of individuals who are inclined towards similar products and respond to similar marketing techniques and promotional schemes.
Kelloggâ€™s K Special mainly targets individuals who want to cut down on their calorie intake. The target market in such a case would be individuals who are obese. The strategies designed to promote K Special would not be the same in case of any other brand say Complan or Boost which majorly cater to teenagers and kids to help them in their overall development. The target market for Kelloggâ€™s K Special would absolutely be different from Boost or Complan.
Jordan, a college student went to a nearby retail store to purchase a shirt for himself. The retailer tried hard to sell a nice formal shirt to him, but somehow could not convince Jordan. Jordan left the store sad and empty handed.
Where do you think is the problem ?
The problem is neither with Jordon nor the shirt. The retailer in this case failed to understand that Jordan, being a college student, was not the target audience for the formal shirt. No amount of convincing helped as the retailer was targeting the wrong audience. The target market for a formal shirt would be office goers or professionals. Funky T shirts, casual shirts would have worked better for Jordon.
The target market for Zodiac Clothing Company Limited or Louis Philippe would be the office goers whereas the target market for Leviâ€™s would be the school and college kids.
The target market for Cat moss or Giny and Jony would be kids.
In simpler words, target market consists of like-minded individuals for whom an organization can afford to have similar strategies, promotional schemes and advertisements to entice them and prompt them to purchase the product. Once a company decides on its target audience, it implements various promotional strategies to make a brand popular amongst them.
Basis of Target Marketing
Why target marketing? (Need of Target Marketing)
Organizations can use similar kind of strategies to promote their products within a target market.
They can adopt a more focussed approach in case of target marketing. They know their customers well and thus can reach out to their target audience in the most effective way.
How to create Target Market
The organization must first decide who all individuals would fit into a particular segment. A male and a female canâ€™t be kept in the same segment. The first and the foremost step is to decide on the target market.
The next step is to identify need and preference of the target market. It is essential to find out what the target market expects from the product.
Once the target market is decided, organizations can decide on the various strategies helpful to promote their product.