According to Theo Haimann, â€œAdministration means overall determination of policies, setting of major objectives, the identification of general purposes and laying down of broad programmes and projectsâ€. It refers to the activities of higher level. It lays down basic principles of the enterprise. According to Newman, â€œAdministration means guidance, leadership & control of the efforts of the groups towards some common goalsâ€.
Whereas, management involves conceiving, initiating and bringing together the various elements; coordinating, actuating, integrating the diverse organizational components while sustaining the viability of the organization towards some pre-determined goals. In other words, it is an art of getting things done through & with the people in formally organized groups.
The difference between Management and Administration can be summarized under 2 categories: -
Usage / Applicability
On the Basis of Functions: -
On the Basis of Usage: -
Practically, there is no difference between management & administration. Every manager is concerned with both - administrative management function and operative management function as shown in the figure. However, the managers who are higher up in the hierarchy denote more time on administrative function & the lower level denote more time on directing and controlling workerâ€™s performance i.e. management.
The Figure above clearly shows the degree of administration and management performed by the different levels of management