Bangla Nobo Borsho(Pohela Boishakh):
The historical importance of Pohela Boishakh in the Bangladeshi context may be dated from the observance of the day by Chhayanat in 1965. In an attempt to suppress Bengali culture, the Pakistani Government had banned poems written by Rabindranath Tagore, the most famous poet and writer in Bengali literature.
Protesting this move, Chhayanat opened their Pohela Boishakh celebrations at Ramna Park with Tagore's song welcoming the month. The day continued to be celebrated in East Pakistan as a symbol of Bengali culture. After 1972 it became a national festival, a symbol of the Bangladesh nationalist movement and an integral part of the people's cultural heritage. Later, in the mid- 1980s the Institute of Fine Arts added colour to the day by initiating the Boishakhi parade, which is much like a carnival parade
A rice paddy doubles as a paddock for a Bangladeshi farmer and his cattle. The animals graze on narrow dams that crisscross flooded fields.
Bangladesh, meaning "Bengal nation," is a low-lying country formed by the alluvial plain of the Ganges-Brahmaputra river systemâ€”the largest delta in the world.
The rivers' annual floods bring silt to renew farmland fertility, often creating new islands in the delta that are quickly claimed as farmland. Much of the land is barely above sea level, with the exception of hills east and south of Chittagong. The monsoon winds come in summer (June to September) and bring heavy rainfall and cyclones. Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries on Earth, and most people are subsistence farmers.
Located on the flood-prone delta of one of the world's great river systems, the Ganges-Brahmaputra, the city of Dhaka was badly damaged in the war that Bangladesh fought for independence from Pakistan. Dhaka was inaugurated as the capital of the new nation in 1971, but it had already long served as the Mogul capital of the province of Bengal.
The city is made up of two sections: an older area, which is a maze of narrow lanes and crowded bazaars, and an orderly and well planned government center.
Water completely defines Bangladesh. Every year floods sweep across much of the land. Catastrophic tropical cyclones bring storm surges as well as murderous winds. Yet the power of the water to destroy is almost equally matched by its power to create. Passing paddies submerged by monsoon floods, villagers of Nishantapur slog over land that is both enriched and imperiled by the raging waters their nation struggles to tame.