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Topics - Salma Akter

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Peace of Mind / Peace Of Mind Vs. Give Someone A Piece Of Your Mind
« on: April 30, 2020, 08:08:47 PM »
Two expressions, peace of mind and a piece of one’s mind – they sound almost the same, but they are in fact very different!


Peace of mind describes being calm, without worries, having a feeling of tranquility and security. We often talk about having peace of mind or things that give us peace of mind: For example-

   I’d rather make less money and have peace of mind than have a high-earning, high-stress job.
   Our home security system gives us peace of mind because we know our house is protected.


The expression gives someone a piece of your mind means to express your honest feelings, when those feelings are angry, criticizing, or negative in some way. When you give someone a piece of your mind, you don’t make your criticism more polite or diplomatic; instead, you express your negative feelings in strong and direct words.

For example-

After an employee was late to work for the third time in a week, the boss gave him a piece of his mind. (For example, he said something like “Lateness is completely unacceptable. If you’re late one more time, you will be fired.”)


Happiness / True happiness isn’t about being happy all the time
« on: April 13, 2020, 11:40:39 AM »
Over the past two decades, the positive psychology movement has brightened up psychological research with its science of happiness, human potential and flourishing. It argues that psychologists should not only investigate mental illness but also what makes life worth living.

The founding father of positive psychology, Martin Seligman, describes happiness as experiencing frequent positive emotions, such as joy, excitement and contentment, combined with deeper feelings of meaning and purpose. It implies a positive mindset in the present and an optimistic outlook for the future. Importantly, happiness experts have argued that happiness is not a stable, unchangeable trait but something flexible that we can work on and ultimately strive towards.

Recent research indicates that psychological flexibility is the key to greater happiness and well-being. For example, being open to emotional experiences and the ability to tolerate periods of discomfort can allow us to move towards a richer, more meaningful existence.

Studies have demonstrated that the way we respond to the circumstances of our lives has more influence on our happiness than the events themselves. Experiencing stress, sadness and anxiety in the short term doesn’t mean we can’t be happy in the long term.

Growing from adversity:

Research shows that experiencing adversity can actually be good for us, depending on how we respond to it. Tolerating distress can make us more resilient and lead us to take action in our lives, such as changing jobs or overcoming hardship.

In studies of people facing trauma, many describe their experience as a catalyst for profound change and transformation, leading to a phenomenon known as “post-traumatic growth”. Often when people have faced difficulty, illness or loss, they describe their lives as happier and more meaningful as a result.

Unlike feeling happy, which is a transient state, leading a happier life is about individual growth through finding meaning. It is about accepting our humanity with all its ups and downs, enjoying the positive emotions, and harnessing painful feelings in order to reach our full potential.


Story, Article & Poetry / Mother Teresa: "Do It Anyway"
« on: April 05, 2020, 02:58:31 PM »
The version found written on the wall in Mother Teresa's home for children in Calcutta:

              People are often unreasonable, irrational, and self-centered.  Forgive them anyway.

            If you are kind, people may accuse you of selfish, ulterior motives.  Be kind anyway.

            If you are successful, you will win some unfaithful friends and some genuine enemies.  Succeed anyway.

           If you are honest and sincere people may deceive you.  Be honest and sincere anyway.

            What you spend years creating, others could destroy overnight.  Create anyway.

            If you find serenity and happiness, some may be jealous.  Be happy anyway.

            The good you do today, will often be forgotten.  Do good anyway.

         Give the best you have, and it will never be enough.  Give your best anyway.

         In the final analysis, it is between you and God.  It was never between you and them anyway.


Protect your Health/ your Doctor / Sample Tips for Healthy Living
« on: March 03, 2020, 04:01:24 PM »
Leading a physically and mentally well-balanced existence is the ideal way to live a healthy lifestyle. This is, of course, easier to say than perform, and there are many other things involved.

The way we think, what we eat, where we work, where we live, what we do, what our financial situation is, who we know, and so on.
We need to discover what works for us and what doesn't. We need to accept that certain things are beyond our control and there is little point in knocking ourselves out about them.

We need to understand that leading a healthy life-style is a continual and life-long process. Think of yourself as a work of art in progress.

Here are a few healthy living tips. Maybe they will work for all of us. We should always find our own path to living the healthy lifestyle anyway.

1. Don't take on more work or personal responsibilities than you can realistically handle.

2. Do what you love to do. Don’t run after money, better run after work and then money will run after you soon.

3. Try to be less materialistic and keep your life simple. Why buy a car if you can avail of public transport? Why own a cell-phone when you don't really need one? Why beat yourself up trying to upgrade to the latest software when the old one serves you just fine?

4. Pay all your bills regularly and on time. Never take a loan if you're not sure about meeting the monthly payments. Live within your means.

5. You should sleep for at least eight hours every night.

6. Control your mind. What you think and how you think affects your general well-being. Refuse to entertain negative or self-derogatory thoughts and emotions. This will require practice, especially if you have fallen into the habit of seeing the glass half-empty.

7. Cultivate your spiritual side. You don't have to turn religious and burn candles at public altars, but keeping in touch with your intuition and your inner self is important.

8. Eat well and healthy. Learn to cook well and get confidence. Try new recipes. Make meals interesting and funny.

9. Exercise regularly. Go for a short run every morning. Do Yoga. Exercise your eyes regularly, especially if you spend a lot of time in front of the computer. If you have to run errands around the neighborhood, walk or cycle around. Walk up stairways instead of taking the lift.

10. If you have health problems, talk to your doctor and discuss all the options that are available for you. Get a second, third, fourth opinion. Do research on the Internet. Don't panic, lose hope, or give up easily.

11. If you have the space, cultivate a garden. Working in a garden is a great form of exercise, and growing plants brings a lovely deal of cheer and satisfaction to the soul. If you don't have the space, make space. You can have your garden in small tubs or containers.

12. Maintain a good social life. Take an interest in other people and help without expecting anything in return whenever possible.

13. Be honest, ethical, polite, and sincere. Don't flatter anyone unless you mean it and don't ever lie.

14. Read books, magazines, newspapers. Be aware of what is going on around you, locally, nationally, and internationally. Try to learn at least one thing new every day.

15. Don't take yourself too seriously. Learn to laugh at yourself.

16. Pay attention to the thing that you're doing at any given moment, and do it well.


Story, Article & Poetry / Beautiful Woman by Fion Lim
« on: January 13, 2020, 04:30:30 PM »
Beautiful woman,
come out and play,
reveal your inner treasures.

The sparkle in your eyes,
the natural swing in your walk,
you radiate excitement and enthusiasm.

You need no latest fashion,
No expensive hair cuts,
No blinding big accessories.

You glow in your passions,
passionate in your pursuits,
you know what you are made of.

You are not easily bothered,
by the mindless opinions of others,
you know very well where you want to go.

You are a joy to watch,
an inspiration to others,
your pure soul an endless marvel.

Beautiful woman,
let your brilliance shine through,
your eyes speak of true inner beauty.


For the business, ethical training can:

•   Increase productivity and profitability:
When employees follow ethical codes of conduct, they do not act inappropriately, cut corners or short-change customers. Effort is put into productive activities instead of being diverted to questionable practices.

•   Increase the public image:
 Today's customers are careful about with whom they do business. A commitment to ethics training is a commitment to act responsibly and do the right thing. Customers like to do business with companies they can trust.

•   Reduce the number of legal issues:
 When everyone is working systematically in accordance with a clear code of conduct, then the business is far less likely to face any problems of legal liability.


Training employees on the company's ethical standards has benefits for the employees themselves and also for the business. For employees, ethical training can:

•   Make the job easier: When work is performed ethically in accordance with the company's code of conduct, then it's much easier for employees to know what to do and how to behave in a given situation.

•   Make the job more honorable: When employees know that the organization supports them in upholding high standards and reporting incidences of poor behavior, employees feel more comfortable and are proud to work for the organization.

•   Enhance the working environment: When the standards are known and upheld, it creates a friendly and respectful environment with less room for misunderstandings among employees. Ethical training boosts teamwork and ensures that everyone is pulling in the same direction.


Benefits of Ethical Living / How to Improve Ethics in the Workplace
« on: November 06, 2019, 02:51:03 PM »
A strong sense of ethics in the workplace can improve a company in a variety of ways, both internally and externally. If employees in a company make an agreement to treat each other more ethically, such as by refraining from certain kinds of office politics, the workplace will not only be a more amicable place, but also will, in most cases, be more productive. In turn, more ethical employees can often lead to a better public reputation for a company, a reputation that can lead to increased customer loyalty and often larger revenues. Creating ethical sensibilities in employees can be tricky, but it is made easier if a manager follows a plan.

Outline the rules of ethical conduct:

There's an old philosophical saying that you can't change what you can't see. For an employee to know he's behaving unethically, he has to first be apprised of what constitutes ethical conduct. To this end, employers should develop both a code of ethics, one that can be applied to many workplace situations, and a list of examples of ethical conduct with particular application to the workplace.

Install a reward system:

Ideally, ethical conduct should be its own reward: Employees should want to act ethically because it's the right thing to do and instills in them a sense of self-worth. But it doesn't always work like this, and employees might need material motivation, if just to remind them to do the right thing. What employees will be rewarded for and how they will be rewarded will vary by workplace. For example, in a telemarketing office, an employee could be rewarded for receiving high customer ratings from clients, which may indicate a lack of deception on the part of the employee when speaking to clients.

Institute training:

Many office managers mandate training seminars in which employees attempt to develop ethical behavior by listening to speakers and participating in activities designed to make them more aware of ethical aspects of their job. For example, a group of employees might be given hypothetical situations and asked to consider the most ethical way to proceed. This will serve to nurture a discussion about ethics.

Bring in an outside ethical advisory group:

Sometimes it's difficult for someone embedded in a workplace to view the situation with the objectivity necessary to determine what conduct is ethical and what is not. For this reason, you may want to consider bringing in outside help. Many consultancies offer ethics-based training. Consider bringing one to make suggestions about increasing ethics in your workplace.


Time and Financial Management / Understanding the Time Value of Money
« on: October 24, 2019, 01:47:24 PM »
Congratulations!!! You have won a cash prize! You have two payment options: A: Receive $10,000 now or B: Receive $10,000 in three years. Which option would you choose?

What Is the Time Value of Money?

If you're like most people, you would choose to receive the $10,000 now. After all, three years is a long time to wait. Why would any rational person defer payment into the future when he or she could have the same amount of money now? For most of us, taking the money in the present is just plain instinctive. So at the most basic level, the time value of money demonstrates that all things being equal, it seems better to have money now rather than later.

But why is this? A $100 bill has the same value as a $100 bill one year from now, doesn't it? Actually, although the bill is the same, you can do much more with the money if you have it now because over time you can earn more interest on your money.

Back to example: By receiving $10,000 today, you are poised to increase the future value of your money by investing and gaining interest over a period of time. For Option B, you don't have time on your side, and the payment received in three years would be your future value.

Time literally is money—the value of the money we have now is not the same as it will be in the future and vice versa. So, it is important to know how to calculate the time value of money so that we can distinguish between the worth of investments that offer us returns at different times.


Art / What Makes Art Beautiful?
« on: October 22, 2019, 03:53:42 PM »
Beauty in terms of art refers to an interaction between line, color, texture, sound, shape, motion, and size that is pleasing to the senses.

What makes art beautiful is a complicated concept, since beauty is subjective and can change based on context. However, there is a basic human instinct, or internal appreciation, for harmony, balance, and rhythm which can be defined as beauty.

Aesthetic Art:

Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature and appreciation of art, beauty, and taste. Aesthetics is central to any exploration of art. The word “aesthetic” is derived from the Greek “aisthetikos,” meaning “esthetic, sensitive, or sentient. ” In practice, aesthetic judgment refers to the sensory contemplation or appreciation of an object (not necessarily a work of art), while artistic judgment refers to the recognition, appreciation, or criticism of a work of art.

Numerous philosophers have attempted to tackle the concept of beauty and art. For Immanuel Kant, the aesthetic experience of beauty is a judgment of a subjective, but common, human truth. He argued that all people should agree that a rose is beautiful if it indeed is. There are many common conceptions of beauty; for example, Michelangelo’s paintings in the Sistine Chapel are widely recognized as beautiful works of art. However, Kant believes beauty cannot be reduced to any basic set of characteristics or features.

For Arthur Schopenhauer, aesthetic contemplation of beauty is the freest and most pure that intellect can be. He believes that only in terms of aesthetics do we contemplate perfection of form without any kind of worldly agenda.

Beauty in art can be difficult to put into words due to a seeming lack of accurate language. An aesthetic judgment cannot be an empirical judgment but must instead be processed on a more intuitive level.

Art and Human Emotion:

Sometimes beauty is not the artist’s ultimate goal. Art is often intended to appeal to, and connect with, human emotion. Artists may express something so that their audience is stimulated in some way—creating feelings, religious faith, curiosity, interest, identification with a group, memories, thoughts, or creativity. For example, performance art often does not aim to please the audience but instead evokes feelings, reactions, conversations, or questions from the viewer . In these cases, aesthetics may be an irrelevant measure of “beautiful” art.


Banking / What offshore banking does
« on: October 05, 2019, 02:49:03 PM »
Offshore banking can play a crucial role, internationally and domestically

The concept of offshore banking in Bangladesh is not new, and is getting very popular to among business-people in Bangladesh due to its overwhelming capacity to unlock the international financial settlement.

Offshore banking, by its name and structure, can play a pivotal role both in domestic and international territory. The banking facility handles the currency other than the local currency; customers with foreign currency necessity instead of the local currency ease international transaction instead of the domestic transaction.

The offshore banking activities in Bangladesh are taking new shapes and facing suddenly surfaced challenges in Bangladesh. To face the growing demand of the foreign currency of Bangladesh’s international trade participants, offshore banking is at its peak, to be guided with a re-energized and renewed look by the regulators, who are formulating guidelines with the recent change and challenges of the industry, though this is being heard for a long time.

Almost all the banks in Bangladesh have offshore banking licenses, but only 31 banks are actively participating in the business, most of whom are doing business on the discounting of local import and export bills, which is not the core function of offshore banking.

Offshore banking should be a window of a bank that is engaged to arrange foreign currency by borrowing, depositing and placing foreign currency from the international foreign currency holders.

In the age of the internationalized economy, the foreign currency reserves of a commercial bank is very poor, because of the slowing export operations throughout the bank, lowering remittance routing, and sluggish foreign direct investments to Bangladesh.

The offshore banking unit of a bank can boost the foreign currency reserve of a bank by engaging and participating in the international foreign currency market. A bank is as strong as its ability to arrange foreign currency for its customers who run their international transactions through that bank.

Not only that, offshore banking is free to lend in foreign currency, receive deposits in foreign currency, and conduct cross border transactions.

Offshore banking, since its inception in Bangladesh in 1988, is being run with the circular of the erstwhile Banking Control Division (BCD), which is very concise in magnitude, but very informative and elaborate in information.

On top of that, Bangladesh Bank issued two circulars by permitting the offshore banking units of the local banks to finance the import and export bills of the local businesses.

But there lacks lending, working, and treasury guidance for the offshore banks in Bangladesh, because offshore banks basically borrow foreign currency funds from abroad and create debt burden on the economy.

If the debt to the overseas lender is beyond the capacity and control, it will be a mess. So a proper, studied and time-befitting guideline from the regulators is the demand of the time.

By and large, offshore banking helps all global banking facilities stay in the local territory. It is not only a banking concept, but also a key to unlocking any padlock on international banking.


Place / World's 10 longest highways
« on: August 24, 2019, 04:22:16 PM »
A highway is any road on land what is named by the government that develops and maintains it. These highways offer the network for the most extended road trips possible amid two places in the world. This is an extensive list of longest highways in the world.

10#.Interstate 80(1-80), United States

Interstate 80(1-80) is a 4666 km long highway and is also named as Christopher Columbus Highway. It is listed on number tenth in longest highways in the world. It starts at an interchange with U.S. Route 101 in San Francisco, California and ends at New Jersey. It passes through more than 11 states in the US. This highway is also the leanest stretch in the entire Interstate Highway system in the US. This is one of the longest highways in the United States.

9#.Interstate 90 (I-90), US

This highway is said to be the world’s ninth longest highway and is 4860.2 km long. It is also known to be the longest Interstate Highway in the US. It passes through 13 states and runs parallel to US Route 20. The construction of this highway started in 1950 and finished in 1985. This highway runs through two longest floating bridges in US (Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge and the Homer M. Hadley Memorial Bridge).

8#.US Route 6

US route 6 stretches nearly about 5158 km and is considered as the eight longest highway in the world and also second continues highway in the US. Until 1964 this highway was considered as a transcontinental route. It was also known named as Roosevelt Highway in the 1920s before it was officially designed by AASHO. It actually adopted by the US numbering system and after that named it as US route

7#.US Route 20, United States

This highway is known to be the seventh longest highway in the world and stretches 5415 km. It is also considered as the longest road in the US. This was constructed in 1926 and extended in 1940 it crosses up to nine US states and also divides into two by Wyoming’s Yellowstone National Park. Initially, US route 20 finishes at Wyoming’s Yellowstone National Park, but after the extension of the route, it runs after it.

6#.China National Highway 010

China National Highway 010 is a 5700 km long highway also known as Tongsan expressway and is on the sixth position in the list of world’s longest highways. It stretches from Tongjiang City to Sonya. China National Highway 010 is one of the five north to south highways and seventh east to the west highway in China.

5#.The Golden Quadrilateral, India

The Golden Quadrilateral comprises of a network of highways which connects four major Indian states, i.e. Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and Kolkata and is known to be the fifth-longest highway in the world. The planning of the Golden Quadrilateral was done in 1999 and construction started in 2001 and was finished in 2012. It is a 5846 km long highway maintained by National Highways Authority of India. It featured four to six lanes and was constructed in four sections.

4#.Trans-Canada Highway, Canada

The overall length of Trans-Canada highway is 7821 km and is said to be the fourth longest highway in the world. And also second longest national highways in the world. The construction of this highway initiated in 1950 and route started in 1962. Many other developments work continues till 1971. It extends from Victoria in British Columbia to St. John’s City in Newfoundland as well as Labrador. It passes through nearly about ten Canadian provinces and connects all major cities in the country.

3#.Trans-Siberian highway, Russia

Trans-Siberian highway is recognized as a third longest highway in the world which stretches from St.Petersburg to Vladivostok in Russia. It includes seven federal highways in its stretch and coincides with European route E30 which passes through Kazakhstan. The segment of the route spanning the Asian Highway Network is known as AH6.

2#.Highway-1, Australia

Highway 1 in Australia is listed as the world second longest highways and first longest national highways in the world. It comprises interconnected highways and covers 14500 km stretch. In 1955 it was inscribed as a national highway and included both single as well as multi-lane roads. The route of Highway 1 touches all states in Australia excluding Brisbane and Darwin. It carries more than a million people daily.

1 #.Pan-American Highway, Multiple countries

Pan American Highway comprises the entire US interstate highway system and is known to be the world’s longest highway which covers a length of about 48000 km. This project was planned in 1923, and Mexico completed its first half in is designed as interconnecting highways and links more than 20 countries in America excluding a gap halfway amid Panama and Columbia, it is a 100 km stretch and is known as Darien gap. It stretches from Buenos Aries in SA to Edmonton in NA. Longest highway in the world.

Highways are designed to make approach easier, and well-designed highways offer a very comfortable journey from one place to another. These were the longest highways of the world.


Person / Barack Obama: Life In Brief
« on: August 20, 2019, 05:41:33 PM »
Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th president of the United States—becoming the first African American to serve in that office—on January 20, 2009.

The son of a white American mother and a black Kenyan father, Obama grew up in Hawaii. Leaving the state to attend college, he earned degrees from Columbia University and Harvard Law School. Obama worked as a community organizer in Chicago, where he met and married Michelle LaVaughn Robinson in 1992. Their two daughters, Malia Ann and Natasha (Sasha), were born in 1998 and 2001, respectively. Obama was elected to the Illinois state senate in 1996 and served there for eight years. In 2004, he was elected by a record majority to the US Senate from Illinois and, in February 2007, announced his candidacy for president. After winning a closely fought contest against New York Senator and former First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton for the Democratic nomination, Obama handily defeated Senator John McCain of Arizona, the Republican nominee for president, in the general election.

When President Obama took office, he faced very significant challenges. The economy was officially in a recession, and the outgoing administration of George W. Bush had begun to implement a controversial "bail-out" package to try to help struggling financial institutions. In foreign affairs, the United States still had troops deployed in difficult conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan.

During the first two years of his first term, President Obama was able to work with the Democratic-controlled Congress to improve the economy, pass health-care reform legislation, and withdraw most US troops from Iraq. After the Republicans won control of the House of Representatives in 2010, the president spent significant time and political effort negotiating, for the most part unsuccessfully, with congressional Republicans about taxes, budgets, and the deficit. After winning reelection in 2012, Obama began his second term focused on securing legislation on immigration reform and gun control, neither of which he was able to achieve. When the Republicans won the Senate in 2014, Obama refocused on actions that he could take unilaterally, invoking his executive authority as president. In foreign policy, Obama concentrated during the second term on the Middle East and climate change.

Obama left the presidency, at age fifty-five, after his constitutionally limited two terms ended on January 20, 2017. He announced plans to remain in Washington, DC, until his younger daughter finished high school and, as a former president, to play a restrained but active role in public affairs. He also devoted energy to raising money and planning for the opening of the Obama Presidential Center in Chicago, Illinois.


« on: July 13, 2019, 06:06:41 PM »
Once a group of 50 people were attending a seminar. Suddenly the speaker stopped and decided to do a group activity. He started giving each attendee one balloon. Each one was asked to write his/her name on it using a marker pen. Then all the balloons were collected and put in another room.

Now these delegates were let into that room and asked to find the balloon which had their name written within 5 minutes. Everyone was frantically searching for their name, colliding with each other, pushing around others and there was utter chaos.

At the end of 5 minutes no one could find their own balloon. Now each one was asked to randomly collect a balloon and give it to the person whose name was written on it. Within minutes everyone had their own balloon.

The speaker then began, “This is happening in our lives. Everyone is frantically looking for happiness all around, not knowing where it is.

Our happiness lies in the happiness of other people. Give them their happiness; you will get your own happiness. And this is the purpose of human life…the pursuit of happiness.”


Common Forum/Request/Suggestions / Semester Result through SMS
« on: September 27, 2018, 03:56:21 PM »
For getting Semester Result through SMS, students are requested to follow the instruction:

1) For getting current semester result:

diu space res space Student ID and send it to 16322.

For example: diu res 113-14-598

2) For getting previous semester result:

diu space res space Student ID space Semester ID* and send it to 16322.

For example: diu res 113-14-598 133

* Semester ID example 142, 141, 133, 132, 131, ………………..

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