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Topics - Ms. Aziz

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Dear All,

Please see the video of doctors and nurses in Belfast post message urging public to stay at home.


Read up on the top 50 most common interview questions (and how to answer) for your next job interview.

The objective of these interview questions is to give you an overview of some of the typical interview questions you can expect during your interview and to help you prepare and get into the right frame of mind.


Interview Question 1: Tell me about yourself:

Here you need to keep your answer interesting and personable, giving a brief overview of your career history to date, why you chose your chosen career path, cover your academic background and wrap up with perhaps any professional / personal achievements. Your answer should be no longer than 3-4 minutes, and remember you want to set the scene and highlight initially your transferable skills to be elaborated at a later stage when talking through your C.V. 

Interview Question 2: Can you give me three personal attributes?

Describe yourself – remember you need to sell your technical skills and also you as a person, team member: Are you hard working, upbeat, enjoy being kept busy and challenged, objective, natural team lead/team player, how effective are you at upward and downward management. Team Fit is very important as is the ability to stay calm under pressure, especially if working in a very busy, demanding environment such as in the funds industry.

Interview Question 3: Have you any weaknesses?

Think of a genuine one and always finish up with how you have overcome it / and are tackling it– if you genuinely feel you do not have a weakness, perhaps explain key arrears you feel you  have greatly improved in throughout your career.  Always turn a question like this around and focus on the positive, as opposed to the negative effect.  Tell me about your ability to work under pressure. You may say that you thrive under certain types of pressure. Give an example that relates to the type of position applied for.

Interview Question 4: What is your greatest strength?

Numerous answers are good, just stay positive. A few good examples: Your ability to prioritise, Your problem-solving skills, Your ability to work under pressure, Your ability to focus on projects, Your professional expertise, Your leadership skills, Your positive attitude. This is your chance to sell!

Interview Question 5: What can you bring to our company?

This is a great question. It gives you a chance to highlight your best points as they relate to the position being discussed. This is your golden opportunity to finish off the interview in a positive enthusiastic way, drawing from all your previous answers your need to sum up how you feel you are best suited for this position and what you can bring to this team. E.g: client focus, ability to resolve problems, objectivity, resilience, technical skills, market knowledge, number of years experience – Be sure to have three of four well-prepared points and examples.

Interview Question 6: Do you consider yourself successful?

You should always answer yes and briefly explain why. A good explanation is that you have set goals, and you have met some and are on track to achieve the others. Also this is your chance to highlight how you have progressed naturally in your career, for example from TA Administrator to Senior TA Administrator, TA Supervisor, TA Manager etc and how you got there.

Interview Question 7: What motivates/ challenges you?

Think of genuine examples, be it project work outside of your roles to date, gaining added responsibility, pressurized time frames to work within, difficult goals etc. Prepare past and present examples to back up your views

Interview Question 8: Describe yourself as a person?

Talk about your positive as well as negative qualities. You must justify each of your qualities with an example and say how these qualities have let you grow in your professional life. When you are talking about your negative points say that since humans are not perfect you are also not perfect. Focus on how you have learned from your mistakes and how you tend to overcome situations with your negative qualities.

Interview Question 9: What are your activities and interests outside of work?

Say something about your interest and how it can help you on the job you are applying for. Like football can teach you team work, or baking can teach you accuracy. If you are applying for a job that requires you to be fit, you may mention physical activities that you do like swimming or any other sport. This is also a good opportunity to let your personality show, remember people buy into people!

Interview Question 10: Have you ever considered starting your own business?

Talk about how you are happiest and do your best work in a company that is similar to the one you’re applying at. Don't talk about how you’d love to be your own boss one day.

Interview Question 11: Why should we hire you?

Point out how your assets meet what the organization needs. Do not mention any other candidates to make a comparison. Are you willing to put the interests of the organization ahead of your own? This is a straight loyalty and dedication question. Do not worry about the deep ethical and philosophical implications. Just say yes.

Interview Question 12: How do you handle criticism?

You can say something like, "I see criticism as an opportunity to improve my work." Then give an example where you were criticized and you handled it in a positive way like, "My manager once told me that the reports I gave him were unorganized so I tried to review my past reports and asked if he had any preferences. I followed my manager's suggestions and reconstructed my reports. My manager was happy with all the reports I handed him after that."

Interview Question 13: What make you different?

What makes you stand out from the other applicants? Portray your USP (uniqu selling points) in a clear concise manner. Put a bit of thought into this as we all have great experience and skills.

Interview Question 14: What motivates you to do your best on the job?

This is a personal trait that only you can say, but good examples are: Challenge, Achievement, Recognition.

Interview Question 15: What do you know about our company, what interests you about this role?

In such a competitive market, it is extremely important that you have your research done on the company you are meeting. Find out where they have been and where they are going. Relay the fact that you have read their websites, pick out key areas that were of interest to you in the website, your impression of their company through direct of indirect dealings, if you read recent articles they may have appeared in,  new products/services they are launching etc..  Also tie in again why the role appeals to you.

Interview Question 16: Why do you want to work for this organization?

This may take some thought and certainly, should be based on the research you have done on the organization. Sincerity is extremely important here and will easily be sensed. Relate it to your long-term career goals and show lots of energy and enthusiasm.

Interview Question 17: Do you know anyone who works for us?

Be aware of the policy on relatives working for the organization. This can affect your answer even though they asked about friends not relatives. Be careful to mention a friend only if they are well thought of.


Interview Question 18: Do you feel you are ready to take on greater responsibilities?

Employers ask this especially if the position you are applying for is higher than your former position. This is for them to gauge if you are up for the challenge of the new position. Give a positive answer and show them you are the right person for this job. Highlight any additional duties/projects you took on in your current role.

Interview Question 19: What experience do you have in this field?

Speak about specifics that relate to the position you are applying for. If you do not have specific experience, get as close as you can. For example if it is a fund accounting role, you need to give a good technical overview of the funds & products you have experience with, especially those that are relevant to this role.

Interview Question 20: Can you give me four skills that you can bring to this team?

Have these prepared –Technical skills, market knowledge, competitor awareness (if applicable), organizational/communication/team working skills, prioritization of workload / working under extreme pressure at times and to deadlines, dealing with demanding customers, empathizing with clients, developing new and existing client relationships.

Interview Question 21: Describe your management style.

Try to avoid labels. The situational style is safe, because it says you will manage according to the situation, instead of one size fits all.
Interview Question 22: Are you willing to work overtime? Nights? Weekends?

This is up to you. Be totally honest. Remember though if you are working in Funds for example, there will be always be an element of overtime, especially at month end so you need to acknowledge this or you will come across as unrealistic.

Interview Question 23: What have you learned from mistakes on the job?

Here you have to come up with something concrete, a real example, or you lack credibility. Make it small, well-intentioned mistake with a positive lesson learned. An example would be working too far ahead of colleagues on a project and thus throwing coordination off.

Interview Question 24: Are you a team player?

You are, of course, a team player. Be sure to have examples ready. Specifics that show you often perform for the good of the team rather than for yourself are good evidence of your team attitude. Do not exaggerate , just say it in a matter-of-fact tone. This is a key point.
What do co-workers say about you?
This is another great chance to self yourself without coming across as being over confident. Be prepared with a quote or two from co-workers. Either a specific statement or a paraphrase will work. Jill Clark, a former colleague at Bank of ABC , always said I was the hardest worker she had ever known. It is as powerful as Jill having said it at the interview herself.

Interview Question 25: :What is your strongest point?

If your job involves dealing with clients a lot, then the obvious one will be: Customer relationship management; problem solving / cross selling skills (different business solutions/services) If your current role entails a lot of Report writing/ Supervisory/Management responsibilities, then your strong points would be strong problem solving, analytical skills. Delegation/time management, motivational skills etc. Always align your strong points with what the position at hand requires. Back up with one of two strong examples.

Interview Question 26: What qualities do you look for in a boss?

Be generic and positive. Safe qualities are knowledgeable, a sense of humour, fair, loyal to subordinates, and leads by example  All bosses think they have these traits.

Interview Question 27:How would you know you were successful on this job?

You can say something like, "When I have achieved all the goals that were set and I have given more than what is expected of me."

Interview Question 28:Would you be willing to relocate if required?

You should be clear on this with your family prior to the interview if you think there is a chance it may come up. Do not say yes just to get the job if the real answer is no. This can create a lot of problems later on in your career. Be honest at this point and save yourself future grief.


Interview Question 29: Tell me about your career to date:

Keep it interesting and to the point, elaborate when necessary and back up key points with examples from your current/previous roles, this is crucial – highlighting important skills such as: time management, prioritisation, team building and client relationship management skills. For example if you are a financial adviser involved in a target driven environment it’s important to talk through your networking, lead generation, business development skills, ability to close business, retain exiting clients etc..The key point at this stage is to draw attention and highlight your transferable skills, strengthening your case all the time as to why you would be suitable for the position in question.

Interview Question 30: When were you most satisfied in your job?

Basically this is asking what motivates you. Certainly your motivations should align with what is on offer in the current role.

Interview Question 31: Why did you leave your last job?

Stay positive regardless of the circumstances. Never refer to a major problem with management and never speak ill of supervisors, co-workers or the organization. If you do, you will be the one looking bad. Keep smiling and talk about leaving for a positive reason such as an opportunity or other forward-looking reasons.

Interview Question 32: Why is there a gap in your CV?

If you show any period of unemployment on your CV, prepare to explain honestly. Layoffs are a very common in this century, so do not say that you were a self-employed consultant if you were laid off and working on temp jobs. Temporary employment or an intense job search of several months are both fine. If you took time off to care for a sick family member, state this very briefly and do not dwell on it.

Interview Question 33: Are you applying for other jobs?

Be honest but do not spend a lot of time in this area. Stay focused on this job and why you are more interested in their company than any other.  Anything else is a distraction.

Interview Question 34: What part of your current role do you find challenging

Discuss your learning curve so far, how you have gained added skills, e.g dealing with clients, organization skills, team working skills, time management skills, delegating to a team, coordinating and communicating to internal and external customers etc. Ensure that you have prepared one or two points which you can effectively back up with examples and case scenarios.

Interview Question 35: Have you ever been in a position of conflict/difference of opinion, if so explain? 

If you are asked were you ever in a position of conflict, it is best to avoid using this word, as inevitably you can make your self more and more nervous and apprehensive if you phrase things wrongly. Instead, always start off this answer with the fact that you have been in a position of difference of opinion –(e.g. As it is the nature of the role, dealing with different opinions, clients queries/complaints, changing situations), explain the scenario in a short interesting way, bringing across your team playing / empathizing skills, your flexible approach to changing situations and changing ideas and how you manage both internal and external client relations.  Did you need to sit down with the team or did you have to go to a team lead / manager / director / arrange a client meeting…

Interview Question 36: What would your previous supervisor say your strongest point is?

Again another chance to reinforce your positive traits - There are numerous good possibilities: Loyalty, Energy, Positive attitude, Leadership, Team player, Expertise, Initiative, Patience, Hard work, Creativity, Problem solve

Interview Question 37: Tell me about a problem you had with a supervisor

Biggest trap of all. This is a test to see if you will speak ill of your boss. If you fall for it and tell about a problem with a former boss, you may well blow the interview right there. Stay positive and develop a poor memory about any trouble with a supervisor.

Interview Question 38: What made you move from company A to Company B?

Very important question, why do you want to leave your current situation for this role, be prepared for this answer and put a lot of thought into this. e.g. the company profile has always interested you, your interest in some of their key services they provide, for example if you are a Fund Accountant and have only worked on mutual funds to date and this organization specialize in Hedge Funds and this is the area you want to get into, Your understanding in how they are rated in the market, how you feel your skills will benefit the company and how this position will benefit you for the next stage of your career and that you are thinking long term.

Interview Question 39: What have you done to improve your knowledge in the last year?

Try to include improvement activities that relate to the job. A wide variety of activities can be mentioned as positive self-improvement. Have some good ones handy to mention. Also in the current financial services environment with lots of regulatory change, upskilling and completing further qualifications is very important so for example if you work in Banking, you decided to complete the QFA qualification as although it may not have been essential for your current role, you realized the market is changing and would give you an added advantage when looking for your next role.

Interview Question 40: Are there any areas you feel you need to improve on?

Be careful on how you answer this and ensure that you don’t draw attention to a key weakness that you did not mention earlier on, best to follow on from your previous questions answered.

Interview Question 41: Tell me about a time when you helped resolve a dispute between others.

Pick a specific incident. Concentrate on your problem-solving technique and not the dispute you settled, end on a positive note.

Interview Question 42: What has been your biggest professional disappointment?

Be sure that you refer to something that was beyond your control. Show acceptance and no negative feelings.

Interview Question 43: Can you describe how you you work under pressure

Use this opportunity to discuss times when you have to make difficult decisions, priorities work and perhaps delegate.

Interview Question 44: How would you describe a positive company culture in which to work?

Team Environment, dynamic busy team, challenging, room for progression, recognition for team contribution, effective upward and downward management.

Interview Question 45: What are your salary expectations?

A loaded question. A nasty little game that you will probably lose if you answer first. So, do not answer it. Instead, say something like, That's a tough question. Can you tell me the range for this position? In most cases, the interviewer, taken off guard, will tell you. If not, say that it can depend on the details of the job. Then give a range.

Interview Question 46: What important trends do you see in our industry?

Be prepared with two or three trends that illustrate how well you understand your industry. You might consider technological challenges or opportunities, economic conditions, or even regulatory demands as you collect your thoughts about the direction in which your market is heading.


Interview Question 47: What are your long-range goals?

Refer back to the planning phase of your job search. Don't answer, "I want the job you've advertised." Relate your goals to the company you are interviewing: 'in a firm like yours, I would like to..."Your CV suggests that you may be over-qualified or too experienced for this position. What's Your opinion? Emphasize your interest in establishing a long-term association with the organization and say that you assume that if you perform well in his job, new opportunities will open up for you. Mention that a strong company needs a strong staff. Observe that experienced executives are always at a premium. Suggest that since you are so well qualified, the employer will get a fast return on his investment. Say that a growing, energetic company can never have too much talent.

Interview Question 48: Where do you see yourself in five years?”

You have to keep this relative to the role you are interviewing for - stay focused and show how you are confident you will have progressed naturally in the Department to X level within 5 years.

Interview Question 49: Describe your career goals?

It is probably better to focus on the short to medium term goals rather than ten years down the line. I guess an immediate goal is to secure this job!!


Interview Question 50: Do you have any questions?

Have some very good questions prepared – Make a list of three of four questions you wish to find out more from them as a company E.g: their company culture, long term career progression within the company, What type of projects will I be able to assist on? are examples. Anything that shows you are already visualizing yourself in the role.

Link from Internet Net

Cant stop sharing some etiquette and manner practiced by Japanese. I wish we also learn from this and do the same

লেখা - আসির আহমেদ

জাপানে পড়তে আসা এক বাংলাদেশী ভাই একদিন ফোনে বললো- ভাই, বড়ই লজ্জায় আছি।
কেন কি হয়েছে ?
ড্রইং ক্লাসে ড্রইং বক্স নিয়ে যাইনি।
জাপানী স্যার বড় একটা শিক্ষা দিয়েছেন।
কি করেছে?
আমার কাছে এসে উল্টা ক্ষমা চেয়েছেন। বলেছেন আজ যে ড্রইং বক্স নিয়ে আসতে হবে তা স্মরণ রাখার মত জোর দিয়ে আমাকে বুঝিয়ে বলতে পারেন নি। তাই সে দুঃখিত।
আমি তো আর কোন দিন ড্রইং বক্স নিতে ভুলবো না, ভাই । আজ যদি সে আমাকে বকা দিত বা অন্য কোন শাস্তি দিত আমি কোন একটা মিথ্যা অজুহাত দিয়ে বাচার চেষ্টা করতাম।

জাপানী দল বিশ্বকাপে হেরে গেলেও জাপানী দর্শকরা গ্যালারী পরিষ্কার করে স্টেডিয়াম ত্যাগ করেন। এ কেমন কথা? এটা কি কোন পরাজয়ের ভাষা! হেরেছিস- রেফারীর গুষ্টি তুলে গালি দে- বলে দে পয়সা খেয়েছে। বিয়ারের ক্যান, কোকের ক্যান, চিনাবাদামের খোসা যা পাস ছুড়ে দে। দুই দিন হরতাল ডাক। অন্তত বুদ্বিজীবিদের ভাষায় এটা তো বলতে পারিস যে খেলোয়াড় নির্বাচন ঠিক হয়নি- সরকারের অথবা বিরোধী দলের হাত আছে।

দ্বিতীয় মহাযুদ্ধে হেরে গিয়ে জাপানের সম্রাট হিরোহিতো আমেরিকার প্রতিনিধি ম্যাক আর্থারের কাছে গেলেন। প্রতীকি আইটেম হিসাবে নিয়ে গেলেন এক ব্যাগ চাল। হারাকিরি ভঙ্গিতে হাটু গেড়ে মাথা পেতে দিয়ে বললেন- আমার মাথা কেটে নেন আর এই চাল টুকু গ্রহণ করুন। আমার প্রজাদের রক্ষা করুন। ওরা ভাত পছন্দ করে। ওদের যেন ভাতের অভাব না হয়।

আরে ব্যাটা তুই যুদ্ধে হেরেছিস তোর আত্মীয় স্বজন নিয়ে পালিয়ে যা। তোর দেশের চারিদিকেই তো পানি। নৌপথে কিভাবে পালাতে হয় আমাদের ইতিহাস (লক্ষণ সেন) থেকে শিখে নে। কোরিয়া বা তাইওয়ান যা। ওখানকার মীরযাফরদের সাথে হাত মিলা। সেখান থেকে হুংকার দে।
সম্রাট হিরোহিতোর এই ক্যারেক্টার আমেরিকানদের পছন্দ হলো। দ্বিতীয় মহাযুদ্ধের কুখ্যাত মহানায়কদের মধ্যে কেবলমাত্র হিরোহিতোকে বিনা আঘাতে বাচিয়ে রাখা হলো।

২০১১ সালের ১১ই মার্চ। Tsunami র আগাম বার্তা শুনে এক ফিশারি কোম্পানীর মালিক সাতো সান প্রথমেই বাচাতে গেলেন তার কর্মচারীদের। হাতে সময় আছে মাত্র ৩০ মিনিট। প্রায়রিটি দিলেন বিদেশি (চাইনিজ) দের। একে একে সব কর্মচারীদের অফিস থেকে বের করে পাশের উচু টিলায় নিজ হাতে রেখে এলেন। সর্বশেষে গেলেন তার পরিবারের খোজ নিতে। ইতিমধ্যে Tsunami সাহেব এসে হাজির। সাতো সানকে চোখের সামনে কোলে তুলে ভাসিয়ে নিয়ে গেলেন। আজও খোজহীন হয়ে আছেন তার পরিবার। ইসস সাতো সান যদি রানা প্লাজার মালিকের সাথে একটা বার দেখা করার সুযোগ পেতেন ।
সাতো সান অমর হলেন চায়না তে। চাইনিজরা দেশে ফিরে গিয়ে শহরের চৌরাস্তায় উনার প্রতিকৃতি বানিয়ে কৃতজ্ঞতা প্রকাশ করলেন।
নয় বছরের এক ছেলে। স্কুলে ক্লাস করছিল। Tsunami-র আগমনের কথা শুনে স্কুল কর্তৃপক্ষ সব ছাত্রদের তিন তলায় জড়ো করলো। তিন তলার বেলকনি থেকে দেখলো তার বাবা আসছে গাড়ি নিয়ে। গাড়িকে ধাওয়া করে আসছে ফোসফোসে পানির সৈন্য দল। গাড়ির স্পিড পানির স্পিডের কাছে হার মেনে গেলো। চোখের সামনে নাই হয়ে গেল বাবা। সৈকতের নিকটেই ছিল তাদের বাসা। মা আর ছোট ভাই ভেসে গেছে আরো আগে। পরিবারের সবাইকে হারিয়ে ছেলেটি আশ্রয় শিবিরে উঠলো। শিবিরের সবাই ক্ষুধায় আর শীতে কাপছে। ভলান্টিয়াররা রুটি বিলি করছেন। আশ্রিতরা লাইনে দাড়িয়ে আছেন। ছেলেটিও আছে। এক বিদেশী সাংবাদিক দেখলেন, যদ্দুর খাদ্য (রুটি) আছে তাতে লাইনের সবার হবেনা । ছেলেটির কপালে জুটবে না। সাংবাদিক সাহেব তার কোট পকেটে রাখা নিজের ভাগের রুটি দুটো ছেলেটিকে দিলেন। ছেলেটি ধন্যবাদ জানিয়ে রুটি গ্রহন করলো। তারপর যেখান থেকে রুটি ডিস্ট্রিবিউশন হচ্ছিল সেখানেই ফেরত দিয়ে আবার লাইনে এসে দাড়াল। সাংবাদিক সাহেব কৌতুহল ঢাকতে পারলেন না। ছেলেটিকে জিজ্ঞাস করলেন - এ কাজ কেন করলে খোকা? খোকা উত্তর দিল- বন্টন তো ওখান থেকে হচ্ছে। উনাদের হাতে থাকলে বন্টনে সমতা আসবে। তাছাড়া লাইনে আমার চেয়েও বেশী ক্ষুধার্ত লোক থাকতে পারে।
সহানুভুতিশীল হতে গিয়ে বন্টনে অসমতা এনেছেন- এই ভেবে সাংবাদিক সাহেবের পাপবোধ হলো। এই ছেলের কাছে কি বলে ক্ষমা চাইবেন ভাষা হারালেন।
যাদের জাপান সম্পর্কে ধারণা আছে তারা সবাই জানেন...যদি ট্রেনে বা বাসে কোন জিনিস হারিয়ে যায়, অনেকটা নিশ্চিন্তে থাকতে পারেন, ঐ জিনিস আপনি অক্ষত অবস্থায় ফেরত পাবেন। গভীর রাতে কোন ট্রাফিক নেই, কিন্তু পথচারী ঠিকই ট্রাফিক বাতি সবুজ না হওয়া পর্যন্ত পথ পার হচ্ছেন না। ট্রেনে বাসে টিকিট ফাকি দেয়ার হার (%) প্রায় শুন্যের কোঠায়। একবার ভুলে ঘরের দরজা লক না করে এক বাংলাদেশী দেশে গেলেন মাস খানেক পর এসে দেখেন, যেমন ঘর রেখে গেছেন, ঠিক তেমনই আছে।

এই শিক্ষা জাপানীরা কোথায় পায়?
সামাজিক শিক্ষা শুরু হয় কিন্ডারগার্টেন লেভেল থেকে। সর্বপ্রথম যে তিনটি শব্দ এদের শিখানো হয় তা হলো-
কননিচিওয়া (হ্যালো) - পরিচিত মানুষকে দেখা মাত্র হ্যালো বলবে।
আরিগাতোউ (ধন্যবাদ) - সমাজে বাস করতে হলে একে অপরকে উপকার করবে। তুমি যদি বিন্দুমাত্র কারো দ্বারা উপকৃত হও তাহলে ধন্যবাদ দিয়ে কৃতজ্ঞতা প্রকাশ করবে।
গোমেননাসাই (দুঃখিত) - মানুষ মাত্রই ভুল করবে এবং সেই ভুলের জন্য ক্ষমা চাইবে।

এগুলো যে শুধু মুখস্ত করে শিখানো হয় তা না। বাস্তবে শিক্ষকরা প্রো-এক্টিভলি সুযোগ পেলেই ব্যবহার করবেন এবং করিয়ে ছাড়বেন।
সমাজে এই তিনটি শব্দের গুরুত্ব কত তা নিশ্চয়ই অনুধাবন করতে পারছেন। এই শিক্ষাটা এবং প্রাকটিস ওরা বাল্যকাল থেকে করতে শিখে। আমাদের রাজনীতিবিদরা বাল্যকালটা যদি কোন রকমে জাপানের কিন্ডারগার্টেনে কাটিয়ে আসতে পারতেন।

কিন্ডারগার্টেন থেকেই স্বনির্ভরতার ট্রেনিং দেয়া হয়। সমাজে মানুষ হিসাবে বসবাস করার জন্য যা দরকার - নিজের বই খাতা, খেলনা, বিছানা নিজে গোছানো; টয়লেট ব্যবহার, পরিষ্কার করা; নিজের খাবার নিজে খাওয়া, প্লেট গোছানো ইত্যাদি। প্রাইমারী স্কুল থেকে এরা নিজেরা দল বেধে স্কুলে যায়। দল ঠিক করে দেন স্কুল কর্তৃপক্ষ। ট্রাফিক আইন, বাস ট্রেনে চড়ার নিয়ম কানুন সবই শিখানো হয়। আপনার গাড়ি আছে, বাচ্চাকে স্কুলে দিয়ে আসবেন, উল্টা আপনাকে লজ্জা পেয়ে আসতে হবে।

ক্লাস সেভেন থেকে সাইকেল চালিয়ে স্কুলে যেতে পারবে। ক্লাসে কে ধনী, কে গরীব, কে প্রথম কে দ্বিতীয় এসব বৈষম্য যেন তৈরী না হয় তার জন্য যথেষ্ট সতর্ক থাকেন স্কুল কর্তৃপক্ষ। ক্লাসে রোল নং ১, মানে এই নয় যে একাডেমিক পারফরম্যান্স সবচেয়ে ভাল। রোল নং তৈরী হয় নামের বানানের ক্রমানুসারে।

বার্ষিক ক্রীড়া প্রতিযোগীতার সমস্ত আইটেম গুলো থাকে গ্রুপ পারফরম্যান্স দেখার জন্য - ইন্ডিভিজুয়েল নয়। সারা স্কুলের ছেলে মেয়েদের ভাগ করা হয় কয়েকটা টা গ্রুপে- সাদা দল, লাল দল, সবুজ দল ইত্যাদি। গ্রুপে কাজ করার ট্রেনিংটা পেয়ে যায় খেলাধুলা জাতীয় এক্টিভিটি থেকে। এই জন্যই হয়তো জাপানে বড় লিডার তৈরি হয়না কিন্তু গড়ে এরা সবার সেরা।

বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে ভর্তি হবার আগে ১২ বছর শিক্ষাটা সম্ভবত ইউনিভার্সেল। আমাদেরটা হলো ৫ +৫ +২ অর্থাৎ প্রাইমারী ৫ বছর, হাইস্কুল ৫ বছর তারপর কলেজ ২ বছর। জাপানে ৬+৩+৩। শতকরা ১০০ ভাগ শিশুই ৬ বছর বয়সে প্রাইমারী স্কুলে ভর্তি হয়। কারো বয়স জানতে হলে সিম্প্লি জিজ্ঞাস করুন কোন ক্লাসে পড়ে। তার সাথে ৫ যোগ করে ফেলুন।
১৮ বছর বয়সে এরা সমাজে অনেকটা প্রাপ্ত বয়স্ক-র স্ট্যাটাস পেয়ে যায়। এই স্ট্যাটাসে তারা ড্রাইভিং লাইসেন্স নিয়ে গাড়ি চালাতে পারে। ছেলেরা বিয়ে করতে পারে (মেয়েদের ক্ষেত্রে ১৬ বছর)। ২০ বছর বয়সে আনুষ্ঠানিক ভাবে প্রাপ্ত বয়স্কে পা দেয় এবং ভোট দিতে পারে।

University and Commonwealth Government Scholarships are available for international applicants. These scholarships are available to undertake research higher degree programme at the University of Newcastle.

The aim of the Robertson University and Commonwealth Government Scholarship is to enable and encourage academically able students from any nationality.

The University of Newcastle, informally known as Newcastle University, an Australian public university established in 1965, has its primary campus in Callaghan, a suburb of Newcastle, New South Wales.

Applicants must have completed at least four years of undergraduate study and have attained Honours Class 1 or equivalent and a high grade point average (GPA) and satisfy the English proficiency requirement (IELTS of at least 6.5).

Course Level: Scholarships are available to undertake research higher degree programme.

Study Subject: Scholarships are offered in diverse fields to help students in upgrading their education.

Scholarship can be taken at: Australia

Eligibility: Eligibility criteria based on Commonwealth Government Scholarship Guidelines and candidates must:
-satisfy the English proficiency requirement (IELTS of at least 6.5)
-have a current offer of admission into a research higher degree.
-have completed at least four years of undergraduate study and have attained Honours Class 1 or equivalent and a high grade point average (GPA)
-be no more than two full-time equivalent years into their PhD (or one year for Masters) at the latest outcome date for the round in which they are applying.

Nationality: International Students are eligible to apply.

College Admission Requirement

Entrance Requirement: Applicants must have completed at least four years of undergraduate study and have attained Honours Class 1 or equivalent and a high grade point average (GPA).

Test Requirement: No

English Language Requirements: Applicants must satisfy the English proficiency requirement (IELTS of at least 6.5).

Supporting Material: Application for admission must include:
-Copies of all academic transcripts
-A research proposal
-Evidence of extra academic attainments e.g. publications
-If required, certified evidence of meeting the English proficiency requirement
Please ensure applicant attach the following documents to support their scholarship application:
–Copies of research publications, exhibitions or conference papers
-Curriculum Vitae
-Details of previous research experience e.g. research work experience / study
-Any additional documents that may add to their scholarship application e.g. evidence of the award of a University Medal

How to Apply: The mode of applying is online.

Online Application

Application Deadline: Application deadline is 31 March 2016.

Body Fitness / Exercises You Can Do At Work
« on: November 10, 2015, 12:03:01 AM »
Many jobs involve sitting at a desk for hours. This is extremely bad for our body – it can cause neck, back pain and headaches; if you work on the computer constantly, then you are at risk of developing carpal tunnel, which is a numbness sensation on your hand due to pressure on the median nerve in your wrist. This condition will make you less productive at your job. So, if you have some down time at work, try doing one of these cardio, strength, or stretch exercises!

1. Dips

Try some tricep dips using your chair. Turn away from your chair and take a few steps away from it. Grip the edge of the chair behind you, placing your hands on the sides of your body, and keep your feet firmly on the floor. Start with straight arms, then bend them. Hold for a few seconds then straighten again. Repeat 10 times.

2. Leg lifts

Another exercise you do can while sitting: lift one leg and extend it. Hold it straight for a few seconds, then lower slowly towards the floor. Stop when your foot is just above the floor and hold it for another few seconds. Switch legs and repeat 15-20 times.

Common Forum / How to prevent Procrastination
« on: March 07, 2015, 10:59:15 PM »

Sometimes some of us may have this experience that whole day working without any good output. We cant decide what to do now, how to manage time to complete the task in time etc. Sometime more than one task come to our desk which are all equally important. We get puzzled how to manage all these at a time.

Procrastination : Constant distractions, and the low productivity that's associated with distractions, have become so commonplace in today's offices that doctors have even given it a name: Attention Deficit Trait, or ADT. And, they say that entire organizations can suffer from it.

Follow some of these guidelines to help focus your mind:

•   Set aside time to deal with worries – Many of us have trouble concentrating during the day because we're constantly worrying about other things. It could be an approaching deadline for a project you haven't started, a new colleague who's causing problems, or just the amount of work on your desk. If you find yourself distracted by worries, then note these down so that you don't need to hold them in your mind. Then schedule time to deal with these issues.

•   Focus on one task at a time – It can be much harder to focus if you take mini breaks (15–30 seconds) to answer emails, send text messages, or take quick phone calls. Some researchers believe that it can take up to 15 minutes for us to regain complete focus after a distraction.

•   Switch between high- and low-attention tasks – This can give your brain a rest after heavy concentration. For instance, if you spend two hours working on your department's budget, you'll probably feel tired afterward. You can recharge your energy by working on a low-attention task, like filing, for 15 minutes before going back to your budget.

•   Prioritize – Having too much to do can be distracting, and this sometime causes procrastination. Or, you may quickly jump from task to task, creating the illusion of work – but in reality, you're not accomplishing very much. If you're not sure which tasks to start or which are most important, take 10 or 15 minutes to prioritize   your To-Do List  .

Common Forum / Tips To Remember What You Read
« on: March 05, 2015, 11:27:15 PM »

Despite television, cell phones, Facebook and Twitter, traditional reading is still an important skill. Whether it is school text¬books, magazines, or regular books, people still read, though not as much as they used to. One reason that many people don’t read much is that they don’t read well. For them, it is slow, hard work and they don’t remember as much as they should. Stu¬dents, for example, may have to read something several times before they under¬stand and remember what they read.
Why? You would think that schools teach kids how to read well. Schools do try. Many students are 2–3 years behind grade level in reading proficiency. No doubt, television, cell phones, and the Web are major contributors to this problem, which will apparently get worse if we don’t emphasize and improve reading instruction.
Some of the blame can be placed on the fads in reading teaching, such as phonics and “whole language,” which sometimes are promoted by zealots who don’t respect the need for both approaches. Much of the blame for poor reading skills can be laid at the feet of parents who set poor examples and, of course, on the youngsters who are too lazy to learn how to read well.
For all those who missed out on good read¬ing skills, it is not too late. Here are some tips
1.   Read with a purpose.
2.   Skim first.
3.   Get the reading mechanics right.
4.   Be judicious in highlighting and note taking.
5.   Think in pictures.
6.   Rehearse as you go along.
7.   Stay within your attention span and work to increase that span.
8.   Rehearse again soon.
1) Know Your Purpose
Everyone should have a purpose for their reading and think about how that purpose is being fulfilled during the actual reading. The advantage for remembering is that checking continuously for how the purpose is being fulfilled helps the reader to stay on task, to focus on the more relevant parts of the text, and to rehearse continuously as one reads. This also saves time and effort because relevant items are most attended.
Identifying the purpose should be easy if you freely choose what to read. Just ask yourself, “Why am I reading this?” If it is to be entertained or pass the time, then there is not much problem. But myriad other reasons could apply, such as:
•   to develop an informed plan or proposal.
•   to satisfy a requirement of an academic course or other assigned reading.
Many of us have readings assigned to us, as in a school environment. Or the boss may hand us a manual and say “Here. We need you to read this.” Whether the order comes from a teacher or boss, we need to ask, “What do you want me to learn from this?” In the absence of such guidance, you should still formulate your best guess about what you should learn and remember from the reading.
2) Skim First
Some reading tasks require no more than skimming. Proper skimming includes putting an emphasis on the headings, pictures, graphs, tables, and key paragraphs (which are usually at the beginning and the end). Depending on the purpose, you should slow down and read carefully only the parts that contribute to fulfilling the reading purpose.
Even material that has to be studied carefully should be skimmed first. The benefits of skimming first are that the skimming: 1) primes the memory, making it easier to remember when you read it the second time, 2) orients the thinking, helping you to know where the important content is in the document, 3) creates an over¬all sense and gestalt for the document, which in turn makes it eas¬ier to remember certain particulars.
Browsing on the Internet encourages people to skim read. The way con-tent is handled on the Web is even causing writers to make wider use of Web devices, such as numbered or bullet-ed lists, sidebars, graphics, text boxes and sidebars. But the bad news is that the Web style makes it even harder to learn how to read in-depth; that is, the Web teaches us to skim, creating bad reading habits for in-depth reading.
3) Get the Mechanics Right
For in-depth reading, eyes need to move in a disciplined way. Skimming actually trains eyes to move without discipline. When you need to read carefully and remember the essence of large blocks of text, the eyes must snap from one fixation point to the next in left to right-sequence. Moreover, the fixations should not be one individual letters or even single words, but rather on several words per fixation. There are reading-improvement machines that train the eyes to fixate properly, but few schools use them. They can increase reading speed markedly without a cost in lower comprehension. Poor readers who stumble along from word to word actually tend to have lower comprehension because their mind is preoccupied with recognizing the letters and their arrangement in each word. That is a main reason they can’t remember what they read. Many students say, “I read that chapter three times, and I still can’t answer the questions.” They often can’t answer the questions because they can’t remember the meaning of what they read. Even with straight-forward simple memorization questions, they often can’t remember, because their focus on the words them¬selves kept them from associating what their eyes saw with their own preexisting knowledge and thus facilitating remembering. In short, to remember what you read, you have to think about what the words mean.
Among the key tactics for good mechanics of reading, follow these:
•   Make eye con¬tact with all the text not being deliberately skimmed
•   See multiple words in each eye fixation
•   Strive to expand the width of each eye fixation (on an 8.5″ width, strive for three fixations or eventually two per line). This skill has to be developed in stages. First, learn how do read at five or six fixations per line. Then work on four per line. Then three.
•   Snap eyes from one fixation point to another (horizontal snaps on long lines, vertical snap if whole line in a column can be seen with one fixation).
Learning how to do this takes practice. If you can’t do it on your own, consider formal training from a reading center.
Keep reading…

Latest Technology / Telepathy' experiment sends 1st mental message
« on: September 09, 2014, 01:07:39 AM »

A pictures shows binary code reflected from a computer screen in a woman's eye on October 22, 2012.

For the first time, scientists have been able to send a simple mental message from one person to another without any contact between the two, thousands of miles apart in India and France.

Research led by experts at Harvard University shows technology can be used to transmit information from one person's brain to another's even, as in this case, if they are thousands of miles away.

"It is kind of technological realization of the dream of telepathy, but it is definitely not magical," Giulio Ruffini, a theoretical physicist and co-author of the research, told AFP by phone from Barcelona.

"We are using technology to interact electromagnetically with the brain."

For the experiment, one person wearing a wireless, Internet-linked electroencephalogram or EEG would think a simple greeting, like "hola," or "ciao."

A computer translated the words into digital binary code, presented by a series of 1s or 0s.

Then, this message was emailed from India to France, and delivered via robot to the receiver, who through non-invasive brain stimulation could see flashes of light in their peripheral vision.

The subjects receiving the message did not hear or see the words themselves, but were correctly able to report the flashes of light that corresponded to the message.

"We wanted to find out if one could communicate directly between two people by reading out the brain activity from one person and injecting brain activity into the second person, and do so across great physical distances by leveraging existing communication pathways," said co-author Alvaro Pascual-Leone, professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School.

"One such pathway is, of course, the Internet, so our question became, 'Could we develop an experiment that would bypass the talking or typing part of Internet and establish direct brain-to-brain communication between subjects located far away from each other in India and France?'"

Ruffini added that extra care was taken to make sure no sensory information got in the way that could have influenced the interpretation of the message.

Researchers have been attempting to send a message from person to person this way for about a decade, and the proof of principle that was reported in the journal PLOS ONE is still rudimentary, he told AFP.

"We hope that in the longer term this could radically change the way we communicate with each other," said Ruffini.


Common Forum/Request/Suggestions / A History of the Months
« on: June 21, 2014, 11:02:17 AM »
Dear All,
Here I am sharing A History of the Months. I found it very interesting and hope you will too. I am also mentioning the source so that you cud get some more info if u wanna.

The original Roman year had 10 named months Martius "March", Aprilis "April", Maius "May", Junius "June", Quintilis "July", Sextilis "August", September "September", October "October", November "November", December "December", and probably two unnamed months in the dead of winter when not much happened in agriculture. The year began with Martius "March". Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome circa 700 BC, added the two months Januarius "January" and Februarius "February". He also moved the beginning of the year from Marius to Januarius and changed the number of days in several months to be odd, a lucky number. After Februarius there was occasionally an additional month of Intercalaris "intercalendar". This is the origin of the leap-year day being in February. In 46 BC, Julius Caesar reformed the Roman calendar (hence the Julian calendar) changing the number of days in many months and removing Intercalaris.

January -- Janus's month
Middle English Januarie
Latin Januarius "of Janus"
Latin Janu(s) "Janus" + -arius "ary (pertaining to)"
Latin Januarius mensis "month of Janus"
Janus is the Roman god of gates and doorways, depicted with two faces looking in opposite directions. His festival month is January.
Januarius had 29 days, until Julius when it became 31 days long.

February -- month of Februa
Middle English Februarius
Latin Februarius "of Februa"
Latin Februa(s) "Februa" + -arius "ary (pertaining to)"
Latin Februarius mensis "month of Februa"
Latin dies februatus "day of purification"
Februarius had 28 days, until circa 450 BC when it had 23 or 24 days on some of every second year, until Julius when it had 29 days on every fourth year and 28 days otherwise.
Februa is the Roman festival of purification, held on February fifteenth. It is possibly of Sabine origin.

Intercalaris -- inter-calendar month
Latin Intercalaris "inter-calendar"
Latin Mercedonius (popular name) "?"
Intercalaris had 27 days until the month was abolished by Julius.

March -- Mars' month

Middle English March(e)
Anglo-French March(e)
Old English Martius
Latin Martius "of Mars"
Latin Marti(s) "Mars" + -us (adj. suffix)
Latin Martius mensis "month of Mars"
Martius has always had 31 days.
March was the original beginning of the year, and the time for the resumption of war.
Mars is the Roman god of war. He is identified with the Greek god Ares.

April -- Aphrodite's month
Old English April(is)
Latin Aprilis
Etruscan Apru
Greek Aphro, short for Aphrodite.
Aprilis had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She is identified with the Roman goddess Venus.

May -- Maia's month

Old French Mai
Old English Maius
Latin Maius "of Maia"
Latin Maius mensis "month of Maia"
Maius has always had 31 days.
Maia (meaning "the great one") is the Italic goddess of spring, the daughter of Faunus, and wife of Vulcan.

June -- Juno's month

Middle English jun(e)
Old French juin
Old English junius
Latin Junius "of Juno"
Latin Junius mensis "month of Juno"
Junius had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.
Juno is the principle goddess of the Roman Pantheon. She is the goddess of marriage and the well-being of women. She is the wife and sister of Jupiter. She is identified with the Greek goddess Hera.

July -- Julius Caesar's month

Middle English Julie
Latin Julius "Julius"
Latin Julius mensis "month of Julius"
Latin quintilis mensis "fifth month"
Quintilis (and later Julius) has always had 31 days.
Julius Caesar reformed the Roman calendar (hence the Julian calendar) in 46 BC. In the process, he renamed this month after himself.

August -- Augustus Caesar's month

Latin Augustus "Augustus"
Latin Augustus mensis "month of Augustus"
Latin sextilis mensis "sixth month"
Sextilis had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 31 days long.
Augustus Caesar clarified and completed the calendar reform of Julius Caesar. In the process, he also renamed this month after himself.

September -- the seventh month
Middle English septembre
Latin September
Latin septem "seven" + -ber (adj. suffix)
Latin september mensis "seventh month"
September had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.

October -- the eighth month

Middle English octobre
Latin October
Latin octo "eight" + -ber (adj. suffix)
Latin october mensis "eighth month"
October has always had 31 days.

November -- the nineth month
Middle English Novembre
Latin November
Latin Novembris mensis "nineth month"
Novembris had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.

December -- the tenth month
Middle English decembre
Old French decembre
Latin december "tenth month"
Latin decem "ten" + -ber (adj. suffix)
December had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 31 days long.

I simply love this poem and thus want to share. Hope you will also do the same

– Do It Anyway-
by Mother Teresa

People are often unreasonable,
illogical and self-centered;
Forgive them anyway.

If you are kind,
people may accuse you of selfish ulterior motives;
Be kind anyway.

If you are successful,
you will win some false friends and true enemies;
Succeed anyway.

If you are honest and frank,
people may cheat you;
Be honest anyway.

What you spend years building,
someone could destroy overnight;
Build anyway.

If you find serenity and happiness,
they may be jealous;
Be happy anyway.

The good you do today,
people will often forget tomorrow;
Do good anyway.

Give the world the best you have,
and it may never be enough;
Give the world the best you’ve got anyway.

You see, in the final analysis,
it is between you and God;
It was never between you and them anyway.

Read more at Mother Teresa Poem : Do It Anyway

Reduce Fat /Weight Loss / 6 Moves For Strong, Toned Abs
« on: March 26, 2014, 11:53:54 AM »
1. Half-Kneeling Diagonal Chops

Come down on your right knee (like you're going to propose), holding a 5- to 10-pound dumbbell with both hands to the outside of your right hip (A). In one fluid motion, raise the dumbbell across your body and up to the ceiling, just past the outside of your bent-up knee (B). (Turn your head to "watch" the weight as it goes up.) Resist gravity as you lower the weight in the same trajectory back to the start position. Do 6 reps on one side, and then switch to do 6 reps on the other side.

2. Plank With Side Toe Tap-outs

It wouldn't be a core workout without at least one plank. This variation brings you to your forearms (A), but adds the stabilization challenge of keeping your hips level and low while you take turns tapping one foot out to the side then back to center (B). A tap to each side and back to center represents one rep.

3. Straight-Arm Twist Resistors

Lie on your back with your knees bent, holding that 5- to 10-pound dumbbell in both hands, straight up above your chest (A). Keeping your arms as straight as possible, lower them out to one side, going only as low as you can control without your torso contorting (B). Keep your back flat as you bring the weight back to center, and then over to the opposite side (C). That's one rep.

4. Stork Hinges With Single-Arm Reach

Begin standing with feet in a slight staggered stance, shifting your weight into the foot that's in front. Raise the opposite arm into the air and place the other hand on your hip (A). Slowly hinge forward, raising the back leg and lowering the torso, keeping the straight arm and leg in the same plane (B). (Use your hip-resting hand to remind you to keep your pelvis parallel to the ground.) With control, tilt your body back to the start position, tapping the back toes down only if you must. Do 6 reps on once side, then switch sides for the other 6.

5. Body Saws

And ... plank No. 2! Align yourself into that forearm position as before, feet close together (A). Using your upper body and your toes, glide yourself forward several inches (B), then back the same amount (C). Keep those hips perfectly level the whole time. One to-and-fro is a rep.

6. Bridges With Alternating Leg Extension

Lie on your back with your knees bent, with your heels close to your glutes (A). Press your hips high and hold 'em there (B), then raise a leg straight out so your knees are aligned (C). Lower the first leg (keep those hips up!), then raise the other. Repeat each pair 12 times.

Common Forum/Request/Suggestions / Be positive and optimistic
« on: March 18, 2014, 10:57:36 PM »
Sometimes you feel that the life is miserable and you don’t know how you are going to make it.  You are tired of fighting and struggling all the time. It seemed just as one problem was solved, another one soon followed.

Take three pots with water and placed each on a high fire. Once the three pots began to boil, place potatoes in one pot, eggs in the second pot and ground coffee beans in the third pot.  Just let them sit and boil. After twenty minutes turn off the burners. Take the potatoes out of the pot and place them in a bowl. Pull the eggs out and placed them in a bowl. Ladle the coffee out and place it in a cup.

What you are seeing? You put hard potato and found it soft. You put breakable egg, now it is hard and finally the coffee beans turned the water into such drink with sweet aroma right?

Here is the explanation according to me.

The potatoes, the eggs and coffee beans have each face the same adversity-the boiling water. However, each one reacted differently. The potato went in strong, hard and unrelenting, but in boiling water, it became soft and weak. The egg was fragile, with the thin outer shell protecting its liquid interior until it was put in the boiling water. Then the inside of the egg became hard. However, the ground coffee beans were unique. After they were exposed to the boiling water, they changed the water and created something new.

Which one are you when adversity knocks on your door, how do you respond? Are you a potato, an egg, or a coffee bean?
Look, In our life, things happen around us and things happen to us, but the only thing that truly matters is how you choose to react to it and what you make out of it. Life is all about leaning, adopting and converting all the struggles that we experience into something positive.

So dear all be positive and optimistic. Don’t think what you don’t have, think what you have. Hope this will make life easy and peaceful, serene, clam and nonviolent.

Common Forum/Request/Suggestions / NOTICE: Foundation Day
« on: February 12, 2014, 08:54:32 PM »
Dear Students,

We have only two days left to enjoy the glorious 12th Foundation Day of our university. You are requested to present at sharp 7:00 am in the Manik Mia Avenue on 15 February 2014 on the occasion of  12th Founding Anniversary. Bring your ID Card and Lunch Coupon. Don’t forget to bring the Raffle Draw Coupon to join the Raffle Draw session. 10+ International Air Tickets and huge gift items are waiting for you. The Raffle Draw Session will be conducted at 11:00 AM. All the students are asked to remain present during the session with the Break Fast Coupon.

The prizes will be announced and handed over on the spot. Go get it and don’t miss your chance!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Wishing to see you all at DIU Permanent Campus.

Along with Latin, Greek is probably the language that most influenced other languages around the world. Many English words derive directly from Greek ones, and knowing their origin and meaning is important.

Below you will find 12 Greek words that are commonly used in our society. The next time you hear someone saying “Kudos to you,” you will know where it comes from.

1. Acme

The highest point of a structure. The peak or zenith of something. One could say that Rome reached the acme of its power on 117 AD, under the rule of Trajan.

2. Acropolis

Acro means edge or extremity, while polis means city. Acropolis, therefore, refers to cities that were built with security purposes in mind. The word Acropolis is commonly associated with Greece’s capital Athens, although it can refer to any citadel, including Rome and Jerusalem.

3. Agora

The Agora was an open market place, present in most cities of the ancient Greece. Today the term can be used to express any type of open assembly or congregation.

4. Anathema

Anathema is a noun and it means a formal ban, curse or excommunication. It can also refer to someone or something extremely negative, disliked or damned. Curiously enough, the original Greek meaning for this word was “something offered to the gods.”

5. Anemia

Anemia refers to a condition characterized by a qualitative or quantitative deficiency of the red blood cells (or of the hemoglobin). Over the years, however, the term started to appear in other contexts, referring to any deficiency that lies at the core of a system or organization.

6. Ethos

Translated literally from the Greek, ethos means “accustomed place.” It refers to a disposition or characteristics peculiar to a specific person, culture or movement. Synonyms include mentality, mindset and values.

7. Dogma

Dogma refers to the established belief or set of principles held by a religion, ideology or by any organization. Dogmas are also authoritative and undisputed. Outside of the religious context, therefore, the term tends to carry a negative connotation. Notice that the plural is either dogmata or dogmas.

8. Eureka

The exclamation Eureka is used to celebrate a discovery, and it can be translated to “I have found!”. It is attributed to the famous Greek mathematician Archimedes. While taking a bath, he suddenly realized that the water displaced must be equal to the volume of the part of his body he had submerged. He got so excited with the discovery that he left his home and started to run and shout “Eureka!” through the streets of Syracuse.

9. Genesis

Genesis means birth or origin. There are many synonyms for this word, including beginning, onset, start, spring, dawn and commencement. Genesis is also the name of the first book of the Bible.

10. Phobia

Many people wrongly think that a phobia is a fear. In reality it is more than that. Phobia is an irrational and exaggerated fear of something. The fear can be associated with certain activities, situations, things or people.

11. Plethora

You have a plethora when you go beyond what is needed or appropriate. It represents an excess or undesired abundance.

12. Kudos

Kudos means fame or glory, usually resulting from an important act or achievement. It is interesting to notice that in Greek and in the Standard British English, Kudos is a singular noun. Inside the United States, however, it is often used in a plural form (e.g., You deserve many kudos for this accomplishment!)

Common Forum/Request/Suggestions / Explanation of some common words
« on: December 23, 2013, 11:21:30 PM »

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