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Topics - Yousuf.Chy

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Common Forum / Grand Trunk Road
« on: November 26, 2013, 12:15:44 PM »
The Grand Trunk Road is one of South Asia's oldest and longest major roads. For more than two millennia, it has linked the eastern and western regions of the Indian subcontinent, running from Chittagong, Bangladesh through to Howrah, West Bengal in India, across north India into Peshawar (in present day Pakistan), up to Kabul, Afghanistan. Its former names include UttaraPatha ("Northern Road"), Shah Rah-e-Azam ("Great Road") or Sadak-e-Azam or Badshahi Sadak.

East end:    Chittagong
West end:    Kabul


Animals and Pets / Strongest Bites
« on: November 15, 2013, 11:45:25 AM »
1. Nile Crocodile
5000 psi

In the National Geographic experiment the Nile Croc actually tested lower than the Saltwater Croc, but most other sources have the Nile Croc at 5000 psi. Nile Crocs tend to be about the same size as Saltwater Crocs and thus their bite seems to be at the same range. The two are interchangeable when it comes to the placing on this list and the numbers will vary due to the difficulty in measuring the bites of each and getting the right sized croc to measure.

Nile crocs eat mainly fish but like their cousins, they will attack anything dumb enough to cross its path. This includes zebras, birds and even small hippos.

2. Saltwater Crocodile
3700 psi

These monsters are found from eastern India to southeast Asia and northern Australia. Saltwater Crocs eat anything they can bite from water buffalo to fish and even sharks. They are affectionately referred to as “salties” by Australians, yet there is little to be affectionate about when it comes to this giant. They are responsible for more attacks on humans than any other croc but not much more than the next on this list.

3. American Alligator
2125 psi

The American Alligator is one of only two species of Alligator left in the world, the other being the Chinese Alligator. With an estimated population of 5 million; 1.2 million live in the state of Florida.

4. Jaguar
2000 psi


MBA Discussion Forum / Happy Planet Index
« on: June 21, 2013, 11:36:06 AM »
The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is an index of human well-being and environmental impact that was introduced by the New Economics Foundation (NEF) in July 2006. The index is weighted to give progressively higher scores to nations with lower ecological footprints.

The index is designed to challenge well-established indices of countries’ development, such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the Human Development Index (HDI), which are seen as not taking sustainability into account. In particular, GDP is seen as inappropriate, as the usual ultimate aim of most people is not to be rich, but to be happy and healthy.Furthermore, it is believed that the notion of sustainable development requires a measure of the environmental costs of pursuing those goals.

Source: Wikipedia


North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Formation:    4 April 1949
Founder:        Harry S. Truman
Headquarters:    Brussels, Belgium
Secretary General:    Anders Fogh Rasmussen
Category:   Military alliance

Bangladesh Civil Service-BCS / Abbreviations and Acronyms
« on: June 20, 2013, 06:47:49 PM »
UNDP            United Nations Development Programme
UNESCO            United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFPA              United Nations Population Fund
UN-Habitat    United Nations Human Settlements Programme
UNHCR             Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees     
UNICEF            United Nations Children’s Fund
UNIDIR            United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research
UNIDO            United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNAIDS            Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNV             United Nations Volunteers programme

Place / Caspian: Lake or sea?
« on: June 19, 2013, 05:56:12 PM »
Is the Caspian a sea or a lake? Maybe a rather metaphysical question for the business section but the answer could have profound results for the central Asian energy industry, which holds perhaps the largest amount of under-exploited oil and gas reserves on earth.

A conference in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, last week failed to agree on the answer. The presidents of the five states that share the Caspian's shores - the host along with Russia, Iran, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan - just could not decide.
ou can understand their dilemma. It has been called a sea since time immemorial, mainly because of its sheer size. The Caspian is far bigger than many other stretches of water that are indisputably called "seas", such as the North Sea or the Baltic Sea.

If you've had the pleasure of swimming in it, as I have, it certainly feels like a sea. It is salty and has big waves. Stretches of the Absheron peninsula, on which Baku stands, are developed as areas you could only call seaside resorts.

On the other hand, the Caspian also has the defining characteristics of a lake: it is land-locked and has no outflowing rivers. It is the largest enclosed body of water on the planet. In the north, where the mighty river Volga washes into it, it is virtually fresh water (salinity increases the further south you go).

The Caspian has one other feature that makes it very unusual indeed. Underneath it, or within easy reach of its shores, are locked some 79 billion barrels of oil and 7 trillion cubic metres of natural gas. Now you begin to understand why the five countries with Caspian shorelines are so interested in its status.

If they had decided the Caspian was lake, they would have had to carve up its resources and the revenue they produce equally, each getting one fifth of its bounty. Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan are especially concerned this should not happen: they have substantially more than that in the current de facto arrangement.

If the presidents had decided it was a sea, they could each have laid claim to areas according to the length of their coastlines. In particular, this would not have suited Iran: with only 13 per cent of the total Caspian shoreline, and the least promising so far in terms of proven hydrocarbon resources, it would have lost out to its neighbours with longer coastlines.

Source: Article by, Frank Kane

Business & Entrepreneurship / World's weirdest taxes
« on: June 19, 2013, 11:01:26 AM »
1. Tax on smartphones and laptops in France

French President Francois Hollande is considering a tax on smartphones, laptops and tablets to finance the country's celebrated exception culturelle, or "cultural exception," a precious French principle enshrined in law.

The exception essentially requires that anything considered to be of cultural value to French society must be protected from erratic market forces and the pernicious spread of non-French cultural items — namely, American and other English-language influences.

2. Tax on flavored vodka in the United States

Americans, President Barack Obama wants to put a levy on your Stoli Raz.

According to ABC News, distilled spirits currently get a (somewhat arbitrary?) tax break if they include flavors. But if Obama's budget proposal goes through, it will mark the end of the gravy train for fruity libations.

In the US, distilled spirits are taxed at $13.50 per "proof-gallon," the equivalent of a gallon of 100-proof liquor. But if distillers add flavorings, they can roll back some of that tax: specifically, up to 2.5 percent of the alcohol in those flavoring mixtures is exempt from the spirits tax.

While this rollback may not sound like much, the US Treasury says the existing tax break gives an unfair advantage to flavored liquors, particularly foreign products whose flavor quotients aren't as restricted as in the US.

This tax would be great for Jack Daniels — but not awesome for lovers of Absolut Ruby Red.


3. Tax on beards in Russia

This is an oldie but a goodie, in our books at least.

The Russian beard tax is a relic from the age of Peter the Great. In the late 1600s, clean-cut Pete set out to modernize Russia by getting everyone to shave their facial hair — we hope that there was a Movember exception?

But we digress.

Anyone who wanted to keep a beard was taxed by having to buy a token, which bore the phrase, "The beard is a superfluous burden."

Thankfully, this tax is no longer written law, but it merits a mention for its enduring absurdity — especially from a nation that has a climate comparable to the inside of a Good Humor truck.


4. Tax on cow flatulence in the EU

Environmentalists are trying to save the planet, one gassy cow at a time.

A key producer of methane, cow flatulence is a leading cause of global warming — accounting for approximately 18 percent of the world's greenhouse gasses. Cows' slow digestion, combined with their gas-producing diet of greens, causes excessive methane build-up around the globe. The issue is compounded by slaughterhouses, which store thousands of cows in one location, creating large clouds of methane.

As a result, Ireland, Denmark and other EU nations have started taxing cattle "byproducts" at varying rates. In Ireland, the tax is set to be $18 per cow, while Danish farmers will have to pay at a rate $110 per head.


5. Tax on beer in Israel

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu swore, under the shadow of significant belt-tightening in April, to double the country's tax on beer, from about 60 cents to $1.20 a bottle.

Pre-tax, the average price of beer in Israel was already pretty steep — ranging from a bar price of about $5 for a 12-ounce bottle of the most common local lagers, Goldstar and Maccabee, to about $8 for a fine microbrew or imported specialty.

The new tax proposal has, unsurprisingly, been panned by barkeeps and beer drinkers alike.

6. Tax on toy-less cereal in Canada

This one gets an honorable mention, though technically it is a tax exemption rather than a straight-up tax.

Yes, apparently in Canada, makers of children’s breakfast cereal are granted tax-exempt status if their cereals contain free toys.

Sounds cool, right? Here's the kicker — this exemption is limited to toys that are not “beer, liquor, or wine.” So don't expect a nip of Crown Royal in your Lucky Charms.

Normal, un-fun cereal, as well as the hypothetical cereal packed with alcoholic "toys" (Cap'n Krunk?), get taxed normally in Canada.


Common Forum / Funny & Interesting Facts
« on: June 19, 2013, 10:50:45 AM »
Please note that some of the 'facts' below have been proven false myths. An example is the duck's echo which does not echo (but proved that it does).

1.   It is impossible to lick your elbow (busted)
2.   A crocodile can't stick it's tongue out.
3.   A shrimp's heart is in it's head.
4.   People say "Bless you" when you sneeze because when you sneeze,your heart stops for a mili-second.
5.   In a study of 200,000 ostriches over a period of 80 years, no one reported a single case where an  ostrich buried its head in the sand.
6.   It is physically impossible for pigs to look up into the sky.
7.   A pregnant goldfish is called a twit. (busted?)
8.   More than 50% of the people in the world have never made or received a telephone call.
9.   Rats and horses can't vomit.
10.   If you sneeze too hard, you can fracture a rib.
11.   If you try to suppress a sneeze, you can rupture a blood vessel in your head or neck and die.
12.   If you keep your eyes open by force when you sneeze, you might pop an eyeball out.
13.   Rats multiply so quickly that in 18 months, two rats could have over a million descendants.
14.   Wearing headphones for just an hour will increase the bacteria in your ear by 700 times.
15.   In every episode of Seinfeld there is a Superman somewhere.


Common Forum / SDGs & MDGs
« on: June 19, 2013, 10:32:51 AM »
Sustainable Development Goals in short SDGs is another development objective like Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). After the year 2015 MDGs will replace with SDGs. MDGs aim to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education, reducing child mortality rates etc. 

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) refer to an agreement of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012 (Rio+20), to develop a set of future international development goals.


The current development agenda is centered on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that were officially established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations (UN) in 2000. The MDGs encapsulate eight globally agreed goals in the areas of poverty alleviation, education, gender equality and empowerment of women, child and maternal health, environmental sustainability, reducing HIV/AIDS and communicable diseases, and building a global partnership for development.

As the target date of the MDGs, 2015, is approaching, a debate on the framework of international development beyond 2015 has started. In this vein, 192 UN member states agreed at the Rio+20 summit to start a process of designing sustainable development goals, which are “action-oriented, concise and easy to communicate, limited in number, inspirational, global in nature and universally applicable to all countries while taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities”.
The Rio+20 outcome document, “The Future We Want”, also calls for the goals to be integrated into the UN’s post-2015 Development Agenda.
Current process

Since Rio+20 did not elaborate specific goals, a 30-member Open Working Group (OWG) was established on 22 January 2013 by the decision of the UN General Assembly. The OWG is tasked with preparing a proposal on the SDGs for consideration during the 68th session of the General Assembly, September 2013 – September 2014.

The OWG uses a constituency-based system of representation, which means that most of the seats in the working group are shared by several countries.

The Rio+20 outcome document states that, “at the outset, the OWG will decide on its methods of work, including developing modalities to ensure the full involvement of relevant stakeholders and expertise from civil society, the scientific community and the United Nations system in its work, in order to provide a diversity of perspectives and experience”.


Food / World's best foods.
« on: June 10, 2013, 04:09:07 PM »
1. Rendang, Indonesia

Beef is slowly simmered with coconut milk and a mixture of lemongrass, galangal, garlic, turmeric, ginger and chilies, then left to stew for a few hours to create this dish of tender, flavorful bovine goodness.

The Indonesian dish is often served at ceremonial occasions and to honored guests.

2. Nasi goreng, Indonesia

The wonder of combining rice with egg, chicken and prawns strikes again. The second fried rice to make the list.

3. Sushi, Japan

When Japan wants to build something right, it builds it really right. Brand giants such as Toyota, Nintendo, Sony, Nikon and Yamaha may have been created by people fueled by nothing more complicated than raw fish and rice, but it’s how the fish and rice is put together that makes this a global first-date favorite.

This perfect marriage between raw fish and rice has easily kept sushi in the top five. And like one reader, Nymayor, wrote, "Now to be fair, DELICIOUS can be simple."

4. Tom yam goong, Thailand

This Thai masterpiece teems with shrimp, mushrooms, tomatoes, lemongrass, galangal and kaffir lime leaves. Usually loaded with coconut milk and cream, the hearty soup unifies a host of favorite Thai tastes: sour, salty, spicy and sweet. Best of all is the price: cheap.

5. Pad thai, Thailand

Here's a food Thai people can't live without. Pad Thai is packed with nutrients stirred into one glorious fried-noodle dish. The secret's in the sauce -- tamarind paste. If anyone ever creates a Hall of Food Fame, that should be first on the list.

There are also 45 other dishes.


Badminton / Bangladesh Badminton Federation
« on: June 10, 2013, 03:42:15 PM »
Bangladesh Badminton Federation was stablished on 1972. Professore Mr. Md. Yousuf Ali was the first president who actively done his position from 1972 to 23/08/1976 and Mr. Shahidur Rahman kochi was the first active general secratary from 1972 to 23/07/1976.

Official website:

Place / The Kadisha Valley
« on: June 03, 2013, 02:42:28 PM »
The Kadisha Valley (also known as Qadisha Valley, Wadi Qadisha, Ouadi Qadisha, or وادي قاديشا in Arabic) is a valley that lies within the Becharre and Zgharta Districts of the North Governorate of Lebanon. The valley is a deep gorge carved by the Kadisha River, also known as the Nahr Abu Ali when it reaches Tripoli. Kadisha means "Holy" in Aramaic, and the valley, sometimes called the Holy Valley, has sheltered Christian monastic communities for many centuries.


Animals and Pets / The True Story of the Faithful Dog Hachiko
« on: May 09, 2013, 02:12:43 PM »
Akitas are considered to be among the most loyal of all dogs, and anyone who has heard the amazing true story of Hachiko won't disagree.

In January 1924 a professor at the Japanese Imperial University brought home a two-month old Akita puppy. Dr. Ueno named the pup Hachiko.

The following year was a wonderful time for Hachiko and his new master. Akitas are large dogs, and Hachiko grew to be over ninety pounds. This beautiful white dog accompanied Dr. Ueno to the Shibuya train station every morning, where Dr. Ueno would say goodbye to Hachiko and head to the university. And every day when Dr. Ueno returned home Hachiko would be waiting for him at the train station and the two would go home together. Anyone could see the powerful bond between the large Akita and his master.

If things had continued like this, the story would still be one of admirable faithfulness from a dog to its master. But that was not the fate of Dr. Ueno and his loyal Akita Hachiko.

May 21, 1925 was like any other day for the pair. In the morning, Professor Ueno left Hachiko at Shibuya Station. But when Hachiko returned to Shibuya Station in the evening, his master was nowhere to be found. Though Hachiko waited, Dr. Ueno never showed up.

Dr. Ueno had died from a stroke earlier that day.

Akitas are very loyal dogs and do not bond easily with new people. Hachiko was sent away to another area of Japan where there were relatives of Dr. Ueno's who could take care of him. Because Hachiko had only belonged to Dr. Ueno for a little over a year, they probably hoped that the Akita would make a new family with them. But Hachiko didn't care. He ran away from the family and returned to the train station to wait for his master. The family realized that they couldn't keep the big Akita dog from heading to Shibuya Station everyday, so they gave Hachiko to Dr. Ueno's old gardener who still lived in the area.

Every evening Hachiko would return to Shibuya Station and wait for Dr. Ueno to get off the six-o'clock train. And every day, Hachiko was disappointed. Still, he never missed a day of hoping that his master would return to him.

The commuters noticed the Akita waiting every day at the station. Some of them had known the pair when Dr. Ueno was still alive, and everyone who heard of Hachiko's story was touched. People petted him and gave him food. Months passed, then years. Still Hachiko kept his vigil. A newspaper heard of the dog's story and Hachiko became a Japanese celebrity. To commemorate his loyalty, a statue of the Akita was erected at Shibuya station. Hachiko was even present at the ceremony!

Despite the people's loving intentions, Hachiko basically lived as a stray. He would call no place home except where Dr. Ueno was, and since Dr. Ueno was nowhere, Hachiko had no home. He lived on the street, fought other dogs, and ate scraps and handouts. Hachiko got sick with worms and mange, but because so many people admired him he was given treatment by a veterinarian. Hachiko became an old, scarred dog, with one ear up and one ear down, and no longer looked like the purebred Akita that he was.

It was March, 1935 when Hachiko finally died. The old Akita was found in a Shibuya street. He had waited for his master for almost ten years. Many people were saddened by Hachiko's death, but others say that he was finally at peace and could go with his master wherever it is we go when we die. Hachiko's story of loyalty touched the hearts of many people all over the world. In Japan, his statue at Shibuya Station is still a popular meeting place. There is even a ceremony to remember Hachiko every year on April 8. A Japanese movie, Hachiko Monogatari, was made in 1987 and was considered a smash-hit.

This year, Hachiko will hit the big screen for the second time. The movie stars Richard Gere and is called Hachiko: A Dog's Story. Richard Gere plays the part of Dr. Ueno, and a Japanese Akita named Forest will play the part of Hachiko. Besides Richard Gere, Joan Allen and Jason Alexander will also have parts in the movie. A Dog's Story has some big differences separating it from the true story. For one, the movie is not set in Japan, but in Rhode Island, and in the movie Hachiko is originally a stray. Still, Hachiko: A Dog's Story will touch people's hearts and hopefully inspire them to discover the true story of this loyal Akita dog.


Daffodil International University has started two most exceptional and career oriented major subjects.

One of these two is "MBA Major in Real Estate". Daffodil International University is the pioneer in Real Estate education in Bangladesh. DIU is the only university who introduced Bachelor of Real Estate and MBA (Major in Real Estate) in Bangladesh.  Student who wants to build their career in real estate sector as a employee or as a entrepreneur there is no other educational institution who can provide this opportunity. Also the executives who are giving service in real estate sector, they can sharpen their knowledge and skill by attending this program. 
Photo source:

Another one is "Textile & Apparel Management & Merchandising". The largest source of economic growth factor of Bangladesh is exporting textiles. Textile industry provides huge employment opportunity. By attending major in Textile & Apparel Management & Merchandising one can have the opportunity to enter this sector. Also the textile engineers can gain the knowledge and skill to implement efficient management, costing techniques.
Photo source:

Additional information regarding MBA can be found in this link

For admission see this link

Travel / Visit / Tour / Amazon of Bangladesh
« on: November 13, 2012, 05:51:15 PM »
Ratargul swamp forest, a new travel destination of Bangladesh, situated in Sylhet district by the river of Goain. This evergreen forest is getting submerged under 20 to 30 feet water in some part during rainy season.


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