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Topics - Monir Hossan

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Nature Index is a database that records author affiliations and institutional relationships in natural sciences research. It tracks articles published in 82 reputable journals and provides a count and fractional share of publications at both institutional and national levels. The Index reflects the global output and collaboration in high-quality research and its data is updated regularly, with the latest 12 months available under a Creative Commons license.

🔹Daffodil International University has made its mark on the world of science and innovation by being ranked in the highly regarded Nature Index. This index showcases the finest in high-quality research and collaboration, and DIU is proud to be a part of it. Discover the cutting-edge science happening at DIU and see for yourself why they're leading the way!



DIU proved to be the best among all Private universities in Bangladesh in the Scopus Publication Ranking 2022. University of Dhaka (DU) has retained the highest position with 1293 (crossing 1200 milestones for the first time). Daffodil International University has surprisingly risen to the Second Highest contributor (899).

Daffodil International University, a promising private university in Bangladesh cultivates quality education and research for sustainable development of the teaching and learning practices of the university. The university has created a congenial environment for the faculty members and the students for doing research in a collaborative manner and networking with the local and foreign universities.


Daffodil International University achieves the Top Position in Bangladesh for the past six consecutive years (7th position in South Asia and 191st Globally) at "UI GreenMetric World University Rankings 2022".

Daffodil International University has been recognized as the most sustainable and environment friendly university in Bangladesh, according to the recently declared ‘UI GreenMetric World University Rankings 2022, released on December 12, 2022.

A total of 1050 universities from around the world participated and ranked in this year's GreenMetric rankings.


Rankings / DIU Ranked 5th in Bangladesh in QS Asia Rankings 2023
« on: April 27, 2023, 12:41:47 PM »
Daffodil International University (DIU) has achieved a prestigious position in the QS World University Rankings Asia 2023, released on November 8, 2022. Based on its outstanding performance and initiatives, QS has recognized Daffodil International University as one of the top 400 universities (351–400) in Asia among the 760 universities ranked this year. Besides, DIU has been ranked 78th among the universities in Southern Asia.

DIU has achieved fifth position among public & private universities and third among private universities in Bangladesh. In the 2023 edition, as a young university (established in 2002), Daffodil International University performed among the top 47% in the QS World University Rankings (Asia). This is not only a great achievement for Daffodil International University but for the country as well. This world ranking is offered mainly considering the quality education standards and research potentials of the ranked universities. DIU is recognized by QS as a "Highly Research-Intensive University."



Research valorisation is the process that adds value – social, environmental or economical – to research results. Knowledge is not only published but also transformed for users, customers and society, and such transformation calls upon knowledge and technology transfer (KTT).

KTT is part of the third mission of universities and is essential to research organisations. It requires a team, and it is risky and lengthy, but it can also be rewarding. All research fields, including humanities and social sciences, can engage in this process.

What you don’t know about IP protections – but should
Universities as business launchpads: creating spaces for enterprise to flourish
How faculty support and entrepreneurial programmes can boost research commercialisation
Here’s how it works:

1. Choose your objectives
Your institution might have specific objectives and a strategy for research valorisation. Its frame will come from the legal context, national strategy and your institution’s policies. A successful KTT demands a strong alignment between the institution’s and the researchers’ objectives. Your motivation must be clear: is it to make your research more visible and “useful”? To generate collaborations and jobs? To make money? To create your own company? To attract good students? To boost your reputation? Or something else? The impact of research valorisation on your career recognition could be limited. Many researchers fear that valorisation will impede their ability to publish, but it’s not publish or valorise; you can do both in parallel.

2. Know your rights
As a creator of knowledge, you are an author (of publications, software, databases, algorithms or methods), an inventor (of technological solutions to technological problems) or a contributor to specific know-how. Your activity will create intellectual assets. Intellectual property (IP) is inevitable; it exists de facto (such as for software). So, you can try to ignore it, but it’s more professional to manage it. It’s all about appropriation and granting rights.

In most countries, the ownership of researchers’ creations goes to their employer. The creators nevertheless have many rights, including paternity (which is the right to request that communication about the creation mentions you as the inventor/creator) and financial incentives in the case of commercial exploitation; they are also often entitled to use research results IP to create a new company (spin-off). You must refer to your organisation’s legal framework and regulations.

To know more and make progress, you must contact an authority: your office in charge of research valorisation. Such offices may have various names. You may look for an office or department for valorisation, tech transfer, knowledge transfer, IP management or licensing. Those may be part of your organisation’s administration, the legal department, the research department or the rectorate or may even be in an external subsidiary. The common international name is KTO/TTO (knowledge/tech transfer office).

3. Build your team
The process of research valorisation is complex and requires skills that cannot be brought together in one person. You have to build a team that will provide you with all the necessary support for R&D activities, IP protection, understanding the users and negotiating. This team might include students, peers, partners, service providers and your KTO, which will oversee the whole process and liaise with relevant stakeholders. Your innovation ecosystem is crucial. Your transfer project might involve funding/innovation agencies, incubators, industrial or public partners or associations. Your core team must include a KTT professional (from your KTO), completed by an adviser or expert in the field of use of your results.

As the creator of those results, you are hugely valuable not only on the scientific side but also in identifying potential applications and partners.

4. Use the right tools
The first step is to inform your university through a simple formal procedure or document called an “invention disclosure”. Keep in mind that all sorts of results can be transferred, not only inventions. Although ideas circulate freely, several results can be protected: know-how, algorithms, inventions, devices, design, molecules or software, for example.

Explain what your results are, why they are original, what problems they address and the potential beneficiaries. Many KTOs have templates and can help you complete them based on your initial disclosure.

This is the basis for a “valorisation and exploitation plan”, which will help you throughout the process and can be used to get public funding for proof of concept, for example.

The IP protection strategy is a major issue. IP protection is compatible with publication (but you have to do it in the right order to avoid novelty destruction), open science and open-source policy. Protection can combine using IP tools (such as patents, copyright or trademarks) and maintaining confidentiality (secrecy). Discuss it with your KTO.

Once IP is protected, granting rights to a third party is possible through all kinds of licences, from a business use with financial objectives to a non-commercial use aimed at social impact, for instance.

The valorisation strategy must be built by the team, in accordance with your institution’s rules and policy. The pathway to effective transfer and use of your research results can include public funding, and sometimes the creation of a spin-off. Researchers are essential to this process, and support is available and necessary for you.

Written by: Christophe Haunold who is the head of the Partnership, Knowledge and Technology Transfer Office at the University of Luxembourg. He is also president of ASTP, the association of knowledge transfer professionals in Europe.



Most academic activities involve competitive selection and quality control, meaning that you hear “no” more often than “yes”. Trying to get an article published in a peer-reviewed journal is no exception. Of course, it lessens the sting of rejection if you think it is unfair, but that “no” gives you a chance to think carefully about the quality of what you wrote.

If your article follows the standard model in the humanities, it is written by one person and submitted to a peer-reviewed journal. The editor then anonymises it and sends it to two reviewers, whose identity is not revealed to you. Crowd-sourced peer review has stayed marginal in humanities subjects. The problem may be that it takes time to review a text-based article properly, so sharing it across many readers is less efficient, despite the increased objectivity of that approach.

Some journals commit to a quick review process, say three months, but others might keep you waiting for a year. This depends on how quickly they can find reviewers who are available at the right time. Eventually you will receive an email telling you the outcome, with or without feedback.

Understanding peer review: what it is, how it works and why it is important
How thought leadership can build your institution’s reputation online
Making practice publishable: a journal article-cum-podcast
If you receive a rejection, the first step is to see it as a form of feedback: firm and unpleasant but clear. You have written something with readers in mind, so readers’ responses are your guide. Many people only submit an article after they have discussed it with a critical friend or a mentor, and post-rejection it is all the more important that you turn again to others. They can tell you if there are flaws in your argument, or if you should try another approach.

Rejection without feedback
If you have had no feedback from the editor (and some will refuse to enter into correspondence), then send your article somewhere else, as it might not fit the profile of that journal. When choosing your next target for submission, look carefully at its editorial board. Some people serve on several journals at once, and the point of submitting elsewhere is that you are looking for new readers.

Rejection with feedback
If you have received written comments, read them carefully. Your reviewers are your first, and possibly your most thorough, readers. Some editors ask the reviewer for two sets of comments. One set is for the editorial board, and the other is for the author. This reminds reviewers to be kind as well as thorough. Not everyone is that considerate. If feedback is blunt, remember that these people do not know you.

Request your own feedback from the right people
A critical friend is someone you trust, not necessarily in your area of expertise. They will challenge you safely, in confidence. They are not the social media connection who will leap to your defence in public without reading what you wrote.

You have now reached the rewriting stage.

Look hard at your objectives
Why did you write this article? Is it part of a developing project? Is it an experimental piece? The comments will tell you how it comes across. If they ask for more development, then should your revised version be longer? Or more concise?

Dismantle, then rebuild
Pull apart your plan and lay out its components. I once rewrote an article by keeping the theory and replacing an obscure primary source with one that was better known. It meant that the ideas appealed to more readers because the article was more accessible.

Follow the style sheet
A first submission should follow the journal’s style guide to the letter. This takes time, but it will earn goodwill. Journals discourage multiple submissions (when someone submits the same paper to several journals at once) and using the house style shows commitment.

Revise and resubmit
A “revise and resubmit” is not a rejection. You are invited to act on detailed advice from reviewers who see merit in your work and who want to improve it. When you resubmit your paper, the editor will show it to the same reviewers. Therefore, follow their recommendations carefully.

If in doubt, consult the editor. I have resubmitted an article explaining by email why I could not implement one of the suggestions, and that was fine. Another time, I asked an editor to decide which reviewer recommendation I should follow and which to drop. If doubts remain after resubmission, the editor can ask a third reviewer.

Try again
If you view rejection as a form of feedback that gives you time and space to improve your work, you will be on the right track. Try again and you will probably succeed.

Written by: Catherine Léglu who is the vice-rector for academic affairs at the University of Luxembourg.


Research Publications / DIU awarded its researchers in 2022
« on: September 20, 2022, 12:42:32 PM »

To celebrate about 500 Scopus indexed research publications in 2021 and to recognize the scholarly contributions of the faculty members, students and alumni, the Division of Research of Daffodil International University organized the “Research Award Giving Ceremony 2022” on 23rd March, 2022at the International Conference Hall of the University, Daffodil Smart City, Ashulia, Dhaka.

Prof. Dr. Biswajit Chanda, Member, University Grants Commission of Bangladesh (UGC) was present at the program as the chief guest. The program was also addressed by Dr. Md. Sabur Khan, Chairman, Board of Trustees, DIU, Professor Dr. M. Lutfar Rahman, Vice Chancellor of DIU, Professor Dr. SM MahbubUlHaqueMajumder, Pro Vice Chancellor of DIU and Prof. Dr. Md. Kabirul Islam, Director, Division of Research, DIU. Among others, Professor Dr. Engr. AKM Fazlul Hoque, Registrar, all Deans of Faculties, Head of the Departments and allFaculty members were present at the program.

At the outset, Prof. Dr. Md. Kabirul Islam, Director, Division of Research delivered the welcome address and a presentation on DIU’s recent research achievements and declared the names of the special awardees based on the Scopus indexed quality publications in 2021.

Prof. Dr. Kudrat-E-Khuda Babu, Head, Department of Law and Nurul Mohammad Zayed, Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administrationindividually achieved Best Research Award 2022 in recognition of their good number of publications in high indexed journals. Besides, two students of DIU: Md. Mominur Rahman, Department of Pharmacy and F.M. Javed Mehedi Shamrat, Department of Software Engineering were individually awarded as ‘Best Student Research Award 2022’.

On the other hand, the Department of Public Health; Department of Pharmacy, Department of Business Administration achieved Best Department Research Award 2022 for their quality publications and research networking and Department of Computer Science & Engineering got the Best Department Research Award 2022 for involving highest number of students in research and publications. The awardees received a certificate and financial incentives for their scholarly work.

Dr. Md.Sabur Khan in his speech focused on social and commercial impacts and branding. He urged the researchers to focus on getting patent of their intellectual innovation and research work.He requested UGC to work with the government to consider the possibility of authorizing capable private universities to award PhD degree by fixing relevant KPI to ensure quality and capability.

News link:

Rankings / DIU Ranked Within Top 500 Global Universities by U-MultiRank 2022
« on: September 20, 2022, 12:25:53 PM »

DIU achieves a prestigious overall position 490th among global universities- released by U-Multirank 2022 on 21 June. Besides, in the subject-wise ranking category, DIU’s Computer Science & Engineering achieved 248th position among 396 universities; Civil Engineering achieved 176th position among 215 universities and Electrical Engineering achieved 149th position among 308 universities. DIU is the only university from Bangladesh to participate in this year’s ranking.

The multi-dimensional approach of U-Multirank compares the performance of universities across a range of different activities based on five performance criteria: Teaching and Learning, Research, Knowledge Transfer, International Orientation and Regional Engagement. Both local and international students can make better informed choices about what, or where to study based on their preference.

It is worth mentioning that the MIT, California Institute of Technology,University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Cardiff University, University of Leeds, etc. are also in this year’s ranking list. A total of 2202 global universities have been included in the ranking list.


Daffodil International University (DIU) has been recognized as the most environment-friendly university in Bangladesh as per the ‘UI GreenMetric World University Rankings 2021.’

In the current year, the University also attained the top position in the country for the fifth consecutive year and175thglobally among 956 Universities. It is another milestone of DIU’s constant commitment towards ensuring an international standard educational environment in compliance with the sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the UN which positively impacts the students, society and environment as well.

The UI GreenMetric measures the contributions of the registered universities towards environmental sustainability and SDGs through research nationally and internationally.

A total of 956 universities from across the world took part and ranked in this year’s GreenMetric rankings.

The full list of rankings can be available from

the website:

News link:

Rankings / DIU tops in Bangladeshi in THE Impact Rankings 2022
« on: September 20, 2022, 12:19:21 PM »

As per Times Higher Education (THE) Impact Rankings results 2022 Daffodil International University (DIU) has obtained top position among Bangladeshi Universities and a prestigious position in the range of 301 to 400 among 1406 universities worldwide, a press release said.

It is worth mentioning that DIU is placed first among twelve Public and Private universities ranked from Bangladesh. THE Impact rankings measured the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals attained by the participated universities and ranked accordingly.

Obtaining 70 percent score in Partnership for the Goals (SDG 17) is another milestone of DIU in this year’s THE Impact Rankings.  It signifies strong collaboration and relationships with the national and international organizations and the Government of Bangladesh to carry out academic and research activities, and address social, environmental and economic issues through partnerships.



Daffodil International University (DIU) has achieved a prestigious position in QS Asia University Rankings-2022, released on 2 November, 2021. Based on the outstanding performance and initiatives, QS have recognized Daffodil International University as one of the top 400 (351-400) universities in Asia among 675 university ranked this year. DIU has achieved 3rd position among private universities in Bangladesh. In the 2022 edition, as a young university, (established in 2002) Daffodil International University performed among the top 52% in the QS World University Rankings (Asia). This is not only a great achievement for Daffodil International University but for the country as well. This world ranking is offered mainly considering the quality education standard and research potentials of the ranked universities. DIU is recognized as the HIGH RESEARCH INTENSITY UNIVERSITY by QS.


Bangladesh is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. There is political stability under a democratic system. Inflation is steady because of good monetary and fiscal management. Bangladesh has never defaulted, not even for a dollar. Building a knowledge-based economy is a key priority. In addition to that, the country is highly focused on investment. Bangladesh sees the creation of an open, predictable and competitive climate for private investment as an obvious step towards achieving its development goals.

A business operates within an environment decided by the economic, political, technological, social and legal conditions that exist in a country. So Bangladesh has been working to create a modern business climate through reforms in all spheres, diagnosing and correcting every procedure that has an impact on business.

The handbook will be a useful resource for the faculty and students of business and entrepreneurship arena.

The detail handbook can be read here:

ডিজিটাল লুটপাটের আরেক নাম ‘অনলাইন পাইরেসি’

সমাজের ভালো দিকগুলো দেখার একটা চমৎকার সুযোগ এনে দিয়েছে এই বৈশ্বিক মহামারি। করোনা রোগীদের সেবা করতে গিয়ে ডাক্তার ও সেবিকারা ভয়ংকর ঝুঁকিপূর্ণ জীবনযাপন করছেন। শিক্ষকরা অনলাইনের মাধ্যমে শিক্ষার্থীদেরকে শিক্ষা দিতে গিয়ে বিরামহীন পরিশ্রম করছেন। অনেক স্বেচ্ছাসেবী রাতদিন শুধু মাস্ক সেলাই করছেন আর বিতরণ করছেন যাতে মরনঘাতী ভাইরাসটির ছড়িয়ে পড়া ঠেকানো যায়।

আর আমরা যারা অবশিষ্ট রয়েছি তারা কী করছি? সঠিক কাজই করছি। অর্থাৎ ঘরে বসে থেকে পছন্দের মুভি ও টেলিভিশন শো দেখছি। এর বাইরেও কিছু লোক রয়েছে যারা এই ভয়ংকর দুর্যোগের মুহূর্তকে কাজে লাগিয়ে ফায়দা লোটার চেষ্টা করছে।

আমরা জানি কোনো কিছুর দাম নিয়ে বিক্রেতাদের সঙ্গে ডিল করার সুনির্দিষ্ট আইন রয়েছে। তারপরও কিছু মানুষ অতিরিক্ত লাভের জন্য ডিজিটাল পাইরেসির সঙ্গে যুক্ত হয়ে পড়ছে। তারা লাখ লাখ মুভি, টেলিভিশন শো, গান, ই-বুক ইত্যাদি অনলাইন থেকে চুরি করে অন্যের কাছে বিক্রি করে দিচ্ছে। কিছু মানুষের কঠোর পরিশ্রমের ফল এভাবে বেহাত হয়ে যাচ্ছে। এতে বিনোদন খাতের অনেক মানুষ ক্ষতিগ্রস্ত হচ্ছে। বেকার হয়ে পড়ছে অনেক কর্মী।

অনলাইন পাইরেসি আর কিছুই নয়, ডিজিটাল লুটপাট ছাড়া। এ ধরনের অনৈতিক কার্যকলাপ বন্ধের জন্য এখনই নীতিনির্ধারকদের সোচ্চার হওয়া উচিত। বিশেষ করে নতুন স্বাভাবিক জীবনে যারা নাটক, চলচ্চিত্র, গান, ই-বুক ইত্যাদি তৈরি করবেন তাদেরকে সুরক্ষা দেওয়া উচিত।

যদিও ডিজিটাল পাইরেসি নতুন কোনো বিষয় নয়, তবে এই মহামারির সময়ে সবাই যখন ঘরে বসে নানা ধরনের বিনোদন খুঁজছে, তখন এই ডিজিটাল লুটেরাদের তৎপরতা বেড়ে গেছে। যুক্তরাষ্ট্রের ‘মুশো’ নামের একটি পাইরেসি সনাক্তকারী প্রতিষ্ঠান দেখিয়েছে যে মহামারি শুরু হওয়ার প্রথম দিকে মুভি পাইরেসির পরিমাণ ৪৩ শতাংশ বৃদ্ধি পেয়েছে। অপরদিকে গুগল সার্চ ইঞ্জিনে ভিডিও পাইরেসি সাইট ‘সোপটুডে’র সার্চের পরিমাণ গত বছরের মধ্য এপ্রিলের চেয়ে এ বছর ৫০ শতাংশ বেড়েছে। এই সাইটে মূলত বিনামূল্যে মুভি, টেলিভিশন শো, থিয়েটার শো ইত্যাদি দেখা যায়। বলার অপেক্ষা রাখে না, এই সাইটের অধিকাংশ কনটেন্টই চুরি করা। এই সাইট যারা পরিচালনা করেন তারা কোনো ধরনের সাবস্ক্রিপশন ফি ছাড়াই এবং পপ-আপ বিজ্ঞাপন ছাড়াই অর্থ উপার্জন করছেন।

এমনকি মানুষ যখন হলিউডের সর্বশেষ মুভি দেখার জন্য স্ট্রিমিং করছে তখন তারা (অনলাইন লুটেরা) অনৈতিক পন্থায়, অবৈধভাবে সেসব মুভির কোড চুরি করছে। ফলে নেটফ্লেক্স, এইচবিও, ডিজনি প্লাস, হুলু এবং অ্যামাজন প্রাইমের দর্শকরা চলে যাচ্ছে ওইসব অবৈধ সাইটে। এই চৌর্যবৃত্তির ফলে ভিডিও নির্মাতাদের টিকে থাকা কঠিন হয়ে পড়ছে।

বিশ্বে এখন ১৪০টির মতো স্ট্রিমিং সাইট রয়েছে যারা বিভিন্ন মূল্যে গ্রাহকের কাছে ভিডিও সরবরাহ করে থাকে। মূল্য দিয়ে ক্রয় করা ছাড়া গ্রাহকের কাছে অন্যকোনো আইনি বিকল্প ছিল না। কিন্তু এখন অনলাইন দস্যুদের কারণে স্ট্রিমিং প্রতিষ্ঠানগুলোর টিকে থাকা হুমকির মুখে পড়েছে।

গত বছর শুধু অনলাইন ভিডিও পাইরেসির কারণে যুক্তরাষ্ট্র ২৯ দশমিক ২ বিলিয়ন রাজস্ব হারিয়েছে। চাকরি হারিয়েছে ২ লাখ ৩০ হাজার মানুষ। আর জিডিপি হ্রাস পেয়েছে ৪৭ দশমিক ৫ বিলিয়ন।

সন্দেহ নেই, এই অনলাইন পাইরেসির কারণে যুক্তরাষ্ট্রের বিনোদন খাত বিলিয়ন বিলিয়ন ডলার রাজস্ব হারাচ্ছে। চাকরি হারাচ্ছে এই খাতের লাখ লাখ কর্মী। আদালতকে এখনই স্বপ্রণোদিত হয়ে এইসব পাইরেসি বন্ধ করতে হবে। যুক্তরাষ্ট্রারের নীতি নির্ধারকরা ইন্টারনেট স্টেকহোল্ডারদের সঙ্গে বসে একত্রে এই সমস্যার সমাধান করেতে পারে। সার্চ ইঞ্জিন রেগুলেটরি ইচ্ছা করলেই অবৈধ লিংকগুলো ওয়েবপেজ থেকে অপসারণ করতে পারে।

কংগ্রেসের বিচার বিভাগের উচিত হবে অবৈধ বিদেশি সাইটগুলোর তালিকা তৈরি করা এবং অনলাইন পাইরেসির সঙ্গে যারা জড়িত তাদেরকে আইনের আওতায় আনতে নির্দেশনা প্রদান করা।


DIU Achieves THE Impact Rankings-2020 for the second Consecutive year

Five Bangladeshi private universities made it to the second edition of the Times Higher Education's pioneering Impact Rankings, which assess the social and economic impact of universities, using metrics based on the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals.

According to the report published on April 22, Brac University and Daffodil International University ranked 301–400, United International University and World University of Bangladesh ranked 401–600 while Independent University, Bangladesh, ranked 601+.

Last year in the first edition of The Times Higher Education Impact Rankings, Daffodil International University ranked 201–300 and World University of Bangladesh ranked 301.

The rankings are the only global performance table that assess universities against the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It use carefully calibrated indicators to provide comprehensive and balanced comparisons across three broad areas: research, outreach and stewardship.

The second edition included 766 universities from 85 countries.

The list is once again led by New Zealand's University of Auckland, while three Australian universities complete the rest of the top four: University of Sydney, Western Sydney University and La Trobe University.

Japan is the most-represented nation in the table with 63 institutions, followed by Russia's 47 and Turkey's 37.

Research Publications / Be aware of Predatory Journals
« on: March 12, 2020, 04:57:41 PM »
Predatory publishing, sometimes called write-only publishing or deceptive publishing, is an exploitive academic publishing business model that involves charging publication fees to authors without checking articles for quality and legitimacy and without providing the other editorial and publishing services that legitimate academic journals provide, whether open access or not. They are regarded as predatory because scholars are tricked into publishing with them, although some authors may be aware that the journal is poor quality or even fraudulent. New scholars from developing countries are said to be especially at risk of being misled by predatory publishers. According to one study, 60% of articles published in predatory journals receive no citations over the five-year period following publication.

The link to check whether any journal is predatory or not, please visit the following link:

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