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10 things that parents should never say to their children...
1.  “You’re useless” or “You’re a failure”
It’s shocking how many parents say this to their children in a fit of anger.

2. “I know what’s best for you”
As a parent, you might feel like you really do know what’s best for your children, but using this phrase is not at all effective in convincing them that you're right.

3. “Because I said so!”This is another phrase that’s unlikely to be persuasive.
Parents need to establish boundaries for their children, but “Because I said so” isn’t enough reason for children to be convinced that staying within those boundaries is a good idea.
4. “I told you so”It’s tempting for parents to say this when it turns out that their advice that their children had ignored was, in fact, correct.
If you’re a parent, I urge you to refrain from using this phrase. Saying “I told you so” is sure to annoy your children and to cause strain in the relationship.

5. “So clever!”Here are some instances where parents might exclaim “So clever!”:
A two-year-old keeps his or her toys after playing with them
A three-year-old says “Thank you” after receiving a present
A 12-year-old decides to learn about Einstein’s theory of relativity
Parents should emphasize character and values, while not neglecting the worth of hard work and a love for learning.
When parents praise their child, they should be specific, rather than just saying "So clever!"
For example, they could say "That was kind of you to help that lady carry her groceries" or "That was generous of you to share your toys with your friend".

6. “Why can’t you be more like…”
It’s natural for parents to draw comparisons to other children, but doing so can cause psychological damage to their own children.

7. “I wish you weren’t my son/daughter”
Some parents say this when they’re feeling especially frustrated or upset with their children.

8. “You’re such a terrible boy/girl!”
Children have a strange way of becoming the kind of person that their parents, as well as those closest to them, imagine them to be.

9. “You always…” or “You never…”
When trying to correct their child’s behaviour, it’s much more effective for parents to point out specific instances or examples, rather than tell their child that “You always forget to do your chores” or “You never keep your promises”.

10.“Don’t argue with me”
When parents say this during a disagreement, they cause their child to feel even angrier and less willing to obey or compromise.
Parents should reason with their child and explain their perspective calmly. It’s crucial that parents don’t lose their cool!

In closing…
As a parent, you have the ability to powerfully influence your children’s future and destiny.
What a noble yet daunting responsibility!
To all of you parents reading this article: I know you’re up to the challenge.

Faculty Forum / bedbugs......... ছার পোকা.........
« on: September 24, 2012, 09:19:06 PM »
Five ways to stop bedbugs before they bite........

Bedbugs are souvenirs you don’t want to bring home from your holiday in Bali , Thailand or anywhere else. But these irritating creatures that are incredibly difficult to eradicate are finding their way into travelers suitcases and returning home with them.  Getting rid of them is expensive and often requires the house to be evacuated for a few days due to noxious chemicals. Some people have even had to throw out mattresses and bedding.

Missy Henriksen, the Vice President of Public Affairs for the National Pest Management Association in the United States, recently gave these tips in an interview to Caroline Morse of Smart Travel.

Check Your Room. If you don't want to let the bedbugs bite, thoroughly inspect your room for signs of infestation. Henriksen advises placing your luggage in the bathroom when you first arrive in your hotel room, because there's no place for bedbugs to hide in most bathrooms. Next, says Henriksen, "Pull back the sheets and inspect the mattress seams, particularly at the corners, for pepper-like stains or spots or even the bugs themselves. Adult bedbugs resemble a flat apple seed." Also look behind the headboard, inside chair and couch cushions, behind picture frames, and around electrical outlets. If you see anything suspicious, notify management and change rooms (or better yet, establishments) immediately.

Request A Different Room. If you do have to change rooms, don't move to a room adjacent to or directly above or below the site of the bedbug infestation. "Bedbugs can easily hitchhike via housekeeping carts and luggage or even through wall sockets," notes Henriksen. "If an infestation is spreading, it typically does so in the rooms closest to the origin."

Cover Your Bags. Even if you don't see any signs of bedbugs, you should still take precautions. Never place luggage on a hotel bed or floor. Use luggage racks if available, and place your suitcase in a protective cover. Even a plastic trash bag will suffice.

Keep Everything Off the Floor. Despite the name, bedbugs lurk in many spots, not just where you sleep. Always be vigilant when you travel. Avoid putting your personal belongings on the floor of an airplane, bus, train, or taxi. Keep your small bag or purse on your lap at all times, and seal your bigger bags inside plastic or protective covers before checking or storing them in overhead bins.

Treat Your Luggage and Clothes After Travel. "The best way to prevent bedbugs is to remain vigilant both during travel and once you return home," says Henriksen. The National Pest Management Association offers the following checklist to make sure you leave the bedbugs behind:
    •    Inspect your suitcases before bringing them into the house, and vacuum all luggage before storing it.
    •    Consider using a handheld garment steamer to steam your luggage; this can kill any bedbugs or eggs that might have hitched a ride home.
    •    Immediately wash and dry all of your clothes—even those that have not been worn—in hot temperatures to ensure that any stowaway bedbugs are not transported into your drawers or closet.
    •    Keep clothes that must be dry-cleaned in a plastic bag and take them to the dry cleaner as soon as possible.
    •    If you suspect a bedbug infestation in your home, contact a licensed pest professional promptly. Bedbugs are not a DIY pest, and the longer you wait, the larger the infestation will grow. A trained professional has the tools and knowledge to effectively treat your infestation.


Faculty Forum / Alzheimer's Drug Shows Some Promise in Trials
« on: August 29, 2012, 10:44:06 PM »
An experimental drug is showing some promise in slowing the decline in thinking and memory that comes with Alzheimer's disease, especially in people with milder forms of the illness.

Drug maker Eli Lilly & Co. announced Friday that solanezumab did not slow mental decline in each of two phase 3 clinical trials, but when the data from the two studies was combined a statistically significant and positive effect was seen. This effect seemed to be concentrated in patients with mild cases of Alzheimer's, the company said.

"We recognize that the solanezumab studies did not meet their primary endpoints, but we are encouraged by the pooled data that appear to show a slowing of cognitive [thinking/memory] decline," Lilly chairman, CEO and president John Lechleiter said in a company news release.

Because neither trial met its hoped-for main goal, U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval may still be a ways off, experts noted. But Lilly said it plans to continue to study the drug and, in the meantime, Lechleiter said the company "will discuss these data with regulatory authorities to gain their insights on potential next steps."

In a statement, the Alzheimer's Association said extending the trial is good news because "people who were in the phase 3 trials will have an opportunity to continue taking the drug. This will give us further insight into the effects of this drug over a longer period of time."

According to the Alzheimer's Association, more than 5.4 million Americans are living with Alzheimer's disease and that number is expected to rise. While certain medications can temporarily ease symptoms, there is no effective treatment that slows, stops or reverses the mental decline associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Solanezumab is a monoclonal antibody, a naturally occurring human antibody that is genetically tweaked in a laboratory and then cloned in large numbers and introduced back into the patient to target disease. The drug targets amyloid beta protein plaques in the brain. These deposits have long been linked with Alzheimer's disease, although it's been unclear if they are merely associated with the disease or help to cause it.

The two phase 3 clinical trials of solanezumab lasted 18 months and included more than 2,050 patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease from 16 countries around the world. More results from the trials are expected to be released at two medical meetings to be held in October, Lilly said.

The Alzheimer's Association called the solanezumab findings "encouraging."

"If this finding can be duplicated, it suggests that an Alzheimer's therapy targeting beta amyloid can have a beneficial effect on cognitive abilities in people with mild to moderate Alzheimer's," the group said in its statement. "That would be a major step forward in the fight against Alzheimer's disease."

One expert remained cautious, however.

"It's a soft finding at this point in time," said Dr. Ronald Petersen, a neurologist with Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., and chair of the federal Advisory Council on Alzheimer's Research, Care and Services. He said the effect seen in the trials was "a bit subtle, but it seems to be real and it may in fact mean that the drug is doing what it's supposed to do."

However, he added that "the conundrum in the field remains that treating patients with established dementia due to Alzheimer's disease may be too late." For many patients with Alzheimer's disease, "we may be in fact trying to intervene after sufficient damage is done in the brain that we really cannot reverse it," Petersen said.

Original Source: Aug. 24, 2012, news releases, Eli Lilly and Co., Indianapolis; Alzheimer's Association; Ronald Petersen, M.D., neurologist, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., and chair, Advisory Council on Alzheimer's Research, Care and Services

Artical source:

Rheumatoid Arthritis  (বাতের ব্যাথা) is very common in our people. But research indicate that Rheumatoid Arthritis May Raise Risk of Heart Rhythm Disorder..............
People with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk for a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation, a new study finds.

The research involved more than 4 million people, including more than 18,000 with RA, in Denmark, who were followed for an average of five years.

Among RA patients, women had a slightly higher risk of atrial fibrillation than men, according to the study published online March 8 on BMJ.

The researchers also found that people with RA had a more than 30 percent higher risk of stroke than those in the general population.

Previous research has linked RA to an increased risk of heart attacks, heart failure and stroke. This study finds that RA is also associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation, which is associated with greater long-term risk of heart failure, stroke and death.

New guidelines recommend that patients with RA should undergo annual screening for cardiovascular risk factors, and this should include screening for atrial fibrillation, the researchers from Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte said in a journal release.

The researchers also noted that since inflammation plays a role in the development of atrial fibrillation and stroke, inflammation control is important for people with RA not only to alleviate joint symptoms, but also to reduce the need for drugs that may adversely impact heart health.

Original Source: BMJ, news release, March 8, 2012

Artical source:


People trying to quit smoking are three times more likely to succeed if they eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, according to a new study.

Pubic health researchers at the University at Buffalo also found a diet rich in produce helps people remain smoke-free longer.

"Other studies have taken a snapshot approach, asking smokers and nonsmokers about their diets," Gary Giovino, chairman of the Department of Community Health and Health Behavior, said in a university news release. "We knew from our previous work that people who were abstinent from cigarettes for less than six months consumed more fruits and vegetables than those who still smoked. What we didn't know was whether recent quitters increased their fruit and vegetable consumption or if smokers who ate more fruits and vegetables were more likely to quit."

The study, published in the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research, revealed that smokers who ate the most fruit and vegetables were three times more likely to have not smoked for at least 30 days at the time of the follow-up call than those eating the least amount of produce. The researchers noted this was true even after they took into account the smokers' age, gender, race and ethnicity, education, income and motivation to be healthy.

The study also found smokers who ate more fruits and vegetables smoked fewer cigarettes daily, waited longer to smoke their first cigarette of the day and were less dependent on nicotine.

The researchers noted that fruits and vegetables worsen the taste of cigarettes, and that could help explain why they help smokers quit.

"It is also possible that fruits and vegetables give people more of a feeling of satiety or fullness so that they feel less of a need to smoke, since smokers sometimes confuse hunger with an urge to smoke," Haibach said.

"It's possible that an improved diet could be an important item to add to the list of measures to help smokers quit,"

Original source:University at Buffalo, news release, June 2012

Departments / What Causes Hearing Loss?
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:35:12 PM »
You may develop hearing loss if your inner ear or auditory nerve is damaged, or something builds up in your ears and prevents the passage of sound waves.

The website mentions these common causes of hearing loss:

    Being exposed over long periods to loud noise.

    Having certain infections or illnesses.

    Taking certain medications.

    Suffering a major blow or injury to the head.

    Having a family history of hearing loss.


Departments / Natural Tips for Curing Acne
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:31:48 PM »
Acne is one of the major problems of most of the women of the world and it is one of the most embarrassing problems as well and women always try to look for some ways by which they can cure the acne problem.

Acne if not cured at the starting level can be really troublesome for you and it should be necessary for you to cure it at the starting level and avoid the later problems that leave drastic results on your skin.

Acne can be treated at home but it demands special care from your side and every woman will surely give this care because it is the matter of their skin.

  1.  Honey has got some really fantastic anti-bacterial properties so it is best to keep your skin away from germs, for applying honey on your skin always go for some facial mask in which mix honey with some natural ingredients and apply it twice a week.

  2.  Make a habit to wash your face with anti-acne soap for twice a day and usually sulfur based soaps proved to best for the skin with acne and they are also easily available in the market.

   3. Your hairs also contains some oils and other extracts which can affect you skin so if you have long hairs then try to keep them away from your face especially the areas which is affected by acne.

   4. Citrus lime juice and rose water are two best natural things which can help in curing acne and for the best results mix equal parts lemon juice and rose water and apply directly on your skin, may be you get some irritation initially but then by the time it will get normal. The results can be really fantastic if you apply it almost 3 times a week.

  5.  Aloe Vera is another natural product which has proved it to be the best against the acne problems. For using it on your skin cut the full leaf from the aloe vera plant and then cut the slit down the middle and allow the yellow jelly type of material to drain outside, apply this liquid directly on your skin and repeat this procedure every day to get the best results.

 6.  Vitamin A is best for acne problems and carrot is the natural product that is full with Vitamin A so you should eat as much carrots as you can in your daily routine if you have got acne problems and even don’t have such problem, eat carrots for the better eye sight.

  7.  Don’t try to pimp or squeeze the blackheads because they can leave drastic stains on your face thus leaving your darker than before.

  8.  Zinc is the best anti bacterial agent so you should also take zinc rich foods in order to stay away from all such acne problems and make your skin fresh and young for long time.

These were some of the very effective methods by which you can cure the acne problems and leave your skin healthy, fresh and clear so a little effort can make you look good and it would be better to take some time out of your routine for such procedures.


Faculty Forum / Avoid Eye Strain When Using Computers
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:24:01 PM »
If you spend most of your weekday sitting in front of a video display terminal, you've probably noticed that using a computer can be a pain in the neck, the eyes and almost every other part of your body!

It's no wonder computers cause eye strain. Studies have shown that computer users tend to stare at a glowing screen without blinking for much longer periods than do people who use typewriters. This is why many people using computers experience dry eye problems. In addition, computer screens reflect a great deal of glare - from windows, overhead lights and even the user's own bright clothing. Finally, many computer users sit practically face-to-face with the monitor.

Whether you spend every day or only a few hours a week using a computer, there are steps you can (and should) take to reduce the physical strains from computer use.

Steps to follow, when using a computer:

   1.  Have a thorough eye examination. While everyone should have their eyes checked once a year, annual eye exams are especially important for computer users.

   2.  Follow the "20/20 rule." Keep your face at least 20 inches from the screen and pause every 20 minutes or so to look around the room, so your eyes can focus on distant objects. Regular eye exercise helps prevent eye strain.

    3. Place all materials you are working with at the same distance as the screen. This reduces strain of your eyes and neck.

   4.  Make sure you have a glare screen, which should block glare without making the characters on the monitor appear fuzzy. Also if possible, move or adjust the computer screen to avoid reflections from windows or indoor lights.

   5. Sit on a stable, comfortable, adjustable chair. If it is possible to put the keyboard a few inches below the desktop, for example, with an adjustable table, or by using a center drawer of a desk for a pullout keyboard rest, do so. This will keep your arms at a more comfortable angle.

   6.  Place computer monitor at a 35-degree angle below your eyes. This reduces incidence of Dry Eye.

   7. Use preservative-free artificial tears intermittently when on the computer if your eyes get red and irritated. Much of computer fatigue is caused by Dry Eye.

    Finally, take periodic breaks from the computer during the day, walk around and do some non-computer tasks for about 15 minutes every two or three hours.


Faculty Forum / Why am I Losing My Hair?
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:21:07 PM »
The U.S. National Library of Medicine says hair loss is related to aging, heredity and hormonal changes.

Sudden hair loss may stem from different causes, including physical and emotional stress. The agency mentions these potential triggers:

    Having a serious infection or running a high fever.

    Delivering a baby.

    Undergoing major surgery, having a serious illness or suddenly losing a lot of blood.

    Undergoing significant emotional stress.

    Following a crash diet, particularly one that is low in protein.

    Taking certain medications, including antidepressants, some heart medications or birth control pills, and painkillers known as NSAIDs.


Faculty Forum / Signs That Headaches Need Attention
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:19:03 PM »
Most of the people suffer from an occasional headache. But frequent, severe headaches could be an indication of a more serious health problem.

The Web site says these warning signs should prompt a visit to your doctor:

    Headaches that occur multiple times each month and persist for hours or days.

    Headaches that are so severe that work, school and home life are affected.

    Headaches accompanied by tingling or numbness, changes in vision, vomiting or nausea.

    Headaches accompanied by pain surrounding the ear or eye, convulsions or stiffness in the neck.

    Losing consciousness or feeling confused during headaches.

    A headache that follows an injury to the head.

    Headaches that suddenly occur when you've rarely had headaches in the past.


Faculty Forum / Learn to Relax: Prolong your healthy attitude
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:14:18 PM »
Relaxation techniques can help you reduce stress and improve sleep.
This can improve the quality of your life

The University of Maryland Medical Center offers this list of relaxation techniques:

   1. Progressive relaxation, which is consciously relaxing the muscles from your toes to your head and everything between.

   2. Toe tensing involves lying down, pointing the toes toward the face, and holding for 10 seconds before relaxing the toes and repeating.

   3. Breathing in deeply for eight to 10 seconds, holding the breath for one to two seconds, and slowly releasing.

   4. Guided imagery, which involves closing your eyes and visualizing a happy, peaceful place.

   5.  Quiet ears, in which you lie down with hands beneath the head, then block the ear canals with the thumbs. Hold this position for 10 seconds to 15 seconds.


Faculty Forum / Prevent Birth Defects: Steps you can take
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:10:46 PM »

Although birth defects can't always be prevented, there are plenty of steps pregnant women can take to help reduce the risk.

The website offers these suggestions:

   1.  Make regular visits to your doctor throughout pregnancy.

   2.  Get 400 mcg of folic acid each day through diet or supplements.

  3.  Don't smoke, use illegal drugs or drink alcohol while you're pregnant.

  4.  Always check with your doctor before taking any medication.

  5.  Get all vaccinations recommended by your doctor.

  6.  If you have diabetes, keep it under control.

  7.  Stick to a healthy body weight.

Faculty Forum / Protect Teeth From Decay
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:08:17 PM »

The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests how to prevent tooth decay in children:

  1.  Brush baby's teeth and gums regularly.

  2.  Never allow baby to take food or a bottle to bed.

  3.  Restrict a bottle or sippy cup to mealtimes only.

  4.  Make sure your water is fluoridated, or talk to your dentist about fluoride supplements.

  5.  Avoid sticky, sweet treats such as candy, cookies or fruit roll-ups.


Faculty Forum / Rheumatoid Arthritis ( bat roog)
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:02:29 PM »
Rheumatoid Arthritis
What Is It?

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic (long-lasting) inflammatory disease that causes pain, stiffness, warmth, redness and swelling in joints. Over time, the affected joints may become misshapen, misaligned and damaged. Tissue lining the joint can become thick, and may wear away surrounding ligaments, cartilage and bone as it spreads. Rheumatoid arthritis usually occurs in a symmetrical pattern, meaning that if one knee or hand has it, the other usually does, too.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

The cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, although it appears to be an autoimmune disease. When the body's immune system does not operate as it should, white blood cells that normally attack bacteria or viruses attack healthy tissue instead — in this case, the synovium, or joint tissue. As the synovial membrane (the thin layer of cells lining the joint) becomes inflamed, enzymes are released. Over time, these enzymes and certain immune cells damage the cartilage, bone, tendons and ligaments near the joint.

Some research suggests that a virus triggers this faulty immune response. However, there is not yet convincing evidence that a single virus is the cause in all patients. At the same time, it appears that some people are more likely to get the disease because of their genetics.

Rheumatoid arthritis, the most disabling form of arthritis, generally affects more than one joint at a time. Commonly affected joints include those in the hands, wrists, feet, ankles, elbows, shoulders, hips, knees and neck. Rheumatoid arthritis can result in loose, deformed joints, loss of mobility and diminished strength. It also can cause painless lumps the size of a pea or acorn, called rheumatoid nodules. These develop under the skin, especially around the elbow or beneath the toes.


Symptoms include:

    Pain, swelling, limited motion, warmth and tightness around affected joints, which most commonly include the hands and wrists, feet and ankles, elbows, shoulders, neck, knees and hips, usually in a symmetrical pattern. Over time, joints may develop deformities.

    Fatigue, soreness, stiffness and aching, particularly in the morning and afternoon (described as morning stiffness and afternoon fatigue)

    Lumps or rheumatoid nodules below the skin

    Weight loss

    Low-grade fever and sweats

    Trouble sleeping

    Weakness and loss of mobility



There is no way to prevent rheumatoid arthritis. :o


The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis has improved dramatically in the past 50 years. A comprehensive approach that combines medications, rest balanced with exercise, lifestyle modifications, and sometimes surgery, can help many people to lead normal lives. The most important goals in treating rheumatoid arthritis are maintaining your ability to move and function, reducing pain, and preventing future joint damage. If these are achieved, quality of life and length of life may be normal. The treatments themselves may cause problems. You and your doctor will have to weigh the risks and benefits of any medication or other treatment that is available for this disease.

Certain medications relieve the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (such as pain and swelling), while other medications slow the progress of the disease.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including prescription aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin and other brand names) and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), can help relieve symptoms. Side effects occur in a minority of patients. These include upset stomach, ulcers, reduced kidney function or allergic reactions.
Newer medications include:

    abatacept (Orencia)

    adalimumab (Humira)

    certolizumab (Cimzia)

    etanercept (Enbrel)

    golimumab (Simponi)

    infliximab (Remicade)

    rituximab (Rituxan)
Diet, Exercise and Rehabilitation Services
Finding a balance between rest and exercise is crucial to managing rheumatoid arthritis. When your symptoms flare up — when your joints are sore, warm and swollen — take it easy and rest. You can continue to do range-of-motion exercises to keep your joints mobile, but be careful not to tire yourself or aggravate your joints. Avoid unnecessary walking, housework or other activities. When your joints feel better and when other symptoms, including fatigue and morning stiffness, are less noticeable, increase your activity. Weight-bearing exercises such as walking and lifting weights can strengthen weakened muscles without risking additional joint damage. If exercise produces more pain or joint swelling, cut back a bit.

Despite many claims, there are no dietary changes, supplements, herbs or other alternative therapies known to improve the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis over a long period of time.

Having rheumatoid arthritis often means that you have to pay special attention to the way you move. An occupational therapist or physical therapist can offer suggestions and guidance as you manage ordinary tasks around your home and work. In addition, a therapist can provide special devices that can help you conserve energy and protect your joints during your daily activities. A splint, brace, sling or Ace bandage worn when your joints are especially tender can take the pressure off the joints and protect them from injury. A podiatrist may provide shoe inserts (orthotics) or even suggest surgery to improve pain and function in arthritic feet.

Faculty Forum / New book is published.......
« on: July 07, 2012, 11:50:11 AM »
My first book is published on with the title " Design and evaluation of prolonged release gliclazide matrix tablets" which will be helpful for them who want to design Modified drug delivery system and work with different polymer for drug delivery system.

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