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Messages - tanbir

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Faculty Forum / Learn to Relax: Prolong your healthy attitude
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:14:18 PM »
Relaxation techniques can help you reduce stress and improve sleep.
This can improve the quality of your life

The University of Maryland Medical Center offers this list of relaxation techniques:

   1. Progressive relaxation, which is consciously relaxing the muscles from your toes to your head and everything between.

   2. Toe tensing involves lying down, pointing the toes toward the face, and holding for 10 seconds before relaxing the toes and repeating.

   3. Breathing in deeply for eight to 10 seconds, holding the breath for one to two seconds, and slowly releasing.

   4. Guided imagery, which involves closing your eyes and visualizing a happy, peaceful place.

   5.  Quiet ears, in which you lie down with hands beneath the head, then block the ear canals with the thumbs. Hold this position for 10 seconds to 15 seconds.


Faculty Forum / Prevent Birth Defects: Steps you can take
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:10:46 PM »

Although birth defects can't always be prevented, there are plenty of steps pregnant women can take to help reduce the risk.

The website offers these suggestions:

   1.  Make regular visits to your doctor throughout pregnancy.

   2.  Get 400 mcg of folic acid each day through diet or supplements.

  3.  Don't smoke, use illegal drugs or drink alcohol while you're pregnant.

  4.  Always check with your doctor before taking any medication.

  5.  Get all vaccinations recommended by your doctor.

  6.  If you have diabetes, keep it under control.

  7.  Stick to a healthy body weight.

Faculty Forum / Protect Teeth From Decay
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:08:17 PM »

The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests how to prevent tooth decay in children:

  1.  Brush baby's teeth and gums regularly.

  2.  Never allow baby to take food or a bottle to bed.

  3.  Restrict a bottle or sippy cup to mealtimes only.

  4.  Make sure your water is fluoridated, or talk to your dentist about fluoride supplements.

  5.  Avoid sticky, sweet treats such as candy, cookies or fruit roll-ups.


Faculty Forum / Rheumatoid Arthritis ( bat roog)
« on: July 07, 2012, 12:02:29 PM »
Rheumatoid Arthritis
What Is It?

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic (long-lasting) inflammatory disease that causes pain, stiffness, warmth, redness and swelling in joints. Over time, the affected joints may become misshapen, misaligned and damaged. Tissue lining the joint can become thick, and may wear away surrounding ligaments, cartilage and bone as it spreads. Rheumatoid arthritis usually occurs in a symmetrical pattern, meaning that if one knee or hand has it, the other usually does, too.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

The cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, although it appears to be an autoimmune disease. When the body's immune system does not operate as it should, white blood cells that normally attack bacteria or viruses attack healthy tissue instead — in this case, the synovium, or joint tissue. As the synovial membrane (the thin layer of cells lining the joint) becomes inflamed, enzymes are released. Over time, these enzymes and certain immune cells damage the cartilage, bone, tendons and ligaments near the joint.

Some research suggests that a virus triggers this faulty immune response. However, there is not yet convincing evidence that a single virus is the cause in all patients. At the same time, it appears that some people are more likely to get the disease because of their genetics.

Rheumatoid arthritis, the most disabling form of arthritis, generally affects more than one joint at a time. Commonly affected joints include those in the hands, wrists, feet, ankles, elbows, shoulders, hips, knees and neck. Rheumatoid arthritis can result in loose, deformed joints, loss of mobility and diminished strength. It also can cause painless lumps the size of a pea or acorn, called rheumatoid nodules. These develop under the skin, especially around the elbow or beneath the toes.


Symptoms include:

    Pain, swelling, limited motion, warmth and tightness around affected joints, which most commonly include the hands and wrists, feet and ankles, elbows, shoulders, neck, knees and hips, usually in a symmetrical pattern. Over time, joints may develop deformities.

    Fatigue, soreness, stiffness and aching, particularly in the morning and afternoon (described as morning stiffness and afternoon fatigue)

    Lumps or rheumatoid nodules below the skin

    Weight loss

    Low-grade fever and sweats

    Trouble sleeping

    Weakness and loss of mobility



There is no way to prevent rheumatoid arthritis. :o


The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis has improved dramatically in the past 50 years. A comprehensive approach that combines medications, rest balanced with exercise, lifestyle modifications, and sometimes surgery, can help many people to lead normal lives. The most important goals in treating rheumatoid arthritis are maintaining your ability to move and function, reducing pain, and preventing future joint damage. If these are achieved, quality of life and length of life may be normal. The treatments themselves may cause problems. You and your doctor will have to weigh the risks and benefits of any medication or other treatment that is available for this disease.

Certain medications relieve the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (such as pain and swelling), while other medications slow the progress of the disease.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including prescription aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin and other brand names) and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), can help relieve symptoms. Side effects occur in a minority of patients. These include upset stomach, ulcers, reduced kidney function or allergic reactions.
Newer medications include:

    abatacept (Orencia)

    adalimumab (Humira)

    certolizumab (Cimzia)

    etanercept (Enbrel)

    golimumab (Simponi)

    infliximab (Remicade)

    rituximab (Rituxan)
Diet, Exercise and Rehabilitation Services
Finding a balance between rest and exercise is crucial to managing rheumatoid arthritis. When your symptoms flare up — when your joints are sore, warm and swollen — take it easy and rest. You can continue to do range-of-motion exercises to keep your joints mobile, but be careful not to tire yourself or aggravate your joints. Avoid unnecessary walking, housework or other activities. When your joints feel better and when other symptoms, including fatigue and morning stiffness, are less noticeable, increase your activity. Weight-bearing exercises such as walking and lifting weights can strengthen weakened muscles without risking additional joint damage. If exercise produces more pain or joint swelling, cut back a bit.

Despite many claims, there are no dietary changes, supplements, herbs or other alternative therapies known to improve the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis over a long period of time.

Having rheumatoid arthritis often means that you have to pay special attention to the way you move. An occupational therapist or physical therapist can offer suggestions and guidance as you manage ordinary tasks around your home and work. In addition, a therapist can provide special devices that can help you conserve energy and protect your joints during your daily activities. A splint, brace, sling or Ace bandage worn when your joints are especially tender can take the pressure off the joints and protect them from injury. A podiatrist may provide shoe inserts (orthotics) or even suggest surgery to improve pain and function in arthritic feet.

Faculty Forum / New book is published.......
« on: July 07, 2012, 11:50:11 AM »
My first book is published on with the title " Design and evaluation of prolonged release gliclazide matrix tablets" which will be helpful for them who want to design Modified drug delivery system and work with different polymer for drug delivery system.

Faculty Forum / Re: Top 10 Cholesterol Lowering Foods
« on: June 23, 2012, 07:35:45 PM »
Please share this information with your near and dear ones.......... and encourage them to be habituated with these foods.

Faculty Forum / Thanks for project competition.
« on: June 23, 2012, 06:44:55 PM »
I want to appreciate all of my colleagues who guide the students and encourage the students to participate directly or indirectly to the project competition. It is no need to mention that I am highly impressed by the projects of our students. Students give their highest physical, mental and financial afford to show their vision. So very big hands for all of them. It is not a matter who win the prize.

Finally thanks to the organizing committee and DIU authority for nice arrangement.

Tanbir Ahammad

Lecturer, Department of Pharmacy.

Faculty Forum / Top 10 Cholesterol Lowering Foods
« on: June 21, 2012, 06:57:10 PM »
In my previous post I gave some bad news.  But Allah gives us so much generous gifts which are not only injurious but very beneficial.
 We have to find out it.  So search for better.................
Cholesterol Lowering Foods:

#1: Monounsaturated and Polyunsaturated Fats (Olive Oil, Canola Oil, Peanut Oil, Peanuts, Olives, Avocados)
Cholesterol Reduction:18%

#2: Bran (Oat, Rice)
Cholesterol Reduction:7-14%

#3: Flax Seeds
Cholesterol Reduction:8-14%

#4: Garlic
Cholesterol Reduction:9-12%

#5: Almonds
Cholesterol Reduction:7-10%

#6: Lycopene Foods
Cholesterol Reduction:0-17%

#7: Walnuts and Pistachios
Cholesterol Reduction:10%

#8: Whole Barley
Cholesterol Reduction:7-10%

#9: Dark Chocolate and Plant Sterols
Cholesterol Reduction:2-5%

#10: Green Tea
Cholesterol Reduction:2-5%

Departments / Re: Foods That Help Manage High Blood Pressure
« on: June 21, 2012, 06:41:22 PM »
maintain diet..........minimize disease....
very useful post.....thank you very much sir.

Departments / Re: 6 Hypertension Risk Factors
« on: June 21, 2012, 06:39:30 PM »
Ans to the question:
 I am tanbir. I eat rice. I maintain high movement less food. i have no diabetics no bad habit.

So no risk............

excellent post.

Cholesterol is a steroid lipid (fat) found in the blood of all animals and is necessary for proper functioning of our cell membranes and production of hormones. While there can be negative health benefits associated with low cholesterol, cholesterol deficiency is rare. Our bodies already manufacture all the cholesterol we need, so it is not necessary to consume more. Excessive consumption of cholesterol has been shown to increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. Cholesterol is only found in animal food products, and thus, vegans are likely to have lower cholesterol than non-vegans. It is recommended that you buy a Cholesterol Test Kit, so you can monitor your cholesterol levels at home and see which diet works best for you. The current percent daily value (DV) for cholesterol is 300mg.
Below is a list of high cholesterol foods:

#1: Egg Yolk
The yolks of eggs have the most cholesterol of any food with 1234mg per 100 gram serving or 411% of the DV. A single egg yolk will provide 210mg (70% DV) of cholesterol, while a whole egg provides slightly more with 212mg (71% DV). Thus all the cholesterol in eggs is found in their yolks.

#2: Caviar (Fish Roe)
A common spread for breads in Northern and Eastern Europe, caviar is packed with cholesterol. 100 grams provides 588mg (196% DV), that is 94mg (31% DV) per tablespoon.

#3: Liver, Pate, Foie Gras
Cholesterol is manufactured by the liver, and therefore liver in cuisine contains a lot of cholesterol. The liver from most any meat will contain 564mg of cholesterol per 100 grams or 188% of the DV. Foie Gras (and most pâtés) contain 255mg (85% DV) per 100g serving,or 20mg (7% DV) per tablespoon.

#4: Butter
Common in cakes, cookies, on bread, and vegetables, butter is everywhere. 100 grams of butter packs 215mg (72% DV) of cholesterol, one stick has more with 243mg (81% DV), and one tablespoon contains 30mg (10% DV).

#4: Butter
Common in cakes, cookies, on bread, and vegetables, butter is everywhere. 100 grams of butter packs 215mg (72% DV) of cholesterol, one stick has more with 243mg (81% DV), and one tablespoon contains 30mg (10% DV).

#6: Fast Foods (Breakfasts)
Fast foods, the breakfasts in particular, are packed with cholesterol. A ham, egg, and cheese biscuit will provide 172mg (57% DV) per 100g serving, or 246mg (82% DV) of cholesterol per biscuit. An egg and sausage biscuit has even more with 261mg (87% DV).
#7: Oil Packed Fish
Although thought to be good for your heart, the oil of fish, and oil packed fish, do contain quite a bit of cholesterol. Oil packed Atlantic Sardines carry 142mg (47% DV) of cholesterol per 100g. That is 131mg (44% DV) per can, and 17mg (6% DV) in a single sardine.

#7: Oil Packed Fish
Although thought to be good for your heart, the oil of fish, and oil packed fish, do contain quite a bit of cholesterol. Oil packed Atlantic Sardines carry 142mg (47% DV) of cholesterol per 100g. That is 131mg (44% DV) per can, and 17mg (6% DV) in a single sardine.

#8: Cheese
A vegetarian source of protein, and also a good source of calcium, cheese is a tasty addition to most any dish. Port de Salut contains the most cholesterol with 123mg (41% DV) per 100 gram serving. That is 21mg (7% DV) per one inch cube. Other cheeses high in cholesterol include: Fontina (39% DV), Gouda (38%), Cream Cheese (37% DV), Gruyere (37%), and Cheddar (35% DV).

#9: Processed Meats (Sausage, Lamb, Duck)
The amount of cholesterol in any processed meat depends on the cut used, and the amount of fat added during processing. Liver sausage and bratwurst will contain around 158mg (50% DV) of cholesterol per 100 gram serving. That is 63mg (21% DV) per link. In terms of meats, lamb and duck will contain the most cholesterol all things being equal.

#10: Shellfish (Oysters, Clams, and Mussels)
Shellfish can be eaten raw, baked, steamed, fried, or made into chowder. Wild Eastern Oysters contain the most cholesterol with 105mg (35% DV) per 100g serving. That is 30mg (10% DV) per ounce, or 7mg (3% DV) per oyster.

So be aware to be selective in foods.............

A Bangladeshi scientist now living in New Zealand has brought good news for the people with severe wounds from acid attack and fire incident.

Dr Azam Ali, an agro-scientist, has invented a bio-based wound dressing, which cures severe wound 40 percent faster than any other conventional medicine currently available on the market.

A leading pharmaceutical company from Bangladesh has already contacted the scientist to introduce the new product on the local market.

The breakthrough innovation of the Bangladeshi scientist won the globally reputed Bayer Innovation of the Year Award in 2010.

Ali has invented bio-based materials to create new wound dressing, bone-graft implant products and medical suture technology using wool from New Zealand sheep. He uses low-volume protein sources from the wool to wound dressing and medical devices.

Two of his wound-care medical products are now being used at New Zealand hospitals and are approved for use in Australia, United States and the European Union.

“Bangladesh can get benefit out of the invention,” said Azam Ali who is a senior scientist at the AgResearch, a leading research organisation in New Zealand, in an interview with the news agency last week when he came to Dhaka for a personal visit.

He said the new wound dressing dramatically brings down the treatment time while the result is far better than any other existing treatment process as the bio- based wound dressing accelerates wound healing process and tissue growth.

“It works 40 percent faster than any other traditional products in wound treatment,” Ali claimed.

The scientist sees very bright prospect of using the new product in Bangladesh because of availabilityof natural raw materials.

Dr Azam Ali holds a PhD degree in polymer science and engineering from the University of Science Malaysia and four years postdoctoral experience from the University of North Carolina. Over the last 17 years he has been devoted to research and development activities, and authored more than 37 publications including journal articles and book chapters.
The Daily Star

Departments / Current Scenario of Bangladesh Pharma market
« on: June 18, 2012, 06:41:45 PM »
In Bangladesh the pharmaceutical sector is one of the most developed hi-tech sectors within the country's economy. After the promulgation of Drug Control Ordinance - 1982, the development of this sector was accelerated. The professional knowledge, thoughts and innovative ideas of the pharmaceutical professionals working in this sector are the key factors for these developments. Due to recent development of this sector it is exporting medicines to global market including European market. This sector is also providing 97% of the total medicine requirement of the local market. Leading pharmaceutical companies are expanding their business with the aim to expand export market. Recently few new industries have been established with high tech equipments and professionals which will enhance the strength of this sector

Two organizations, one government (Directorate of Drug Administration) and one semigovernment (Pharmacy Council of Bangladesh), control pharmacy practice in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Society is affiliated with international organizations International Pharmaceutical Federation and Commonwealth Pharmaceutical Association.

According to Bangladesh Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare Report Q1 2011, Bangladesh medicine sales reached Tk 7,000 crore in 2010. Business Monitor International in its latest report (Q1 2011) said Bangladesh has moved up one place to occupy the 14th position in 17 regional markets surveyed in BMIs Pharmaceutical & Healthcare Business Environment Ratings for the Asia region. Still, Bangladesh has a long way to go, the report said. This adjustment now sees Bangladesh placed below Vietnam and above Sri Lanka. Bangladesh's pharmaceutical rating is 40.2 out of 100, a figure that has changed marginally from the previous quarter but remains lower than the regional average of 53.1. Globally, Bangladesh occupies 67th position in BMIs 83 market-strong pharmaceutical universe.

The industry players forecast the growth trend would take the sales volume to Tk 10,000 crore in 2011. Square, Beximco, Eskayef, Incepta and Acme are the top five manufacturers by sales and growth rate.
Beximco grew faster than other companies at a staggering 33 percent in 2010 with Tk 523 crore sales. Incepta's sales and growth rate were Tk 665 crore and 31 percent respectively, followed by Acme's Tk 600 crore and 17 percent. Eskayef logged Tk 426 crore in sales and the growth rate was 27 percent, the third highest pace in the year, said a company official.

“Increasing health consciousness and buying capacity have helped the industry grow consistently,” said Mizanur Rahman Sinha, managing director of Acme Pharmaceuticals, one of the fastest growing manufacturers. Sinha predicts the industry's total sales at Tk 10,000 crore in the current year.

Managing Director of Incepta Pharmaceuticals Abdul Muktadir echoed the same reason for the market growth, but he is not surprised to see the success. Muktadir said 5 percent GDP growth helps the pharma industry grow at 15 percent, and 6 percent and 7 percent growth makes it 20 percent and 25 percent respectively.

Sales of Square Pharmaceuticals, the market leader, were Tk 1,270 crore in 2010, up from Tk 1,116 crore a year ago. Sales grew 14 percent year-on-year .

AM Faruque, managing director and chief executive officer of Apex Pharma, finds Bangladesh market to be a potential one. He thinks affordability and availability of medicines will help the market boom in the next few years. Faruque said Apex Pharma, which is not a big player now, will emerge as one of the top five companies in five years. The present turnover of the company is Tk 60 crore only. “Apex is coming in a big way,” said Faruque. Bill Mckean, a UK pharmacist who has recently joined Apex Pharma as its chief technical officer, sees a huge prospect and high-quality players in the local market.According to him, a large population and relaxation of trade related intellectual property rights (TRIPS) for least developed countries are contributing to the market growth.

Source: The Daily Star

Departments / Too much mobile.......too much pain.....(WHO)
« on: June 18, 2012, 06:39:43 PM »
Cell phones may cause brain cancer, a panel of experts reporting to the World Health Organization (WHO).

After reviewing dozens of studies that explored a possible link between cancer and the ubiquitous hand-held phones, the experts classified cell phones as "possibly carcinogenic to humans" and placed them in the same category as the pesticide DDT and gasoline engine exhaust.

The panel determined that an increased risk for glioma, a malignant form of brain cancer, appears associated with wireless phone use.

Globally, it's estimated that 5 billion cell phones are in use. "The number of users is large and growing, particularly among young adults and children," the International Agency for Research on Cancer said in a news release issued Tuesday.

The IARC made the announcement in Lyons, France, based on the work of 31 scientists from 14 countries. It will present its findings to the WHO, which may then issue its recommendations on safe cell phone use.

Experts said children are especially vulnerable.

"Children's skulls and scalps are thinner. So the radiation can penetrate deeper into the brain of children and young adults. Their cells are dividing at a faster rate, so the impact of radiation can be much larger," Dr. Keith Black, chairman of neurology at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, told CNN.

Until Tuesday's announcement, the WHO had said that cell phones were safe to use.

"The IARC working group did not conduct any new research, but rather reviewed published studies," Walls added in a news release. "Based on previous assessments of the scientific evidence, the Federal Communications Commission has concluded that '[t]heres no scientific evidence that proves that wireless phone usage can lead to cancer.' The Food and Drug Administration has also stated that '[t]he weight of scientific evidence has not linked cell phones with any health problems.'"

There has been conflicting research in recent years on the health hazards posed by cell phones. As recently as February, British researchers reported that cell phones do not increase the risk of brain cancer.

Their analysis of data on newly diagnosed cases of brain cancer in England between 1998 and 2007 -- when cell phone use was climbing -- revealed no statistically significant change in the incidence of brain cancers in men or women, said the University of Manchester researchers.

There was a very small increase (0.6 more cases per 100,000 people) in the incidence of cancers of the brain's temporal lobe. That works out to 31 extra cases per year in England's population of nearly 52 million people, the researchers said.

But the study authors also noted that cancers of the brain's parietal lobe, cerebrum and cerebellum in English men fell slightly during the study period.

That study was released online in the journal Bioelectromagnetics.

Dr. Otis Brawley, chief medical officer for the American Cancer Society, said the WHO's classification of cell phones "means that there could be some risk, but that the evidence is not strong enough to be considered causal, and needs to be investigated further. The bottom line is the evidence is enough to warrant concern, but it is not conclusive."

Dr. Nagy Elsayyad, an assistant professor in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the University of Miami Sylvester Cancer Center, agreed, saying scientists don't know much more about cell phone safety than they did before the WHO statement. "They [WHO] indicate it is a possible, not a probable source," he said. "But they still cannot come out with a positive conclusion."

Elsayyad advises using an ear piece or speaker when talking on a cell phone.

"If you hold the phone away from your brain that ought to decrease the risk tremendously," he said.


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