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Messages - Hafizur Rahman

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Interior Design / Louis Poulsen Launches Patera in Silver
« on: February 19, 2019, 10:29:59 AM »
Louis Poulsen has unveiled Øivind Slaatto's Patera in a new silver foil material. Launched as part of their Spring collection, the Patera in silver offers soft, glare-free illumination in three sizes. Designed to shape light, the Patera in silver creates a beautiful illumination for a variety of spaces.

In 2015, the Patera pendant originally launched in white as a modern take on the classic chandelier, bringing a glowing focal point and soft, dynamic illumination to contemporary spaces. While classic in its form and Danish design principles, the silver Patera takes a bold step away from minimalism. Its reflective profile instantly catches the eye whether or not the lamp is lit, becoming an irresistible focal point and an essential part of the room's ambiance.

The silver Patera is ideally suited for spaces unafraid to stand out, make a statement, and show off their personality -in a hip hotel, the newest concept restaurant, an innovative concert hall, offices and conference spaces that reject generic décor, or residential spaces that embrace dramatic and unexpected style.


Interior Design / D&AD Festival 2019
« on: February 19, 2019, 10:28:45 AM »
The 2019 D&AD Festival, UK's largest event celebrating global creative talent, returns May 21-23 to The Old Truman Brewery, London. The theme for this year's Festival is 'Shaping the Future,' echoing D&AD's position as an organization on a mission to drive the creative industries forward.

This theme is reflected in this year's identity, designed by Village Green, which looks at the dynamic interchange between 2-D and 3-D elements inspired by D&AD's brand and the creative industries. To highlight the connection between the disciplines celebrated at the Festival, the identity uses experimental graphic forms and motifs that 'reshape' in dynamic and unexpected ways.

D&AD Festival brings together the biggest names in creativity to share their thoughts and insights on the future of the industry with an incredible line-up of talent across various creative sectors. Those who attend this year's Festival will enjoy three days of talks, debates, briefs, workshops and parties.

"For this year's D&AD Festival, we chose to focus on the future," commented Harriet Devoy, D&AD President. "D&AD Festival will give us a glimpse at the upcoming trends in creativity, and those attending will get to hear from some of our industry's leading figures. It's going to be fascinating and inspiring."


For their second project for an Australian financial services group, align was briefed to design 13,745 sq ft of new working, meeting, presentation and break-out space across 1.5 stories at their client's City of London offices in order to meet a period of sustained growth and house three divisions of the company, totaling around 150-170 people.

align had previously worked on an office interiors scheme in Reading for the same client, before being instructed to create this new Cat A and Cat B scheme, where the brief was to include integrated, but differentiated, zones that worked within the overall building environment with a pronounced accent on biophilia, agile working and staff wellbeing.

The scope of work mostly covered the building's 8th floor, where general workspaces are located, along with a staff kitchen/pantry; a large presentation and townhall space (which can also be used for other purposes, eg yoga classes); five meeting rooms and a large breakout area with an indoor-outdoor feel ('The Terrace'). The multi-use presentation area was deemed particularly important to the success of the project and is able to be combined with The Terrace area, with a folding wall between the two, in order to allow large-scale events to be held there. The scheme also encompassed a number of private working booths, as well as a more relaxed work/meeting area on the storey above, on the building's 9th floor.

"The 8th floor space really was a blank canvas when we took the project on, in spite of most of the building having been fitted out for several years already," Gurvinder Khurana, align Director and Co-founder, commented. "The spaces were effectively concrete shells and so could be designed to serve the required functions perfectly."

The existing building has a strong statement core, including a red feature staircase created by the scheme's original architects. This new design project needed to acknowledge and talk to this dominant feature. This was achieved via the occasional and well-judged uses of red throughout - from red lines, for example, within a grey carpet from Shaws Carpets used in corridor areas, that also echo the staircase's angled geometry, with Fegerhold lights directly above further matching the carpet insert angle.

A striking red feature was also used on the building's 9th floor, in the form of a rectangular feature wall area, which is clad in individual, red Muratto tiles in 3D off-centre pyramid shapes, angled once again to mimic the stair. This idea is continued along a narrow galleried seating area on the same floor, where the tiles this time are arranged as wall art in a series of alternating 4 or 6-tile portrait-format rectangles, accompanying a 6-person meeting space.

Food Futures, a new title by critical food designer Chloé Rutzerveld, aims to radically alter readers' ideas about consuming and producing food. This book questions and explores new food production technologies and translates multidisciplinary research into future food scenarios.

Food Futures presents conceptualization of completely edible, 'mini vegetable gardens' with crispy plants and mushrooms, that become a full meal after being printed by a 3D printer; a quest for a new eating system in which we digest 100% of the nutrients we take in (instead of the current 75%) by breeding bacteria that are harvested into capsules; and the recipe for a healthy, typically Dutch 'stroopwafel' - a recipe derived from Rutzerveld's project STROOOP! in which she dives into the natural sweetness of root vegetables.

Interior Design / David Adjaye: Making Memory
« on: February 19, 2019, 10:23:15 AM »

Making Memory, on view at the Design Museum through May 5, explores the role of monuments and memorials in the 21st century, through seven projects by celebrated British-Ghanaian architect, Sir David Adjaye OBE. The exhibition features projects such as the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington D.C, the new National Cathedral of Ghana in Accra and the UK Holocaust Memorial and Learning Centre in London.

Highlights include a full-scale section of the Sclera Pavilion for London Design Festival 2008, a replica library area from the Gwangju River Reading Room in South Korea, as well as inspiration materials including a sculpture by the early 20th-century Yoruba artist Olowe of Ise.

In this exhibition, celebrated architect Sir David Adjaye OBE will examine the idea of the monument and present his thinking on how architecture and form are used as storytelling devices. Monuments are a record of who we are and are deeply ingrained in our psyche as a way of memorialising ourtriumphs and failures. However, the form that monuments take, and the way they are experienced, is constantly changing.

This exhibition shows that contemporary monuments are no longer static objects in a field - plaques, statues or neo-classical sculptures - but are dynamic and complex spaces that serve a wider purpose.

"Making Memory is set up as a provocation or a question to the public," Adjaye stated. "I am not scared of a narrative that unfolds and splinters. I find that is much more representational of the collective consciousness that we all live in today. I really hope the exhibition is a vehicle for dialogue and discussion about what constitutes a monument and a memorial at the beginning of the 21st century.

"The monument is no longer a representation, it is an experience of time and place that is available to everyone. Whether it's for a nation, a race, a community, or a person, it is really used as a device to talk about the many things facing people across the planet. Democratisation does not mean that monuments cease to be relevant; it requires the monument to be transformed, so that it has an inbuilt openness and can be approached and understood from many points of view."

Image: Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Credit: Alan Karchmer

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Interior Design / Making It Happen: New Community Architecture
« on: February 19, 2019, 10:22:39 AM »

RIBA's latest exhibition, Making it Happen: New Community Architecture, which is on view through April 27 at the RIBA Architecture Gallery, offers visitors an experiential opportunity to find out more about some of the UK's new and inspiring community architecture projects. This exhibition tells the stories behind four new public spaces - Hastings Pier, Coniston Mechanics Institute, Old Manor Park Library and Loch Lomond National Park.

In the wake of local funding cuts and shifting priorities, private ownership of public buildings and spaces has escalated and alternative approaches to designing and funding spaces for the public realm are emerging. In response, communities have come together to fight to keep buildings open and functioning, mobilising to campaign and fundraise in the face of closure or catastrophe. Current crowd-funding campaigns for public buildings are featured in the exhibition and visitors are invited to contribute what buildings or spaces they would like to reinvigorate or create in their local area.

Architects have been challenged to respond to these circumstances by conceiving new ideas for the design or re-design of existing spaces. In the process architects have become both activist and educator, championing the cause and helping to galvanise the support of the local community.

The four projects featured in this exhibition examine the diverse roles that architects have played in working with communities around the UK. Each example demonstrates a pragmatic response, creating flexible public buildings that give scope for further development.

Photo: Courtesy of Hastings Pier Charity

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Interior Design / Feldman Architecture Completes dosa by DOSA
« on: February 19, 2019, 10:21:41 AM »
The design team took full advantage of high ceilings and abundant natural light in the century-old, brick-and-timber building at 2301 Broadway. Hand-crafted interpretations of traditional Indian elements play with new and old, developing an enduring design idiom for future dosa by DOSA locations.

dosa by DOSA is street corner casual and quick. An all-day bar keeps the energy light and lively from breakfast through dinner. The open kitchen and its wood clad hearth showcase the handwork of creating fresh dosa. The vibrant colors and unconventional textures were chosen to complement, but not upstage the dynamic food. Highlighting the meeting of Oakland and Mumbai, two large mural walls commissioned from local artists transports the customer from Oakland to India and promises fresh discoveries with every family dinner, casual cocktail, or morning chai.

The experience at dosa by DOSA is guided by its architectural simplicity. Upon entering the space, the 'unconventional bar' to the right acts as the primary point of contact for customer and wait staff before maneuvering guests into the crosswise dining area. "The architecture greets you," explained Nick Polansky of Feldman Architecture, "our focus was to make the space intuitive and give customers control over their own participation." Without a traditional hostess and wait staff, visitors are encouraged to navigate their own journey through the restaurant, instructed by its straightforward symmetry and design.


Each room of the house is expressed as a distinct block paired with a corresponding exterior space (two entry alcoves and a balcony overlooking the courtyard) carved from the buildable footprint. Even though the program is articulated as separate volumes, the interior and exterior spaces are woven together into a single, visually continuous living space. Transitions and thresholds are emphasized by an alternating arrangement of material surfaces, creating a series of dramatically different spaces that are integrated into a single environment.

Floor materials such as tight-veined grey limestone and white stained knotty pine suggest distinctions between interior and exterior. The interior stairs are painted bright red and orange, with the colors leaking into adjacent bedrooms and living spaces depending upon light intensity and time of day. Light cascades down into the interior from high windows, providing views to the sky and hills.

The exterior is clad with custom-patterned cement board panels and can be read as a monolithic mass. The orthogonal surfaces have a slightly darker tone than those at a diagonal, producing an ambiguous reading between a single rectangular block and three aligned wedges. In contrast to the differentiated-but-open ground floor, the master bedroom and guest room at the second level are isolated volumes, each contained in a separate wedge.

The house strikes a balance between volumetric distinction and spatial continuity and creates an environment in constant modulation; whether by natural and artificial light, the opening of doors and windows, or the configuration of furniture.

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Common Forum / National and International Days
« on: May 18, 2012, 07:17:50 PM »
Month /Date                Days
        2   International Population Controlled Day
   15   International Childreen Cancer Controlled Day
   19   national teachers day
   21   Martin Luther King Day
   26   international taxation day
   27   International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust
   29   world kushtha day
         2   bishaw jolabhumi dibosh
   14   bishaw valobasha dibosh
   21   International Mother Language Day
   22   bishaw chinta dibosh
        1   International Death Penalty Abolition Day
   8   International Women's Day and United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace
   15   world byer & consumer day
   20   Earth Day
   21   International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
   3/28/2021   Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling against Racism and Racial Discrimination
   22   World Water(dorittri) Day
   23   World Meteorological Day
   31   national durjog mokabela dibosh
        2   international chi;ldren books day
   4   International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action
   7   World Health Day
   18   world cultural heritage day
   21   world jubo shomaj sheba dibosh
   4/26/2021   Secretaries Week
   23   World Book and Copyright Day
   26   bishaw medha shampod dibosh
   27   world map day
May   1   May day
   3   World Press Freedom Day
   8   World Red Cross/Red Crescent Day (Non-UN)
   12   International Nurses Day (Non-UN)
   15   International Day of Families
   17   World Information Society Day (formerly World Telecommunication Day)
   21   World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
   22   International Day for Biological Diversity (formerly December 29, changed in 2001)
   25May-1June   Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories
   25   Africa Liberation Day
   29   International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers
   31   World No-Tobacco Day
June   4   International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
   5   World Environment Day
   10   world lands rights day
   12   World Day Against Child Labour
   14   world blood donors day
   16   International Day of the African Child/International Day of Solidarity with the Struggling People of South Africa
   17   World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought/ international women health day
   20   World Refugee Day
   23   United Nations Public Service Day
   26   International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking and
   26   International Day in Support of Victims of Torture/UN Charter Day / United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture
   27   World Diabetes Day (WHO)
July   2   world sports journalist day
   1st Saturday   International Day of Cooperatives
   11   World Population Day
   17   international justice day
        1   World Breastfeeding Day (WHO)
   6   hiroshima day
   9   International Day of the World's Indigenous People/International Day of Solidarity with the Struggle of Women in South Africa and Namibia
   12   International Youth Day
   19   world photo picture day
   23   International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition
   26   Namibia Day
         6   Women in Industry Day (UNIDO)
   8   International Literacy Day
   16   International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
   21   International Day of Peace (formerly the opening day of the UN General Assembly, changed to a set date as of 2002)
   3rd Tuesday/20   International Day of Peace
   21   World Gratitude Day
   24   world heart disease day
   27   World Tourism Day (WTO)
   29   world shishu odhikar dibosh
   Last Week   World Maritime Day
        1   International Day for Older Persons
   4th-10th Oct   World Space Week
   1/3/2009   bishaw shishu dibosh
   5   World Teacher's Day
   6   Universal Postal Union Day (UPU)
   1st Monday   World Habitat Day
   2nd wednes day   International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction
   9   World Post Day
   10   World Day Against the Death Penalty
   10   World Mental Health Day
   11   Day of Solidarity with South African Political Prisoners
   14   World Standards Day
   16   World Food Day
   17   United Nations Day and International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
   24   World Development Information Day/United Nations Day
   24-30   Disarmament Week
   31   bishaw mitobayita dibosh
        4   unesco day
   6   International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict
   12   world architecture day
   14   World Diabetes Day
   16   International Day of Tolerance
   Third Sunday    World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims
   20   Universal Children's Day
      Africa Industrialization Day
   21   World Television Day
   25   International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
   29   International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
        1   World AIDS Day
   2   International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
   3   International Day of Disabled Persons
   5   International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development
   7   International Civil Aviation Day
   9   International Anti-Corruption Day
   10   Human Rights Day
   11   International Mountain Day/UNICEF Anniversary/ international broadcasting day
   on/around 13   International Children's Day of Broadcasting (UNICEF)
   14   Anniversary of the 1960 Declaration of the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
   18   International Migrants Day
   19   United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation
   20   International Human Solidarity Day
   29   International Day for Biological Diversity

Brand Image of DIU / How to bring vibrancy to DIU Advertisement
« on: March 19, 2012, 03:06:03 PM »
Dear All
We all are trying our level best to enhance Brand Image of our beloved DIU from our individual standpoint. We are striving hard to see our university is number 1. You must agree, we have to ensure the following things for uplifting our image:

Quality education, Quality students, Brilliant Result, Presentable students to the job market, Ensuring Job placement, CSR Activities, Experienced and Skilled Teachers, Career Development Training, Organizing National and International Programs, Internationally facilitated Campus and last but not the least, Advertisement in Print and Electronic Media

We are trying to make effective and target oriented advertisement, what you frequently see in print and electronic media. You also see our work in different banner, festoon, brochure, flyer and what not! Our team is restlessly endeavoring to satisfy you with updated, creative products time to time.

We, on behalf of the Brand Development Dept. and PR Dept. request you to Share any Innovative Idea/Concept, Slogan/Headline, Copy writing, Script, Image, Key point of DIU, Message, Design, reference, Suggestions  for bringing more glamor to our output.

Pls see the links:

On March 26, the government of Pakistan should apologise to the people of Bangladesh for the genocide of March 1971, says the wellknown Pakistan television anchor Hamid Mir.

Some people hate me a lot in Pakistan. They hate me because I said sorry to Bangladeshis two years ago at the Islamabad  Press Club for the atrocities committed by the Pakistan army  in 1971.

They hate me because I also demanded an official apology from the government of Pakistan to the people of Bangladesh for the genocide of March 1971. They say I don't know anything. They say I am not a good Pakistani.

They say I was very young in 1971 and I am not aware of the truth. Yes, I was only a young school-going boy in 1971, but I heard and read a lot about the genocide. How can I deny my late father Professor Waris Mir who visited Dhaka in October 1971 with a delegation of Punjab  University students?

My father was a teacher of journalism at the Punjab University in Lahore . He was asked by the university administration to organise a visit of the student union's office bearers to Turkey, but my father took the boys to Dhaka with their consent. They wanted to know what was actually going on in Dhaka.

I still remember that after my father came back from Dhaka, he wept for many days. He told us stories of bloodshed. These stories were similar to the story of my mother.

My mother lost her whole family during the migration from Jammu to Pakistan in 1947. Her brothers were killed by Hindus and Sikhs in front of her eyes. Her mother was kidnapped.

She saved her life by hiding under the bodies of her relatives. I remember that my mother cried a lot when my father told her that Pakistan army officers raped many Bengali women. My mother said, "We sacrificed for the safety of our honour, but why we are dishonouring each other today?"

My father always said that Bengalis made Pakistan and we Punjabis broke Pakistan. Once he said that March 23 is Pakistan Day, March 26 should be the apology day and December 16 should be the accountability day. I started understanding the thoughts of my late father when I became a journalist in 1987.

When I first read the Hamoodur Rehman Commission Report I felt ashamed. This Pakistani commission inquiry report admitted to murder and rapes, but despite this documentary evidence, many people still live in a state of denial.

They say Sheikh Mujibur Rehman was a traitor who created the Mukti Bahini with India's [ Images ] help and killed many innocent Punjabis and Biharis. I say Sheikh Mujib was a worker of the Pakistan movement; he was a supporter of Fatima Jinnah, Muhammad Ali Jinnah's sister, till 1966. He only demanded some provincial autonomy, but the military rulers declared him a traitor. In fact, these military rulers were traitors because their troops raped their own mothers and sisters.

They say I am a liar and I am an enemy of Pakistan.

How could I be an enemy of Pakistan? My mother sacrificed her whole family for Pakistan. My problem is that I cannot deny the truth.

A senior colleague of mine is still alive. His name is Afzal Khan. He is 73 years old. He worked with the Associated Press of Pakistan. He was secretary general of the Pakistan Federal Union of Journalists between 1980 and 1985.

Afzal Khan was sent to Dhaka on March 28, 1971 for coverage of the army operations. He told me many times that yes, the Mukti Bahini killed a lot of innocent people, but what the Pakistan army did was not the job of a national army.

Once he was staying at Isphahani House in Khulna, then East Pakistan. An army major offered him the chance to spend the night with a girl. When Afzal Khan asked who the girl was, the major informed him that she was the daughter of a local police officer and she could come to Isphahani House at gun point. After this incident, Afzal Khan returned to Lahore.

Afzal Khan says that all those who were responsible for the rapes and genocide of Bangladeshis never enjoyed any respect in Pakistan. The name of General Yahya Khan is still like an abuse in Pakistan. His son Ali Yahya always tries to hide from people. General Tikka Khan is still remembered as the 'butcher of Bengal'. General A A K Niazi wanted to become the 'tiger of Bengal', but he is remembered as the 'jackal of Bengal'.

A majority of Pakistanis hate all those who were responsible for the genocide of their Bangladeshi brothers. That is the reason the family members of these army officers don't even mention publicly who their fathers were. Still there are people who are not ready to admit their blunders.

These people are in a minority, but they are powerful. I consider them enemies of the Pakistan for which my mother sacrificed her family.

Why should we defend these enemies? Why doesn't our democratic government officially apologise to Bengalis? This apology will not weaken Pakistan. It will strengthen Pakistan.

I am sure that Pakistan is changing fast. A day will come very soon when the government of Pakistan will officially say sorry to Bangladeshis and March 26 will become an apology day for patriotic Pakistanis.

I want this apology because Bengalis created Pakistan.

I want this apology because Bengalis supported Jinnah's sister against General Ayub Khan till her last breath.

I want this apology because I want to forge a new relationship with the people of Bangladesh.

I don't want to live in my dirty past. I want to live in a neat and clean future. I want a bright future not only for Pakistan but also for Bangladesh.

I want this apology because I love Pakistan and I love Bangladesh.

Happy Independence Day to my Bangladeshi brothers and sisters.

Hamid Mir, Executive Editor, Geo TV, receives the SAARC Lifetime Achievement Award at the SAARC Writers Conference on Friday.


Liberation of Bangladesh / A chronology of key events
« on: March 16, 2012, 12:09:16 AM »
1947 - British colonial rule over India ends. A largely Muslim state comprising East and West Pakistan is established, either side of India. The two provinces are separated from each other by more than 1,500 km of Indian territory.

1949 - The Awami League is established to campaign for East Pakistan's autonomy from West Pakistan.

1970 - The Awami League, under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, wins an overwhelming election victory in East Pakistan. The government in West Pakistan refuses to recognise the results, leading to rioting. Cyclone hits East Pakistan - up to 500,000 people are killed.

1971 - Sheikh Mujib arrested and taken to West Pakistan. In exile, Awami League leaders proclaim the independence of the province of East Pakistan on 26th March. The new country is called Bangladesh. Just under 10 million Bangladeshis flee to India as troops from West Pakistan are defeated with Indian assistance.

1972 - Sheikh Mujib returns, becomes prime minister. He begins a programme of nationalising key industries in an attempt to improve living standards, but with little success.

1974 - Severe floods devastate much of the grain crop, leading to an estimated 28,000 deaths. A national state of emergency is declared as political unrest grows.

1975 - Sheikh Mujib becomes president of Bangladesh. The political situation worsens. He is assassinated in a military coup in August. Martial law is imposed.

1976 - The military ban trade unions.

1977 - General Zia Rahman assumes the presidency. Islam is adopted in the constitution.

1979 - Martial law is lifted following elections, which Zia's Bangladesh National Party (BNP) wins.

1981 - Zia is assassinated during abortive military coup. He is succeeded by Abdus Sattar.
The Ershad era

1982 - General Ershad assumes power in army coup. He suspends the constitution and political parties.

1983 - Limited political activity is permitted. Ershad becomes president.

1986 - Parliamentary and presidential elections. Ershad elected to a five-year term. He lifts martial law and reinstates the constitution.

1987 - State of emergency declared after opposition demonstrations and strikes.

1988 - Islam becomes state religion. Floods cover up to three-quarters of the country. Tens of millions are made homeless.

1990 - Ershad steps down following mass protests.

1991 - Ershad convicted and jailed for corruption and illegal possession of weapons. Begum Khaleda Zia, widow of President Zia Rahman, becomes prime minister. Constitution is changed to render the position of president ceremonial. The prime minister now has primary executive power. Cyclonic tidal wave kills up to 138,000.
Awami League returns

1996 - Two sets of elections eventually see the Awami League win power, with Sheikh Hasina Wajed, the daughter of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, becoming prime minister.

1997 - Ershad is released from prison. The opposition BNP begins campaign of strikes against the government.

1998 - Two-thirds of the country devastated by the worst floods ever. Fifteen former army officers sentenced to death for involvement in assassination of President Mujib in 1975.

2000 September - Sheikh Hasina criticises military regimes in a UN speech, prompting Pakistani leader General Musharraf to cancel talks with her. Relations strained further by row over leaked Pakistani report on 1971 war of independence.

2000 December - Bangladesh expels Pakistani diplomat for comments on the 1971 war. The diplomat had put the number of dead at 26,000, whereas Bangladesh says nearly three million were killed. Bangladesh wants Pakistan to apologise for alleged genocide it says Pakistani forces were guilty of during the war.

2001 April - Seven killed in bomb blast at a Bengali New Year concert in Dhaka. Sixteen Indian and three Bangladeshi soldiers killed in their worst border clashes.

2001 April - High Court confirms death sentences on 12 ex-army officers for killing Mujib. Only four are in custody.

2001 June - Bomb kills 10 at Sunday mass at a Roman Catholic church in Baniarchar town. Bomb at Awami league office near Dhaka kills 22. Parliament approves bill providing protection for Hasina and her sister Sheikh Rehana, who feared that the killers of their father Mujib were out to get them too.

2001 July - Hasina steps down, hands power to caretaker authority, becoming the first prime minister in the country's history to complete a five-year term.
Coalition government

2001 September - At least eight people are killed and hundreds injured as two bombs explode at an election rally in south-western Bangladesh.

2001 October - Hasina loses at polls to Khaleda Zia's Nationalist Party and its three coalition partners.

2001 November - Law repealed which guaranteed lifelong security to former prime minister Sheikh Hasina and sister Sheikh Rehana.

2002 March - Government introduces law making acid attacks punishable by death amid public anger over escalating violence against women.

2002 May - Government orders tightening of safety standards after up to 500 people die when a river ferry goes down in a storm.

2002 June - President Chowdhury resigns after ruling Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) accuses him of taking an anti-party line.

2002 July - Pakistani President Musharraf visits; expresses regret over excesses carried out by Pakistan during 1971 war of independence.

2002 September - Iajuddin Ahmed sworn in as president.

2002 December - Simultaneous bomb blasts in cinemas in a town north of Dhaka kill 17 and injure hundreds.

2003 April - More than 100 people killed in two almost-simultaneous ferry disasters.

2004 Opposition calls 21 general strikes over the course of the year as part of a campaign to oust the government.

2004 May - Parliament amends constitution to reserve 45 seats for female MPs.

Bomb attack on Muslim shrine in north-eastern town of Sylhet kills two and injures UK high commissioner and 50 others.

2004 July onwards - Worst flooding in six years leaves nearly 800 people dead, millions homeless or stranded, and an estimated 20m in need of food aid. September's floods in Dhaka are said to be the worst in decades.

2004 August - Grenade attack on opposition Awami League rally in Dhaka kills 22 people. Awami League leader Sheikh Hasina survives the attack.

2005 January - Prominent Awami League politician Shah AMS Kibria is killed in a grenade attack at a political rally. The party calls a general strike in protest.

2005 February - More than 140 people are killed when a ferry capsizes near Dhaka.

2005 May - Some 150 people are killed within a week in three ferry accidents.
Bomb attacks

2005 17 August - Around 350 small bombs go off in towns and cities nationwide. Two people are killed and more than 100 are injured. A banned Islamic group claims responsibility.

2005 November - Spate of bombings, blamed on Islamic militants, hits Chittagong and Gazipur.

2006 February - Opposition Awami League ends year-long parliamentary boycott.
Political crisis

2006 October - Violent protests over government's choice of a caretaker administration to take over when Premier Zia completes her term at the end of the month. President Ahmed steps in and assumes caretaker role for period leading to elections due in January 2007.

2006 November - A 14-party opposition alliance led by the Awami League campaigns for controversial election officials to be removed. Chief election commissioner MA Aziz steps aside.

2006 December - Election date set at 22 January. Awami alliance says it will boycott the polls. Awami leader Sheikh Hasina accuses President Ahmed of favouring her rival.

Blockade aimed at derailing parliamentary elections paralyses much of the country.

2007 January - A state of emergency is declared amid violence in the election run-up. President Ahmed postpones the 22 January poll. Fakhruddin Ahmed takes over as head of caretaker administration.

2007 March - Six Islamist militants convicted of countrywide bomb attacks in 2005 are hanged. They include the leaders of Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh and Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen.

2007 April - Sheikh Hasina is charged with murder. Begum Khaleda Zia is under virtual house arrest. Several other politicians are held in an anti-corruption drive.

2007 May - Interim government eases restrictions on former prime ministers Sheikh Hasina and Begum Khaleda Zia.

2007 August - Government imposes a curfew on Dhaka and five other cities amid violent clashes between police and students demanding an end to emergency rule.

2007 November - Cyclone Sidr hits Bangladesh killing thousands. Hundreds of thousands of survivors are left struggling for basic necessities such as tents, rice, drinking water and medicines.

2008 May - Military-backed interim government says delayed elections will take place in December.

2008 June - Opposition leader Sheikh Hasina is temporarily freed from jail to get medical treatment abroad.

2008 August - Local elections take place, seen as a big step towards restoring democracy. Candidates backed by the Awami League party perform strongly.

2008 November - The authorities announce that general elections will be held on 18 December. Since January 2007 the country has been run by a military-backed interim government.

Former PM Sheikh Hasina returns home to lead her party in the general elections due in December. She spent four months in the US receiving medical treatment.
Awami League win

2008 December - The Awami League alliance led by former PM Sheikh Hasina wins a landslide victory in general elections, capturing more than 250 of 300 seats in parliament. International observers declare the vote broadly free and fair.

2009 January - Sheikh Hasina sworn in as prime minister.

2009 February - Around 74 people, mainly army officers, are killed in a mutiny by border guards unhappy with pay and conditions. Police arrest some 700 border guards in relation to the rebellion at their Dhaka compound headquarters.

2009 May - Police arrest another 1,000 border guards in connection with the February mutiny.

2009 June - In a ruling on the decades-old dispute between two main political parties, the High Court decides that it was the father of PM Sheikh Hasina, and not late husband of her arch-rival Khaleda Zia, who proclaimed independence from Pakistan in 1971.

2009 October - The government bans the local branch of the global Islamist organisation Hizb-ut Tahrir, saying it poses a threat to peace.

2010 January - Five former army officers are executed for the 1975 murder of Bangladesh's founding prime minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

2011 June - Constitutional change scraps provision for a neutral caretaker government to oversee elections.

2011 July - Bangladesh, India start first-ever joint census of areas along their border to resolve some territorial anomalies.

2012 January - Army says it has foiled a coup planned by "fanatic officers".

ALWAYS consult your pediatrician prior to beginning any new food for your infant. Discuss making homemade baby food with your pediatrician and visit our Baby Solid Food Charts for information regarding what foods to introduce to baby and when. You may also wish to visit the World Health Organization, the American Academy of Pediatrics, Health Canada, Health Insite - Australia and the Department of Public Health (U.K.) to learn more about baby food and infant feeding.

ALWAYS follow the 4 day wait rule when introducing a new food to baby - offer your baby the same new food for 4 days to test for allergies to that food. This applies even when you are making homemade baby food. Never introduce more than 1 new food at a time.

ALWAYS use clean hands, clean cooking utensils, preparation surface(s), pots/pans etc when making and and preparing homemade baby food. Cleanliness and Food Safety is a MUST when making homemade baby food.

And Finally All babies are different and will not like/tolerate the same foods or food textures. Do Not Despair. You should be willing to experiment with baby solid food for your baby. Offer your baby different foods, use different ways of preparing those baby foods and be willing to have a huge store of patience.


MYTH: You must avoid sugar at all costs.
Fact: The good news is that you can enjoy your favorite treats as long as you plan properly. Dessert doesn’t have to be off limits, as long as it’s a part of a healthy meal plan or combined with exercise.

MYTH: A high-protein diet is best.
Fact: Studies have shown that eating too much protein, especially animal protein, may actually cause insulin resistance, a key factor in diabetes. A healthy diet includes protein, carbohydrates, and fats. Our bodies need all three to function properly. The key is a balanced diet.

MYTH: You have to cut way down on carbs.
Fact: Again, the key is to eat a balanced diet. The serving size and the type of carbohydrates you eat are especially important. Focus on whole grain carbs since they are a good source of fiber and they are digested slowly, keeping blood sugar levels more even.

MYTH: You’ll no longer be able to eat normally. You need special diabetic meals.
Fact: The principles of healthy eating are the same—whether or not you’re trying to prevent or control diabetes. Expensive diabetic foods generally offer no special benefit. You can easily eat with your family and friends if you eat in moderation.


তথ্যপ্রযুক্তির নানা ধরনের কাজের মধ্যে বর্তমানে আউটসোর্সিং বেশ জনপ্রিয় হয়ে উঠেছে। ইন্টারনেটের মাধ্যমে ঘরে বসে বিদেশের নানা ধরনের কাজ করা যায়। আর এটাকেই বলে আউটসোর্সিং। বাংলাদেশের অনেক মুক্ত পেশাজীবী (ফ্রিল্যান্সার) এ কাজ করছেন সফলভাবেই।ফ্রিল্যান্সিং আউটসোর্স কাজে বাংলাদেশের অবস্থান বেশ ভালো। ছেলেদের পাশাপাশি এ কাজে এগিয়ে আছেন মেয়েরাও। পড়াশোনা, সংসার—সবকিছু সামলে সফলভাবে আউটসোর্সিং করছেন মারজান আহমেদ। বর্তমানে স্নাতক পর্যায়ে পড়াশোনা করার পাশাপাশি নিজের সংসার সামলে যশোর থেকেই ইন্টারনেটে কাজ করে যাচ্ছেন। স্বীকৃতি হিসেবে সম্প্রতি পেয়েছেন বেসিসের সেরা ফ্রিল্যান্সার পুরস্কার।

‘নানা ধরনের কাজের পাশাপাশি অনলাইনে কাজ করার আগ্রহ ছিল। সে কারণে ফ্রিল্যান্স আউটসোর্সিং সম্পর্কে জানা ছিল। এই আগ্রহ থেকে ২০১০ সালে পুরোপুরি কাজ শুরু করি।’ বললেন মারজান। কাজের শুরুতে সময় দেওয়ার বিষয়টি ছিল খুব গুরুত্বপূর্ণ। অনলাইনে আউটসোর্সিংয়ের কাজ পাওয়া যায় এমন ওয়েবসাইট (মার্কেটপ্লেস) থেকে কাজের খোঁজ পান তিনি।মূলত ডেটা এন্ট্রি ও ওয়েব বিপণনের কাজ করেন মারজান। এ পর্যন্ত সফলতার সঙ্গে শেষ করেছেন এক হাজার ৫০টি প্রকল্প। এসব কাজের জন্য প্রতিদিন অনেকটা সময়ই দিতে হয়।
‘কাজটা যখন শুরু করেছিলাম, আস্থা ছিল নিজের প্রতি। সংসার সামলে পড়াশোনার পাশাপাশি যতটা সময় দেওয়া যায়, ততটাই কাজের ক্ষেত্রে দিয়েছি।’ বলেন মারজান। এর পাশাপাশি নিজের নামে ছোট একটি প্রতিষ্ঠান রয়েছে মারজান আহমেদের, যেখানে কাজ করছেন ১০ জন। নিজের এই ছোট অফিসের মাধ্যমেই কাজ করেন তিনি। নারীদের এসব কাজে এগিয়ে আসার ব্যাপারে নিজের উৎসাহের কথা জানালেন জোর গলায়। বললেন, ‘কাজের ক্ষেত্রে পিছিয়ে থাকার কোনো মানে হয় না। পড়াশোনা, সংসার—এসব কোনো বাধা হতে পারে না। ইচ্ছে থাকলে অনেক কিছুই করা সম্ভব।’ নিজের পড়াশোনার বিষয়ে বলেন, ‘শুরু থেকেই পড়াশোনার প্রতি আলাদা মনোযোগ ছিল এবং এর ধারাবাহিকতায় ফলাফল নিয়েও সন্তুষ্ট ছিলাম।’ স্বামী আবদুল কাইয়ুমের কর্মস্থল যশোর, তাই সেখানে বসেই কাজ করে যাচ্ছেন তিনি।
বর্তমান ইন্টারনেট বিপণনে মারজান আহমেদের অবস্থান বেশ ভালো। তবে নিজের অবস্থান সবার শীর্ষে দেখতে চান তিনি। ‘আউটসোর্সিংয়ে বাংলাদেশ অনেক ভালো করছে। তবে এখন আমাদের আরও এগিয়ে যেতে হবে এবং শীর্ষস্থানে যেতে হবে।’ নিজের কাজের প্রতি একাগ্রতা ও সৎ থাকার ব্যাপারে জোর দেন তিনি। নিজের চার বছর বয়সী একমাত্র সন্তান আইমান আওসাফকেও সময় দিচ্ছেন, আবার কাজও করে যাচ্ছেন। এ ছাড়া এলাকার অনেকেই বিভিন্ন সময় যখন আউটসোর্সিং নিয়ে কাজ করার আগ্রহের বিষয়টি জানান, তখন তাঁদের দিকে সাহায্যের হাত বাড়িয়ে দেন। এতে অনেক শিক্ষার্থী কিংবা আগ্রহী ব্যক্তি অফিসে এসে কাজ করে যান। এতে নিজেরও কিছু আয় হয়, হয় তাঁদেরও। ভবিষ্যতে উচ্চশিক্ষার্থে দেশের বাইরে যাওয়ার স্বপ্নের কথা জানালেন মারজান। তবে যেখানেই থাকবেন, নিজের প্রিয় কাজটি করে যাবেন। মেয়েরাও যে নিজের যোগ্যতা দিয়ে কাজের মাধ্যমে ভালো করতে পারেন, সেটি সবাইকে জানিয়ে দেবেন—এমনই ইচ্ছে আর স্বপ্ন বাস্তবায়নের পথে এগিয়ে চলছেন তিনি।


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