Show Posts

This section allows you to view all posts made by this member. Note that you can only see posts made in areas you currently have access to.

Messages - khadijatul kobra

Pages: 1 [2] 3 4 ... 6
Blue Tourism / blue tourism
« on: February 18, 2020, 07:30:29 PM »
Blue was an adventure travel magazine, founded in 1997 by Amy Schrier, with David Carson as the original design consultant.Its focus was on global adventure travel, and described itself as "a journal for the new traveler".It was published in New York City from 1997 until 2003. The New York Times characterized it as "not your father's National Geographic." The Christian Science Monitor described the magazine's "social agenda" as being part of its identity.

Air Ticketing & Reservation / information in a ticket
« on: February 18, 2020, 07:27:48 PM »
The passenger's name.
The issuing airline.
A ticket number, including the airline's 3 digit code[2] at the start of the number.
The cities the ticket is valid for travel between.
Flight that the ticket is valid for. (Unless the ticket is "open")
Baggage allowance. (Not always visible on a printout but recorded electronically for the airline)
Fare. (Not always visible on a printout but recorded electronically for the airline)
Taxes. (Not always visible on a printout but recorded electronically for the airline)
The "Fare Basis", an alpha or alpha-numeric code that identifies the fare.
Restrictions on changes and refunds. (Not always shown in detail, but referred to).
Dates that the ticket is valid for.
"Form of payment", i.e., details of how the ticket was paid for, which will in turn affect how it would be refunded.
The Rate of Exchange used to calculate any international parts of the fare and tax.
A "Fare Construction" or "Linear" showing the breakdown of the total fare.

Air Ticketing & Reservation / airline ticket
« on: February 18, 2020, 07:26:35 PM »
An airline ticket is a document or electronic record, issued by an airline or a travel agency, that confirms that an individual is entitled to a seat on a flight on an aircraft. The airline ticket may be one of two types: a paper ticket, which comprises coupons or vouchers; and an electronic ticket (commonly referred to as an e-ticket).

The ticket, in either form, is required to obtain a boarding pass during check-in at the airport. Then with the boarding pass and the attached ticket, the passenger is allowed to board the aircraft.

Tour & Travel Management / travel agency
« on: February 18, 2020, 07:25:35 PM »
A travel agency is a private retailer or public service that provides travel and tourism-related services to the general public on behalf of suppliers. Travel agencies can provide outdoor recreation activities, airlines, car rentals, cruise lines, hotels, railways, travel insurance, package tours, insurance, guide books, public transport timetables, car rentals, and bureau de change services. Travel agencies can also serve as general sales agents for airlines that do not have offices in a specific region. A travel agency's main function is to act as an agent, selling travel products and services on behalf of a supplier. They do not keep inventory in hand unless they have pre-booked hotel rooms or cabins on a cruise ship for a group travel event such as a wedding, honeymoon, or a group event.

Blue Tourism / Blue Tourism
« on: November 19, 2018, 05:49:54 PM »
Blue was an adventure travel magazine, founded in 1997by Amy Schrier, with David Carson as the original design consultant. Its focus was on global adventure travel, and described itself as "a journal for the new traveler".It was published in New York City from 1997 until 2003. The New York Times characterized it as "not your father's National Geographic."The Christian Science Monitor described the magazine's "social agenda" as being part of its identity.

Destination & Culture / Destination and Culture
« on: November 15, 2018, 08:33:13 PM »
While satisfying tourists' interests and demands may be a top priority, it is also imperative to ruminate the subsystems of the destination's (residents). Development pressures should be anticipated and set to their minimum level so as to conserve the area's resources and prevent a saturation of the destination as to not abuse the product and the residents correspondingly. The plan should incorporate the locals to its gain by training and employing them and in the process encourage them to participate to the travel business. Travellers should be not only aware about the destination but also concern on how to help it sustain its character while broadening their travelling experience.

Destination & Culture / Destination and Culture
« on: November 15, 2018, 08:32:36 PM »
Cultural tourism is the subset of tourism concerned with a traveler's engagement with a country or region's culture, specifically the lifestyle of the people in those geographical areas, the history of those people, their art, architecture, religion(s), and other elements that helped shape their way of life.

Carrying Capacity / carrying capacity
« on: November 15, 2018, 08:31:33 PM »
Some aspects of a system's carrying capacity may involve matters such as available supplies of food, water, raw materials, and/or other similar resources. In addition, there are other factors that govern carrying capacity which may be less instinctive or less intuitive in nature, such as ever-increasing and/or ever-accumulating levels of wastes, damage, and/or eradication of essential components of any complex functioning system. Eradication of, for example, large or critical portions of any complex system (envision a space vehicle, for instance, or an airplane, or an automobile, or computer code, or the body components of a living vertebrate) can interrupt essential processes and dynamics in ways that induce systems failures or unexpected collapse. (As an example of these latter factors, the "carrying capacity" of a complex system such an airplane is more than a matter of available food, or water, or available seating, but also reflects total weight carried and presumes that its passengers do not damage, destroy, or eradicate parts, doors, windows, wings, engine parts, fuel, and oil, and so forth.) Thus, on a global scale, food and similar resources may affect planetary carrying capacity to some extent so long as Earth's human passengers do not dismantle, eradicate, or otherwise destroy critical biospheric life-support capacities for essential processes of self-maintenance, self-perpetuation, and self-repair.

Thus, carrying capacity interpretations that focus solely on resource limitations alone (such as food) may neglect wider functional factors. If the humans neither gain nor lose weight in the long-term, the calculation is fairly accurate. If the quantity of food is invariably equal to the "Y" amount, carrying capacity has been reached. Humans, with the need to enhance their reproductive success (see Richard Dawkins' The Selfish Gene[verification needed]), understand that food supply can vary and also that other factors in the environment can alter humans' need for food. A house, for example, might mean that one does not need to eat as much to stay warm as one otherwise would. Over time, monetary transactions have replaced barter and local production, and consequently modified local human carrying capacity. However, purchases also impact regions thousands of miles away. For example, carbon dioxide from an automobile travels to the upper atmosphere. This led Paul R. Ehrlich to develop the I = PAT equation.

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / tourism trends
« on: November 15, 2018, 08:30:35 PM »
Since the September 11 2001 attacks on the twin towers in the United States, the number of terrorist attacks around the world has increased significantly in recent years. They now number by the thousands per year, and, so too is the death toll. Without doubt, such attacks have definitely taken a toll on global tourism, and if left unchecked, will continue to impact global tourism in various ways.

In countries which are plagued with terrorist attacks such as Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Nigeria, they are unlikely to attract many international tourists. However, the concerns and focus are now on nations and cities that traditionally attract large number of tourists, and many of them are in Europe. For example, several terrorist attacks were carried out recently at German cities like Ansbach, Berlin, Munich and Wurtburgin 2016 [9]. The attack on Berlin was particularly significant as it was carried out during the Christmas period. Other attacks targeted at European cities during the same year included Brussels (Belgium), Nice (France), Antarturk Airport, Ankara, and Gaziantep (Turkey). London and Manchester, highly visited cities by tourists, in the UK were also not spared, suffering several attacks in 2016 and 2017. The latest attack, at the point of this writing, occurred in Las Vegas on 1 October 2017. Carried out by a lone wolf, 60 people were killed and over 500 were injured.

Tourist sites are certainly soft and vulnerable targets to terrorist attacks. They are not easy to defend from a security perspective. In addition, the terrorists can also “disguise” like tourists, and are harder to detect. When casualties occur, especially when they involve various nationalities, they tend to receive international media coverage readily and attract more global attention. This allows the terrorist organization behind the attack to register its cause even more prominently. Not surprisingly, tourist sites will continue to be targets for terrorist attacks.

Indeed, the toll on tourism as a result of terrorist attacks has begun to show. For example, Chinese tourists are now more hesitant to visit countries like France and Germany. Instead, they are increasingly opting for places like Scandinavia and Eastern Europe where they are perceived to be less affected by terrorist attacks [10]. This has several implications. First, as Chinese form the largest number of tourists around the world, any significant shift of where they intend to visit will certainly impact global tourism.

Second, and this is something that governments of the respective countries cannot ignore – increasing number of attacks are happening in Europe and European cities that are the traditional destinations of tourists. There is certainly a need to deal with terrorism in these cities/ nations in more decisive ways if they hope to sustain their earnings from tourism. The point here is not that global tourism will drop significantly. In fact, according to various reports, including that of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), global tourist arrivals grew annually between 3.5% to 5.0% for the period 2014 to 2016, and is expected to register the same growth rate for 2017. Rather, there will be significant and noticeable re-alignment of places to visit if terrorist attacks continue to increase in places which are traditionally favored by international tourists.

Third, with increased terrorist threats, tourists may opt for holidays that are nearer home that includes destinations in neighboring countries or even within the country itself, especially when they are less prone to terrorist attacks. The substitution of domestic for international holidays is a definite possibility, especially in large countries like China, the US, and Australia.

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / tourism trends
« on: November 15, 2018, 08:29:53 PM »
The world of tourism has undergone some significant changes in recent years. It used to be dominated by tourists from the western countries, and visiting largely conventional destinations in Europe, America and some other places in Asia (such as Thailand) and the Caribbean islands. However, since the rapid emergence of China after its opening to the outside world in 1978, and the increased number of terrorist attacks that followed after the landmark September 11 2001 incident, the tourism industry is beginning to experience some noticeable shifts in recent years. These shifts which are emerging trends are likely to continue in the future, especially if terrorist attacks remain unchecked. This paper highlight six major future trends and discusses the challenges and implications that will be faced by tourism promotion boards of nations and companies that rely heavily on the tourist trade.

Tourism Trends / tourism trends
« on: November 15, 2018, 08:28:50 PM »
Tourism research underpins our strategic planning and decision making, providing accountability to our stakeholders and responding to the increasingly sophisticated information demands of industry partners. The need for timely, insightful research is amplified by growing competition, rapidly evolving consumer attitudes, technological innovation and changing market conditions.

Our research program effectively captures and reports on tourism economics, delivering relevant information for its own use as well as that of industry partners.We provide relevant data collection, monitoring and reporting on accommodation statistics, tourism economic facts and figures, market reports, research resources, research links and website trends.

Tourism Trends / Tourism industry trends
« on: August 29, 2018, 07:09:18 PM »
Tourism industry trends can be ascertained with regard to the following parameters. Market analysts researching in tourism industry trends predict or provide a general layout of the trends with respect to outcomes of tourism which is inbound, e-business in the tourism industry, development and promoting tourism in tribal areas, trends in tourism farming, tourism requirements, development of strategies in the context of tourism, tourism markets worldwide, selling or promoting tourist destination etc.,.

Economic, Social impact / Social impact
« on: August 19, 2018, 09:35:30 PM »
Definitions for "social impact assessment" vary by different sectors and applications. According to the International Association for Impact Assessment, "Social impact assessment includes the processes of analyzing, monitoring and managing the intended and unintended social consequences, both positive and negative, of planned interventions (policies, programs, plans, projects) and any social change processes invoked by those interventions. Its primary purpose is to bring about a more sustainable and equitable biophysical and human environment."

Economic, Social impact / Impact
« on: August 19, 2018, 09:34:57 PM »
The origins of SIA largely derive from the environmental impact assessment (EIA) model, which first emerged in the 1970s in the U.S, as a way to assess the impacts on society of certain development schemes and projects before they go ahead - for example, new roads, industrial facilities, mines, dams, ports, airports, and other infrastructure projects. In the United States under the National Environmental Policy Act, social impact assessments are federally mandated and performed in conjunction with environmental impact assessments.[1] SIA has been incorporated into the formal planning and approval processes in several countries, in order to categorize and assess how major developments may affect populations, groups, and settlements. Though the social impact assessment has long been considered subordinate to the environmental impact assessment, new models, such as the Environmental Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), take a more integrated approach where equal weight is given to both the social and environmental impact assessments.

Economic, Social impact / Social impact
« on: August 19, 2018, 09:34:11 PM »
Social impact assessment (SIA) is a methodology to review the social effects of infrastructure projects and other development interventions. Although SIA is usually applied to planned interventions, the same techniques can be used to evaluate the social impact of unplanned events, for example disasters, demographic change and epidemics.

Pages: 1 [2] 3 4 ... 6