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Messages - Raisa

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1
interesting topic

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Faculty Sections / Re: Video Tutorial on DIU BLC (Moodle)
« on: August 28, 2021, 07:25:18 PM »
interesting topic

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interesting topic

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Faculty Sections / Re: The Most Useful Websites on the Internet
« on: August 28, 2021, 07:24:36 PM »
interesting topic

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interesting topic

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thanks for sharing  :)

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Macroeconomics / urbanization
« on: August 28, 2021, 07:22:47 PM »
Bangladesh is a lower-middle-income country located in the South Asian region with a population of 160 million. The country is split into eight divisions and sixty-four districts to help with the administrative process. Like other developing countries, Bangladesh is also going through rapid urban growth over the last few decades. According to the Planning Commission report 2013, the level of urbanization in this country is increasing at an expeditious rate of 23.30 (2011), which was only 8.78 in the year 1974.
The increased migration of rural people to the urban areas has resulted in increased poverty in the urban areas. In fact, rapid urbanization has led to concentration of poverty in urban areas more than rural areas over time which has been coined as "urbanization of poverty". This is because the cities are overcrowded and are unable to create enough opportunities. There are not enough jobs and facilities for all. Many are under-employed while some are unemployed even in large cities. Cost of living in urban areas is also higher than rural areas—a substantial part of their income is spent on housing since the demand for housing is very high compared to supply in cities, particularly in large cities such as Dhaka and Chottogram.
First, the urban poor need support through a comprehensive social safety net program. Second, more investment is required in basic amenities such as healthcare, education, water and sanitation in the poor urban areas. Third, they should have access to finance so that the youth and the women can become entrepreneurs. Fourth, skills development, training, and access to technology will help the poor find better jobs. Fifth, better urban planning and investment are needed for improving the conditions of slums and housing of the poor. Finally, urban poverty can be tackled to a large extent by developing the rural economy which is already transforming. More investment in rural infrastructure and facilities will check migration from rural to urban areas and reduce pressure on the cities.


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Macroeconomics / blue economy
« on: August 28, 2021, 07:20:56 PM »
According to the World Bank the blue economy is the "sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth, improved livelihoods, and jobs while preserving the health of ocean ecosystem."
Bangladesh has 710 km long coastline with an exclusive economic zone of 200 Nautical Miles inside the Bay of Bengal. Marine fisheries contribute 19.40 per cent of the total fish production of the country. Besides, on an average, 81.0 per cent of the international tourists visit Cox's Bazaar in Bangladesh. The ocean of Bangladesh is contributing a noteworthy role to its overall socio-economic growth through enhancing the economic activities across the country and especially to the coastal zone at southern part.Blue Economy has the prospect to contribute Bangladesh economy on a much higher level. Twenty six potential Blue Economy sectors have been identified by the MoFA which include the fishery, maritime trade and shipping, energy, tourism, coastal protection, maritime safety and surveillance for development of blue economy in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh has huge potential in coastal tourism. Globally, coastal tourism has a huge market segment and represents 5 per cent of world GDP and contributes 6-7 per cent of total employment. In 150 countries, it is among the top export earners. It is the main source of foreign exchange for half of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Coastal tourism includes beach-based recreation and tourism; (b) tourist activities in proximity to the sea; boating including yachting and marinas.

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Macroeconomics / Corruption
« on: August 28, 2021, 07:19:35 PM »
Bangladesh is a small country in South asia but corruption here is not that small. Corruption here  may originate from want, the immorality of people, lack of transparency, unsolved problems, unfinished works, vicious politicos, weak administration and many after relevant things. All the sectors of the government and the administration are corrupted severely as well. No department of either government or non-government like ministry, office, school, college, university, law court, police station, hospital, etc. is beyond the reach of corruption. Even the victims of accident and the dying patients are not left untouched by corruption. It has become customary in our country that nothing is done without the intervention of corruption.
Corruption has a terrible effect on all the parts of society. It leads the country to anarchism. Law and order situation become deteriorated for corruption. The difference between the poor and rich widens day by day. All the development procedures of the government become useless for the cause of corruption. However, this is a humiliating condition for us a nation. It has spoilt our image in the home and abroad. Above all, foreign donors and the investors become reluctant observing the large scale of the practice of corruption

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thanks for sharing

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