Daffodil International University

Faculty of Humanities and Social Science => Law => Topic started by: Ferdousi Begum on May 28, 2013, 02:25:28 PM

Title: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Ferdousi Begum on May 28, 2013, 02:25:28 PM
What is a right?
Right means a claim of some interests adverted by an individual or a group of individuals which has either moral or legal basis and which is essential for the development of the society. In a sense, right is not created by law. It originates itself as an obvious result of mutual interaction between man and society.
What are human rights?
Human rights are those of legal and moral rights which can be claimed by any person for the very reason that is a human being. These rights origin by birth and applicable to all people throughout the world irrespective of their race, color, sex, language or political or other opinion. These are therefore those rights that are inherent in human person and without which they cannot live as human beings.
What are fundamental rights?   
The term fundamental right is a technical one, for when certain human rights are written down in a constitution and protected by constitutional guarantees they are called fundamental rights. They are called fundamental rights in that sense that they are placed in the supreme or fundamental law of the land which has a supreme authority over all other laws of the land. Article 26 to 47 of the  constitution of Bangladesh confers a number of substantive fundamental rights on every citizen of Bangladesh e.g. the right to freedom of expression, assembly, association, movement and profession etc.

Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of Bangladesh
18 fundamental rights have been enumerated in the constitution commencing from Article 27 to 44. All of these rights are civil and political rights. These 18 fundamental rights may be firstly divided into two groups:
a. Rights granted to all persons-citizen and non citizen alike. These are six rights enumerated in Articles 32, 33, 34, 35, 41 and 44 of the constitution.
b. Rights granted to citizens of Bangladesh only, these are 12 rights enumerated in Articles 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42 and 43.

Classification of Fundamental Rights
The Fundamental Rights enumerated in the Bangladesh Constitution may be classified into the following three groups:

A. Absolute Rights:
 1.        Equality before law, (Art. 27).
 2.        Discrimination on grounds of religion etc (Art.28).
 3.        Equity of opportunity in public employment (Art.29).
 4.        Prohibition of foreign titles etc (Art.30).
 5.        Safe guards as to arrest and detention (Art.33).
 6.        Prohibition of forced labour (Art.34).
 7.        Protection in respect of trial and punishment (Art.35).
 8.        Enforcement of Fundamental Rights (Art.44).

B. Rights on which reasonable restriction can be imposed:
 1.        Freedom of movement (Art.36).
 2.        Freedom of Assembly (Art.37).
 3.        Freedom of Association (Art.38).
 4.        Freedom of thought and conscience and of speech (Art.39).
 5.        Freedom of religion (Art. 40)
 6.        Protection of home and correspondence.

C. Fundamental rights which has been practically left to the legislature
1. Right to protection of law (Art.31)
2. Protection of right to life and personal liberty (Art.32)
 3. Right to lawful profession, occupation or business (Art.40)
 4. Protection of property right (Art.42)


Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: safat suhrid on May 29, 2013, 08:56:00 AM
thanks mam
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: faysal123 on May 29, 2013, 08:09:26 PM
Excellent  :)
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Labanna Ahsan on May 29, 2013, 09:06:40 PM
Good
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Shabbir on May 30, 2013, 10:42:46 AM
Thank you Mam for giving me Information and I'm very glad to know it.
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Hasan on May 30, 2013, 10:43:45 AM

Excellent  :)
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Ferdousi Begum on May 30, 2013, 02:05:51 PM
You should buy a pocket Constitution and read it every time.
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: MD Tarekul islam khan on June 01, 2013, 07:15:27 PM
mam i read but not undarstent  this mater
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: MD Tarekul islam khan on June 01, 2013, 07:19:17 PM
mam i try  this
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Ferdousi Begum on June 02, 2013, 03:00:00 PM
Alright, I will discuss it to make you understand.
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: topu482 on June 03, 2013, 10:27:12 AM
good  :D
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: sadia007 on June 03, 2013, 10:30:45 AM
thanks
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Shabbir on June 13, 2013, 09:32:06 AM
I am very happy to know it. thanks Mam.
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Rasel447 on June 13, 2013, 09:38:02 AM
 :) Good valo
 
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Muna478 on June 13, 2013, 09:47:13 AM
good ;D ;D
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Toma470 on June 13, 2013, 09:55:18 AM
very good
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Muna478 on June 13, 2013, 10:39:25 AM
GOOD
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Afroza Rahman on June 22, 2013, 10:25:24 AM
Very good mam
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Farzana Yesmin on June 29, 2013, 10:23:31 AM
good
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: shaikat on June 29, 2013, 01:59:11 PM
nice....
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: najnin on June 29, 2013, 06:57:54 PM
Nice Post! Thanks a lot!
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Ferdousi Begum on July 10, 2013, 01:18:51 PM
Thanks
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: farzanamili on September 03, 2013, 11:37:08 AM
excellent job done :)
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Ferdousi Begum on November 21, 2013, 06:54:18 PM
Thanks to all.
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: riaduzzaman on November 27, 2013, 10:33:35 AM
Jealous to see the numbers of reply!
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: farzanamili on November 27, 2013, 02:04:40 PM
@Riaduzzaman...thanks for confession.  :D
Title: Re: Fundamental Rights
Post by: Ferdousi Begum on December 08, 2013, 12:27:38 PM
Thanks to all of you.