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Messages - Farhana Israt Jahan

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Nice & informative

Farhana, Dept. of Pharmacy

Thanks for the helpful information.

Farhana Israt Jahan
Sr. Lecturer
Dept. of Pharmacy

World's top ten supertall architectural establishments:

Located at the "First Interchange" along Sheikh Zayed Road at Doha
Height: 818 m / 2,684 ft

2. TAIPEI 101
Taipei, China (Taiwan)
Height: 509 m / 1,671 ft

Shanghai, China
Height: 492 m / 1,614 ft

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Height: 452 m / 1,483 ft

Chicago United States
Height: 442 m / 1,451 ft

Shanghai, China
Height: 421 m / 1,380 ft

Hong Kong, China
Height: 415 m / 1,362 ft

Tianhe District, Guangzhou, China
Height: 391 m / 1,283 ft

Shenzhen, China
Height: 384 m / 1,260 ft

New York
Height: 381 meters / 1252 feet

Health Tips / Osteoporosis, the silent killer
« on: November 15, 2012, 10:06:07 PM »
Osteoporosis, the silent killer...[/size]

Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures (breaks) in the bones.
Bone mass (bone density) decreases after 35 years of age, and bone loss occurs more rapidly in women after menopause.
Key risk factors for osteoporosis include genetics, lack of exercise, lack of calcium and vitamin D, personal history of fracture as an adult, cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, history of rheumatoid arthritis, low body weight, and family history of osteoporosis.
Patients with osteoporosis have no symptoms until bone fractures occur, for this reason the disease is known as “Silent Killer”

The following are factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis:
•Female gender
•Caucasian or Asian race
•Thin and small body frame
•Family history of osteoporosis (for example, having a mother with an osteoporotic hip fracture doubles your risk of hip fracture)
•Personal history of fracture as an adult
•Cigarette smoking
•Excessive alcohol consumption
•Lack of exercise
•Diet low in calcium
•Poor nutrition and poor general health
•Malabsorption (nutrients are not properly absorbed from the gastrointestinal system) from conditions such as celiac sprue
•Low estrogen levels in women (such as occur in menopause or with early surgical removal of both ovaries)
•Low testosterone levels in men (hypogonadism)
•Chemotherapy that can cause early menopause due to its toxic effects on the ovaries
•Amenorrhea (loss of the menstrual period) in young women is associated with low estrogen and osteoporosis; amenorrhea can occur in women who undergo extremely vigorous exercise training and in women with very low body fat (for example, women with anorexia nervosa)
•Chronic inflammation, due to chronic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or liver diseases
•Immobility, such as after a stroke, or from any condition that interferes with walking
•Hyperthyroidism, a condition wherein too much thyroid hormone is produced by the thyroid gland (as in Grave's disease) or is ingested as thyroid hormone medication
• Hyperparathyroidism is a disease wherein there is excessive parathyroid hormone production by the parathyroid gland, a small gland located near or within the thyroid gland. Normally, parathyroid hormone maintains blood calcium levels by, in part, removing calcium from the bone. In untreated hyperparathyroidism, excessive parathyroid hormone causes too much calcium to be removed from the bone, which can lead to osteoporosis.
•When vitamin D is lacking, the body cannot absorb adequate amounts of calcium from the diet to prevent osteoporosis. Vitamin D deficiency can result from lack of intestinal absorption of the vitamin such as occurs in celiac sprue and primary biliary cirrhosis.
•Certain medications can cause osteoporosis. These include long-term use of heparin (a blood thinner), antiseizure medications such as phenytoin (Dilantin) and phenobarbital, and long-term use of oral corticosteroids (such as prednisone).

Health Tips / Quicker ways to Relieve Stress
« on: November 15, 2012, 09:19:14 PM »
Quicker ways to Relieve Stress

If you feel tension taking over, regaining your calm doesn't have to take long.

10 Minutes Chew a Stick of Gum
Researchers from Australia and England found that in moments of stress, gum chewers felt less anxious and had 18 percent less cortisol (the stress hormone) in their saliva. "Chewing increases blood flow to the brain—which may make us feel more alert—and it may also distract us from stressors," says study coauthor Andrew Scholey, PhD, director of the Centre for Human Psychopharmacology at Swinburne University.

Put Pen to Paper
A 2010 study in Anxiety, Stress & Coping found that writing about a stressful event for just 20 minutes on two different days lowered levels of perceived stress. Putting feelings on paper appears to organize thoughts, helping us process unpleasant experiences and release negative emotions.

Brew Some Black Tea
People who drank four servings of black tea a day for six weeks were able to de-stress faster and had lower levels of cortisol after a stressful event, according to a study from University College London. Chemical compounds in the antioxidant-packed beverage may relax us through their effect on neurotransmitters in the brain.

Put on Music You Love
Music can elicit positive emotions and reduce your levels of stress hormones. A study in the Journal of Advanced Nursing found that patients who listened to songs of their choice were less anxious before surgery. Boost your mood even more by dancing along to trigger the release of feel-good endorphins.

Thanks for sharing the informations.

Farhana Israt Jahan
Sr. Lecturer
Dept. of Pharmacy

Faculty Forum / Re: New book is published.......
« on: November 15, 2012, 05:30:10 PM »
Where is the sample copy?

Farhana Israt Jahan
Sr. lecturer

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