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Topics - nusrat-diu

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Namaj/Salat / Qaza Namaz
« on: October 10, 2012, 05:40:21 PM »
Method of praying Qaza Salahs Quickly

If someone have missed Salahs in their account. Either one time's or of many years, they must pray their Qaza as soon as possible. Salah is a Fard and not forgiven. On the day of judgement Salah will be the first thing asked about.

For the people who have many years of missed Salahs. There is a way to pray them quickly. Following instructions have four exeptions and has all Fards and Wajibs for a complete Salat. Please pray your Qaza as soon as possible. Even of you could pray one days Qaza Salahs every day which are only 20 rakahs (3 wajib witr), please do it. It only takes few mins to perform 20 rakahs according to the following instructions.

1) In Ruku and Sajdah instead of reciting "Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem" and "Subhaana Rabbiyal A'la" three times, say it only once. But make sure do not leave Ruku poster untill the Meem (M) of Azeem has been said properly. Similarly do not leave the posture of Sajdah until Ala has been said completely. Just make sure to say these Tasbeehaat properly and do not rush.

2) In third and four Rakah of Fard Salah instead of reciting the whole Soorah Fatiha say, "Subhan Allah" three times and go to Ruku, . Make sure "Subhan Allah" has been recited three times properly, do not rush. This exeption is only for Fard. In third rakah of Witr it's a must to recite full Soorah Fatiha followed by at least three ayahs of Quran or a soorah (as we usually do in first and second rakah).

3) In last Qaidah (when we sit for Attahyyat) before Salam, after Attahyyat instead of full Durood and Dua just say, "Allah Humma Salle Ala Sayedena Mohammad Wa Aalihi", then finish the Salat with Salam. Dua is not a must here.

4) In Witr, instead of full Dua-e-Qunoot just say "Rabbigh Fir Lee" one or three times.

(Fatawa Rizvia, Part 3, Page 622

English Language Lab / Proverbs
« on: October 04, 2012, 05:52:15 PM »
"When your only tool is a hammer, every problem looks like a nail." (English proverb)

Faculty Forum / Nausea after meals
« on: March 10, 2012, 01:36:58 PM »
Did you ever eat something for dinner, thinking it tasted pretty good -- just to realize a little later that your dinner didn't like you as much as you liked it?
You're not alone. Just about everybody has experienced this. The problem can be very minor, or it could be an indication of something more serious.

    Do certain foods make you sick?
        Usually, a simple over-the-counter remedy will help nausea. Usually, a simple over-the-counter remedy will help nausea.

        Sometimes, nausea after eating comes from a food that didn't agree with you. Luckily, most people know what foods are difficult for them, and accordingly stay away from them.
        Of course, a food that has never made you sick before can surprise you and make you sick at one time or another.
        When you can't avoid having a food that has made you nauseous in the past, sometimes it's best to take an over-the-counter antacid either before you eat, or shortly after.
    What if something simple doesn't clear it up?
        Ever wondered what food poisoning looks like from the inside? Ever wondered what food poisoning looks like from the inside?

        For most people, an over-the-counter medicine will help with the nausea that can come after a meal.
        However, if the nausea continues, it could be an indication of something more serious.
        The causes for nausea are many, and if you are sick after every meal, you should visit your doctor.
        After all, nausea can be an indicator of pregnancy, an ulcer, gallstones and much more -- and those are conditions that should be observed and treated by a doctor.
    What if you keep getting sicker?

        Sometimes, nausea keeps going on and on until it's not just nausea anymore. You're downright sick.
        If you start vomiting after you eat, you could have something very serious going on. Food poisoning will cause nausea at first, and then vomiting.
        And if the nausea is compounded by hives on your body, you might have a food allergy, like so many other people do.
 Did you eat too fast?

        When you sit down to eat, enjoy your meal. Take time to chew it and not just gulp it. This sounds simple, but an amazing number of people just wolf down their dinners without even taking the time to taste what they're eating -- and then they end up re-living that dinner again and again. Not much fun!
  Get your nausea under control

        Nausea can be very unpleasant, but there are ways to try to make yourself feel better. Sipping a Coca-Cola can help, as will eating some crackers. Over-the-counter antacids -- even something as simple as a Tums -- will often help clear up the nausea.

        If a simple remedy doesn't help after a while, and you keep getting sicker, be careful not to let it go too far. You might have something that needs checked out further.

        If you're chronically nauseous after eating, that's also something to be concerned about.
    When should you see a doctor?

        Nausea complicated by pain or vomiting is always cause for concern. However, you usually don't need to see a doctor, unless it's chronic or you have painful symptoms.
        For example, if you have nausea along with pain in your upper right abdomen and difficulty with greasy food, you could have gallstones.
        Do you have pain in your lower right side? See a doctor immediately. You might have appendicitis, your appendix can rupture in 24 hours or less, causing a life-threatening situation.
        How about a a burning pain in your abdomen between your breastbone and belly button? You could have an ulcer.


Faculty Forum / Fatigue
« on: March 10, 2012, 12:54:18 PM »
Fatigue Cause No. 1: Not Enough Sleep

It may seem obvious but you could be getting too little sleep. That can negatively affect your concentration and health. Adults should get seven to eight hours every night.

Fix: Make sleep a priority and keep a regular schedule. Ban laptops, cell phones, and televisions from your bedroom. Still having trouble? Seek help from a doctor. You may have a sleep disorder.

English Language Lab / Bird idioms
« on: March 10, 2012, 12:47:41 PM »
If you ‘take someone under your wing’, you look after them while they are vulnerable or need to learn. For example, I could say, ‘When I started that job, I found everything really confusing at first, but then one of my colleagues took me under her wing and made sure I knew what to do.’

We have lots of idioms related to birds in English. Another example is ‘to spread your wings’ meaning ‘to open your wings ready to fly’. We use this idiom when we talk about being ready to expand horizons and become more independent. So, for example we can say, ‘He is 16 now, and ready to spread his wings, so he has decided to get a job.’

by Jane Lawson at

English Language Lab / TRY - Gerund or infinitive?
« on: March 10, 2012, 12:31:07 PM »
Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up saying something that you do not mean! Take a look at these examples:

1. I tried to stop him from leaving but it was too late. Now we don’t know where he is! (note: it was impossible to stop him from leaving.)

2. Could you please try to open this jar for me? I can’t unscrew the lid. (note: it is difficult to unscrew the lid of the jar.)

3. He always tries to be as punctual as possible, but sometimes he is still late. (note: he finds it difficult to be punctual.)

4. I have decided to try using less salt on my food, as it is healthier. (note: maybe it will taste good with less salt.)

5. As you never have time for breakfast, perhaps you should try getting up earlier in the morning. (note: perhaps getting up earlier would be a better idea.)

6. Have you ever tried snowboarding? I think you would love it! (note: snowboarding is something that you might enjoy.)

As you can see, in sentences 1-3 TRY is followed by the INFINITIVE (to stop, to open and to be). In these first three sentences, the verb in the infinitive was difficult or impossible to achieve.

In sentences 4-6, TRY is followed by the GERUND (using, getting up and snowboarding). In these second three sentences, the verb in the gerund is something to experiment with, perhaps to see if you like it or if it will have a better result.

Let’s take a look at a longer example:

7. While I was trying to fix my computer, I tried uninstalling the software and then reloading it, but it did not make any difference. Then I decided to try replacing the keyboard, but when I tried to remove it, I could not find the right sized tool.

In this short paragraph, the verbs in the infinitive (to fix, to remove) are difficult or impossible, and the verbs in the gerund (uninstalling, reloading, replacing) were things that I did so that I could get a better result.

Common Forum / Broken foot
« on: March 07, 2012, 03:32:02 PM »
What is the structure of the foot?

The foot is designed to withstand the considerable forces placed on it by walking, running, and jumping. The 26 bones of the foot are connected by joints and supported by thickened ligaments to absorb the impact of movement. As well, the joints of the foot are acted upon by tendons that allow flexing and extending to permit walking and running to occur.

The bony anatomy can be described as follows:

    The talus articulates with the tibia (shin bone) to form the ankle joint.

    The calcaneus or the heel bone is attached by ligaments to the tibia to provide stability to the ankle joint.

    The midfoot consists of the navicular, the cuboid, and the three cuneiform bones. The midfoot is where inversion and supination of the foot occurs. These motions allow the sole of the foot to turn inwards and upwards.

    The five metatarsal bones are connected to each toe.

    The toe bones are called phalanges (single = phalanx) with the great toe having two and the other four toes having three each. These bones are named based upon their relationship to the body: proximal, middle and distal. Proximal means closest to the center of the body while distal is furthest from the center.

    The arch of the foot is maintained by the plantar fascia, a thick fibrous band of tissue that runs from the calcaneus to the metatarsal, preventing the bones of the foot from flattening.

    Injuries to the foot include fractures of the bone, sprains of the ligaments that stabilize the joints, and strains of the muscles and tendons that move the foot.

Common Forum / Osteoporosis
« on: March 07, 2012, 03:11:19 PM »
Osteoporosis is the thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Osteoporosis is the most common type of bone disease.

Researchers estimate that about 1 out of 5 American women over the age of 50 have osteoporosis. About half of all women over the age of 50 will have a fracture of the hip, wrist, or vertebra (bones of the spine).

Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone, when too much old bone is reabsorbed by the body, or both.

Calcium and phosphate are two minerals that are essential for normal bone formation. Throughout youth, your body uses these minerals to produce bones. If you do not get enough calcium, or if your body does not absorb enough calcium from the diet, bone production and bone tissues may suffer.

As you age, calcium and phosphate may be reabsorbed back into the body from the bones, which makes the bone tissue weaker. This can result in brittle, fragile bones that are more prone to fractures, even without injury.

Usually, the loss occurs gradually over years. Many times, a person will have a fracture before becoming aware that the disease is present. By the time a fracture occurs, the disease is in its advanced stages and damage is severe.

The leading causes of osteoporosis are a drop in estrogen in women at the time of menopause and a drop in testosterone in men. Women over age 50 and men over age 70 have a higher risk for osteoporosis.

Other causes include:

    Being confined to a bed

    Chronic rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney disease, eating disorders

    Taking corticosteroid medications (prednisone, methylprednisolone) every day for more than 3 months, or taking some antiseizure drugs


    Vitamin D deficiency

White women, especially those with a family history of osteoporosis, have a greater than average risk of developing osteoporosis. Other risk factors include:

    Absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) for long periods of time

    Drinking a large amount of alcohol

    Family history of osteoporosis

    History of hormone treatment for prostate cancer or breast cancer

    Low body weight


    Too little calcium in the diet

English Language Lab / American English
« on: March 06, 2012, 04:35:12 PM »
Today I was at the library looking for a few books. I was at the university library on campus, and it is huge. I was walking up and down aisles of books for like an hour. Finally I found the books I wanted. I took the books to the front desk. Most books you can check out from the library for three months. But apparently the books I grabbed you can only check out for two weeks. The clerk at the front desk scanned my books and then scanned my student ID card.

For some reason the scanner could not read my card. The clerk tried to scan it a few times, and then he just decided to punch in my student ID number instead. After I checked out he told me that the books were due back on July, 1st.

As I was leaving and walking through the front door, the alarms went off. I had to step back in a open up my backpack to prove that I didn’t steal anything. Finally, they let me go. I hope this does not happen again in two weeks when I come to turn my books back in.

American English Vocabulary from this story

campus- refers to the entire school (usually universtiy) grounds

huge- very large

like- like has many uses. In this context "like" means "approximately", "about", or "roughly"

to check out- term used when borrowing or buying something from a store or library (usually a large store)

student ID card- a card that proves you are a student of a particular school ("ID" stands for "identification")

due back- must be returned

alarms went off- the alarms were activated (began making a loud noise)

open up- colloquial way to say "open"

to turn books back in- to return something that you borrowed (usually used when talking about library books)

Common Forum / Asthma
« on: February 22, 2012, 04:20:26 PM »
Asthma is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Asthma is caused by inflammation in the airways. When an asthma attack occurs, the muscles surrounding the airways become tight and the lining of the air passages swells. This reduces the amount of air that can pass by.

In sensitive people, asthma symptoms can be triggered by breathing in allergy-causing substances (called allergens or triggers).

Common asthma triggers include:

    Animals (pet hair or dander)


    Changes in weather (most often cold weather)

    Chemicals in the air or in food




    Respiratory infections, such as the common cold

    Strong emotions (stress)

    Tobacco smoke

Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) provoke asthma in some patients.

Many people with asthma have a personal or family history of allergies, such as hay fever (allergic rhinitis) or eczema. Others have no history of allergies.


Most people with asthma have attacks separated by symptom-free periods. Some people have long-term shortness of breath with episodes of increased shortness of breath. Either wheezing or a cough may be the main symptom.

Asthma attacks can last for minutes to days, and can become dangerous if the airflow is severely restricted.

Symptoms include:

    Cough with or without sputum (phlegm) production

    Pulling in of the skin between the ribs when breathing (intercostal retractions)

    Shortness of breath that gets worse with exercise or activity

    Wheezing, which:

        Comes in episodes with symptom-free periods in between

        May be worse at night or in early morning

        May go away on its own

        Gets better when using drugs that open the airways (bronchodilators)

        Gets worse when breathing in cold air

        Gets worse with exercise

        Gets worse with heartburn (reflux)

        Usually begins suddenly

Emergency symptoms:

    Bluish color to the lips and face

    Decreased level of alertness, such as severe drowsiness or confusion, during an asthma attack

    Extreme difficulty breathing

    Rapid pulse

    Severe anxiety due to shortness of breath


Other symptoms that may occur with this disease:

    Abnormal breathing pattern --breathing out takes more than twice as long as breathing in

    Breathing temporarily stops

    Chest pain

    Tightness in the chest

Signs and tests

Allergy testing may be helpful to identify allergens in people with persistent asthma. Common allergens include:

    Cockroach allergens

    Dust mites


    Pet dander


Common respiratory irritants include:

    Fumes from burning wood or gas


    Tobacco smoke

The doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to the lungs. Asthma-related sounds may be heard. However, lung sounds are usually normal between asthma episodes.

Tests may include:

    Arterial blood gas

    Blood tests to measure eosinophil count (a type of white blood cell) and IgE (a type of immune system protein called an immunoglobulin)

    Chest x-ray

    Lung function tests

    Peak flow measurements


The goal of treatment is to avoid the substances that trigger your symptoms and control airway inflammation. You and your doctor should work together as a team to develop and carry out a plan for eliminating asthma triggers and monitoring symptoms.

There are two basic kinds of medication for treating asthma:

    Control drugs to prevent attacks

    Quick-relief drugs for use during attacks

Control drugs for asthma control your symptoms if you don't have mild asthma. You must take them every day for them to work. Take them even when you feel okay.

The most common control drugs are:

    Inhaled corticosteroids (such as Asmanex, Alvesco, Qvar AeroBid, Flovent, Pulmicort) prevent symptoms by helping to keep your airways from swelling up.

    Long-acting beta-agonist inhalers also help prevent asthma symptoms. Do not take long-acting beta-agonist inhaler drugs alone. These drugs are almost always used together with an inhaled steroid drug. It may be easier to use an inhaler that contains both drugs.

Other control drugs that may be used are:

    Leukotriene inhibitors (such as Singulair and Accolate)

    Omalizumab (Xolair)

    Cromolyn sodium (Intal) or nedocromil sodium (Tilade)

    Aminophylline or theophylline (rarely used anymore)

Quick-relief drugs work fast to control asthma symptoms:

    You take them when you are coughing, wheezing, having trouble breathing, or having an asthma attack. They are also called "rescue" drugs.

    They also can be used just before exercising to help prevent asthma symptoms that are caused by exercise.

    Tell your doctor if you are using quick-relief medicines twice a week or more to control your asthma symptoms. Your asthma may not be under control, and your doctor may need to change your dose of daily control drugs.

Quick-relief drugs include:

    Short-acting bronchodilators (inhalers), such as Proventil, Ventolin, and Xopenex

    Your doctor might prescribe oral steroids (corticosteroids) when you have an asthma attack that is not going away. These are medicines that you take by mouth as pills, capsules, or liquid. Plan ahead. Make sure you do not run out of these medications.

A severe asthma attack requires a check-up by a doctor. You may also need a hospital stay, oxygen, breathing assistance, and medications given through a vein (IV).


    Self-care skills that are important in taking care of your asthma are

    Know the asthma symptoms to watch out for

    Know how to take your peak flow reading and what it means

    Keep the phone number of your child's doctor or nurse with you.

    Know which triggers make your asthma worse and what to do when this happens.

    Children with asthma need a lot of support at school. They may need help from school staff to keep their asthma under control and to be able to do school activities.

Asthma action plans are written documents for anyone with asthma. An asthma action plan should include:

    A plan for taking asthma medications when your condition is stable

    A list of asthma triggers and how to avoid them

    How to recognize when your asthma is getting worse, and when to call your doctor or nurse

A peak flow meter is a simple device to measure how quickly you can move air out of your lungs.

    It can help you see if an attack is coming, sometimes even before any symptoms appear. Peak flow measurements can help show when medication is needed, or other action needs to be taken.

    Peak flow values of 50% - 80% of a specific person's best results are a sign of a moderate asthma attack, while values below 50% are a sign of a severe attack.

Support Groups

You can often ease the stress caused by illness by joining a support group, where members share common experiences and problems.

There is no cure for asthma, although symptoms sometimes improve over time. With proper self management and medical treatment, most people with asthma can lead normal lives.

The complications of asthma can be severe. Some include:


    Decreased ability to exercise and take part in other activities

    Lack of sleep due to nighttime symptoms

    Permanent changes in the function of the lungs

    Persistent cough

    Trouble breathing that requires breathing assistance (ventilator)

Calling your health care provider

Call for an appointment with your health care provider if asthma symptoms develop.

Call your health care provider or go to the emergency room if:

    An asthma attack requires more medication than recommended

    Symptoms get worse or do not improve with treatment

    You have shortness of breath while talking

    Your peak flow measurement is 50% - 80% of your personal best

Go to the emergency room if the following symptoms occur:

    Drowsiness or confusion

    Severe shortness of breath at rest

    A peak flow measurement is less than 50% of your personal best

    Severe chest pain

    Bluish color to the lips and face

    Extreme difficulty breathing

    Rapid pulse

    Severe anxiety due to shortness of breath


You can reduce asthma symptoms by avoiding known triggers and substances that irritate the airways.

    Cover bedding with "allergy-proof" casings to reduce exposure to dust mites.

    Remove carpets from bedrooms and vacuum regularly.

    Use only unscented detergents and cleaning materials in the home.

    Keep humidity levels low and fix leaks to reduce the growth of organisms such as mold.

    Keep the house clean and keep food in containers and out of bedrooms -- this helps reduce the possibility of cockroaches, which can trigger asthma attacks in some people.

    If a person is allergic to an animal that cannot be removed from the home, the animal should be kept out of the bedroom. Place filtering material over the heating outlets to trap animal dander.

    Eliminate tobacco smoke from the home. This is the single most important thing a family can do to help a child with asthma. Smoking outside the house is not enough. Family members and visitors who smoke outside carry smoke residue inside on their clothes and hair -- this can trigger asthma symptoms.

Persons with asthma should also avoid air pollution, industrial dusts, and other irritating fumes as much as possible.


    Lugogo N, Que LG, Fertel D, Kraft M. Asthma. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus VC, Martin TR, et al. Murray & Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:chap 38.
    Brozek JL, Bousquet J, Baena-Cagnani CE, Bonini S, Canonica GW, Casale TB, et al. Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines: 2010 revision. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Sep;126(3):466-76.
    National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma. Rockville, MD. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2007. NIH publication 08-4051.
    Wechsler ME. Managing asthma in primary care: putting new guideline recommendations into context. Mayo Clin Proc. 2009;84:707-717. [PubMed]
    Fanta CH. Asthma. N Engl J Med. 2009;360:1002-1014. [PubMed]

Namaj/Salat / Tahajjud Prayer
« on: January 29, 2012, 02:18:25 PM »
TIME (WAQT) The time for praying Salatul-Layl is from midnight (midnight is reckoned as the time which is exactly half the time between sunset and the actual dawn) to the time of Adhan for Fajr prayers. However, it can be prayed at anytime after Isha prayers but it is better to pray during the last part of the night near to the time of Fajr prayers. If it is not possible to pray after midnight or before Fajr, then it can be prayed in the morning or any part of the day with the niyyah (intention) of Qadha. It is better to pray with the niyyah of Qadha during the day time than to pray in the early part of the night.

Note: According to Ayatullah Seestani, the time for Salatul-Layl is from midnight to the Adhan time for Fajr prayers. However, it is better to pray near the time of Fajr prayers. Anyone who finds it difficult to pray Salatul-Layl after midnight can pray before midnight.



Salatul-Layl is made up of eleven Rak’ats.


Ø      The first eight Rak’ats are prayed as normal in pairs of two Rak’ats each with the niyyah of Nawafilatul-Layl.


Ø      The next two Rak’ats are prayed with the Niyyah of 'Salatul Shaf’a'.


Ø      The remaining one Rak’at is prayed with the Niyyah of 'Salatul Witr.'


In the last one Rak’at, Qunoot is recited before Rukuu and the Salat is completed as usual with Tashahud and Salaam.


The last one Rak’at is prayed as follows:


           Hold Tasbih in the right hand if required ,for keeping count of the dhikr mentioned below to be recited.

 Make Niyyah and say Takbiratul Ihram.

Recite:         Surah Al-Hamd;

Surah Qul Huwallahu Ahad - three times;

Surah Qul-Audhubi Rabbil Falaq - once;

         Surah Qul-Audhubi Rabbin Naas - once.


Note:  If one does not know the last two Surahs mentioned above, then it is sufficient to recite Surah Qul Huwallahu Ahad, three times.


Say Takbir and raise both hands for Qunoot.:-

 You may recite any Dua. However, it is recommended to recite the following Dua


Laa ilaaha illallaahul Halimul Karim


لآ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ اللّهُ الْحَلِيْمُ الْكَرِيْمُ


Laa ilaaha illallaahul ‘Aliyyul ‘Azim


لآ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ اللّهُ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيْمُ


Subhaanallaahi Rabbis Samaawaatis Sab'


سُبْحَانَ اللّهِ رَبِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ السَّبْعِ


wa Rabbil ‘Arzinas Sab'


وَ رَبِّ الاَرْضِيْنَ السَّبْعِ


wa maa fihinna wa maa baynahunna


وَ مَا فِيْهِنَّ وَ مَا بَيْنَهُنَّ وَ


wa Rabbul 'Arshil ‘Azim


رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيْمِ


Wal Hamdul lillaahi Rabbil 'Aalamin


وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ

There is none worth worshipping but Allah Who is Forbearing and Generous

There is none worth worshipping but Allah Who is Most High and Great

Glory be to Allah, Who is the Sustainer of the seven heavens and of the seven earth

And Who is the Sustainer of all the things in them, and between them,

And Who is the Lord of the great ‘Arsh (Divine Center of Authority & Power)

And all praise for Allah, the Sustainer of the worlds.



 Then, while holding the Tasbih in the right hand, raise the left hand and pray for forgiveness of forty [40] or

more Mu’mineen/Mu’minaat who are either dead or living in the following manner:


Allaahummagh Firli… (Name)

اَللّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ ل...

O Allah, forgive … giving the names of Mu’mineen/Mu’minaat.     (In each case saying, Allahummagh Firli …….) U may include Ulamaa names

 Continuing with the Qunoot, while still raising the left hand, recite the following Istighfar seventy [70] times:


Astaghfirullah Rabbi wa Atuubu Ilayh


اَسْتَغْفِرُ اللّهَ رَبِّي وَ اَتُوْبُ اِلَيْهِ

I seek forgiveness of Allah my Lord and I turn to Him

 Still continuing further while raising the left hand, recite the following Dua seven [7] times:

Haadhaa Maqaamul 'Aaidhi Bika Minannaar

هذَا مَقَامُ الْعَآئِذِ بِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ

This is the position of one who seeks refuge in You from the fire [of Hell]


Continuing yet further while still raising the left hand, recite three hundred [300] times:  -

Al-'Afwa  (I ask for) forgiveness اَلْعَفْوَ


Following this, the following should be said once:  " Rabbigfirli warhamni wa tubalaiyyi,Innaka tawwaburrahim"
“Lord, please forgive me and have mercy upon me and turn back towards me. Verily You are the Oft-Turning back, Most Merciful”

Imam Ali(as) supplication recited in Namaz witr of mid night prayers

Another optional dua in witr from Baqiyatus salehat

Finally, complete the Salat in the normal way by going to Rukuu’ followed by Sajdah, Tashahud and Salaam, ending Salatul-Layl.



As a 'Ta’kibaat' after the Salat, recite:


Ø      Tasbih of Syeda Fatemah Zahra (a.s.),   34 times Allahu Akbar; 33 times Al-Hamdu Lillah 33 times Subhanallah,       

     Ã˜      followed by Sajdah of Shukr. (reciting 5 times 'Subbuhun quddusun Rabil Malaekatil wa ruhi')

Ø      Next, recite Ayatul Kursi.

Ø      Finally, for the second time, perform Sajdah of Shukr  (reciting 5 times Subbuhun quddusun Rabil Malaekatil wa ruhi), completing the Salat.

Ø      Dua Hazeen /grief


By praying Salatul-Layl one’s livelihood is increased, one passes easily through “Sakaraat” (great and grueling pain a dying person suffers at the time of death) and finds happiness in “Barzakh” (the Spiritual world where the departed souls stay either in happiness or misery, until the Day of Resurrection). 

Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) quotes Imam Ali (as) as saying that the Prophet (saws) said that a person who prays Salatul-Layl gets the following twenty four kinds of benefits:

    Secures Allah’s pleasure.
    Makes friendship with Angels.
    Is the Sunnat of the Prophets (a.s.)
    Provides the means to pursue knowledge.
    Constitutes the root of our faith.
    Keeps one physically fit.
    Drives Shaytan away.
    Protects one from enemies.
    Serves as a means of acceptance of one’s Duas and good deeds.
    Increases one’s livelihood.
    Intercedes with the Angel of Death.
    Lights up the grave.
    Provides comfortable bedding in the grave.
    Helps answering with ease the questioning of Munkar and Nakir in the grave.
    Gives companionship in the grave.
    Provides shelter on the Day of Judgment.
    Crowns one on the Day of Reckoning.
    Clothes one on the Day of Resurrection.
    Provides one with light on the Day of Judgment.
    Forms a barrier against the fire of Hell.
    Gets Allah’s pardon on the Day of Judgment.
    Increases the weight of good deeds on the scale.
    Helps one crossing the Bridge of “Siraat” without any difficulty.
    Forms the key to the Paradise.

Fazilat (Merit) of reciting the Qaza of Namaz-e-Shab

If one misses the Namaz-e-Shab one can perform its Qaza during the day. If one has missed Namaz-e-Shab there is great merit in performing its Qaza. Thus there is a tradition from Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (a.s.) in Tafseer Ali Ibne Ibrahim Qummi that a person said to Imam (a.s.): May I be sacrificed on you, sometimes I miss Namaz-e-Shab for one, two or three months and I perform it during the day, is such a thing allowed?

Imam (a.s.) said: By Allah! This action is the cause of the vision of your eyes. And he repeated this sentence thrice.

Ishaq bin Ammar has related from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) that he quoted his father who quoted the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) that when a person performs the Qaza of Namaz-e-Shab the Almighty Allah expresses pride before the Angels and says; O Angels! See he is performing the Qaza of that which I have not made obligatory on him. Be witness that I have given him salvation. (Beharul Anwaar Vol. 87 Pg. 202)

If while one is offering the Namaz-e-Shab and the dawn appears, for example the dawn has appeared after performing four rakats one should perform the rest of the prayer without recommended rituals. However if one has not prayed four rakats, one should complete the two rakats, then offer two rakats of the Nafila of the Morning Prayer, then two rakats obligatory Morning Prayer, and after this he should recite the Qaza of the rest of the Namaz-e-Shab. Or if he has not even begun reciting the Namaz-e-Shab and the dawn has arrived one should recite two rakats of Nafila of the Morning Prayer and then two rakats of Obligatory Morning Prayer. And after the Morning Prayer he should recite the Qaza of Namaz-e-Shab.

If one offers the Namaz-e-Shab after the Morning Azan and before Sunrise one must neither recite it with the intention of Qaza nor the intention of Adaa (in time), rather one should recite it with the intention of 'whatever is applicable'.

It means that one should make an intention that one is praying the Namaz-e-Shab for gaining the proximity to Allah. (Qurbatan Elallah).



Namaj/Salat / Witr Prayer
« on: January 10, 2012, 02:29:32 PM »
How to pray the witr prayer

Importance of the Witr Prayer

The Witr prayer is one of the greatest acts that draws a person closer to Allah.

Scholars have differed as you whether it was obligatory to prayer the witr prayer. Some of Hanafis even thought it was obligatory. Imam Ahmad said " Whoever neglects Witr is a bad man whose testimony should not be accepted. This indicates that Witr prayer is something that is confirmed." Thus showing its great importance. However the correct view is that it is one of the Sunnah Muakkadah (confirmed Sunnah) that Muslims should try to observe regularly and not neglect it. However not performing it does not mean your Fard prayers are not valid

Timing of the Witr prayer
The timing of the Witr prayer starts after a person prays the Isha prayer until dawn even if he has joined Isha with Maghrib at the time of Maghrib. Evidence for this is that the  Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah has prescribed for you a prayer (by which He may increase your reward), which is Witr; Allah has enjoined it for you during the time between ‘Isha’ prayer until dawn begins.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 425; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

It is better to pray the witr prayer in the final third of the of the night because prayer at this time is witnessed by the angels. By final third I mean that you calculate total time between Isha and Fajr and divide by 3 and the final third would be the final third of the night. However, if a person fears that he will not get up at the last third of the night then he or she can pray it straight in the beginning third so that he or she does not miss the prayer.

Evidence  for this is that Jaabir said (may Allah be pleased with him)  said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever fears that he will not get up at the end of the night, let him pray Witr at the beginning of the night, but whoever thinks that he will be able to get up at the end of the night, let him pray Witr at the end of the night, for prayer at the end of the night is witnessed (by the angels) and that is better.” Narrated by Muslim, 755.

How to prayer Witr
One should make the night prayers and odd number and thus the Witr prayer is an odd number of rakkahs.

There are several ways of performing the witr prayer one could pray 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, rakkahs. The most common number of  rakkahs that are prayed by most Muslims is 3 rakkahs. If you are praying the witr prayer and dawn is approaching then you should pray 1 rakkah so that you can pray witr before the start of dawn.

When performing the Witr prayer one should note is that the Dua of Qanoot is recited in the witr prayer. There are two ways of reciting Qanoot. One is you that before going down for Raku you raise your hands  and recite the Qanoot before going down for Raku. The secound way is that you after raku when you are in the standing position you raise your hands in raku and you recite the Qanoot and then go down to Sajada. Some scholars say that reciting qanoot after raku (bowing) is better.

The du’aa’ of qunoot was narrated by Abu Dawood (1425), al-Tirmidhi (464), and al-Nasaa’i (1746) from al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught me some words to say in qunoot al-witr:

“Allaahumma ihdini feeman hadayta wa ‘aafini feeman ‘aafayta wa tawallani feeman tawallayta wa baarik li feema a’tayta, wa qini sharra ma qadayta , fa innaka taqdi wa la yuqda ‘alayk, wa innahu laa yadhillu man waalayta wa laa ya’izzu man ‘aadayta, tabaarakta Rabbana wa ta’aalayta la manja minka illa ilayk

(O Allaah, guide me among those whom You have guided, pardon me among those whom You have pardoned, turn to me in friendship among those on whom You have turned in friendship, and bless me in what You have bestowed, and save me from the evil of what You have decreed. For verily You decree and none can influence You; and he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, nor is he honoured who is Your enemy. Blessed are You, O Lord, and Exalted. There is no place of safety from You except with You).”

The last phrase – Laa manja minka illa ilayka (There is no place of safety from You except with You) – was narrated by Ibn Mandah in al-Tawheed and classed as hasan by al-Albaani.

I will describe how to pray a 3 rakkah witr prayer.

There are two ways a person can perform a 3 rakkah witr prayer.

1. A person prays 2 rakkahs  like a normal 2 rakkah prayer and then he prays one rakkah with qannot after or before Raku.

2. That a person perform 3 rakkahs continuously and he recites Qanoot only in the third rakkah. However the person should not sit for the first tashahud. (i.e after performing the secound Sadjah of the secound rakkah he should not remain seated saying the tashahud but rather he should get up straight away and start the third rakkah).

Some scholars say the first method is best.

Hadiths Related to Witr prayer:
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Witr is one rak'ah at the end of the night.” Narrated by Muslim, 752. And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The night prayers are two (rak’ahs) by two, but if one of you fears that dawn is about to break, let him pray one rak’ah to make what he has prayed odd-numbered.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 911; Muslim, 749. If a person limits himself to praying one rak’ah, then he has performed the Sunnah. 

Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her)  said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used not to say the tasleem in the (first) two rakahs of Witr. According to another version: “He used to pray Witr with three rak'ahs and he did not sit except in the last of them.” (Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 3/234; al-Bayhaqi, 3/31. al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (4/7): it was narrated by al-Nasaa’i with a hasan isnaad, and by al-Bayhaqi with a saheeh isnaad. )

Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him), that he used to separate the two rak'ahs from the single rak'ah with a tasleem, and he said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do that. Narrated by Ibn Hibbaan (2435); Ibn Hajar said in al-Fath (2/482): its isnaad is qawiy (strong).

Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray thirteen rak’ahs at night, praying five rak’ahs of Witr, in which he would not sit except in the last rak’ah. Narrated by Muslim, 737.

Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray Witr with five or seven (rak’ahs) and he did not separate between them with any salaam or words. Narrated by Ahmad, 6/290; al-Nasaa’i, 1714. al-Nawawi said: Its isnaad is jayyid. Al-Fath al-Rabbaani, 2/297. and it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.

Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray nine rak’ahs in which he did not sit except in the eighth, when he would remember Allaah, praise Him and call upon Him, then he would get up and not say the tasleem, and he would stand up and pray the ninth (rak’ah), then he would sit and remember Allaah and praise Him and call upon Him, then he would say a tasleem that we could hear. (Sahih Muslim)

Al-Nasaa’i (1729) narrated that Ubayy ibn Ka’b said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite in Witr Sabbih isma rabbika al-‘a’la (“Glorify the name of your Lord, the Most High” – Soorat al-A’la 87), Qul yaa ayyuha’l-kaafiroon (“Say: O disbeliever…” – Soorat al-Kaafiroon 109) and Qul Huwa Allaahu ahad (“Say: He is Allaah, the One” – Soorat al-Ikhlaas 112). Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.

All these ways of offering Witr prayer have been mentioned in the Sunnah, but the best way is not to stick to one particular way; rather one should do it one way one time and another way another time, so that one will have done all the Sunnahs.

With regard to Qunoot: there are two extreme views and one middle (or moderate) view. Some say that qunoot should only be recited before bowing and some say that it should only be recited after bowing. The fuqaha’ among the scholars of hadeeth, such as Ahmad and others, say that both are allowed, because both are mentioned in the saheeh Sunnah, but they preferred reciting qunoot after bowing because this is mentioned more often.

Raising the hands is mentioned in a saheeh report from ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him), as was narrated by al-Bayhaqi in a report which he classed as saheeh (2/210).

The worshipper should raise his hands to chest height and no more, because this du’aa’ is not a du’aa’ of supplication in which a person needs to raise his hands high. Rather it is a du’aa’ of hope in which a person holds out his palms towards heaven… The apparent meaning of the scholar’s words is that the worshipper should hold his hands close together like a beggar who asks someone else to give him something.

It is better not to recite qunoot in witr all the time, rather it should be done sometimes, because there is no evidence that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did it all the time. But he taught al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) a du’aa’ to recite in qunoot al-witr, as will be quoted below.

It is mustahabb to say after the tasleem: Subhaan al-Malik al-Quddoos three times, elongating the vowels the third time, as narrated by al-Nasaa’i (1699) and classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Nasaa’i.

Al-Daaraqutni added the word: Rabb al-Malaa’ikah wa’l-Rooh (Lord of the angels and the Spirit), with a saheeh isnaad. See Zaad al-Ma’aad by Ibn al-Qayyim, 1/337.

Parents Guidance / When babies don't want to eat
« on: October 29, 2011, 03:21:49 PM »
: Good Grazing – Good Behavior

A child's demeanor often parallels her eating patterns. Parents often notice that a toddler's behavior deteriorates toward the end of the morning or mid-afternoon. Notice the connection? Behavior is at its worst the longer they go without food. Grazing minimizes blood-sugar swings and lessens the resulting undesirable behavior.

2. Dip it. Young children think that immersing foods in a tasty dip is pure fun (and delightfully messy). Some possibilities to dip into:

cottage cheese or tofu dip
cream cheese
fruit juice-sweetened preserves
peanut butter, thinly spread
pureed fruits or vegetables
yogurt, plain or sweetened with juice concentrate

Those dips serve equally well as spreads on apple or pear slices, bell-pepper strips, rice cakes, bagels, toast, or other nutritious platforms.

3. Spread it. Toddlers like spreading, or more accurately, smearing. Show them how to use a table knife to spread cheese, peanut butter, and fruit concentrate onto crackers, toast, or rice cakes.

4. Top it. Toddlers are into toppings. Putting nutritious, familiar favorites on top of new and less-desirable foods is a way to broaden the finicky toddler's menu. Favorite toppings are yogurt, cream cheese, melted cheese, guacamole, tomato sauce, applesauce, and peanut butter.

5. Drink it. If your youngster would rather drink than eat, don't despair. Make a smoothie – together. Milk and fruit – along with supplements such as juice, egg powder, wheat germ, yogurt, honey, and peanut butter – can be the basis of very healthy meals. So what if they are consumed through a straw? One note of caution: Avoid any drinks with raw eggs or you'll risk salmonella poisoning.

6. Cut it up. How much a child will eat often depends on how you cut it. Cut sandwiches, pancakes, waffles, and pizza into various shapes using cookie cutters.

7. Package it. Appearance is important. For something new and different, why not use your child's own toy plates for dishing out a snack? Our kids enjoy the unexpected and fanciful when it comes to serving dishes – anything from plastic measuring cups to ice-cream cones.

You can also try the scaled-down approach. Either serve pint-size portions or, when they're available, buy munchkin-size foodstuffs, such as mini bagels, mini quiches, chicken drummettes (the meat part of the wing), and tiny muffins.

8. Become a veggie vendor. I must have heard, "Doctor, he won't eat his vegetables" a thousand times. Yet, the child keeps right on growing. Vegetables require some creative marketing, as they seem to be the most contested food in households with young children. How much vegetables do toddlers need? Although kids should be offered three to five servings of veggies a day, for children under five, each serving need be only a tablespoon for each year of age. In other words, a two- year-old should ideally consume two tablespoons of vegetables three to five times a day. So if you aren't the proud parent of a veggie lover, try the following tricks:

Plant a garden with your child. Let her help care for the plants, harvest the ripe vegetables, and wash and prepare them. She will probably be much more interested in eating what she has helped to grow.
Slip grated or diced vegetables into favorite foods. Try adding them to rice, cottage cheese, cream cheese, guacamole, or even macaroni and cheese. Zucchini pancakes are a big hit at our house, as are carrot muffins.
Camouflage vegetables with a favorite sauce.
Use vegetables as finger foods and dip them in a favorite sauce or dip.
Using a small cookie cutter, cut the vegetables into interesting shapes.
Steam your greens. They are much more flavorful and usually sweeter than when raw.
Make veggie art . Create colorful faces with olive- slice eyes, tomato ears, mushroom noses, bell-pepper mustaches, and any other playful features you can think of. Our eighth child, Lauren, loved to put olives on the tip of each finger. "Olive fingers" would then nibble this nutritious and nutrient-dense food off her fingertips. Zucchini pancakes make a terrific face to which you can add pea eyes, a carrot nose, and cheese hair.
Concoct creative camouflages. There are all kinds of possible variations on the old standby "cheese in the trees" (cheese melted on steamed broccoli florets). Or, you can all enjoy the pleasure of veggies topped with peanut- butter sauce, a specialty of Asian cuisines.

9. Share it. If your child is going through a picky-eater stage, invite over a friend who is the same age or slightly older whom you know "likes to eat." Your child will catch on. Group feeding lets the other kids set the example.

10. Respect tiny tummies. Keep food servings small. Wondering how much to offer? Here's a rule of thumb – or, rather, of hand. A young child's stomach is approximately the size of his fist. So dole out small portions at first and refill the plate when your child asks for more. This less-is-more meal plan is not only more successful with picky eaters, it also has the added benefit of stabilizing blood-sugar levels, which in turn minimizes mood swings. As most parents know, a hungry kid is generally not a happy kid.

Use what we call "the bite rule" to encourage the reluctant eater: "Take one bite, two bites…" (how ever far you think you can push it without force-feeding). The bite rule at least gets your child to taste a new food, while giving her some control over the feeding. As much as you possibly can, let your child – and his appetite – set the pace for meals. But if you want your child to eat dinner at the same time you do, try to time his snack-meals so that they are at least two hours before dinner.

11. Make it accessible. Give your toddler shelf space. Reserve a low shelf in the refrigerator for a variety of your toddler's favorite (nutritious) foods and drinks. Whenever she wants a snack, open the door for her and let her choose one. This tactic also enables children to eat when they are hungry, an important step in acquiring a healthy attitude about food.

12. Use sit-still strategies. One reason why toddlers don't like to sit still at the family table is that their feet dangle. Try sitting on a stool while eating. You naturally begin to squirm and want to get up and move around. Children are likely to sit and eat longer at a child-size table and chair where their feet touch the ground.

13. Turn meals upside down. The distinctions between breakfast, lunch, and dinner have little meaning to a child. If your youngster insists on eating pizza in the morning or fruit and cereal in the evening, go with it – better than her not eating at all. This is not to say that you should become a short-order cook, filling lots of special requests, but why not let your toddler set the menu sometimes? Other family members will probably enjoy the novelty of waffles and hash browns for dinner.

14. Let them cook. Children are more likely to eat their own creations, so, when appropriate, let your child help prepare the food. Use cookie cutters to create edible designs out of foods like cheese, bread, thin meat slices, or cooked lasagna noodles. Give your assistant such jobs as tearing and washing lettuce, scrubbing potatoes, or stirring batter. Put pancake batter in a squeeze bottle and let your child supervise as you squeeze the batter onto the hot griddle in fun shapes, such as hearts, numbers, letters, or even spell the child's name.

15. Make every calorie count. Offer your child foods that pack lots of nutrition into small doses. This is particularly important for toddlers who are often as active as rabbits, but who seem to eat like mice.

Nutrient-dense foods that most children are willing to eat include:

California Avocados
Peanut butter
Brown rice and other grains
Sweet potatoes
Kidney beans

16. Count on inconsistency. For young children, what and how much they are willing to eat may vary daily. This capriciousness is due in large part to their ambivalence about independence, and eating is an area where they can act out this confusion. So don't be surprised if your child eats a heaping plateful of food one day and practically nothing the next, adores broccoli on Tuesday and refuses it on Thursday, wants to feed herself at one meal and be totally catered to at another. As a parent in our practice said, "The only thing consistent about toddler feeding is inconsistency." Try to simply roll with these mood swings, and don't take them personally.

17. Relax. Sometime between her second and third birthday, you can expect your child to become set in her ideas on just about everything – including the way food is prepared. Expect food fixations . If the peanut butter must be on top of the jelly and you put the jelly on top of the peanut butter, be prepared for a protest. It's not easy to reason with an opinionated two-year-old. Better to learn to make the sandwich the child's way. Don't interpret this as being stubborn. Toddlers have a mindset about the order of things in their world. Any alternative is unacceptable. This is a passing stage.

(For more information see: ABC's of Teaching Nutrition to Kids

Nutrition and Food Engineering / Tasty Veg Recipe
« on: October 27, 2011, 02:25:50 PM »
Recipe of Cabbage Carrot Bhujia

4 tablespoons oil
1-tablespoon whole black mustard seeds
1 dried red chili
1 cabbage, finely sliced
350 grams carrots, coarsely grated
1 green chili, cut into thin strips and seeds removed
1/2-teaspoon sugar
4 tablespoons chopped, fresh coriander
1-tablespoon fresh lemon juice
Heats oil in a frying pan
Sauté mustard seeds and dried red chili 1-minute
Add cabbage, carrots and green chili.
Reduce heat to low, stir-fry the vegetables for about 30 seconds.
Add sugar and coriander, stir-fry for another 5 minutes or until vegetables are tender. Add lemon juice. Remove red chili before serving.

Islam & Science / Islamic Stories-II
« on: October 26, 2011, 02:00:17 PM »
The Patient Old Man

When passing through a mountain pass, a bedouin (villager) once came across an old man who was blind and who seemed to be afflicted with various ailments all over his body. It was clear that he was wasting away. He was even paralyzed and was constantly forced to remain in a seated position. The Bedouin could clearly hear him say, "All praise is for Allah, Who has kept me safe from ailments with which He has tested many among His creation; and He has indeed preferred me over many among those that He created."

"My brother!" exclaimed the bedouin. "What have you been saved from? By Allah, I think that you have been afflicted with every single kind of ailment!"

"Go away from me," said the old man, as he raised his head. "Do I not still have a tongue with which I can pronounce His Oneness, and with which I can remember Him every single moment? And do I not still have a heart with which I can know Him?"

These words of the old man were enough for the bedouin to repent to Allah for his sins and ask Him for forgiveness.

Remember, there is always someone else who is in more problem than you.


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