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Messages - Shampa Iftakhar

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English Language Skills / Re: Vocabulary Skill
« on: December 19, 2019, 09:49:08 AM »
Learning vocabulary in isolation is really daunting. I experienced such when I memorized high-frequency gre vocabulary. But when I solved i.e. filled the blanks in Mahatan's gre book, I understood how gorgeous a sentence could be.

World Literature / Novel Laureate in Literature in 2018 and 2019
« on: December 19, 2019, 09:41:29 AM »
Polish author Olga Tokarczuk and Austria's Peter Handke have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Two winners were named - one for 2019 and one for 2018 - because the prize was not awarded last year.The Swedish Academy, which oversees the prestigious award, suspended it in 2018 after a sexual assault scandal.

Tokarczuk, who also won the Man Booker International Prize last year, was awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize, with this year's Nobel going to Handke.

The 76-year-old Austrian playwright, novelist and poet was recognised for "an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience", the academy said in a statement.

However, he has been a highly controversial figure for his support for the Serbs during the 1990s Yugoslav war, and for speaking at the 2006 funeral of former Serb leader Slobodan Milosevic, who was accused of genocide and other war crimes.

PEN America said it was "dumbfounded by the selection of a writer who has used his public voice to undercut historical truth", in a statement from its president, Jennifer Egan.
Tokarczuk, 57, considered the leading Polish novelist of her generation, was rewarded "for a narrative imagination that with encyclopaedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life".

The author is a Polish best-seller whose books blend the real with the mystical.

Her debut novel was published in 1993, and her breakthrough came three years later with Primeval and Other Times, which is set in a mythical village and traced Poland's history from World War One to the 1980s.

"She's a writer preoccupied by local life, but at the same time inspired by maps and speculative thought, looking at life from above," the judges said.

Her work "centres on migration and cultural transitions" and "is full of wit and cunning", they added.

Read more :

Applied Linguistics & ELT / Re: 7 Ideas for Fabulous Lesson Warm Ups
« on: December 19, 2019, 09:31:04 AM »
Thanks for sharing,dear.

Applied Linguistics & ELT / Re: Turning talk into learning
« on: December 19, 2019, 09:29:56 AM »
The term " turn and talk" is the new think I have learnt today.

Writing Skill / Grammatical accuracy
« on: July 17, 2019, 05:21:30 PM »
Knowing grammar is must to produce  standard  error-free sentences.Go through the link to  read the article to know the particular process to improve grammar.

Writing Skill / Re: How to Improve Writing Skills in 15 Easy Steps
« on: July 17, 2019, 05:14:45 PM »
Thanks for sharing.

Writing Skill / Re: Writing Diary To Improve English Writing Skill
« on: May 29, 2019, 02:28:45 PM »
It's a very good practice .

Writing Skill / Re: Writing notes in the class
« on: May 29, 2019, 02:27:59 PM »
This semester, this the topic of an assignment. Students are instructed to take class-notes on Advanced English Grammar. Later on they will submit with all accomplished task both in class and at home. But no revised note is required.

Writing Skill / Re: Writing notes in the class
« on: May 20, 2019, 12:55:11 PM »
Different formats for notes
There is no right format to use when taking notes. Rather, there are many different structures and styles that can be used. What’s important is that you find a method that works for you and encourages the use of good note-taking qualities and stick with it. Here are a few types of formats that you may want to experiment with:

1. Cornell Notes: This style includes sections for the date, essential question, topic, notes, questions, and a summary. Check out this link for more explanation.

2. Outline: An outline organizes the lecture by main points, allowing room for examples and details.

3. Flowchart/concept map: A visual representation of notes is good for content that has an order or steps involved. See more about concept mapping here.

4. Charting Method: A way to organize notes from lectures with a substantial amount of facts through dividing key topics into columns and recording facts underneath.

5. Sentence Method: One of the simplest forms of note taking, helpful for disseminating which information from a lecture is important by quickly covering details and information.


Writing Skill / Re: Writing notes in the class
« on: May 20, 2019, 12:54:45 PM »
Determining what’s important enough to write down
You may be asking yourself how you can identify the main points of a lecture. Here are some tips for recognizing the most important points in a lecture:

Introductory remarks often include summaries of overviews of main points.
Listen for signal words/phrases like, “There are four main…” or “To sum up…” or “A major reason why…”
Repeated words or concepts are often important.
Non-verbal cues like pointing, gestures, or a vocal emphasis on certain words, etc. can indicate important points.
Final remarks often provide a summary of the important points of the lecture.


Writing Skill / Re: Writing notes in the class
« on: May 20, 2019, 12:54:23 PM »
Why good notes matter
In-class benefits
Taking good notes in class is an important part of academic success in college. Actively taking notes during class can help you focus and better understand main concepts. Good note-taking will improve your active listening, comprehension of material, and retention. It will help you better remember what you hear and see.

Post-class benefits
After class, good notes are crucial for reviewing and studying class material so that you better understand it and can prepare appropriately for exams. Efficient and concise notes can save you time, energy, and confusion that often results from trying to make sense of disorganized, overwhelming, insufficient, or wordy notes. Good notes can provide a great resource for creating outlines and studying.

How to take good notes in class
There’s a lot going on during class, so you may not be able to capture every main concept perfectly, and that’s okay. Part of good note-taking may include going back to your notes after class (ideally within a day or two) to check for clarity and fill in any missing pieces. In fact, doing so can help you better organize your thoughts and to determine what’s most important. With that in mind, it’s important to have good source material.

Preparing to take good notes in class
The first step to taking good notes in class is to come to class prepared. Here are some steps you can take to improve your note-taking before class even begins:

Preview your text or reading assignments prior to lecture. Previewing allows you to identify main ideas and concepts that will most likely be discussed during the lecture.
Look at your course syllabus so that you know the topic/focus of the class and what’s going to be important to focus on.
Briefly review notes from previous class sessions to help you situate the new ideas you’ll learn in this class.
Keep organized to help you find information more easily later. Title your page with the class name and date. Keep separate notebook sections or notebooks for each class and keep all notes for each class together in one space, in chronological order.
Note-taking during class
Now that you are prepared and organized, what can you do to take good notes while listening to a lecture in class? Here are some practical steps you can try to improve your in-class note-taking:

If you are seeking conceptual information, focus on the main points the professor makes, rather than copying down the entire presentation or every word the professor says. Remember, if you review your notes after class, you can always fill in any gaps or define words or concepts you didn’t catch in class.
If you are learning factual information, transcribing most of the lecture verbatim can help with recall for short-answer test questions, but only if you study these notes within 24 hours.
Record questions and thoughts you have or content that is confusing to you that you want to follow-up on later or ask your professor about.
Jot down keywords, dates, names, etc. that you can then go back and define or explain later.
Take visually clear, concise, organized, and structured notes so that they are easy to read and make sense to you later. See different formats of notes below for ideas.
If you want your notes to be concise and brief, use abbreviations and symbols. Write in bullets and phrases instead of complete sentences. This will help your mind and hand to stay fresh during class and will help you access things easier and quicker after class. It will also help you focus on the main concepts.
Be consistent with your structure. Pick a format that works for you and stick with it so that your notes are structured the same way each day.


Writing Skill / Writing notes in the class
« on: May 20, 2019, 12:53:28 PM »
Note-taking is a one of the good habits to improve listening and writing simultaneously.One has to listen and write note accordingly . It can keeps a students so involved and alert  organize ideas almost accurately delivered in the classroom. 

Applied Linguistics & ELT / Listening a song
« on: March 24, 2019, 11:52:38 AM »
Listening songs can be highly educative if someone wishes to acquire listening skill. Here is a link that suggests some songs for improving listening skill.

Listening Skill / Listening a song
« on: February 03, 2019, 11:24:29 AM »
To be skilled listener, one can sign a song every day. Song itself is very entertaining and educative in many regards.Below is a list of all the ways that listening to music can improve your English skills.

Strengthen your vocabulary and listening skills.
Speak like the locals do.
Perfect your pronunciation.
Catch obvious grammar mistakes.
Discover more about English culture.

English Grammar / Re: Conditional sentences
« on: July 25, 2018, 03:07:07 PM »
Conditional Sentence Type 3
→ It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past.

Form: if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)

Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.

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