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Messages - asma alam

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It is a crying need to address the issue and to go for a plan to ensure practical based learning along with theoretical knowledge. Curriculum planning should be revised by the policy makers to keep pace with the demand of the current world.
We are to be the knowledge seekers rather than grade seekers.

Psychological Support / Re: Mental disorder still a taboo
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:52:29 PM »
Biomedical approaches, however, should not unduly dominate discussions. Mental health cannot be treated in isolation. Social attitudes towards mental health shape how communities react but also influence the way individuals respond. As the government and medical profession reflect on medical and legal frameworks in the context of the sharper global focus on mental health, it is important to set the issues in a broader context.
Many contemporary challenges affect a society’s overall mental health, and this is true for Bangladesh. Wide-ranging issues, from overall happiness of the society to individual emotional welfare, should be understood in the context of what is happening in the society overall. The stresses and discontents linked to modernization have special importance, as people cope with upheavals and with the manifold uncertainties that accompany the winds of change. The large roles of migration and the garment industry, for example, affect how people understand their very identities. The questions that arise are economic, social, and psychological but also spiritual. Coping mechanisms include positive transformations but they also can take the form of heightened domestic violence and ironic responses like marrying off girls at younger ages. Responding to the appeals of various forms of extremism are a way in which some people respond to the disquieting changes they see around them.
The Forum in Dhaka concluded that religious institutions need to be an integral part of the national response to contemporary challenges of mental health. That means engaging religious actors like imams and preachers, learning from positive programs and experience (the l’Arche program in Bangladesh is one example). Religious practice is an ancient response to turbulent times but it can also take new forms in modernizing society. Neglecting the vital role of spirituality and of religious institutions would be a grave mistake.
By: Katherine Marshall

Psychological Support / Re: Mental disorder still a taboo
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:51:53 PM »
Bangladesh, like many countries today, is grappling with how to reform and revitalize national approaches to mental health. The challenges are both starkly linked to resource limitations in a country facing countless demands and to the reality that mental health has had a low priority in public health.
Bangladesh, with a population approaching 165 million, has only 200 qualified psychiatrists and a tiny 0.44 percent of the public health budget goes to mental health. The legal framework has not been updated since 1912 (though new legislation is under consideration). But an estimated one in four people suffer from mental health problems. Suicides are all too common. Studies and anecdotal evidence highlight the special suffering that adolescent girls confront, but mental health issues cut across all social groups and communities.
How, in Bangladesh, do people understand mental health? Ancient traditions label and stigmatize someone who is seen as a pagol, or crazy person. Many assume that possession by evil spirits explains unusual behavior and people may be chained, locked up, or neglected. The mentally disabled face horrible fates in many areas, both they themselves and their families. It is clear that better mental health literacy deserves high priority, as does research to identify better patterns and needs.

Psychological Support / Re: Mental disorder still a taboo
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:51:18 PM »
Depressed or Spirit Possessed? Reassessing Mental Health in Bangladesh
Mental health is something of a frontier zone in public health in many world regions. I have heard people scoff at Western preoccupations with the topic as a luxury of indulged societies. But mental health is a universal challenge, accounting for an estimated six to seven percent of the global burden of disease. It causes untold suffering, with effects that ricochet across societies. Stigma and discrimination accentuate the problems, arising both from lack of understanding and the grip of ancient beliefs and taboos.
As in many situations, religious leaders and communities have significant roles to play in tracing paths forward: their wide presence and the esteem in which they are held can exacerbate problems or help to move a society ahead.
Links to religious beliefs and practice was the topic of a day-long forum on May 20 in Dhaka, organized by BRAC University’s Department of Economics and Social Science, the BRAC School of Public Health, the Berkley Center, and the World Faiths Development Dialogue. It began with an overview of a heightened global focus on the issue of mental health, then turned to the specific challenges facing Bangladesh.

Psychological Support / Re: Mental disorder still a taboo
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:45:27 PM »
Ways to combat the stigma linked to mental health
It is important to break free from the negativities surrounding mental disorders in order to ensure a timely prevention and recovery. Here are some ways to deal with the discrimination and stigma attached to mental illnesses:
Being aware: Although, mental illness affects millions but still it remains a taboo. Being aware of the condition and creating awareness among other will go a long way in reducing the associated stigma.
Improving attitude and behavior: Viewing individuals as human beings rather than mere stereotypes helps to curb prejudices and judgment. Besides, such an approach also helps to rectify existing misconceptions and replacing them with factual knowledge.
Seeing the positive: People with mental health problems can also make valuable contributions to the society. However, it is important to overlook their shortcomings and recognize their strengths.
Advocating for mental health reforms: Making people aware of the positive attitudes of those with mental health problems can dispel the myths and falsities propagated by the media and the people.
Seeking professional help
Sadly, mental health issues are still a taboo across the world. Even the media seems to take a back seat when it comes to mental health. But, people with mental disorders often suffer lasting pain emotionally and need medical treatment as soon as possible.

Psychological Support / Re: Mental disorder still a taboo
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:44:56 PM »
Mental disorders are at par with physical ailments
Most people do not treat a mental illness like a physical ailment. People seek immediate medical treatment for a physical illness but when it comes to mental illnesses, they do not follow the same approach, probably due to the lack of knowledge about the ailment or the dearth of empathy.
Stressing on mental health stigma, Hollywood actress Jennifer Lawrence, during her Oscars acceptance speech for the 2012 American romantic comedy-drama film “Silver Linings Playbook,” said, “It’s just so bizarre how in this world if you have asthma, you take asthma medication. If you have diabetes, you take diabetes medication. But as soon as you have to take medicine for your mind, it’s such a stigma behind it.”
Sadly, for some reason or the other, the society has made it exceedingly difficult for those suffering from mental health problems to be vocal about it. They fear that speaking about it would sideline them, brand them as a “lunatic,” or label them as a “liability.” It is important to understand the gravity of the situation and encourage people to discuss their struggles with a mental disorder such as schizophrenia, as they would in the case of a backache or a heart attack.

Psychological Support / Mental disorder still a taboo
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:44:28 PM »
Why Are Mental Disorders Still Taboo?
Mental health problems are real, with more people experiencing them than one can imagine. With America being in the midst of pitfalls arising from the ongoing economic uncertainty, declining social services, as well as the stigma surrounding mental illnesses, the country is fighting a serious mental health crisis. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), “mental disorders are common throughout the United States, affecting tens of millions of people each year, and that, overall, only about half of those affected receive treatment.”
Studies have shown that mental illnesses tend to assume many forms, making it difficult for doctors to devise any single treatment method to deal with such diverse disorders. At times, even patients lack the motivation to seek remedy due to the fear of being misunderstood or ridiculed. Sadly, millions of people worldwide are facing devastating symptoms of mental disorders, but, most of them do not receive any treatment due to the attached stigma and shame.

Psychological Support / Re: Stress Test
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:38:44 PM »
Why it's done

Your doctor may recommend a stress test to:

    Diagnose coronary artery disease. Your coronary arteries are the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients. Coronary artery disease develops when these arteries become damaged or diseased — usually due to a buildup of deposits containing cholesterol and other substances (plaques).
    Diagnose heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias). Heart arrhythmias occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate your heart rhythm don't function properly, causing your heart to beat too fast, too slowly or irregularly.

    Guide treatment of heart disorders. If you've already been diagnosed with a heart condition, an exercise stress test can help your doctor find out how well treatment is working. It may also be used to help establish the treatment plan for you by showing how much exercise your heart can handle.

    Your doctor may use a stress test to help determine the timing of cardiac surgery, such as valve replacement. In some people with heart failure, stress test results may help the doctor determine whether you need a heart transplant or other advanced therapies.

Your doctor may recommend a test with imaging, such as a nuclear stress test or echocardiographic stress test, if an exercise stress test doesn't pinpoint the cause of your symptoms.

Psychological Support / Stress Test
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:37:13 PM »
A stress test, also called an exercise stress test, shows how your heart works during physical activity. Because exercise makes your heart pump harder and faster, an exercise stress test can reveal problems with blood flow within your heart.

A stress test usually involves walking on a treadmill or riding a stationary bike your heart rhythm, blood pressure and breathing are monitored. Or you'll receive a drug that mimics the effects of exercise.

Your doctor may recommend a stress test if you have signs or symptoms of coronary artery disease or an irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia). The test may also guide treatment decisions, measure the effectiveness of treatment or determine the severity if you've already been diagnosed with a heart condition.

Fair and Events / Re: Literary Festivals of India
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:33:20 PM »
Thanks Tina Madam for sharing the post.

It is really a nice share, Rafiz Sir.

Law / standard of present students at Law Department
« on: October 14, 2018, 01:24:08 PM »
I am teaching English II to the students of Law department in this semester (Fall 2018). I took the same course in the last semester also.  I have observed that the students are very motivated and disciplined. I have found some students who are really good and focused to their future goal. Their standard of writing English is praiseworthy. I really enjoy their presence in the class and I love to teach them.

very very very helpful posting. But it may not same impact on those who have the problem of gastric

Common Forum/Request/Suggestions / Re: Super Food
« on: September 05, 2018, 03:32:05 PM »
16. Seaweed
Seaweed is a term used to describe certain nutrient-rich sea vegetables. It’s most commonly consumed in Asian cuisine but is gaining popularity in other parts of the world due to its nutritional value.
Seaweed packs multiple nutrients, including vitamin K, folate, iodine and fiber.
These ocean vegetables are a source of unique bioactive compounds — not typically present in land-vegetables — which may have antioxidant effects.
Some of these compounds may also reduce your risk of cancer, heart disease, obesity and diabetes
Summary Seaweed is a group of highly nutritious sea vegetables that may play a role in protecting against certain chronic diseases.

Written by Ansley Hill, RD, LD on July 9, 2018

Common Forum/Request/Suggestions / Re: Super Food
« on: September 05, 2018, 03:31:01 PM »
15. Mushrooms
Some of the most common varieties of edible mushrooms are button, portobello, shiitake, crimini and oyster mushrooms.
Though nutrient content varies depending on the type, mushrooms contain vitamins D and A, potassium, fiber, and several antioxidants not present in most other foods
Interestingly, eating more mushrooms is associated with greater consumption of vegetables in general, contributing to an overall more nutritious diet
Due to their unique antioxidant content, mushrooms may also play a role in reducing inflammation and preventing certain types of cancers.
Another super feature of mushrooms is that agricultural waste products are used to grow them. This makes mushrooms a sustainable component of a healthy food system
Summary Mushrooms are full of nutrients and may reduce your risk of certain diseases. Additionally, mushrooms are a sustainable food choice.

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