Show Posts

This section allows you to view all posts made by this member. Note that you can only see posts made in areas you currently have access to.

Messages - mufty

Pages: [1]
When Bangladesh gained its independence from Pakistan in 1971, the new government nationalized the textile industry. All of the country’s textile factories were then organized under the Bangladesh Textile Mills Corp. (BTMC).

The role of BTMC within Bangladesh’s textile industry has substantially been altered since the denationalization of a large number of public sector textile mills over the last decade and a half. Prior to denationalization, BTMC enjoyed a near-monopoly within the yarn and fabric market in Bangladesh.

At present, there are 21 textile companies under BTMC. They operate 24 spinning facilities with an installed capacity of 490,892 spindles and 1,036 looms. Out of that total, 13 of the companies — which operate 16 plants — utilize 320,228 spindles under the service charge system producing different counts of yarn in the range of 32/1 to 80/1. Another five companies have 128,088 spindles in operation.

Among the 21 mills, Valika Woolen Mills Ltd., Nasirabad, Chittagong, is the only specialized BTMC company, producing knitting wool, woolen suiting, men’s and women’s woolen shawls, and woolen blankets.

Other leading textile associations in the country include the BGMEA, Bangladesh Jute Mills Association, and Bangladesh Knitwear Manufacturers and Exporters Association.

According to Bangladesh’s Textile Minister Shajahan Siraj, the government had initiated various policy measures such as rationalization of tariffs and taxes on imports of capital machinery, raw materials, dyes and chemicals, and reduction of interest on long- and short-term loans.

Mahmudur Rahman, executive chairman of Bangladesh’s Board of Investment, said in a recently published interview that in the next five years, the country needs an investment of US $3 billion in the textile sector. He said the country’s textile market, during the last fiscal year (July 2004-June 2005) totaled $21.5 billion, compared to $3.2 billion 20 years ago. Rahman predicted the market could grow to $23 billion in the next fiscal year.

The Bangladesh government offers great incentives for encouraging the use of local fabrics in the export-oriented garment industries. To encourage textile export, companies can import capital machinery duty-free. Cotton also may be imported duty-free. Moreover, the government recently has implemented several policy reforms to create a more open and competitive climate for foreign investment.

Rising garment export trends from Bangladesh, along with some benefits provided by the government, have created concerns for Pakistan's government. Textile tycoons in Karachi are thinking about shifting their business to Bangladesh.

Bangladesh’s textile industry can be divided into three main categories: public sector; handloom sector; and the organized private sector. The private sector is the fastest growing sector in the country.

The handloom industry provides employment for a large segment of the population of Bangladesh and supplies a large portion of the fabric required by the local market.

Mahmud E. Alam, managing director, Famano Textile Mills Ltd., said about 20 percent of existing mills in Bangladesh are large-scale mills, roughly 30 percent are medium-scale mills, and the remaining 50 percent are small-scale mills. Alam said the number of spinning mills in the country is increasing day-by-day.

The textile quotas under the Multi-Fiber Arrangement of January 2005 have been moderate in Bangladesh and the industry is divided on their impact. While industry analysts say Bangladesh’s garment and textile manufacturers will have to face steep competition from countries such as India, Pakistan, China and Thailand as a result of new policies, the textile companies see no impact on their business.

Alam feels the lifting of quotas is not going to affect his business. “The future of the textile industry here is very bright,” Alam said. “Even the lifting of quotas is not going to affect the industry as was worried,” he said.

Mostafizur Rahman, managing director, Pawrob, also is of the view that lifting quotas is not going to have very much of an effect, but he fears China will affect the Bangladesh textile industry in the long run.

“The main reason behind this is the leap factor,” Rahman said. “Chinese companies have an edge of 30 days over Bangladeshi textile companies.”
Combined, the textile and apparel sectors consist of 3,600 firms. There is a concentration of manufacturing activity in and around the capital city of Dhaka and a growing garment manufacturing presence in the country’s export processing zones.

Bangladesh Textile Mills Association Secretary General Taufiq Hasan said that because textiles and ready-made garments are the two largest export sectors and employers in Bangladesh, government support will continue and there are no restrictions on repatriation of profits and investment or tax-free imports of machinery and raw materials for export. The government also is liberal toward work permits.

According to the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA), the total fabric requirement in the captive market is about 3 billion yards, of which roughly 85 to 90 percent is imported from countries such as China, India, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Korea, Indonesia and Taiwan. Fabric demand is increasing at the rate of 20 percent per year.

Although the industry is one of the largest in Bangladesh and is still expanding, it faces serious problems, principally because the country does not produce enough of the raw materials necessary for the industry to expand. The primary materials used in the spinning sector are raw cotton and man-made fibers such as viscose and polyester staple fibers. Unfortunately, none of these raw materials are produced in Bangladesh.

Most spinning mills in Bangladesh produce low-grade yarn. Available figures show that current yarn production satisfied only 22-percent of the total yarn demand. In spite of this drawback, as many as 116 new spinning mills, each having the capacity of 25,000 spindles, will be established in the near future.

The weaving sector also is plagued by a lack of organization and coordination. The existing weaving capacity in Bangladesh can meet only about 40 percent of fabric demand; the rest is imported. However, the increasing trend of expansion in the weaving sector is clear from the fact that 223 modern weaving plants, each with an annual capacity of 10 million meters, will be set up in the near future.

The knitting and hosiery sectors look brighter than weaving, and about 80 percent of garment accessories like cartons, threads, buttons, labels, poly bags, gum tapes, shirt boards and neck boards now are being produced within Bangladesh and contribute to the the national gross domestic product. However, the textile industry is just budding.

The textile industry has played an important role in Bangladesh’s economy for a long time. Currently, the textile industry in Bangladesh accounts for 45 percent of all industrial employment and contributes 5 percent to the total national income. The industry employs nearly 4 million people, mostly women.

A huge 78 percent of the country’s export earnings come from textiles and apparel, according to the latest figures available. Bangladesh exports its apparel products worth nearly $5 billion per year to the United States, European Union (EU), Canada and other countries of the world. It is the sixth largest apparel supplier to the United States and EU countries.

Major products exported from Bangladesh include polyester filament fabrics, man-made filament mixed fabrics, PV fabrics, viscose filament fabrics and man-made spun yarns. Major garments exported include knitted and woven shirts and blouses, trousers, skirts, shorts, jackets, sweaters and sportswear, among other fashion apparel.

Textile and apparel firms in Bangladesh are mostly concentrated around the capital city of Dhaka.

Improve Skill and Productivity to Survive

According to Vivek Gogia of Alster International Bangladesh, factories should start taking the necessary steps to improve their competitiveness for maintaining and growing their share of the RMG market. Factories must diversify product lines (i.e., by producing high-value designed garments instead of only basic t-shirts) where there are very few factories and huge potential, as well as producing more value-added garments. To improve the design element, design teams should be created that travel to fashion centers around the world, keeping pace with the latest trends, designs, and fabrics. Accordingly, factories should invest in plant and machinery upgrades to keep a competitive edge in world markets. Factories should also maximize their productivity by investing in time and motion studies and creating separate planning departments to ensure smooth production flow and to optimize productivity. The marketing element is by and large missing at these factories, and remain dependent on their customers to bring orders into the country. Going forward, they should adopt a proactive approach and recruit customers that have not traditionally purchased Bangladeshi goods.

Concluding Remarks

As the Bangladeshi textile sector keeps expanding, the country's weak infrastructure may potentially threaten continued growth. The industry has set a target of US$25 billion in garment exports by 2013, which would create an additional 1.4 million job opportunities within the sector and subsequently open up opportunities across different occupations. To make it happen, entrepreneurs are gradually moving to a higher value-added niche market, changing from factory-driven to market-driven processes, developing designs and collections, enhancing productivity, and strengthening the industry down the supply chain for the sector. The textile industry in Bangladesh may provide market alternatives to those looking for growth opportunities in the midst of the current global recession.

English Language Lab / Re: Grammartical exercise for students!
« on: January 02, 2011, 09:32:21 PM »
ans Sub Verb agreement :
1. Correct
2. Correct
3. Incorrect
4. Incorrect
5. Correct
6. Correct
7. Correct
8. Correct
9. Incorrect


# The use of vitamin supplements and herbs are becoming increasingly popular among Americans.

# While many studies claim that vitamins and herbs can improve health, there is a lot of controversy about their safety.

# The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is  not regulate vitamins and herbs.

# Most experts  believes that herbal supplements are mild and somewhat harmless.

# Still, anyone who take too much of a vitamin or herb could suffer negative side effects.

# For example, some medical problems had been linked to overuse of ephedra, an herb taken by people to lose weight.

# Some research suggested that Vitamin C may help prevent cancer.

# People who takes more than 1,000 miligrams of vitamin C daily may experience diarrhea or kidney stones.

# Advertisers say that the herb "kava kava" reduces anxiety and insomnia.

# Using large amounts of kava kava is not wise as muscle, eye or skin problems could result.

# The danger of long-term use of vitamins and herbs are still unknown.

# There is a lot of evidence that vitamin-rich foods are beneficial.

# However, whether the use of supplements to be helpful or not is still being debated.

# Most people is able to get all the vitamins they need in the foods they eat.

# A daily diet that contains foods from the 4 groups should supply all the nutrients a person needs.

# Eating 5 servings of fruits and vegetables daily is said to provide all the essential vitamins we require.

# The best way to get the necessary vitamins and minerals are naturally, through a healthy diet.

# Talking to your doctor before taking supplements had advisable.

Ans of Irregular verbs :

Present        Past          Past participle

   go            went              gone

become       became          become   
  begin         began            begun

  blow            blew             blown

  break          broke           broken   

  bring          brought         brought   
  build            built              built

   buy           bought          bought   
  catch         caught           caught   

 choose        chosen          chosen

  come           came            come       
   cut              cut               cut

   do                did              done

  draw             drew            drawn     
  drink             drank            drunk

  drive             drove           driven

   eat               ate              eaten

   fall                fell               fallen 

   fell                felt               felt

  fight             fought           fought
  find               found            found

section: B

Pages: [1]