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Messages - Mahmud Arif

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The Arbitration Act 2001 (the "Arbitration Act") was enacted with the spirit of recognising and dealing with, inter alia, aspects of international commercial arbitration. To that end, the Arbitration Act was amended in 2004 to include a provision which conferred powers upon the High Court Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh (the "HCD") to issue interim orders (in cases of international commercial arbitration). Section 7A of the Arbitration Act provides that the HCD may pass, in cases of international commercial arbitration, any order in relation to matters enumerated thereunder which include, inter alia, the power to issue ad interim injunctions and to take "any other interim protective measures which may appear reasonable or appropriate" to the HCD. However, despite having such an express provision, the same could not be consistently used by the parties due to a confusion arising from Section 3 of the Arbitration Act, which deals with the scope and application of the Arbitration Act. The controversy appears to have stemmed from the meaning and application of Section 3 of the Arbitration Act.

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Law / Digital Commerce Operation Guidelines, 2021(Draft)
« on: March 31, 2021, 04:39:22 PM »
The Govt. of Bangladesh (Ministry of Commerce) is going to publish the Digital Commerce Operation Guidelines, 2021. A draft of this has been recently surfaced online in the e-commerce hubs. It is claimed that the final version is to be published by gazette notification soon.

See the attachment.

বাজেট ২০২১-২২ (ভ্যাট ব্যবস্থায় সংস্কারের প্রস্তাব): বাংলাদেশ ভ্যাট প্রফেশনালস ফোরাম (ভ্যাট ফোরাম) থেকে ভ্যাট সংক্রান্ত বাজেট প্রস্তাবের ওপর একটা বুকলেট প্রকাশ করা হয়েছে। বুকলেটে ৮১টি প্রস্তাব অন্তর্ভুক্ত রয়েছে।

See the attachment.

The Supreme Court of Bangladesh recently issued a circular (March 21, 2021) directing the subordinate judiciary to prioritize "Mediation" for resolving disputes (in both trial and appellate stages). It is seen as a move for effectively addressing the mountainous backlog of cases.

See the attachment.

Law / Writ Petition challenging the virtual Court system
« on: March 31, 2021, 04:31:56 PM »
One of the learned Advocates of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, Mr. A.K.M. Asiful Haque filed a Writ Petition challenging the virtual Court system. The Hon'ble Court passed the following verdict.

See the attachemnt.

Bangladesh Bank recently launched a Start-up Fund of BDT 500 Crores (approx US$ 60 Million) for new entrepreneurs of the country. These loans will be distributed by scheduled banks (under a refinancing scheme), at a maximum interest rate of 4% for a maximum period of 5 years. One entrepreneur shall be eligible for a maximum loan of BDT 1 crore, against his/her original educational and professional certificates as securities (along with personal guarantees).

See the attachment.

Law / Violence against Rohingya Refugee Women and Children
« on: March 31, 2021, 04:24:49 PM »
I am pleased to share that our research paper titled: "Violence against Rohingya Refugee Women and Children: Protection under International Law", has been published in the BURNISHED LAW JOURNAL (Volume 2, Issue 1). The journal is open accessed and Manupatra indexed.

Link of the paper:

Law / Daffodil International University Law Alumni Database
« on: February 16, 2021, 07:27:14 PM »
An Institution of higher education is a partnership among students and alumni, faculty and administrators, donors and trustees, neighborhoods and more, to build a community - and a culture. Any institutions' alumni are key to its growth.

The Department of Law is focused on creating a complete database of our stars. Please fill out the form. In case of any query feel free to contact Mr. Arif Mahmud, Alumnus, Daffodil International University (+8801682036747).

Law / Re: Legal Entity of Rivers
« on: September 10, 2020, 10:43:52 PM »
Thank you for sharing.

Law / New judgement on cancellation of bail
« on: September 10, 2020, 10:42:12 PM »
The Supreme Court of Bangladesh on 8th September 2020 has published the judgement of the case "Md. Ibrahim Vs. The State", Criminal Appeal(H) 6513/2019, through the official website.

Case Brief:
The Registrar General of Bangladesh Supreme Court is hereby directed to issue a “General Circular” to all the Judges/ Magistrates having exercising criminal jurisdiction containing the following directions:
1. The Court below shall not cancel the bail of an accused granted by the High Court Division without any allegation of proven misuse of the privilege of bail by the accused.
2. When an accused is enjoying the privilege of ad-interim bail granted by the High Court Division for a limited period in a pending rule under section 498 of the Cr.P.C or in an appeal against under special law and he/she is regularly appearing before the Court below, his/her bail shall not be cancelled and cannot be taken him/her into jail custody by the Court below only on the ground that he/she could not submit bail extension order from the High Court Division.
3. In the event of unavailability of such extension order, the Courts below must wait for the result of the rule or the appeal, as the case may be, in which the accused was granted ad-interim bail.
4. Learned Judges of the Courts below shall not cancel bail of an accused granted by the High Court Division in pending rule or appeal until and unless the rule is discharged or the appeal is dismissed or in any way the accused violates any condition of bail, if any, imposed by the High Court Division at the time of granting bail”

কোনো মামলায় উচ্চ আদালত থেকে জামিন পাওয়া আসামিদের জামিন বাতিল করা না করা নিয়ে অধস্তন আদালতকে চার দফা নির্দেশনা দিয়েছেন হাইকোর্ট।

বিচারপতি মো. হাবিবুল গণি ও বিচারপতি মো. বদরুজ্জামানের হাইকোর্ট বেঞ্চ এক রায়ে এ নির্দেশনা দিয়েছেন। বৃহস্পতিবার সুপ্রিম কোর্টের ওয়েব সাইটে এ রায় প্রকাশ করা হয়।
চার দফা নির্দেশনা হলো:

১. হাইকোর্ট ডিভিশন থেকে কোনো আসামি যদি নির্দিষ্ট সময়ের জন্য জামিনে মুক্তি পান, তবে অধস্তন আদালত জামিনের সুস্পষ্ট অপব্যবহার ব্যতীত সেই জামিন বাতিল করতে পারবেন না।

২. নির্দিষ্ট সময়ের জন্য জামিনে মুক্তি পাওয়া ব্যক্তি যদি অধস্তন আদালতে নিয়মিত হাজিরা দেয় শুধু হাইকোর্টের জামিনের এক্সেনশন অর্ডার না থাকার কারণে অধস্তন আদালত জামিন বাতিল করে জেলহাজতে পাঠাতে পারবেন না।

৩. নির্দিষ্ট সময়ে জামিন পাওয়ার পর যদি সেই সময় পার হয়ে যায় তবে হাইকোর্টে আসামি যেই রুল বা আপিলে জামিন পেয়েছেন সেই রুল বা আপিল নিষ্পত্তি পর্যন্ত অপেক্ষা করতে হবে।

৪. অধস্তন আদালত হাইকোর্টের দেয়া জামিন কোনো অবস্থাতেই হাইকোর্ট যেই রুলে বা আপিলে জামিন দিয়েছেন তা খারিজ না হওয়া পর্যন্ত বাতিল করতে পারবেন না, তবে যদি হাইকোর্ট কোনো শর্তসাপেক্ষে জামিন দেন সেই শর্ত ভঙ্গ করলে জামিন বাতিল করা যাবে।

Find out the full judgement:

Law / Covid-19 and State’s obligation to safeguard human rights
« on: June 06, 2020, 02:36:08 AM »
With the outbreak of the Covid-19 and the declaration of a global pandemic, nations worldwide have taken unprecedented and unconventional measures with the aim to contain the virus and fortuitously, declared both international and intra-national lockdowns, and asking citizens to self-isolate and to maintain social distancing at all times.

Although this lockdown has proved to be effectual, it has also surfaced the divergence between the upper and lower class of the society. Globally, it has hit hard on the daily wage earners, poor and needy class of the society. Among many other fundamental rights that an individual is entitled to, this pandemic and the incidental lockdown has resulted in such rights being compromised....

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Law / Re: A man of judicial excellence
« on: June 05, 2020, 12:05:43 AM »
Thank you for sharing

Law / Re: ESC rights in Bangladesh Constitution
« on: June 05, 2020, 12:05:30 AM »
Thank you for sharing

Law / Re: How a 'growth mindset' can lead to success
« on: June 05, 2020, 12:04:40 AM »
Thank you for sharing Sir

Law / Re: Chief Justice considering virtual hearing of urgent cases
« on: June 05, 2020, 12:04:12 AM »
Thank you for sharing

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