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Navigating the Pathway to Success: Empowering First-Year Students through Strategic Skill Development and Career Planning - Spring Session Blueprint

In the heart of Bangladesh, a country renowned for its vibrant culture, dynamic economy, and burgeoning educational sector, the transition from secondary education to the tertiary level marks a critical juncture in a student’s journey. As these young aspirants step into the realms of higher education, the need for a strategic framework that addresses skill development and career planning becomes paramount. "Charting the Course: Skill Development and Career Planning for First-Year Students - Spring Session Blueprint" offers a tailored roadmap designed to empower these budding talents in Bangladesh, equipping them with the tools necessary for academic success and professional excellence.

Cultural and Economic Context
In Bangladesh, where the workforce is increasingly competitive and the economy is on a trajectory of growth, aligning educational outcomes with market demands is essential. Students must be agile learners, ready to adapt to the evolving landscape. This blueprint serves not only as a guide for academic achievement but also as a bridge to the professional world, considering the unique socio-economic fabric of Bangladesh.

Customized Skill Development
Understanding the local industry needs and global trends, the blueprint emphasizes the importance of both soft and hard skills. From critical thinking and problem-solving, which are pivotal in navigating the complexities of today’s global challenges, to digital literacy and technical prowess in fields such as information technology and engineering, which are vital for Bangladesh’s growing tech sector. The blueprint advocates for a curriculum that is responsive to the changing dynamics of the job market, ensuring students are well-prepared for the future.

Career Planning with a Localized Approach
Career planning within this context goes beyond traditional pathways. It encourages exploration and innovation, recognizing the entrepreneurial spirit that thrives in Bangladesh. By incorporating career counseling and mentorship programs, the blueprint seeks to inspire students to envision a wide array of career possibilities, from joining the ranks of burgeoning local startups to contributing to multinational corporations that increasingly view Bangladesh as a key player in the global economy.

Engagement beyond the Classroom
Recognizing the importance of experiential learning, the blueprint highlights the role of internships, apprenticeships, and community projects. These experiences are crucial for first-year students, offering a glimpse into the professional world while fostering a sense of responsibility towards societal advancement. Engaging with local communities and industries allows students to apply theoretical knowledge in real-world scenarios, promoting a deeper understanding of their chosen fields.

Building a Supportive Ecosystem
Central to this blueprint is the establishment of a supportive educational ecosystem that includes universities, businesses, and government agencies working collaboratively. This ecosystem is designed to provide students with access to resources, networks, and opportunities, making the journey from the classroom to the career a seamless transition.
In conclusion, "Charting the Course: Skill Development and Career Planning for First-Year Students - Spring Session Blueprint" is more than just a guide; it is a vision for fostering a generation of well-rounded, skilled professionals ready to contribute to Bangladesh’s growth and success. By prioritizing skill development and career planning from the onset of their higher education journey, students in Bangladesh are positioned to navigate the complexities of the global job market with confidence and prowess, ensuring a bright future for themselves and their country.
11 Questions For Start-Up Entrepreneurs

Concept of creative idea and innovation, Unique, Think different, standing out from the crowd.

1. What problem are you trying to solve?

Do you know exactly what problem companies or individuals – and you – are trying to solve? Do you know what the absence of solutions costs today? How much would companies and individuals pay for your solution?

2. Is it a big problem or a small one? How big is the market for your solution?

It’s important to tackle large markets. While niche markets can be fun – and sometimes very profitable – it’s smarter to develop products and services for larger – and growing – markets with a unique product or solution..

3. Has anyone else tried to solve the problem? How are they solving it? Have they been successful or unsuccessful? Why?

Due diligence here is paramount if for no other reason than investors who conduct their own due diligence will find every one of your competitors. So you – the entrepreneur – must beat them to the punch – every time. Details about competitors is essential. What went right and what went wrong with the companies that have attacked the same market you’re after? It’s not only necessary to identify the competitors, it’s important to be able to recite their stories.

4. What’s your unique solution to the problem? What are the barriers to entry?

Is it technology-based? If so, what’s so different about your technology solution? Do you have any current or pending intellectual property (IP)? What else is unique about you, your team, your technology and your plan? There needs to be a list, and ideally a long one. Can your solution be easily copied especially by deep-pocket large competitors? Or is it difficult to copy (beyond any IP)? How crowded is the space? The last thing you want to do is develop a product pr service than can be quickly and easily copied. First-mover advantage is almost always temporary. There’s a reason why Tesla’s market share is shrinking.

5. Is your “solution” a product or a service?

Describe the unique features of your product or service: is it incremental or disruptive? You must erase all ambiguity here – at least as you launch. Over time, of course, everything will change, but clarity here is important not just for market testing but for investor confidence.

6. What are your founder strengths – and weaknesses?

Why is your team solid? What is their product or service experience? Has it been successful or unsuccessful? What specific aspects of your entrepreneurial personality are critical for success and which will threaten it? Can you be objective about your strengths and weaknesses? Are there truth-tellers on your team?

7. How much money do you need to execute?

How much to launch, how much to an MVP and how much to scale? These estimates are, of course, just that, but they must be tied to investments, projects and processes. There must also be clarity. Uncertainty – even though the whole launch estimation process is uncertain – is dangerous, since investors need a number (even though they too understand how squishy the number is).

8. Describe the projects and milestones necessary to launch?

List the projects by name, tasks and (ideal) outcomes. Slates of projects not only help your investors understand where you’re going, but they also help you and the team understand what must be done. Make no mistake, the project identification and description process is a learning drill unto itself.

9. What are the revenue projections? What are projected expenses? What are the risks?

Remember everyone will assume your revenue projections are hypotheses. The market will decide whether or not there's real revenue in your products or services. That said, you should provide revenue ranges with probability outcomes based on some data that’s reasonably well-sourced. Expenses are also hypotheses – and usually under-estimated. Risks straddle revenue and expenses and are almost speculative, but still must be provided even if they’re only best guesses. One of the major mistakes entrepreneurs make is to provide data around revenue, expenses and risks they present as “factual.”

10. What’s the fundraising plan? How many fundraising relationships do you have?

The fundraising plan must be credible based on existing relationships you have with investors. Chase those relationships first promising that they’re the first and only ones you thought about calling as your start-up launched. If anyone smells that you’ll be cold-calling investors they’ll run for the exits. How persuasive is your pitch? Is it investor ready? Who are the pitch targets? What’s the pitch schedule?

11. How’s the pitch?

The pitch itself must be short and compelling – and persuasively delivered. Find the best actor on your team – or anywhere. Find the best writer on your team – or anywhere. Find the best graphic artist on your team (which might be DALL-E or Midjourney) – or anywhere. Remember that pitching is performance art. Remember that pitches must adapt to the audience. Great salespersons, amazing pitchpersons, mesmerizing actors, captivating artists are all required to generate investments in your company.

If you can’t answer all 11 questions you’re not an entrepreneur – and you’re not investor-ready either. By the way, you need to answer all of these questions in 11 slides or less with a serious dose of videos, demos and stories embedded in “the pitch.” Presenting 11 dead PowerPoint slides may – should – get you thrown out of the room.

E-Newsletter / Campus Chronicles :: February 2024
« Last post by Fahmi Hasan on February 03, 2024, 11:32:38 AM »

Click here to read the full E-Newsletter
Startup / How Bangladeshi startups fared in 2023
« Last post by Imrul Hasan Tusher on January 27, 2024, 12:04:33 PM »
How Bangladeshi startups fared in 2023

Bangladesh in 2023 has seen pivotal shifts in the realms of investment and strategic approaches within the startup sector.

In 2023, amidst a landscape of global economic instability largely influenced by geopolitical tensions, Bangladesh's startup ecosystem has showcased a notable degree of resilience and adaptability. This period, significantly impacted by factors such as the Russia-Ukraine conflict, rising inflation rates, and overall economic strain, has also seen pivotal shifts in the realms of investment and strategic approaches within the startup sector.

Economic background and global context

The global scenario for startup funding witnessed a substantial downturn in 2023, with investment figures falling by 38% year-on-year to a total of USD 285 billion, as reported by the Bangladesh Startup Investment Report 2023 by Lightcastle Partners. Despite Bangladesh's relatively swift recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic, the nation faced amplified structural challenges due to the ongoing war. This included a sharp rise in inflation, sluggish growth in exports, remittance bottlenecks, and a significant depreciation of the local currency against the USD. Furthermore, the depletion of foreign exchange reserves and the imposition of stringent import restrictions added to the economic pressures. In this turbulent environment, Bangladesh's startup ecosystem navigated through with some level of success.

Investment trends in Bangladesh's startup ecosystem

According to the report by Lightcastle Partners in 2023, startups in Bangladesh managed to raise USD 72 million across 45 deals, marking a 42% decrease in funding compared to the previous year. The year commenced with a robust first quarter, witnessing the highest funding at USD 37 million. However, the investment landscape fluctuated throughout the year before seeing considerable quarter-on-quarter growth in the fourth quarter, reaching USD 22 million.

Venture capital firms were central to these investments, contributing to 50% of the total startup investments. A key development was the entry of local conglomerates into the startup arena, as exemplified by BSRM's USD 2.2 million investment in Sheba. This indicates an increasing interest from traditional business sectors in the startup domain.

Sectoral performance and top startups

The report highlighted that in 2023, financial services, garments & textiles, and education sectors were at the forefront, securing USD 49 million across 14 deals. Despite the overall downturn, sectors such as healthcare experienced significant investment increases, reflecting maturity and resilience in the face of funding challenges. Notable startups including ShopUp, Nitex, 10 Minutes School, Arogga, and Jatri collectively secured USD 53 million, highlighting the attractiveness and potential of Bangladeshi startups to investors.

Government initiatives and local investor confidence

The Bangladeshi government's commitment to fostering the startup ecosystem was apparent through initiatives like the Fund of Funds and the Startup Summit. The increasing involvement of local investors suggests a rising confidence in the resilience and potential of domestic startups. This local support is vital in an environment where global investor sentiment remains cautious due to wider economic uncertainties.

Prospects and strategic focus for 2024

As the ecosystem looks towards 2024, expectations lean towards a gradual recovery. The focus is likely to remain on strategic resilience, with startups emphasising unit economics, effective burn rate management, and thorough risk assessments. Collaborative efforts, both within the local investment community and backed by government support, are anticipated to be crucial in maintaining the growth trajectory of the ecosystem.


How to use your experience and inner strength to handle the stress of entrepreneurship

Older entrepreneurs bring years of experience to their ventures, and as we age, we develop more resilience.

Many older Americans dream about working for themselves. Yet new business owners often find entrepreneurship stressful, especially during the lean startup years.

Fortunately, experts say that while some entrepreneurial stress is inevitable, you can learn to manage it better. “Working independently is like athletics,” writes strategy consultant Steven Cristol in his book, “No Boss!” “It requires not just dedication and persistence but also training the mind to think and behave in ways that make self-employment work for you.”

I recently spoke to Cristol to get his thoughts on how best to ease the stress of entrepreneurship. I also reached out to Dr. Elissa Epel, author of “The Stress Prescription” and a vice chair in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of California at San Francisco, for her insights. Here are five key recommendations to help you stress less as you build your new business:

Entrepreneur tipsheet

1. Assess your stressors. Starting a business involves risk, uncertainty and a steep learning curve. Some people thrive on the challenge, while others are overwhelmed.

“So many people have this dream of running their own thing,” says Cristol. “But it doesn’t mean they’re particularly well suited for the rigors of entrepreneurship. Unfortunately, they often don’t think about it until they are in the thick of it and then it’s a struggle.”

So, before you strike out on your own, think long and hard about your ability to tolerate the stress of being an entrepreneur. If you tend to be risk averse, uncomfortable with change or prone to worry, this might not be the best path for you.

2. Don’t go it alone. Entrepreneurship can be lonely, especially after a long career spent working as part of a larger team. The isolation can be especially problematic for people who work virtually or in e-commerce, with few opportunities for in-person socialization. But just because you work on your own, that doesn’t mean you have to exclude people from your work life.

“Find other people to be part of the adventure,” says Cristol. Since leaving the advertising field and starting his coaching and consulting business, he has worked hard to build relationships with other service providers, who over time, have turned into friends, advisers and collaborators.

“It would have been much lonelier if I tried to do everything myself,” he says, adding that his fellow entrepreneurs are among the very smartest people he knows who provide him with invaluable support. As he writes in his book, “Don’t let your ego believe that you’re just too damned smart to learn from someone else’s deep experience or to benefit from their objectivity.”

3. Hire help (selectively). Tackling a long to-do list on a shoestring budget is one of the biggest stressors of early-stage entrepreneurs. “It’s hard to part with a dollar in the early going,” admits Cristol. “But if you do everything yourself for too long it can put a drag on your productivity.” The trick is to find ways to get help, but on a limited basis.

Cristol emphasizes that paying for help doesn’t have to be open-ended. “If it’s for a specific project, arrange a fixed fee,” he says. “If it’s ongoing, set a limit on how many hours you’re willing to pay for and stick to it. Like any good investment, the time and energy you put into getting help, and the money you part with initially, will deliver a handsome return if you choose people and tasks carefully.”

4. Celebrate the benefits of your age. Older entrepreneurs bring years of experience and professional contacts to their ventures. And, Epel notes, as we age, we develop more resilience skills.

“We don’t sweat the small stuff as much,” she says. “We’ve had more experience with failure and expect the road will be rocky. We see the challenges and obstacles we face with greater perspective, with a wider lens, so that we face them with more confidence, knowing we will find ways to get by.”

Cristol adds that older workers often feel like they have less to lose at this point in their career, with a little bit more of a “been there, done that” sensibility.

5. Prioritize self-care. While we can’t change many stressful situations in our personal lives or in our social world, we can change the way we react to that stress. In her book, Epel describes stress-reduction practices (most require less than 10 minutes) that you can do each day to recover quicker from stressful events. In her book, she refers to exercise as “the medicinal power of movement.”

Invest time in yourself

She is especially partial to high-intensity interval training (HIIT), very brief bouts of intense exercise that helps people looking improve their stress resilience. (You can search online for a 7-minute guided HIIT routine, or, if you haven’t been active for a while, start with something easier, like slow to brisk walking for 10 minutes).

Epel also urges people to get out in nature. By shifting our physical environment, we can shift our mental state. Immersing ourselves in nature forces us to take a break from our screens and help to release our creativity.

“Nature,” she writes, “is unique in its capacity to soothe, to calm, to put things into perspective and to shrink stressors that once seemed huge.”


Introduction: Discipline is the cornerstone of success, serving as the guiding force that propels individuals toward their goals, both in their professional and personal lives. In a world filled with distractions and constant demands, the ability to cultivate discipline becomes paramount. This blog post explores the significance of discipline in achieving success in both professional and personal spheres and provides practical insights on how to incorporate discipline into your daily routine.

The Role of Discipline in Professional Life

1. Achieving Career Goals:
Discipline is the driving force behind career success. Whether you’re an entrepreneur, a corporate professional, or a freelancer, adhering to a disciplined work ethic ensures that you consistently make progress toward your career goals. Setting clear objectives, creating a strategic plan, and staying focused are key elements of maintaining discipline in the professional arena.

2. Time Management:
Discipline plays a crucial role in effective time management. Professionals who prioritize their tasks, adhere to deadlines, and minimize distractions are more likely to excel in their respective fields. Implementing time management techniques, such as the Pomodoro Technique or time blocking, can help individuals channel their efforts more efficiently.

3. Continuous Learning:
A disciplined approach to professional development involves a commitment to continuous learning. Staying updated on industry trends, acquiring new skills, and seeking opportunities for growth are all manifestations of discipline. This not only enhances your expertise but also positions you as an invaluable asset in your professional domain.

The Impact of Discipline on Personal Life

1. Health and Wellness:
Personal discipline extends to taking care of one’s physical and mental well-being. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and sufficient rest are essential components of a disciplined lifestyle. Prioritizing self-care not only contributes to overall health but also fosters resilience in the face of life’s challenges.

2. Financial Stability:
Financial discipline is vital for long-term stability and security. Creating a budget, saving consistently, and making informed financial decisions are habits that reflect personal discipline. These practices lay the foundation for achieving financial goals and weathering economic uncertainties.

3. Building Strong Relationships:
Discipline in communication and empathy is fundamental for nurturing meaningful relationships. Whether in family, friendships, or romantic partnerships, the ability to listen actively, communicate effectively, and resolve conflicts with patience demonstrates a high level of personal discipline.

Practical Tips for Cultivating Discipline

1. Set Clear Goals:
Define your professional and personal goals clearly. Break them down into smaller, manageable tasks, and create a roadmap for achieving them.

2. Create a Routine:
Establish a daily routine that aligns with your goals. Consistency in your daily habits builds discipline over time.

3. Prioritize Tasks:
Identify and prioritize tasks based on their importance. Tackling high-priority tasks first ensures that you make progress toward your objectives.

4. Learn to Say ‘No’:
Recognize your limits and avoid overcommitting. Saying ‘no’ when necessary is a disciplined approach to managing your time and energy.

5. Adaptability and Resilience:
Discipline is not about rigidity but adaptability. Embrace change, learn from setbacks, and cultivate resilience to navigate challenges effectively.

Discipline is the thread that weaves success in both professional and personal spheres. By integrating discipline into your daily life, you not only enhance your chances of achieving your goals but also cultivate a mindset that breeds success. Embrace discipline as a lifelong companion on your journey to personal and professional fulfillment.
বিভিন্ন কারণে আমাদের জন্ম নিবন্ধন যাচাই করার প্রয়োজন পড়ে। অনলাইনের মাধ্যেম সহজেই এটি করা যায়। এর জন্য শুধু ১৭ ডিজিটের জন্ম নিবন্ধন নাম্বার এবং জন্ম তারিখ জানা থাকতে হবে। এসব জানা থাকলে প্রথমে আপনাকে জন্ম নিবন্ধন যাচাই করার ওয়েবসাইটে ভিজিট করতে হবে। ওয়েবসাইটে ভিজিট করার পর প্রয়োজনীয় তথ্য দিয়ে সার্চ করলে সহজেই জন্ম নিবন্ধন যাচাই করে ফেলতে পারবেন। জন্ম নিবন্ধন অনলাইন যাচাই নিয়ে আরো সকল প্রয়োজনীয় তথ্য এই ওয়েবসাইটে ভিজিটের মাধ্যমে জানতে পারবেন।
Business Idea / How generative AI is changing entrepreneurship
« Last post by kamruzzaman.bba on January 18, 2024, 11:48:04 AM »

“We’re in a moment of transformation where this is a tool that can do many things around the world and many things in almost any industry,” said Ethan Mollick, SM ’04, PhD ’10, an associate professor at the University of Pennsylvania who studies AI, innovation, and startups.

In a December 2023 episode of the Trust the Process podcast, hosted by the Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship, Mollick joined Trust Center managing director Bill Aulet to discuss how entrepreneurs can use generative AI to their advantage and what startups should remember about the new technology.

Mollick identified three trends regarding AI and entrepreneurship and offered tips for those who are ready to jump in.

The addition of generative AI as a co-founder
Entrepreneurs are expected to do a wide range of time-consuming tasks, from writing emails and answering phone calls to orchestrating product demonstrations and coding a website. “AI does all of those things well,” Mollick said. “It lets you focus more on what your top skill is, and it kind of handles everything else.”

Generative AI can also serve as a guide. “A third of Americans have a business idea that they haven’t acted on because they don’t know what to do next,” Mollick said. “The AI can tell you what to do next, help you write the emails, [and] help you build the product.”

Mollick noted that users should be aware of the benefits and limitations of the technology. “It’s kind of like an intern who wants to make you happy and therefore lies a lot and is kind of naive [and] never admits that they made a mistake,” he said. “Once you think about [AI] that way, you end up in much better shape.”

New approaches to the practice of entrepreneurship
Generative AI is a new general-purpose technology — one that comes around once in a generation and touches just about everything humans do, Mollick said, like electricity, computers, and the internet have.

For entrepreneurs, generative AI can assist with researching ideas, coming up with logos and names, creating a website, and more, Mollick said.

More broadly, “I think that there is a fundamental rethinking of process,” Mollick said. The ability to test and experiment easily, quickly, and relatively cheaply represents a big change in methodology and “how we approach entrepreneurship, from the ground up.” This includes compressed time frames, because it can take less time to develop new companies with the assistance of generative AI.

Generative AI will alter the competitive landscape
Generative AI will change the role of entrepreneurship, with some companies finding themselves obsolete and many others having to change their approach.

What’s more, competitors across the globe have equal access to the same transformative technology.

“There’s going to be just a lot more global competition,” Mollick said. “[With ChatGPT], now everyone in every country speaks English perfectly [and] can code. What does that mean for entrepreneurship? Talent is all over the place.”

What entrepreneurs should remember about using generative AI
Mollick suggested that entrepreneurs should keep three key points in mind as they try out generative AI.

1. Experimentation is key. “As an entrepreneur, you get to experiment really quickly,” Mollick said. For example, founders can try using generative AI write a letter, and if it’s not good, try again to make it better. If it still isn’t good, then maybe it’s not a good use case. “That kind of cheap experimentation is the key,” he said.

Last year, Mollick set a timer for 30 minutes and asked a generative AI tool to create a product launch plan and email campaign, create a website proposal and execute it, and create a full social campaign. In 30 minutes, “we had 9,200 words of text, emails, a website, a voice file, a script,” he said.

“You’re measuring by minutes,” Aulet said. “When I used to run companies and we started companies, we’d measure it in weeks and months.”

2. Don’t overemphasize the importance of proprietary datasets. There is debate about the value of proprietary datasets, which consist of unique data that a company collects and owns exclusively. Mollick said he questions the assumption that they are important.

The P in GPT stands for pretrained, he noted. “The AI has already learned a whole bunch of stuff, and it knows this stuff already. And that stuff includes everything,” Mollick said. “So the idea that you need specialized knowledge often turns out to be kind of wrong.”

3. Entrepreneurs are well suited for times of transformation. Mollick and Aulet noted that entrepreneurs can take advantage of uncertain, transformative times. “The people who can deal with change are entrepreneurs. That’s what they’re built for,” Aulet said.

“The ultimate power of entrepreneurship is it’s about taking action amidst uncertainty,” Mollick said. “And that’s why it’s valuable. No matter what happens in the world, learning to take action amidst uncertainty is the skill you need.”

Read This Before Making a Career Switch to Data Science

You’re reading this because you’re thinking about joining the ranks of aspiring data scientists. And who can blame you? Data science is a growing field, even a decade after its now-infamous “sexiest job” accolade from the Harvard Business Review. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics currently predicts the employment rate for data scientists will grow by 35 percent from 2022 to 2032. Compare that to the average job growth rate, which is just 5 percent.

It has other things going for it:

It’s well-paid (again, the BLS found a median salary of $103k in 2022)
It comes with a high quality of life (higher than average job-related happiness according to Career Explorer)
There is job security despite the recent round of layoffs – because there’s so much demand for the role
So there are plenty of reasons to want to break into the field.

But data science is a very broad field, with lots of different job titles and skill sets you need to know before you get started. This article will guide you through the various directions you can go, and what you need to know for each one to get into data science.

How to Make the Move to a Data Science Career
To make a successful transition into a data science career, you'll need to follow a structured approach:

Assess your data science skills and identify gaps.
Get hands-on experience in the areas where you are weak.
Network. Join data science groups, attend meetups, and contribute to forums.
Let’s dive deeper.

Assess Your Starting Position
What do you already know and how can it be applied in data science? Think about: any programming knowledge, statistical skills, or data analysis experience you have.

Next, identify the gaps in your skills, particularly those essential for data science. SQL is a real must, but Python or R programming, advanced statistics, machine learning, and data visualization are also extremely beneficial.

Once you've pinpointed these gaps, seek relevant education or training to fill them. This could be through online courses, university programs, bootcamps, or self-study, with a focus on practical, hands-on learning.

Hands-on Experience
You shouldn’t just watch videos and read blog posts. Hands-on experience is crucial in data science. Engage in projects that allow you to apply your new skills in real-world scenarios. This could be personal projects, contributions to open-source platforms, or participation in data competitions like those on Kaggle.

If you have some basic starting skills, you might want to consider seeking internships or freelance work to gain industry experience.

Most importantly, document all your projects and experiences in a portfolio, highlighting your problem-solving process, the techniques you used, and the impact of your work.

Breaking into data science often comes down to who you know, in addition to what you know. Find mentors, participate in meetups, conferences, and workshops to learn about new trends, and engage in online data science communities like Stack Overflow, GitHub, or Reddit. These platforms allow you to learn from others, share your knowledge, and get noticed within the data science community.

Every Data Science Role Needs…

If you want to become a data scientist from scratch, it makes sense to think of the skills you’ll need to develop as a tree. There are “trunk” skills that are common to every data science job, and then each specialty has “branch” skills that continue branching off into more and more specialized roles.

There are three main skills every data scientist needs, no matter what direction they go in:

Data Manipulation/Wrangling Using SQL
Data science boils down to handling and organizing large datasets. To do that, you need to know SQL. It is an essential tool for data manipulation and wrangling.

Soft Skills

Data science doesn’t happen in a vacuum. You need to play nice with others, which means buffing up your soft skills. Being able to communicate complex data findings clearly and understandably to non-technical stakeholders is as important as technical skills. These include effective communication, problem-solving, and business acumen.

Problem-solving helps in tackling complex data challenges, while business acumen ensures that data-driven solutions are aligned with organizational goals.

Constant Learning Attitude
Data science is different from where it was even five years ago. Just look at where we are today with AI compared to 2018. There are new tools, techniques, and theories constantly emerging. That is why you need a continuous learning mindset to stay up to date with the latest developments and adapt to new technologies and methodologies in the field.

You’ll need self-motivation to learn and adapt, as well as a proactive approach to acquiring new knowledge and skills.

Breaking It Down

While there are common skills as I outlined above, each role demands its own specific skill set. (Remember? Branches.) For example, statistical analysis, programming skills in Python/R, and data visualization are all specific to more specialized jobs in data science.

Let’s break down each data science-adjacent role so you can see what you need.

Business/Data Analyst
Yes, this is a data science role! Even if the naysayers disagree, I still believe you can treat it as a stepping stone at the very least if you are aiming to get into the data science career track.

As a business or data analyst, you’re in charge of bridging the gap between data insights and business strategy. It’s perfect for those who have a knack for understanding business needs and translating them into data-driven solutions.

As core skills, you’ll need business intelligence – no surprises there –, strong analytical skills, proficiency in data querying languages, predominantly SQL. In this role, Python and R are optional because the main task is data wrangle.

There is a visualization component but depending on your job, it can mean creating dashboards in Tableau or graphs in Excel.

Data Analytics

This role focuses on interpreting data to provide actionable insights. It’s a great job for you if you enjoy translating numbers into stories and business strategies.

You’ll need a firm handle on statistical analysis and data visualization – though again, these can be tableau dashboards and/or Excel graphs). You’ll also need proficiency in analytics tools like Excel, Tableau, and SQL. Python/R are once again optional, but remember they can help with implementing statistics and automation.

Machine Learning
Machine Learning scientists develop predictive models and algorithms to make data-driven predictions or decisions. These roles are suited for those who have a strong interest in AI and model building.

No surprises as to core skills: you’ll need a deep understanding of algorithms, experience with machine learning frameworks like TensorFlow and PyTorch, and strong programming skills. Python and/or R are no longer optional but a must-have.

Data Engineering
This role has you focus on the architecture, management, and maintenance of data pipelines. It’s a good fit for individuals who enjoy the technical challenges of managing and optimizing data flow and storage.

To get into this job, you’ll need expertise in database management, ETL processes, and proficiency in big data technologies like Hadoop and Spark. You’ll also need proficiency in data pipeline automation using technologies such as Airflow.

Business Intelligence
In business intelligence, it’s all about building visualizations. It’s great for storytellers and folks with a strong business sense.

You’ll need to be a pro with dashboarding technologies such as Tableau and Qlik since those are the tools you’ll use to build out your visualizations. You’ll also need data manipulation skills (read: SQL skills) to help optimize data queries that make dashboard performance fast.

Keeping It Real

As I mentioned earlier in the article, data science is a quickly evolving field. New jobs and roles are opening up all the time. To go back to my tree analogy, I like to think of it as new branches being added onto the main data science trunk. There are now cloud engineers, SQL specialists, DevOps roles, and more – all still connected to that data science track. So this article provides just a brief smattering of the directions you could go with data science.

More than that, you should also remember that data science comes with challenges attached to that six-figure paycheck. There’s a very steep learning curve, and the learning never really ends. New technologies, trends, and tools all come fast and hard – and if you want to keep your job, you have to keep up.

All that being said, it’s a great career option. With the three main competencies I mentioned under your belt, you’ll be well-equipped to take on any data science role that appeals to you.

Islam / Re: সময়ের গুরুত্ব ও ব্যবহার
« Last post by Badshah Mamun on January 17, 2024, 10:20:21 AM »
সময়ের মূল্য নিয়ে ২৫টি অসাধারণ উক্তি

০১. “যার হাতে কিছুই নেই, তার হাতেও সময় আছে। এটাই আসলে সবচেয়ে বড় সম্পদ”

– ব্যালটাজার গার্সিয়ান (১৭ শতকের স্প্যানিশ লেখক ও দার্শনিক)

০২. “অতীত চলে গেছে, তাই এটা নিয়ে চিন্তা করে লাভ নেই।  ভবিষ্য‌ৎ নিয়ে ভেবেও লাভ নেই, কারণ তা এখনও আসেনি।  চিন্তা করো বর্তমান সময় নিয়ে, সেটাই তোমার ভবিষ্যতের জন্য ভালো”

– সংগৃহীত

০৩. “আমরা যদি সময়ের যত্ন নিই, তবে সময় আমাদের জীবনের যত্ন নেবে”

– মারিয়া এজগ্রোথ (বিখ্যাত আইরিশ লেখিকা)

০৪. “আগের নষ্ট করা সময়ের জন্য এখন আফসোস করলে, এখনকার সময়ও নষ্ট হবে”

– মেসন কোলেই (আমেরিকান দার্শনিক)

০৫. “সময়ের সত্যিকার মূল্য দাও।  প্রতিটি মূহুর্তকে দখল করো, উপভোগ করো।  আলস্য করো না। যে কাজ আজ করতে পারো, তা কালকের জন্য ফেলে রেখো না”

– ফিলিপ স্ট্যানহোপ (১৮ শতকের বৃটিশ লেখক ও রাজনীতিবিদ)

০৬. “তুমি যা কিছু খরচ করো, সময়ই তার মধ্যে সবচেয়ে দামী”

– থিওফ্রেসটাস ( প্রাচীন গ্রীক দার্শনিক)

০৭. “যারা সময়কে ঠিকমত ব্যবহার করতে পারে না, তারাই আসলে সময় নিয়ে অভিযোগ করে”

– যিন ডে লা ব্রুয়ের (১৭ শতকের ফ্রেঞ্চ দার্শনিক)

০৮. “আমার সময় নেই, হল ‘আমি করতে চাইনা’ কথাটা একটু ঘুরিয়ে বলা”

– লাও ঝু (প্রাচীন চীনা লেখক ও দার্শনিক)

০৯. “ভবিষ্যতে যাওয়ার গতি হল প্রতি ঘন্টায় ৬০ মিনিট।  কেউ কারও আগে বা পরে যাবে না।  কিন্তু কেউ সেখানে গিয়ে ভালো থাকবে; কেউ খারাপ থাকবে।  সময়ের গতিকে যে যেভাবে ব্যবহার করবে, তার ভবিষ্য‌ৎও তেমন হবে”

– সংগৃহীত

১০. “সময় আসবে, আবার চলে যাবে।  কিন্তু যখন সে থাকবে, তখন তার কাছ থেকে তুমি যা চাইবে, তাই পাবে”

– সংগৃহীত

১১. “সময় = জীবন। তাই, সময় নষ্ট মানে জীবনের অংশ নষ্ট করা।  সময়কে কাজে লাগাও, জীবনও অর্থপূর্ণ হবে”

– এ্যালান লাকেইন ( বেস্ট সেলিং How to Get Control of Your Time and Your Life এর লেখক)

১২. “বেশিরভাগ মানুষ সমস্যা নিয়ে অভিযোগ করেই বেশি সময় নষ্ট করে, যা সত্যিকার কাজে লাগালে সমস্যার সমাধান হয়ে যেত”

– হেনরি ফোর্ড (ফোর্ড মোটরস এর প্রতিষ্ঠাতা)

১৩. “সাধারণ মানুষ ‘সময় কাটানোর’ চেষ্টা করে।  অসাধারণ মানুষ সময়কে ‘কাজে লাগানোর’ চেষ্টা করে”

– সংগৃহীত

১৪. “যে সময় হারিয়ে গেছে তাকে ফিরিয়ে আনা অসম্ভব। কিন্তু তুমি চাইলে যে সময় সামনে আসছে, তাকে সুন্দর করতে পারো”

– এ্যাশলি ওরমোন (বেস্ট সেলিং লেখিকা)

১৫. “সময়ের অভাব কোনও সমস্যা নয়।  আসল সমস্যা হল সদিচ্ছার অভাব।  প্রতিটি মানুষের দিনই ২৪ ঘন্টার”

– যিক জিগলার (লেখক ও মোটিভেটর)

১৬. “অতীতের ভুল নিয়ে আফসোস করো না; তা আর ফিরে আসবে না।  তার বদলে বর্তমানকে এমন সুন্দর করে সাজাও, যেন ভবিষ্যতে এর কথা মনে করে আফসোস না করতে হয়”

– সংগৃহীত

১৭. “কোনওকিছুর জন্যই তোমার হাতে যথেষ্ঠ সময় থাকবে না।  যদি কোনওকিছু তোমার কাছে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ হয়, তবে অন্য জিনিস করা বাদ দিয়ে সময় বের করে নাও”   

– চার্লস বক্সটন (বৃটিশ লেখক)

১৮. “দেয়ালের দিকে তাকিয়ে সময় নষ্ট করো না।  সেখানে একা একা দরজা জন্মাবে না।  ওপাশে যেতে চাইলে দরজা বানাতে শুরু করো”

– কোকো শ্যানেল (বিশ্বখ্যাত ফ্রেঞ্চ ব্র্যান্ড ‘শ্যানেল’ এর প্রতিষ্ঠাতা)

১৯. “সাধারণ মানুষ সময়ের চলে যাওয়াকে তেমন গুরুত্ব দেয় না।  বুদ্ধিমান মানুষ এর সাথে ছুটতে চায়”

– শপেনহ্যাওয়ার (জার্মান দার্শনিক)

২০. “ক্যালেন্ডার দেখে ধোঁকা খেও না।  যে দিনগুলোকে তুমি কাজে লাগাও, সেগুলোই শুধু হিসাবে পড়ে।  কেউ পুরো এক বছরে মাত্র এক সপ্তাহের কাজ করে।  আর কেউবা মাত্র এক সপ্তাহে পুরো এক বছরের সমমূল্যের কাজ করে”

– চার্লস রিচার্ড (বিশ্বখ্যাত বৃটিশ ইঞ্জিনিয়ার)

২১. “সময়কে যদি ঠিকমত ব্যবহার করা যায়, তবে কেউই সময় নিয়ে অভিযোগ করবে না।  তুমি যদি সময়কে ঠিকমত ব্যবহার করো, তবে কাজের পরিমান দেখে তুমি নিজেই অবাক হয়ে যাবে”

– থমাস জেফারসন (৩য় আমেরিকান প্রেসিডেন্ট)

২২. “যে লোক জীবনের একটি ঘন্টা নষ্ট করার সাহস করে, সে আসলে জীবনের মূল্য এখনও বোঝেনি”

– চার্লস ডারউইন (বিখ্যাত ইংরেজ বিজ্ঞানী)

২৩. “সব সময়ে ব্যস্ত থাকাই শেষ কথা নয়।  পিঁপড়ারাও সারাদিন ব্যস্ত থাকে।  এমন কিছুর পেছনে সময় দাও যা আসলেই কাজে লাগে”

– হেনরি ডেভিড থোরেও (আমেরিকান কবি, দার্শনিক, ও ইতিহাসবিদ)

২৪. “যদি তোমার সময়ের সত্যিকার সদ্ব্যবহার করতে চাও, তবে কোন জিনিসটা তোমার কাছে সবচেয়ে জরুরী – তা খুঁজে বের করো।  তারপর পুরোটা সময় সেটার পেছনে ব্যয় করো”

– লী লেকোকা (অটোমোবাইল ও ইঞ্জিনিয়ারিং জগতের আইকন)

২৫. “এক সময়ে অনেক কাজ করা বোকামী।  দুই হাত ব্যবহার করে একসাথে অনেক ফল পানিতে ধুতে গেলে কিছু ফল হাত ফসকে বেরিয়ে যায়”

– প্রাচীন চীনা প্রবাদ

আপনি যদি আর সবকিছু বাদ দিয়ে শুধু সময়ের কাজ সময়ে করার অভ্যাস করেন, তাহলে দেখবেন অন্য সবকিছু এমনিতেই গুছিয়ে যাচ্ছে।  আসলে সব সাফল্যের মূল ঘাঁটলে দেখা যাবে, সময়ের মূল্য দেয়া এবং সময়ের সদ্ব্যবহার একটি বড় অংশ দখল করে আছে।

সময়ের মূল্য বোঝা ও সময়ের সদ্ব্যবহারের ক্ষেত্রে সময়ের মূল্য নিয়ে এই উক্তিগুলো যদি আপনাকে সামান্যও অনুপ্রাণিত করে থাকে, তবেই আমাদের প্রচেষ্টা সফল।

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