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Messages - sadekur738

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46
Teaching English as a Second Language is a high-demand subject of instruction that continues to experience growth in schools across the country. As children from foreign countries continue to immigrate to the United States and enroll in schools here, the number of students whose native language is not English continues to grow. Thus, many schools have English Language Learners (ELL) programs, also known as English as a Second Language (ESL) and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL).
As the primary spoken language in a country with a rich history of immigration and cultural diversity, English and its mastery are an important part of educational development. ESL is offered for people of all ages, though it is not part of the standard public school curriculum as it is not essential to all students.
ESL is a supplementary, comprehensive English language program for students trying to learn the language to better function in American society. Though ESL is supplementary, ESL teachers may still be employed by the public school system. Many schools, especially in urban areas, have programs in which students set aside part of their normal school day to study the English language in a small group with the close supervision of an ESL teacher. Other ESL teachers may be employed by private institutes to offer English tutoring to speakers of other languages.
ESL Teacher Salary

ESL teachers can expect to make have a similar salary to most other teachers in their location, subject and with a similar amount of experience. Generally speaking, the longer you work as a teacher the more your salary will grow. Learn about specific ESL teacher salary offerings, updated regularly via the career and jobs community at Glassdoor.com. Also important to consider is the fact that teachers receive an annual salary based on nine months of in-classroom work during the school year. Not to say that teachers are not still hard at work during holidays and the summer break, but they can certainly pursue other income earning opportunities during those periods as well.
Bilingual Education

Like ESL, Bilingual Education is not a mandated part of the curriculum, yet many schools offer it to accommodate the influx of culturally diverse children. Most often found in urban areas, Bilingual Education seeks to help students whose native language is not English keep up with subjects such as Math and Science, which can easily be lost in translation without assistance. Bilingual Education exists in many forms, including Transitional Bilingual Education, Two-Way or Dual Language Immersion, and Late-Exit or Developmental Bilingual Education. In these forms, a student will be assisted with non-language subjects so that they can maintain the achievement level of native speakers while learning to speak English. Bilingual classes will often be taught by bilingual teachers, or will have a translator to assist.
Teaching English Abroad

For many new and inexperienced teachers, teaching English abroad is a great way to gain teaching experience, travel and be immersed in a new culture. The requirements to teach ESL abroad vary by country, but typically require at least a Bachelor’s degree and an ESL teaching qualification, such as a TEFL certificate.
A TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) certificate prepares educators for teaching English in countries where English is not the native language and few English immersion opportunities exist for students. The University of Toronto offers an online TEFL certification course, that is self-paced and can be earned from the comfort of home. To learn more about teaching English abroad and getting TEFL certified, visit teflonline.teachaway.com

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-know/english-as-a-second-language-esl/

47
Teaching & Research Forum / Social Studies Teacher
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:23:49 PM »
Social studies is defined by the National Council for Social Studies as “the integrated study of the social sciences and humanities to promote civic competence.” General social studies establishes a foundation for all of the subsequent, more specific classes that students will take in history, civics and the like. Typically, students take general social studies in elementary school, then move to more specific areas of study in middle school, and even more in-depth subjects in high school and college.

In elementary school, students take social studies every year, beginning with the most basic elements of geography and history, and gradually progressing to more specific and detailed subjects as years go on. In middle school, students take a specific social studies class each year, usually revolving around world history and U.S. history, and in high school, classes are more dedicated to completing a thorough study of a particular subject, like modern American history.

A few of the different areas social studies covers are geography, history, government and current events.

Geography

Geography is the study of different countries, which includes factors like population, culture, location, climate, economy and physical land properties. In elementary school, general concepts of geography are incorporated into social studies such as different land forms and the basics of the world’s map and population. Middle schools tend to go more in depth on the topics covered in elementary schools. Some middle schools will devote an entire class to geography, which involves much more memorizing of locations on maps, and an in-depth study of physical conditions and climates. Many school districts that offer geography as a specific class in middle school do not offer a class in high school. Oftentimes, aspects of geography in high school are also incorporated into earth science and history classes.

History

History is a general branch of social studies that is taught in the upper levels of elementary school and in middle school. In middle school and high school, however, it is typically broken down into two different categories: world history and U.S. history. The foundation for U.S. history is incorporated into social studies in elementary school, where a basic timeline of United States history from before the Revolutionary War up to the present day is constructed. In middle school, this timeline is built upon and different ideas within the study of America are fleshed out and developed. In high school, the history of America can be taught over the course of two years, and involves a deep analysis of historical events, systems of government and important figures. World history, on the other hand, takes a global perspective and covers a broad range of topics including the ancient history of eastern and western civilizations, the secular history of religions, globalization, colonialism and major international conflicts.

Government

The study of government includes the history of governments, the basic principals and types of governments, and the current state of both the American government and governments worldwide. Oftentimes, government is incorporated into other social studies classes, such as U.S. history, world history and current events. However, some schools have a specific class dedicated to the study of the government. In elementary school social studies, students learn about the branches of the U.S. government and other basic topics, such as the Bill of Rights and the Constitution. Middle school classes build off these principals, going more in depth into the study of government, though usually still focusing on the United States. In high school, however, students may begin to learn about other types of government around the world and other political models, such as communism, socialism, dictatorships and monarchies. They may also learn about political revolutions and conflicts between governments.

Current Events

Current events is the branch of social studies that examines the present world. This subject analyzes a wide range of current social, ethical, political, legal, educational and environmental issues. Typically, a current events class blends presentations from both the instructor and the students to keep students actively engaged. In elementary school, social studies classes will generally cover current events on a basic level to promote awareness. The teacher will frequently report on recent developments, or ask students to keep an eye on and present interesting happenings. In middle school and high school, current events becomes a specialized class that actively develops the students’ ability to monitor and interpret the pressing issues occurring in the world around them.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-know/teaching-social-studies/

48
Teaching & Research Forum / STEM Education
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:23:05 PM »
STEM is the acronym for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, and encompasses a vast array of subjects that fall into each of those terms. While it is almost impossible to list every discipline, some common STEM areas include: aerospace engineering, astrophysics, astronomy, biochemistry, biomechanics, chemical engineering, chemistry, civil engineering, computer science, mathematical biology, nanotechnology, neurobiology, nuclear physics, physics, and robotics, among many, many others. As evidenced by the multitude of disciplines, it’s clear that STEM fields affect virtually every component of our everyday lives.

In the United States, STEM is of the utmost importance because of the role these subjects play at multiple levels of society, and the tremendous impact they have. Our country’s entire economy revolves around mathematics: accounting, economics, functions and logarithms, and calculus. The architecture industry is centered on math, as is urban development and city planning. Medical research is fueled by the study of chemistry and biology, and environmental efforts like sustainable energy and nuclear power are also steeped in the sciences. It’s impossible to find a part of society that does not, in some way, interact with these subjects, and since so many of these industries are coordinated by or connected to our government at some level, it’s safe to say that the very governing of our country depends on them. STEM is essential to our education system, as school districts across the country strive to build a stronger curriculum around these subjects.

STEM and Education

Today’s students are tomorrow’s leaders. Occupations in STEM-related careers are some of the fastest growing and best paid of the 21st century, and they often have the greatest potential for job growth. As America strives to keep up with the current and projected demand for STEM output, it is important that our country remains competitive in fields of science, technology, medicine, and all of the other STEM fields we have mentioned so far. The best way to ensure future success and longevity it is to make sure that American students are well versed in these subjects. Building a solid STEM foundation through a well-rounded curriculum is the best way to ensure that students are exposed to math, science, and technology throughout their educational career.

Students are extremely curious and impressionable, so instilling an interest at an early age could spark a lasting desire to pursue a career in any of these fields. By the time a student is ready to enter the work force, they must have enough knowledge to make invaluable contributions to our nation’s STEM industries. It is also important that schools have an ample amount of teachers who are experts in STEM, and these subjects should always be considered as high demand subjects. Teachers who follow an alternative route to teacher certification are at an advantage to teach in a STEM field if they majored in one, or are transitioning from a STEM-related career. If you are interested in becoming a teacher and you have studied chemistry, biology, physics, calculus, engineering, or any other STEM subject, you will be a great asset to your school.

PBS Teachers has an abundance of professional development resources to train educators on teaching STEM classes, as well as a useful STEM Resources Center for those who already teach STEM and are looking to further enrich their lessons.

STEM Initiatives

Despite America’s competitive edge in STEM industries, our nation has been experiencing a decline in the output of STEM talent that is not conducive to high demands. School curricula have been lacking in their math and science components, and in response to this decrease in STEM education, several initiatives have been started to reclaim the lead and produce literate, savvy, and driven young talent that will leave their indelible marks on STEM industries.

The American Competitiveness Initiative

The American Competitiveness Initiative was instituted by President George W. Bush in 2006 to address the shortfalls in federal support of STEM educational development. The initiative called for a significant increase in federal funding with the hopes of seeing an increase in college graduates with STEM degrees. It sought to double federal spending for advanced research in physical sciences, and to improve science and mathematics education in public schools. It also aimed to provide additional training for teachers in science, math, and technology. The American Competitiveness Initiative has since been replaced by the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010.

The STEM Education Coalition

The STEM Education Coalition supports STEM programs for teachers and students at agencies that offer STEM related programs, such as the US Department of Education and the National Science Foundation. The STEM Education Coalition defines itself as “an alliance of more than 500 business, professional, and education organizations, [that] works aggressively to raise awareness in Congress, the Administration, and other organizations about the critical role that STEM education plays in enabling the U.S. to remain the economic and technological leader of the global marketplace of the 21st century.”

100Kin10

100Kin10 is a new initiative founded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Opportunity Education, and NewSchools Venture Fund to “recruit, prepare, retain, and support 100,000 excellent STEM teachers over the coming 10 years in order to prepare all students with the high-quality STEM knowledge and skills needed to address the most pressing national and global challenges of tomorrow.” Since their inception in January 2011, they have recruited over 80 partner organizations that have committed to help increase the supply of teachers, develop and retain excellent teachers, and ensure that all students are literate enough in STEM to become excellent contributors to society.

Corporations and Institutions Promoting STEM Education

Rossier School of Education, USC

In June 2011, Karen Symms Gallagher, dean of the University of Southern California Rossier School of Education participated in the inaugural Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) America. CGI America united over 600 business, nonprofit, and governmental leaders to brainstorm initiatives for increasing economic growth in the United States. USC Rossier is a part of 100Kin10, thus becoming the first school to join that Initiative. Dean Gallagher and 100Kin10 joined the Opportunity Equation, Teach for America, the National Math + Science Initiative, and many others at CGI in being recognized by Bill Clinton for “a commitment to increasing the supply of excellent teachers in the areas of science, technology, engineering and mathematics.”

Northeastern University

Northeastern University's Center for STEM Education offers support and resources for STEM related scholarships, education programs and more.

Intel

One of the leaders in innovative computer technology, Intel, has demonstrated their commitment to STEM. As a prime example of a company completely centered around STEM, Intel represents one of many industries who’s prosperity, and therefore the prosperity of our country, relies on future generations’ interest in these fields. Their Education page seeks to help teachers enrich their STEM classes and inspire students to become future leaders in the industry. Through guidance for lesson plans, curriculum design, and interactive multimedia resources, Intel empowers teachers to create fun and exciting lessons that will engage with their students while also bringing STEM to the forefront of the classroom.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-know/stem-education/

49
Teaching & Research Forum / Science Teacher
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:22:13 PM »
Students begin studying science in elementary school and continue through high school and beyond. During elementary school, teaching science is not as specific or analytical as it is observational. Elementary school students will be introduced to the most basic aspects of biology, ecology, geology and astronomy through observation of the world around them and general readings. In middle school, students may begin studying biology, geology and astronomy to greater depth, but serious examination of science does not begin until high school. High school students are typically required to take focused classes in both biology and chemistry, with elections available in physics, geology, meteorology, astronomy and other fields.

Teaching Biology

Biology is the study of living organisms. It is taught in different stages throughout elementary, middle and high school, with many different focuses. Introductory biology is often a exploration of anatomy, bodily functions and metabolic processes, with forays into ecology and the interaction between living organisms and their environment. High school biology offers students a more in-depth analysis of the topics covered in elementary and middle school. Through lectures, readings, examinations, research assignments and lab exercises, high school biology courses provide students with the opportunity to explore microbiology, biotechnology and biomedical issues. Additionally, Advanced Placement biology courses cover three major topic areas: molecules and cells, heredity and evolution, and organisms and populations.

Science Teacher Salaries

Average salary for top jobs:

Science Teacher at Cosmos Foundation: $45,790
Science Teacher at New York City Department of Education: $52,469
Science Teacher at Magnolia Public Schools: $49,959
Science Teacher at Baltimore City Public School System: $73,277
Science Teacher - Hourly at Cosmos Foundation: $21.35/hr
Science Teacher at Harmony Science Academy: $44,142
More details for Science Teacher Jobs

See more employee salary details at glassdoor.com.
Teaching Chemistry

Chemistry is the study of matter and it’s composition. It is one of the most important branches of science in that it serves as a foundation for more advanced areas of biology, geology, astronomy and more. It stems from the periodic table of the elements: the elements’ discovery, composition and uses. Chemistry students study the atom and atomic structure, learning how they fuse together to create compounds.

Students are first introduced to overarching principles of chemistry such as the states of matter, conservation of matter and the composition of matter as collections of molecules and atoms. These topics are then explored through simple chemical reactions and everyday applications of chemistry. Introductory Chemistry is a required course at most high schools in the United States. High school chemistry instructors teach students the mathematical reasoning behind the principles of chemistry. Curricula for Introductory Chemistry focus on chemical bonds and compounds, as well as stoichiometry, the mathematical analysis of chemical reactions. Students establish familiarity with chemistry equations and the periodic table of the elements, preparing them for Advanced Placement Chemistry, which involves a more in-depth mathematical analysis of the concepts covered in Introductory Chemistry.

Teaching Physics

Physics encompasses the science of matter, motion and energy. A highly advanced and complex area of science, physics is not usually taught at the elementary and middle school levels. However, elements of physics are incorporated into the general science education that younger students receive. In elementary and middle school, students begin to learn about gravity, friction and kinetic energy all of which are basic principles of physics.

Physics is often offered in high school after students have completed introductory levels of biology and chemistry. High school physics begins to incorporate mathematics through physics equations and formulas. A typical high school physics curriculum begins with general theories of motion, including force, kinetic energy, friction and acceleration. Classes then cover more advanced motion, such as tension.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-know/teaching-science/

50
Teaching & Research Forum / Math Teacher
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:21:25 PM »
Students in the United States begin studying mathematics at around five or six years of age, continuing through secondary school and into higher education. In elementary school, children are introduced to basic mathematics, and the theories and methods covered in math classes become increasingly complex as students age. Many schools will offer different levels of classes as students may show a greater or lesser aptitude for complex math courses.

During elementary school, students are taught basic arithmetic: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. These concepts are elaborated on in middle school, where students will study basic algebra and concepts of variable, integers and polynomials. Many students will have completed some form of pre-algebra or even algebra 1 by the time they enter high school, although geometry is occasionally taught in eighth grade as an honors course. In high school, the general math curriculum includes algebra 1, algebra 2 and geometry in ningth and tenth grades. High school mathematics can continue with the study of algebra 3, otherwise known as trigonometry, around 11th grade. Students will complete their high school math courses senior year with either pre-calculus or calculus, although that is usually only offered at an honors level.

Algebra

Algebra is an area of mathematics that focuses on the rules of operations and relations, and the constructions and concepts that arise from them. Subjects within algebra include terms, polynomials, equations and algebraic structures.

Algebra is a required mathematics class in all 50 states and is taught in several different stages. While stages may vary from school to school, the general stages include pre-algebra, algebra 1 and algebra 2. Pre-algebra is often taught at the middle school level, and introduces the basic concepts of polynomials and variables, thus bridging the gap between basic arithmetic and advanced algebra. Elementary algebra that is, the beginning levels of algebra introduces the concept of variables representing numbers.

Some districts introduce algebra 1 to middle school students as an honors class, though for the most part, this stage is taught at the high school level. In high school, students must complete algebra 1 and algebra 2, followed by trigonometry or pre-calculus (algebra 3). The complexity of these subjects increases as the grade level increases, but they all generally incorporate elements of powers, roots, polynomials, quadratic functions, coordinate geometry, exponential and logarithmic functions, probability, matrices and basic to advanced trigonometry.

Geometry

Geometry is an area of mathematics concerned with questions of size, shape, relative positions of figures and the properties of space. Geometry deals with measurements, such as volume, length, angles, proofs, area, circumferences, etc. It includes algebraic forms, such as Cartesian coordinates. Geometry also overlaps somewhat with trigonometry, serving as a foundation for a more specialized area of mathematics. The study of triangular shapes is introduced in geometry, which introduces students to the basic concepts of trigonometry.

Geometry is sometimes taught as early as eighth grade as an honor’s class, though it becomes a fundamental part of the general curriculum in high school. Elementary geometry builds off the general arithmetic students learn in elementary and middle school. It is most commonly taught beginning in tenth grade. Geometry lessons are often taught in the form of queries requiring step-by-step proofs which the student must develop.

Trigonometry

Trigonometry comprises what is sometimes known as algebra 3. Along with pre-calculus, it constitutes the later part of a student’s secondary school mathematics education. Trigonometry focuses on the study of triangles, specifically the relationships between sides and angles, as well as trigonometric functions and the motion of waves.

Calculus

Calculus is one of the higher levels of mathematics and is only taught to secondary school students. The level of complexity in this area of mathematics is very advanced and incorporates concepts from all levels of algebra, trigonometry and pre-calculus. It focuses on limits, functions, derivatives, integrals and infinite series. Calculus requires a solid foundation in mathematics for students to grasp the various concepts.

Following the completion of algebra and trigonometry, high school students, begin studying calculus in several stages. Pre-calculus is the most common and most widely taught form of calculus. Calculus is almost always an honors-level class, if it is even taught at all, because of its highly advanced content. It is usually not taught as part of a normal curriculum before 11th or 12th grade in high school.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-know/teaching-math/

51
Teaching & Research Forum / Teachers Care
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:16:02 PM »
You may decide to become a teacher because you care about education and the students you’ll be working with. You know the lasting impact a great teacher can have on a student perhaps having even experienced it yourself and you want to make a positive impact on someone else. You want to be a role model. To commit yourself to teaching means you care about education, but once you actually become a teacher, that vague concept becomes more defined: It becomes real, specific and tangible. Once you become a teacher, you care, not just about education, but about your students’ education.

Great teachers care about their students. They want them to succeed and are committed to helping them achieve their goals. Moreover, teachers care about their students’ happiness, well-being and life beyond the classroom.

“She was clearly interested in every child. She visited our homes, met our parents, and assisted us in our homework and studies.”- Daniel K Inouye

Investing yourself in your students creates a positive atmosphere in the classroom that enhances your relationship with students and makes them feel important. A student is far more responsive to a teacher who cares, and is therefore more likely to learn and engage. Connecting with your students establishes trust, which is important to the students’ learning because it makes them comfortable enough to participate, ask for help when needed, and pay closer attention to advice and encouragement. Also, students feel better about themselves if they feel that a teacher has taken a genuine interest in them; they are motivated, and stronger self-assurance can make it easier for the student to challenge themselves academically. Especially with younger students, away from their parents and overwhelmed by the commotion of the classroom, a caring teacher is comforting and helps make the transition easier.

“Every student would get a birthday card for their birthday...that small gesture meant so much to us.” -- Valerie Penales

A great teacher does not make it a secret that they care. Go the extra mile. Motivating students by encouraging them, rewarding them and getting them involved shows your students that their teacher is vested in their education. Do the best job you can to teach your students and they will notice. Meet with parents during conferences and school functions. Send notes home about student performance. Ask about how things are outside the classroom. Commemorate their birthdays in a small, special way. Make a student feel as if their life and not just their homework, grades and attendance is of interest to you.

“They [teachers] make you feel that you were so important in their lives it makes everything worthwhile.” -- Mr. Jacobowitz

In the New York Times article, “On Facebook, Telling Teachers How Much They Mean,” Jaqueline Ancess, a researcher at Columbia University’s Teachers College, says “the most powerful factor in transforming students is a relationship with a caring teacher who a kid feels particularly connected to.” It is the teachers who make such an impact that students seek out many years later, and reconnecting with your students can be a highly rewarding experience. Not only does it give you the chance to see where your students ended up, it also gives you the chance to hear their gratitude and to truly know the kind of impact you had on them.

Whether it’s via Facebook, emails or phone calls, students are looking to reconnect with the teachers who show that they care, because it’s these teachers who are likely to make the longest lasting impression and have the most positive impact on their students.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-care/

52
Teaching & Research Forum / Teachers Change Lives
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:15:06 PM »
It is not an exaggeration to say that a great teacher can change a student’s life. There are an endless amount of stories that attest to the benefits of a strong relationship between an educator and pupil.

As some of the most influential role models for developing students, teachers are responsible for more than just academic enrichment. If you want to be a great educator, you must connect with your pupils and reach them on multiple levels, because the best teachers are committed to their students’ well-being both inside and outside the classroom. By forging strong relationships, educators are able to affect virtually every aspect of their students’ lives, teaching them the important life lessons that will help them succeed beyond term papers and standardized tests.

It is not always easy to change a student’s life, which is why it takes a great teacher to do so. Some just need an extra push like the student whose math grade is just a few points shy from the A that will give them a 4.0 GPA; others may be going through something troubling in their personal lives and need someone to talk to. Whatever the student needs to help them excel, a life-changing teacher will be there for them.

While you will spend your entire career learning the different ways you can change your students’ lives, here are three aspects that are directly affected by great teachers:

1. Education

A great teacher makes learning fun, as stimulating, engaging lessons are pivotal to a student’s academic success. Some students who are more prone to misbehavior, truancy or disengagement are more dependent on an engaging teacher. Making your classroom an exciting environment for learning will hold the students’ fascination, and students learn best when they are both challenged and interested. It’s part of motivating students, which may not be easy, but which will benefit students immeasurably in the long run.

2. Inspiration

Have you ever had a teacher who inspired you to work harder or pursue a particular goal? Were you inspired to become an educator by one of your own great teachers?

Inspiring students is integral to ensuring their success and encouraging them to fulfil their potential. Students who are inspired by their teachers can accomplish amazing things, and that motivation almost always stays with them. Inspiration can also take many forms, from helping a pupil through the academic year and their short-term goals, to guiding them towards their future career. Years after graduation, many working professionals will still cite a particular teacher as the one who fostered their love of what they currently do and attribute their accomplishments to that educator.

3. Guidance

Teachers can also be a trusted source of advice for students weighing important life decisions. Educators can help their pupils pursue higher education, explore career opportunities and compete in events they might otherwise have not thought themselves able to. Students often look to their teachers as mentors with experience and knowledge, and, as an educator, you will almost definitely be asked for advice at some point during your career.

Did you know that one in four students drops out of school or that every nine seconds, another student drops out? Dropping out is a decision that students won’t likely come to you about, but an adept teacher can notice the indications that a student is struggling and intervene before it’s too late. Aside from educating them on the hard facts about dropping out, teachers can also help assess the problem and figure out an alternative. In such situations, teachers undoubtedly have the ability to change the lives of students.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-change-lives/

53
Teaching & Research Forum / Teachers Know
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:14:26 PM »
At the most fundamental level, a teacher is expected to be a fount of knowledge: an expert in their field with a thorough understanding of the subjects they instruct. The required depth of knowledge within a particular field differs depending on the subject and grade level you instruct. Typically, a Bachelor’s degree generally suffices to teach elementary school students because at this level you will most likely be covering a variety of subjects. However, if you teach high school, you are more likely to be instructing a single subject and should therefore have a much deeper understanding of that field. Furthermore, many high schools require their teachers to have a Bachelor’s degree in the subject they teach, meaning a biology teacher should major in biology, a history teacher in history, etc. Many teacher examinations test you on these individual subjects. You can also become certified to teach in a specific subject, which will make you more appealing to potential employers especially if you’re certified in a high needs subject. In essence, before you even enter the classroom and learn how to interact with and care for your students, it’s of the utmost importance that you know what you’re teaching.

Regardless of the specific subject you instruct, teachers should also have foundational knowledge in education. They should be familiar with different pedagogies and teaching methods. You can learn these things by majoring in education, taking education classes or enrolling in master's level teacher education, but that’s not the only way. Teachers who didn’t major in education in college can study pedagogy and teaching methods on their path to licensure or even on the job from the more experienced educators they work with.

The most important thing to know is that every student is different, and you should be adaptable enough to acknowledge this and teach in a way that is conducive to the education of all students. Learn more about teaching specific subjects by browsing the links below:

Teaching Math
Teaching Science
STEM Education
Teaching Social Studies
Teaching English as a Second Language
 
Special Education
Gifted Education
Teaching English
Teaching Music
Teaching the Arts

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-know/

54
Teaching & Research Forum / Teachers Teach
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:13:46 PM »
Teachers Teach


Teaching at its most literal level educating, imparting knowledge is the most fundamental part of a teacher’s job. It is more obvious than (though just as important as) inspiring, motivating and forming relationships.

But just like many other elements of the job, the act of teaching is personal. No two teachers are the same. The way you teach is unique to you and by teaching you bring yourself to the classroom: your personality, your experiences and your ambitions. Your pedagogy your teaching style is shaped by these characteristics, influenced by your own education, and becomes the guide you use to teach your students.

But learning is a cooperative effort, requiring engagement on the parts of both students and teachers. Each student also has their own learning style: They learn at their own pace and in their own ways. While it is important to establish your teaching style, you should also be flexible enough to take the learning styles of your students into account. You can be guided by a general pedagogy while also being considerate of your students varying needs. Great teachers find balance between a curriculum-centered and a student-centered approach.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-teach/

55
Teaching & Research Forum / What Does a Teacher Do?
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:12:54 PM »
Great teachers do it all. They have to. Across all ages, languages, ethnicities, and subjects, teachers are, and need to be, some of the most widely skilled people around in order to be successful. A day in the life of a teacher can vary greatly depending on the subject and grade level in which they teach. From Kindergarten to high school and special education to statistics, one theme runs consistently throughout every great teacher’s career: their job does not end with the school day. Although standing in front of the classroom is a huge part of a teacher’s responsibilities, they extend far beyond that into the lives of their students, their students’ families and their community. A great teacher may help a student-in-need after class, attend PTA meetings and root on the school’s baseball team on the weekend. A great teacher may also attend relevant conferences, network with other teachers and engage in continuing education to stay at the forefront of their specialty. Great teachers teach, and we all know that. Great teachers also do so much more. Great teachers motivate, inspire and lead. They interact with their community to affect positive change through their students and themselves. Great teachers change lives. Great teachers do it all. You can become a great teacher.

Teachers Teach

Teachers Know

 
Teachers Change Lives

Teachers Care

ref: https://teach.com/what/

56
Teaching & Research Forum / Learning Styles
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:11:32 PM »
All Students Are Created Equally (and Differently.)


The term “learning styles” speaks to the understanding that every student learns differently. Technically, an individual’s learning style refers to the preferential way in which the student absorbs, processes, comprehends and retains information. For example, when learning how to build a clock, some students understand the process by following verbal instructions, while others have to physically manipulate the clock themselves. This notion of individualized learning styles has gained widespread recognition in education theory and classroom management strategy. Individual learning styles depend on cognitive, emotional and environmental factors, as well as one’s prior experience. In other words: everyone’s different. It is important for educators to understand the differences in their students’ learning styles, so that they can implement best practice strategies into their daily activities, curriculum and assessments.

Understanding VARK

One of the most accepted understandings of learning styles is that student learning styles fall into three “categories:” Visual Learners, Auditory Learners and Kinesthetic Learners. These learning styles are found within educational theorist Neil Fleming’s VARK model of Student Learning. VARK is an acronym that refers to the four types of learning styles: Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing Preference, and Kinesthetic. (The VARK model is also referred to as the VAK model, eliminating Reading/Writing as a category of preferential learning.) The VARK model acknowledges that students have different approaches to how they process information, referred to as “preferred learning modes.” The main ideas of VARK are outlined in Learning Styles Again: VARKing up the right tree! (Fleming & Baume, 2006)

Students’ preferred learning modes have significant influence on their behavior and learning
Students’ preferred learning modes should be matched with appropriate learning strategies.
Information that is accessed through students’ use of their modality preferences shows an increase in their levels of comprehension, motivation, and metacognition.
Identifying your students as visual, auditory, reading/writing or kinesthetic learners, and aligning your overall curriculum with these learning styles, will prove to be beneficial for your entire classroom. Allowing students to access information in terms they are comfortable with will increase their academic confidence.


 

By understanding what kind of learner you and/or your students are, you can now gain a better perspective on how to implement these learning styles into your lesson plans and study techniques.

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Swot Strategies

Referred to as SWOT (“Study Without Tears”), Flemings provides advice on how students can use their learning modalities and skills to their advantage when studying for an upcoming test or assignment.

Visual SWOT Strategies

Utilize graphic organizers such as charts, graphs, and diagrams.
Redraw your pages from memory.
Replace important words with symbols or initials.
Highlight important key terms in corresponding colors.
Aural SWOT Strategies

Record your summarized notes and listen to them on tape.
Talk it out. Have a discussion with others to expand upon your understanding of a topic.
Reread your notes and/or assignment out loud.
Explain your notes to your peers/fellow “aural” learners.
Read/Write SWOT Strategies

Write, write and rewrite your words and notes.
Reword main ideas and principles to gain a deeper understanding.
Organize diagrams, charts, and graphic organizers into statements.
Kinesthetic SWOT Strategies

Use real life examples, applications and case studies in your summary to help with abstract concepts.
Redo lab experiments or projects.
Utilize pictures and photographs that illustrate your idea.
How do you learn best? Complete Fleming’s VARK Questionnaire to find out what kind of learner you are.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-teach/learning-styles/

57
Teaching & Research Forum / Teaching Methods - 2
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:10:40 PM »
Student-Centered Approach to Learning

While teachers are an authority figure in this model, teachers and students play an equally active role in the learning process. The teacher’s primary role is to coach and facilitate student learning and overall comprehension of material. Student learning is measured through both formal and informal forms of assessment, including group projects, student portfolios, and class participation. Teaching and assessment are connected; student learning is continuously measured during teacher instruction.

To better understand these approaches, it is important to discuss what is generally understood as the three main teaching styles in educational pedagogy: direct instruction, inquiry-based learning and cooperative learning. Through these three teaching methods, teachers can gain a better understanding of how to govern their classroom, implement instruction and connect with their students. Within each of these three main teaching styles are teaching roles or “models.” Theorist A.F. Grasha explains the five main teaching models in her publication Teaching with Style (1996): Expert, Formal Authority, Personal Model, Facilitator and Delegator. To gain a better understanding of the fundamentals of each teaching style, it’s best to view them through the lens of direct instruction, inquiry-based learning, and cooperative teaching.

FEATURED ONLINE BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS PROGRAMS
SCHOOL
DESCRIPTION
BehaviorAnalysis@Simmons
BehaviorAnalysis@Simmons is the highly respected Master of Science in Behavior Analysis program delivered online from Simmons College. The program prepares students for leadership roles in the rapidly growing field of applied behavior analysis.

Sponsored Program


Direct Instruction

Direct instruction is the general term that refers to the traditional teaching strategy that relies on explicit teaching through lectures and teacher-led demonstrations. Direct instruction is the primary teaching strategy under the teacher-centered approach, in that teachers and professors are the sole supplier of knowledge and information. Direct instruction is effective in teaching basic and fundamental skills across all content areas.



Inquiry-based Learning

Inquiry-based learning is a teaching method that focuses on student investigation and hands-on learning. In this method, the teacher’s primary role is that of a facilitator, providing guidance and support for students through the learning process. Inquiry-based learning falls under the student-centered approach, in that students play an active and participatory role in their own learning process.



Cooperative Learning

Cooperative Learning refers to a method of teaching and classroom management that emphasizes group work and a strong sense of community. This model fosters students’ academic and social growth and includes teaching techniques such as “Think-Pair-Share” and reciprocal teaching. Cooperative learning falls under the student-centered approach because learners are placed in responsibility of their learning and development. This method focuses on the belief that students learn best when working with and learning from their peers.


In order to identify your personal teaching style, it is important to acknowledge your personal values toward education and how your students learn. Understanding your teaching style early on will prove effective for both you and your students, creating and maintaining a balance between your teaching preferences and your students’ learning preferences.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-teach/teaching-methods/

58
Teaching & Research Forum / Teaching Methods - 1
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:09:48 PM »
The term Teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction. Your choice of teaching method depends on what fits you — your educational philosophy, classroom demographic, subject area(s) and school mission statement. Teaching theories primarily fall into two categories or “approaches” — teacher-centered and student-centered:


Teacher-Centered Approach to Learning

Teachers are the main authority figure in this model. Students are viewed as “empty vessels” whose primary role is to passively receive information (via lectures and direct instruction) with an end goal of testing and assessment. It is the primary role of teachers to pass knowledge and information onto their students. In this model, teaching and assessment are viewed as two separate entities. Student learning is measured through objectively scored tests and assessments.

ref: https://teach.com/what/teachers-teach/teaching-methods/

59
Career Opportunity / UX / UI Skills List
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:05:01 PM »
Here's a list of UX (user experience) and UI (user interface) skills for resumes, cover letters, job applications and interviews. Required skills will vary based on the job for which you're applying, so also review our list of skills listed by job and type of skill.

UX / UI Skills List

A - G

Analytical
Analytics
Apps
Best Practices
Coding
Collaboration
Communication
Content Management
Content Management Systems (CMS)

Creative Thinking
Critical Thinking
Data Visualizations
Development
Design
Design Principles
Design Prototypes
Design Specifications
Design Tools
Documentation
Front End Design
Google Analytics
H – M

Information Architecture
Information Design
Interaction Design
Interaction Flows
Mobile
Microsoft Office
Mock Ups
Multitasking
N - Z

Optimizing User Experiences
Optimizing Website Performance
Organizational
Personas
Problem Solving
Process Flows
Product Design
Product Development
Project Management
Prototyping Methods
Responsive Design
Research
Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
Social Media
Storyboards
Style Guides
Tablets
Team Building
Teamwork
Time Management
Touch Input Navigation
Usability
User-Centered Design
User Experience
User Flows
User Interface
User Interaction Diagrams
User Research
User Testing
Verbal Communications
Visual Design
Web Analytics
Web Applications
Web Technologies
Wireframes
Written Communications
Writing

ref: https://www.thebalance.com/ux-ui-skills-list-2063727

60
Career Opportunity / Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Skills
« on: July 20, 2017, 02:04:21 PM »
Here's a list of search engine optimization (SEO) skills for resumes, cover letters, job applications and interviews. Required skills will vary based on the job for which you're applying, so also review our list of skills listed by job and type of skill.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Skills

 A – G

Algorithms
Algorithm Updates
Best Practices
Analytical
Communication
Computer
Content Audits
Content Creation

Content Optimization
Data Analysis
Data Science
Deindexing
Desktop Optimization
Engagement
Google Analytics
Google Trends
Growth
H – M

Industry Trends
Insights
Keyword Generation
Keyword Ranking
Keyword Research
Keyword Reports
Logical Thinking
Meta Descriptions
Meta Titles
Metrics
Microsoft Office
Mobile Optimization
Multitasking
N – Z

Optimization
Optimization Recommendations
Organic Search
Paid Search
Paid Search Campaign Management
POVs
Project Management
Project Tracking
Problem Solving
Redirects
Reporting
Reports
Research
Responsive Site Design
Search Engines
Search Engine Marketing (SEM)
Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
Search Engine Optimization Campaigns
SEO Assessments
SEO Audits
SEO Reports
SEO Tools
Site Audits
 Social Media
Social Media Optimization (SMO)
Technical
Trends
UE / UX
Visibility
Website Optimization
Web Analytics
Web Technologies
Web Trends
Writing for the Web

ref: https://www.thebalance.com/search-engine-optimization-seo-skills-2063768

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