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Topics - Bikash Kumar Paul

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This book is an in-depth guide to effective scientific research. Ranging from the philosophical to the practical, it explains at the outset what science can – and can’t – achieve, and discusses its relationship to mathematics and laws. The author then pays extensive attention to the scientific method, including experimental design, verification, uncertainty and statistics. A major aim of the book is to help young scientists reflect upon the deeper aims of their work and make the best use of their talents in contributing to progress. To this end, it also includes sections on planning research, on presenting one’s findings in writing, as well as on ethics and the responsibilities of scientists.

Researchers at the University of Bonn show that using portrait photos in combination with genetic and patient data improves diagnoses. Every year, around half a million children worldwide are born with a rare hereditary disease. Obtaining a definitive diagnosis can be difficult and time-consuming. In a study of 679 patients with 105 different rare diseases, scientists from the University of Bonn and the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have shown that artificial intelligence can be used to diagnose rare diseases more efficiently and reliably.

Nippon Telephone and Tokyo Institute of Technology have jointly developed an ultra high-speed IC for wireless front-end that operates on a terahertz frequency band, and in the 300 GHz band they have succeeded in developing the world’s fastest 100 gigabit per second wireless transmission data rate.

Scientists have long sorted cells into different varieties based on their appearance under a microscope or, for differences that are more visually subtle, based on the behavior of a handful of genes. But in a bid to reveal even more distinctive differences and similarities, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, the Johns Hopkins Institute for Genetic Medicine and the Johns Hopkins Department of Neuroscience developed two new artificial intelligence methods that decipher complex gene activity controlling cell fate decisions in retina development and relate this gene activity to what occurs in other tissues and across different species.

সারা বিশ্বের বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়গুলোর একটি র‌্যাঙ্কিং বা ক্রমতালিকা প্রকাশ করেছে টাইমস হায়ার এডুকেশন নামের একটি প্রতিষ্ঠান। এই তালিকায় প্রথম ৪০০ বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের মধ্যে বাংলাদেশের কোনো বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় নেই। কেন আমরা র‌্যাঙ্কিংয়ে পিছিয়ে আছি। কীভাবে র‌্যাঙ্কিং করা হয়। র‌্যাঙ্কিংয়ে এগিয়ে থাকার উপায়ই–বা কী। এ নিয়ে লিখেছেন বুয়েটের সাবেক শিক্ষক ও বর্তমানে যুক্তরাষ্ট্রের ইউনিভার্সিটি অব আলাবামা অ্যাট বার্মিংহামে কম্পিউটার বিজ্ঞানের সহযোগী অধ্যাপক রাগিব হাসান

Like finding a needle in a haystack, identifying genes that are involved in particular diseases can be an arduous and time consuming process. Looking to improve this process, a team led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine has developed a new bioinformatics tool that analyzes CRISPR pooled screen data and identifies candidates for potentially relevant genes with greater sensitivity and accuracy than other existing methods. The new analytical web-based tool also is quicker and more user friendly as it does not require bioinformatics training to use it. The study appears in the journal Genome Research.

Teaching & Research Forum / Microarray and Bioinformatics
« on: May 22, 2019, 12:23:01 PM »
A “microarray” is a laboratory slide made of glass whose surface is provided with thousands of small pores in defined positions. It works under the principle of hybridization of complementary strands of DNA and enables us to analyze expressions of multiple genes in one reaction in an effective manner.

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