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Topics - bipasha

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31
Parent's Day - School of Unconditional Love / Why Parents Day
« on: July 12, 2018, 12:58:40 PM »
Why Parents Day
Parent's day is celebrated on 4th Sunday of every July. This day is marked by grand celebration. It is a day for the children to make their parents feel that how grateful they are for having such lovely parents. Children take effort to thank their great parenting, which has shaped up their life in such a beautiful way. On Parents Day, they try to adopt every method in which they can make their parents feel special and convey their hearts feeling.

Parents Day is a day of celebration with the entire family, which is ultimately the outcome of the efforts of the couple many years ago. The reason for celebrating this day is to thank and acknowledge parents for all that they have done for their children. Parents are the creator of a miniature outer world of the society. The members comprising of this miniature world are man and woman, becoming father and mother or parents.

Parents make a family, which forms the fundamental concept and the first institution of love for a child. It is the first school for a child where he learns the values of life. A child is just like the potter soft clay which can be given desired shape. The molding of the child entirely depends on his/her parents. The shaping of the child for the future and inculcating the values of leading a life is the duty of their parents, which they fulfill throughout their life.

The bringing up of a child in a proper way is really a great responsibility. Parents take up numerous pains in the formulating the child. They sacrifice their entire life for nurturing this relationship. Such a selfless service rendered throughout their life for the child deserves some importance. That is the reason why Parents Day is celebrated. Dedicating a single day of the year for the parents provides their children an opportunity to acknowledge their love and efforts.

link:http://www.theparentsday.com/why-parents-day.html


32
Person / Who are considered the fathers of sociology?
« on: July 12, 2018, 12:55:45 PM »
link:https://www.quora.com/Who-are-considered-the-fathers-of-sociology

Most sociology undergrads will you tell you its Marx, or Weber, or Durkheim. In addition to citing those three, I'd bet a lot of graduate students and professors would name the major influences behind their particular theoretical approach or specialty.

Heres on you might not have heard before: Otis Dudley Duncan. Basically the introductor of modern regression and statistical techniques to sociology, grounding it firmly in empirical data and strict quantitative methodologies. Duncan's legacy is whats moved sociology (a great deal of it, at least) out of the humanities and into the true social sciences.

Before Duncan, we had a lot of literature that was insightful, yes, and well written, yes, but strictly scientific in most ways, it was not. An odd blend of economics, psychology, intuition and historical analysis, sociology pre-Duncan is markedly antiquated in comparison to the types of analyses and data sets common to modern sociology. This only gets more true as time passes.

33
Person / the father of modern economics
« on: July 12, 2018, 12:52:49 PM »
Adam Smith is widely regarded as the father of modern economics. But he wasn't. The real founder may be someone most people have never heard of. More than 40 years before Adam Smith wrote "The Wealth of Nations," Richard Cantillon authored the "Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en General."

Joseph Schumpeter, the great historian of economics, called Cantillon's treatise "the first systematic presentation of the field of economics." William Stanley Jevons, one of the founders of neoclassical economics, called the book the "cradle of political economy."

And economist Murray Rothbard called Cantillon "the founding father of modern economics."

So who was Cantillon? He was Irish by birth. His family had been well-to-do landlords. But they had their wealth taken from them, after fighting for the monarchy, when Oliver Cromwell seized power.

Cantillon, like many of the losing royalists in the 17th century, went to France. He became a banker, and eventually made himself even wealthier than his parents had been.

Cantillon's experience in the world of business gave him keen insights into how the economy worked. In fact, his views were in many ways more complete than those of Adam Smith, who worked as a teacher and tax collector in the 18th century.

Like Smith after him, Cantillon argued against the mercantilists. The mercantilists believed that a nation's wealth was determined by its stock of gold and silver. They favored high tariffs to protect domestic industries.

But Cantillon, like Smith, said wealth isn't money.

Rather, wealth is the amount of goods and services a person--or nation--has. The more goods and services a man can consume, the wealthier he is. Cantillon, and Smith, said the purpose of trade was to increase the amount of goods and services a nation has at its disposal. Both argued for free trade.

But there were key differences between the two. And where they differed, Cantillon generally had better insights into the market.

"Cantillon engaged in the first sophisticated modern analysis of market pricing, showing in detail how demand interacts with existing stock to form prices," Rothbard wrote [in his History of Economic Thought].

Cantillon didn't newly discover the fact that prices are determined by supply and demand. The idea had first been put forth centuries earlier by Catholic philosophers.

But Cantillon was the first to show in detail how the two forces interact to set prices. He also firmly established that demand is made up of the subjective evaluations of consumers.

Cantillon showed how the value of a good is determined by the subjective desires of those acting in the market. Smith, by contrast, put forth an objective theory of value. He said the value of good was determined by the labor it took to make it.

Cantillon was also the first to show just how important the entrepreneur is to the economy.

Cantillon stressed the uncertain nature of the economy. It is the entrepreneur's role to meet that uncertainty by taking risks. He invests, hires workers and buys raw materials to make goods. He does this all only with the hope of earning a profit.

The successful entrepreneur can become wealthy. The unsuccessful ones can lose everything.

The market, Cantillon said, depends on the successful entrepreneur. In his view, the entrepreneur "brings prices and production in line with demand," according to economist Mark Thornton.

But the entrepreneur is nowhere to be found in Smith's great work. He stresses the role of the businessman as manager. A firm's owner hires labor and buys raw material to meet demand, which is taken as a given.

The fact that such demand might not exist, that a manager's plans can go awry, is barely even noticed.

For Smith, the world, at least the world he talks about in his book, doesn't seem all that risky and uncertain.

Cantillon's work was ignored for many years. Since being rediscovered in the late 19th century, it has been championed by many great economists. Perhaps it's time to recognize Cantillon as the father of economics.

link; https://mises.org/library/founding-father-economics

34
Happiness / Inspiring Happiness Quotes
« on: May 25, 2017, 10:17:08 AM »
 Inspiring Happiness Quotes
by HENRIK EDBERG
The written word is truly an amazing thing.

With the help of it we can record out innermost thoughts and spread them if we like.

With the help of the written word we can look far, far back into time, through the decades, the centuries and, yes, even the millennias.

Today I would like to look back into the past and see what the wise people who have walked on this earth can tell us about happiness and how to uncover it.
http://www.positivityblog.com/happiness-quotes/
No matter if you live today or lived two thousand years ago.


This is 101 of the most inspiring, touching and helpful thoughts from the past on happiness.

“Thousands of candles can be lighted from a single candle, and the life of the candle will not be shortened. Happiness never decreases by being shared.”
Buddha
“Happiness is the art of never holding in your mind the memory of any unpleasant thing that has passed.”
Unknown
“To be happy, we must not be too concerned with others.”
Albert Camus
“If you want happiness for an hour — take a nap.’
If you want happiness for a day — go fishing.
If you want happiness for a year — inherit a fortune.
If you want happiness for a lifetime — help someone else.”
Chinese Proverb
“The moments of happiness we enjoy take us by surprise. It is not that we seize them, but that they seize us.”
Ashley Montagu
“Don’t rely on someone else for your happiness and self-worth. Only you can be responsible for that. If you can’t love and respect yourself – no one else will be able to make that happen. Accept who you are – completely; the good and the bad – and make changes as YOU see fit – not because you think someone else wants you to be different.”
Stacey Charter
“It isn’t what you have, or who you are, or where you are, or what you are doing that makes you happy or unhappy. It is what you think about.”
Dale Carnegie
“It’s a helluva start, being able to recognize what makes you happy.”
Lucille Ball
“Don’t underestimate the value of Doing Nothing, of just going along, listening to all the things you can’t hear, and not bothering.”
Winnie the Pooh
“There is only one way to happiness and that is to cease worrying about things which are beyond the power of our will.”
Epictetus
“We tend to forget that happiness doesn’t come as a result of getting something we don’t have, but rather of recognizing and appreciating what we do have.”
Frederick Keonig
“Sometimes your joy is the source of your smile, but sometimes your smile can be the source of your joy.”
Thich Nhat Hanh
“Perhaps they are not stars, but rather openings in heaven where the love of our lost ones pours through and shines down upon us to let us know they are happy.”
Eskimo Proverb
“To be kind to all, to like many and love a few, to be needed and wanted by those we love, is certainly the nearest we can come to happiness.”
Mary Stuart
“There are more things to alarm us than to harm us, and we suffer more often in apprehension than reality.”
Seneca
“Love is that condition in which the happiness of another person is essential to your own.”
Robert A. Heinlein
“Happy people plan actions, they don’t plan results.”
Dennis Waitley
“Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.”
Mahatma Gandhi
“The only joy in the world is to begin.”
Cesare Pavese
“Some cause happiness wherever they go; others whenever they go”
Oscar Wilde
“Time you enjoy wasting is not wasted time.”
Marthe Troly-Curtin
“Nobody can be uncheered with a balloon”
Winnie the Pooh
“Success is not the key to happiness. Happiness is the key to success. If you love what you are doing, you will be successful.”
Herman Cain
“What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.”
Confucius
“There is only one cause of unhappiness: the false beliefs you have in your head, beliefs so widespread, so commonly held, that it never occurs to you to question them.”
Anthony de Mello
“Happiness is not something ready-made. It comes from your own actions.”
Dalai Lama
“When one door of happiness closes, another opens, but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one that has been opened for us.”
Helen Keller
“Happiness depends upon ourselves.”
Aristotle
“It is more fitting for a man to laugh at life than to lament over it.”
Seneca
“The reason people find it so hard to be happy is that they always see the past better than it was, the present worse than it is, and the future less resolved than it will be.”
Marcel Pagnol
“If men would consider not so much wherein they differ, as wherein they agree, there would be far less of uncharitableness and angry feeling in the world.”
Joseph Addison
“Happiness is having a large, loving, caring, close-knit family in another city.”
George Burns
“Happiness is not in the mere possession of money; it lies in the joy of achievement, in the thrill of creative effort.”
Franklin D. Roosevelt
“The pleasure which we most rarely experience gives us greatest delight.”
Epictetus
“It’s been my experience that you can nearly always enjoy things if you make up your mind firmly that you will.”
L.M. Montgomery
“Happiness is acceptance.”
Unknown
“The secret of happiness is not in doing what one likes, but in liking what one does.”
James M. Barrie
“We begin from the recognition that all beings cherish happiness and do not want suffering. It then becomes both morally wrong and pragmatically unwise to pursue only one’s own happiness oblivious to the feelings and aspirations of all others who surround us as members of the same human family. The wiser course is to think of others when pursuing our own happiness.”
Dalai Lama
“Most people would rather be certain they’re miserable, than risk being happy.”
Dr. Robert Anthony
“The unhappy derive comfort from the misfortunes of others.”
Aesop
“For many men, the acquisition of wealth does not end their troubles, it only changes them.”
Seneca
“A table, a chair, a bowl of fruit and a violin; what else does a man need to be happy?”
Albert Einstein
“Of all forms of caution, caution in love is perhaps the most fatal to true happiness.”
Bertrand Russell
“The most beautiful people we have known are those who have known defeat, known suffering, known struggle, known loss, and have found their way out of the depths. These persons have an appreciation, a sensitivity and an understanding of life that fills them with compassions, gentleness, and a deep loving concern. Beautiful people do not just happen.”
Elizabeth Kubler-Ross
“Happiness is a myth we seek,
If manifested surely irks;
Like river speeding to the plain,
On its arrival slows and murks.
For man is happy only in
His aspiration to the heights;
When he attains his goal, he cools
And longs for other distant flights.”
Kahlil Gibran

35
Happiness / happy
« on: May 25, 2017, 10:14:35 AM »
happier; happiest
Learner's definition of HAPPY
1
a : feeling pleasure and enjoyment because of your life, situation, etc.
She was a very happy child.
I can see that you're not happy in your work. [=I can see that you do not enjoy your work]
You don't look happy. What's the problem?
We're all one big, happy family here.
I'd do anything to make/keep her happy.
She's happy playing with her toys. = She's happy when she plays with her toys.

b : showing or causing feelings of pleasure and enjoyment
I could hear the children's happy laughter in the other room.
She had a very happy childhood.
They've had a very happy marriage.
remembering happier times
a happy event/occasion
I was glad the movie had a happy ending.

c not used before a noun : pleased or glad about a particular situation, event, etc.
We are so happy that you were able to come to the party.
They are not at all happy about the rise in taxes.
He's not happy with the way the project is going.
It's great that he won the scholarship. I'm very happy for him. [=I am glad something good happened to him]
d : very willing to do something — usually followed by to + verb
I would be happy to assist you.
2
— used as part of a greeting or wish for someone on a special holiday or occasion
Happy birthday, Mom!
Happy Holidays!
3
always used before a noun : lucky or fortunate
We were brought together by a series of happy accidents.
a happy coincidence
4
always used before a noun : fitting or suitable
a happy choice of words
He was a happy choice for chairman of the committee.

http://learnersdictionary.com/definition/happy

36
Happiness / Definition of happy
« on: May 25, 2017, 10:12:34 AM »
Definition of happy
happier; happiest
1
:  favored by luck or fortune :  fortunate a happy coincidence
2
:  notably fitting, effective, or well adapted :  felicitous a happy choice
3
a :  enjoying or characterized by well-being and contentment is the happiest person I know a happy childhood
b :  expressing, reflecting, or suggestive of happiness a happy ending
c :  glad, pleased I'm happy to meet you
d :  having or marked by an atmosphere of good fellowship :  friendly a happy office
4
a :  characterized by a dazed irresponsible state a punch-happy boxer
b :  impulsively or obsessively quick to use or do something trigger-happy
c :  enthusiastic about something to the point of obsession :  obsessed
education-conscious and statistic-happy — Helen Rowen
(https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/happy)
ADJECTIVE

1Feeling or showing pleasure or contentment.
‘Melissa came in looking happy and excited’
with clause ‘we're just happy that he's still alive’
with infinitive ‘they are happy to see me doing well’

1.1happy about Having a sense of trust and confidence in (a person, arrangement, or situation)
‘he was not happy about the proposals’
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/happy
1.2happy with Satisfied with the quality or standard of.
‘I'm happy with his performance’

1.3with infinitive Willing to do something.
‘we will be happy to advise you’

37
Fast Food / "শাহী টুকরা"
« on: April 20, 2017, 10:04:00 AM »


যা যা লাগবে
- পাউরুটি ৪ টুকরা , মাঝখানে কেটে ৮ টুকরা করে নেবেন
- চিনি স্বাদ মত
- যে কোন লিকুইড ক্রিম ১/২ কাপ
- ঘন তরল দুধ ২ কাপ
- ঘি + তেল পরিমাণ মত
- যে কোন বাদাম সাজাবার জন্য
- কেওড়া জল ১ চা চামচ
- সাদা এলাচ ২-৩ টি

প্রণালি
-একটি পাত্রে ঘন দুধ , ক্রিম , চিনি , এলাচ এবং কেওড়া জল জ্বাল করে রাখতে হবে।
-এবার ফ্রাই প্যানে পরিমাণ মত ঘি ও তেল হাল্কা গরম করে ব্রেডের টুকরা গুলোকে ডুবো তেলে বাদামি করে ভেজে নিতে হবে ।
-এবার একটি সারভিং ডিশে ব্রেড গুলোকে সাজিয়ে উপর দিয়ে জ্বাল করা গরম দুধ ঢেলে দিতে হবে ।
-ইচ্ছে হলে বাদাম অথবা কিশ মিশ দিয়ে পরিবেশন করুন।
-যারা তেল বা ঘি না খেতে চান তারা ব্রেড গুলকে টোস্টারে টোষ্ট করে নিতে পারেন।
https://www.facebook.com/OurRecipe/photos/a.310136382368745.72052.297421173640266/866346353414409/?type=3&theater

38

রেসিপি দিয়েছেন রান্না বিষয়ক পেজ মাই হোম কুকিং এর কর্ণধার ।

উপকরণ:
সেমাই ২ ০০ গ্রাম
চিনি ১ কাপ
পানি ১ কাপ
দাব়চিনি ২ টুকরা
এলাচ ৪ টি
ঘি ৩ টে চামচ
কিসমিস ১ মুঠো
কাঠবাদাম কুচি ২ টে চামচ
কেওড়া জল ২ টে চামচ
প্রণালী: চিনি ও পানি জ্বাল দিয়ে সিরা করে অল্প আচেঁ চুলায় রেখে দিন। সেমাই ভেঙে নিন,
প্রেসার কুকারে ঘি দিয়ে গরম হলে বাদাম ও কিসমিস ভেজে নিন , বাদাম ও কিসমিস ভাজা হলে ঐ ঘিতে দারচিনি ও এলাচ দিয়ে দিন। এবার সেমাই দিয়ে নেড়ে নেড়ে গাঢ় বাদামী করে ভেজে নিন, সেমাই বাদামী হয়ে আসলে সিরা, কেওড়া জল , অর্ধেক বাদাম ও কিসমিস দিয়ে নেড়েচেড়ে প্রেসার কুকারেব় ঢাকনা বন্ধ করে ঢিমে আচেঁ ৭ মিনিট রান্না করুন, ৭ মিনিট পর চুলা বন্ধ করে দিন। ৫ মিনিট পর প্রেসার কুকারেব় ঢাকনা খুলে একটি ছড়ানো পরিবেশন পাত্রে সেমাই ঢেলে উপরে বাকি বাদাম ও কিসমিস দিয়ে সাজিয়ে পরিবেশন করুন
https://www.facebook.com/OurRecipe/photos/a.317763668272683.73436.297421173640266/926432867405757/?type=3&theater

39
Fast Food / " ওভালটিন ফ্রুট কেক "
« on: April 20, 2017, 09:59:43 AM »
" ওভালটিন ফ্রুট কেক "



- ময়দা ২ কাপ
- চিনি ১ কাপের একটু বেশি
- ডিম ৩ টি
- বেকিং পাউডার ৩/৪ চা চামচ
- ওভালটিন ২-৩ টেবিল চামচ
- গলানো ঘি ১/২ কাপ (বা বাটার)
- ভানিলা এস্সেন্স ১ চা চামচ
- আলমন্ড এস্সেন্স ১ চা চামচ( ইচ্ছা )
- ফ্রুট কুচি(যে কোন মরোগ্বা) ও কিসমিস ৩/৪ কাপ
- তরল দুধ ১/২ কাপ
- বাদাম কুচি ১-২ টেবিল চামচ

একটি বাটিতে ডিমগুলো বিট করে নিয়ে চিনি দিয়ে আবারও বিট করতে হবে।এবার গলানো ঘি,তরল দুধ,ভানিলা এস্সেন্স,আলমন্ড এস্সেন্স দিয়ে আবারও বিট করতে হবে।অন্য একটি বাটিতে ময়দা,বেকিং পাউডার,ওভালটিন চালনি দিয়ে চেলে নিতে হবে।ফ্রুট কুচি ও কিসমিসের মধ্যে ওভালটিন মেশানো ময়দা ১-২ টেবিল চামচ দিয়ে একটু মেখে নিতে হবে।এবার ডিমের মিশ্রনের মধ্যে আস্তে আস্তে ময়দা দিয়ে হালকা বিট করে ফ্রুট কুচি আর কিসমিস দিয়ে মিক্স করে নিতে হবে। এরপর বেকিং পানে একটু ঘি মাখিয়ে অল্প ময়দা দিয়ে চারদিকে ছড়িয়ে নিয়ে কেকের মিশ্রন ঢেলে দিয়ে ওপরে বাদাম কুচি ছড়িয়ে দিতে হবে।এবার প্রিহিট (১৫-২০ মি.) করা ওভেনে ১৫০ ডিগ্রী সেন্টিগ্রেড তাপমাত্রায় ১ ঘন্টা ২০ মি. বেক করে নিতে হবে।

https://www.facebook.com/farhinrahmanmarine — with Stýlîsh Sáîkà, Tanusreekrish Talukder and Taslima Sultana Riya.

40
Salad / Boston Lettuce Salad With Herbs and Toasted Almonds
« on: April 20, 2017, 09:55:57 AM »


Serves
4
Hands-On Time
5 min
Total Time
5 min
Nutritional Information
NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION
Per Serving

Calories
116 calories
Fat
10 g
Sat Fat
1 g
Cholesterol
0 mg
Sodium
133 mg
Protein
3 g
Carbohydrate
6 g
Sugar
3 g
Fiber
2 g
Iron
2 mg
Calcium
56 mg
May 2010
INGREDIENTS

1/4 cup sliced almonds
1 large head Boston or Bibb lettuce, leaves torn (6 cups)
1 cup fresh parsley leaves
1 cup fresh cilantro leaves
10 chives, cut into 1-inch lengths
4 to 5 tablespoons Lemon and Shallot Vinaigrette
or bottled Italian vinaigrette

https://www.realsimple.com/food-recipes/browse-all-recipes/boston-lettuce-salad-herbs-almonds-recipe

41
Common Forum/Request/Suggestions / History of POHELA BOISHAK
« on: April 14, 2017, 12:18:18 PM »
Historical Background[edit]
Mughal origins theory[edit]
During the Mughal rule, land taxes were collected from Bengali people according to the Islamic Hijri calendar. This calendar was a lunar calendar, and its new year did not coincide with the solar agricultural cycles. According to some sources, the festival was a tradition introduced in Bengal during the rule of Mughal Emperor Akbar to time the tax year to the harvest, and the Bangla year was therewith called Bangabda. Akbar asked the royal astronomer Fathullah Shirazi to create a new calendar by combining the lunar Islamic calendar and solar Hindu calendar already in use, and this was known as Fasholi shan (harvest calendar). According to some historians, this started the Bengali calendar.[10][11] According to Shamsuzzaman Khan, it could be Nawab Murshid Quli Khan, a Mughal governor, who first used the tradition of Punyaho as "a day for ceremonial land tax collection", and used Akbar's fiscal policy to start the Bangla calendar.[12]

According to Shamsuzzaman Khan,[12] and Nitish Sengupta, the origin of the Bengali calendar is unclear.[13] Some historians attribute it to the 7th century king Shashanka.[12][13] The term Bangabda (Bangla year) is found too in two Shiva temples much older than Akbar era, suggesting that Bengali calendar existed before Akbar's time.[13] It is also unclear, whether it was adopted by Hussain Shah or Akbar. The tradition to use the Bengali calendar may have been started by Hussain Shah before Akbar.[13] Regardless of who adopted the Bengali calendar and the new year, states Sengupta, it helped collect land taxes after the spring harvest based on traditional Bengali calendar, because the Islamic Hijri calendar created administrative difficulties in setting the collection date.[13]

Hindu origins theory[edit]
According to some historians, the Bengali festival of Pahela Baishakh is related to the traditional Hindu New Year festival called Vaisakhi, and other names, in the rest of India on or about the same dates.[3][14][15] Vaishakhi is an ancient harvest festival of India, particularly the Punjab region.[16][17][18] Vaisakhi, also spelled Baisakhi, is observed by both Hindus and Sikhs.[19]

Contemporary usage[edit]
The current Bengali calendar in use in the Indian states is based on the Sanskrit text Surya Siddhanta. It retains the historic Sanskrit names of the months, with the first month as Baishakh.[10] Their calendar remains tied to the Hindu calendar system and is used to set the various Bengali Hindu festivals. For Bengalis of West Bengal and other Indian states, the festival falls either on 14 or 15 April every year.[10]

In Bangladesh, however, the old Bengali calendar was modified in 1966 by a committee headed by Muhammad Shahidullah, making the first five months 31 days long, rest 30 days each, with the month of Falgun adjusted to 31 days in every leap year.[10] This was officially adopted by Bangladesh in 1987. Since then, the national calendar starts with and the new year festival always falls on 14 April in Bangladesh.[10]

Bangladesh[edit]

Mangal Shobhajatra at Pohela Baishakh in Bangladesh. UNESCO recognises Mangal Shobhajatra as cultural heritage.[20]
The Bengali New Year is observed as a public holiday in Bangladesh. It is celebrated across religious boundaries by its Muslim majority and Hindu minority.[21] According to Willem van Schendel and Henk Schulte Nordholt, the festival became a popular means of expressing cultural pride and heritage among the Bangladeshi as they resisted Pakistani rule in the 1950s and 1960s.[22]

The day is marked with singing, processions, and fairs. Traditionally, businesses start this day with a new ledger, clearing out the old. Singers perform traditional songs welcoming the new year. People enjoy classical jatra plays. People wear festive dress with women desking their hair with flowers. White-red color combinations are particularly popular.[23]

Bangladeshi eat festive foods on Pohela Boishakh. These include panta bhat (watered rice), ilish vaja (fried hilsa fish), and various special bharta (pastes).[24][23]

In Dhaka[edit]

Students of Charukala (Fine Arts) Institute, Dhaka University preparing masks for Pahela Baishakh

Colorful celebration of Pahela Baishakh in Dhaka.
The celebrations start in Dhaka at dawn with a rendition of Rabindranath Tagore's song "Esho he Baishakh" by Chhayanat under the banyan tree at Ramna (the Ramna Batamul). An integral part of the festivities is the Mangal Shobhajatra, a traditional colourful procession organised by the students of the Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Dhaka (Charukala). According to the history, the rudimentary step of Mangal Shobhjatra was started in Jessore by Charupith, a community organization, in 1985. Later in 1989 the Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Dhaka arranged this Mangal Shobhajatra with different motives and themes. Now, the Mangal Shobhajatra is celebrated by different organization in all over the country.[25]

The Dhaka University Mangal Shobhajatra tradition started in 1989 when students used the procession to overcome their frustration with the military rule. They organized the festival to create masks and floats with at least three theme, one highlighting evil, another courage, and a third about peace.[9] It also highlighted the pride of Bangladeshi people for their folk heritage irrespective of religion, creed, caste, gender or age.[9]

In recent years, the procession has a different theme relevant to the country's culture and politics every year. Different cultural organizations and bands also perform on this occasion and fairs celebrating Bengali culture are organized throughout the country. Other traditional events held to celebrate Poila Boishakh include bull racing in Munshiganj, wrestling in Chittagong, boat racing, cockfights, pigeon racing.[26]

In Chittagong[edit]
Pahela Baishakh celebrations in Chittagong involves similar traditions of that in Dhaka. The students of the fine arts institute of Chittagong University brings the Mangal Shobhajatra procession in the city, followed by daylong cultural activities.[27]

At DC hill, a range of cultural programmes are held by different socio-cultural and educational organisations of the city. The Sammilito Pohela Boishakh Udjapon Parishad holds a two-day function at the hill premises to observe the festival, starting with Rabindra Sangeet recitations in the morning. In the late afternoon, through evening, Chaitra Sangkranti programme is held to bid a farewell to the previous year.[27]

At the Chittagong Shilpakala Academy, different folk cultures, music, dances, puppet shows are displayed.[27]

Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pahela_Baishakh#Historical_Background

42
Common Forum/Request/Suggestions / History of POHELA BOISHAK
« on: April 14, 2017, 12:16:51 PM »
The Pohela Boishakh is a Largest celebration for the Bengali. The day participates on very year 14th April all over the Bangladesh, India and some other Countries. It is the traditional culture of Bengali. The Day will provide some extra opportunity and some extra facilities. We here now to provide you the latest solution and original Information about the Pohela Boishakh. It is necessary to know the Culture of Pohela Boishakh. So, get it now and try to make the result of your present life. We have divided this Article into too many parts. All of the parts are helpful to you. Read now and gain more about update  Pohela Boishakh 2017.
Pohela Boishakh 2017

Description of Pohela Boishakh - Bengali New year 2017

The Pohela Boishakh or Bengali New year is the 1st day of Bangla calendar. The day is a popular Celebration of Whole Bangladesh, West Bengal, the others Bangla Communities of Assam, Tripura, Odisha and the other Bengali Communities in India. The day of Pohela Boishakh also Participate numerous Countries in the World where some Bengali lives in.
Pohela Boishakh is the day of 1st Month and 1st day of the Bangla New year or Bangla Calendar. Pohela Boishakh is a celebration where the All religious and all regional people are connected. It is a public holiday in Bangladesh, Assam, West Bengal and some other place. In different, the day is called a national holiday all over the World where the Bengali lives in. People of Bengali celebrate the 14th April as the Bengali new year or Pohela Boishakh. The official Bengali calendar published by the Bangla Academy.
Do you know the meaning of NoboBorsho? It is the alternative name of Pohela Boishakh. Here, Nobo means New and Borso means year. So, the Nobo Borso means New Year. On the Every year, 14th April celebrates the Nobo Borso (New Year). The 14th April is the Midday of April.

The Pohela Boishakh is the celebration where Bengali people walk beyond physical borders for the Bengali new year celebration in India West Bengal in Bangladesh. Some tradition, culture and Activities make the day more attractive and biggest celebration. On this day the Bengali of every stages walks together to make the days more colorful and joyous.
Description of Pohela Boishakh - Bengali New year 2017


History of Pohela Boishakh - Bangla NoboBorsho 1424:

No more history found about the Pohela Boishakh. We need to flash back on the Mughal emperor. Akbar is the Great and emperor who was collecting the tax under his reign from 1556 to 1609. On the times, the economy was fully depends on the Agricultural productions. That’s time, the Arabic or Hijri year didn’t match for collecting the Agricultural products as the Tax.
Then he makes a new calendar to collect the Tax from the people who fully depends on the Agricultural products. Till then the Calendar is known as Bangla calendar and the 1st day of this calendar known as the Pohela Boishakh 2017.
From the time, day by day the culture, Activities and tradition of the day increase, Add, remove and changed. The Bangla Academi keeps the full power to re-write the Pohela Boishakh Tradition and culture. On this day some new activity and some cultural activity both looks at the celebration.
 The same process follows on the West Bengal of India and some other location in India and all over the world. There is a fixed organization available for maintenance the Bangla Calendar and the Pohela Boishakh Activity and performance. Sometimes, the other countries follow the Bangla Academi to make the Tradition about the Pohela Boishakh and its celebration process.
We also recommend you to visit Wikipedia to know more details about Pohela Boishakh. There you will get step by step information about the Bangla new year (Nobo Borsho).
Bangla Nobo Borsho - History of Pohela Boishakh

Activities of Pohela Boishakh:

Some Cultural and Activities have looked on the Pohela Boishakh. In Bangladesh, the Pohela Boishakh brings before the break of dawn, when the crowd gathers in “Ramna Park” and the Pohela Boishakh Cultural show held on Chhayanat per year. The Special Dress also reserved for this day. Mainly the women wear White Sharee with Red border. Though the Pohela Boishakh carries Spring,  the Women adorn their hair with Red Flower and also wear colorful Churi. The man mainly wears a traditional dress like Panjabi and a Paayjama. Sometimes, Wear Lungi with the Panjabi.
Boishakhi Shova Jatra:
The Boishakhi Shova Jatra is one of the important parts for Celebrating Pohela Boishakh. Everyone says that, it is the biggest attraction of Pohela Boishakh. People get up very early in the morning and start a rally from the Charukala Institute of Dhaka University.

Source:http://www.pohela-boishakh.com/2016/03/pohela-boishakh-history-definition-and.html

43
Children / How do I Know if I have the Flu or a Bad Cold?
« on: April 03, 2017, 10:33:34 AM »
Cold and influenza are the most common illnesses in people, according to an article published in The Lancet.

Every year, between 5 percent and 20 percent of the population in the United States develop flu symptoms. More than 200,000 people are hospitalized because of flu complications, and the flu is responsible for around 23,600 deaths every year.

Both the flu and a cold are caused by viruses, and they can have similar symptoms. So how do we know if a person has the flu or a bad cold?

The main indication is that symptoms of the flu are usually a lot more severe.

Contents of this article:

What is a cold?
Signs and symptoms of the flu
What to do if you have the flu
 Anti-flu vaccines and other types of protection
Some home remedies
What is a cold?[man with cold]
Both the flu and a cold are caused by viruses, and they can have similar symptoms.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the average adult will have two to three colds every year. The rhinovirus is the most common cause.

Symptoms include a runny nose, sore throat, coughing and sneezing, watery eyes, a headache, and body aches.

There is no cure, except for resting and drinking plenty of fluids, but the cold should pass within 7 to 10 days. There is normally no need to visit a doctor, but a person with a weakened immune system is more prone to developing pneumonia as a complication.

To avoid catching or spreading a cold, people should wash their hands regularly and make sure they sneeze into a tissue or handkerchief, or into their elbow.

Signs and symptoms of the flu
There are three types of flu virus, influenza A, influenza B and influenza C. Types A and B viruses are the ones that cause seasonal epidemics.

One of the key symptoms of flu is feeling feverish or having a temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit or above. However, not everyone with the flu will have a fever.

Other symptoms include:

Headaches or body aches
Vomiting, nausea, and possibly diarrhea, especially in children
Sore throat and a cough
Fatigue
Chills
A congested or runny nose
A common cold is less likely to cause a high fever. With a cold, symptoms such as a runny nose or throat irritation will normally improve within a few days.

The flu virus can cause a high fever lasting 3 to 4 days, and extreme fatigue can persist for weeks. Cold symptoms are generally milder. Runny nose or nasal congestion is more common with a cold.

What to do if you have the flu
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) note that most people who have the flu do not need medical attention.

[Girl with flu]
A person with the flu should stay at home to avoid spreading the disease.
Most can remain at home and avoid contact with other people, to prevent the disease from spreading. The CDC recommend staying at home until at least 24 hours after the fever has gone, except to get medical care.

Over-the-counter medications to reduce fever, such as Tylenol, can help.

Prescription antiviral flu drugs are also available from a physician. These are for people who are at high risk of serious complications.

Antiviral drugs are different from antibiotics. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections, but the flu is caused by a virus, not bacteria. Antiviral drugs are only effective if started within a certain time period after the onset of symptoms, so they are not always useful for improving symptoms or shortening the course of the illness.

A physician will be able to decide if antivirals are indicated in a particular case.

People who tend to be at greater risk including infants under the age of 2 years, people aged 65 years and older, and pregnant women.

People with the following health conditions may also be more prone to complications:

Asthma and chronic lung disease, such as COPD
Neurological disorders
Metabolic disorders
Heart disease
Morbid obesity
Children aged 18 years and younger who are taking aspirin long term
People with a weakened immune system, including those with AIDS, HIV, and cancer.
People in this higher risk group should see a doctor.

Patients should seek medical help if they notice any of the emergency warning signs.

Warning signs in infants include difficulty breathing, having no appetite, and not producing tears when they cry, or having fewer wet diapers than usual.

Severe symptoms in older children include:

Breathing problems
Bluish skin color
Not drinking enough fluids
Not waking up or interacting
Being so irritable that they do not want to be held
Fever with a rash.
If flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and a worse cough, the parent should consult a physician.

Signs of serious illness in adults include difficulty breathing, abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, confusion, and dizziness.

source;http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/5161.php

44
Children / Common Colds: Symptoms, Treatments, Prevention
« on: April 03, 2017, 10:32:34 AM »
The common cold is a viral infectious disease that infects the upper respiratory system. It is also known as acute viral rhinopharyngitis, or acute coryza. Being the most common infectious disease in humans, the cold is mainly caused by coronaviruses or rhinoviruses.

The human body can never build up resistance to all the viruses that can cause the common cold. It is for this reason that colds are so common and recurring. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) kindergarten children get an average of 12 colds per year, compared to adolescents and adults who catch about seven per year.

Experts say that going out when it is cold does not have any effect on the risk of catching a cold or spreading one. In addition, antibiotics do not cure a cold or speed up recovery.

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/166606.php

Symptoms of a cold
Causes of a cold
Complications of a cold
Prevention of colds
Treatments for colds
Is it a cold or is it flu?
You will also see introductions at the end of some sections to any recent developments that have been covered by MNT's news stories. Also look out for links to information about related conditions.

Fast facts on colds
Here are some key points about colds. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
Common cold symptoms include dry throat, blocked nose and sneezing.
Around a quarter of people do not experience symptoms when infected with a cold.
More than 200 viruses can cause a common cold.
Up to half of common colds are caused by a type of virus referred to as rhinoviruses.
Complications of the common cold include acute bronchitis and pneumonia.
People with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are more than vulnerable to colds than other people.
Common colds typically last for up to 10 days.
Common colds share many symptoms with flu.

45
Public Health / Is Fiber Good for Weight-Loss?
« on: June 21, 2016, 01:42:43 PM »
Want to lose weight? Eat more of these 7 high-fiber foods that do the weight-loss work for you.
Why is fiber good for weight loss? For starters, it's fills you up. When people were told to eat 30 grams of fiber daily, but were given no other dietary changes, they lost a significant amount of weight, according to a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Plus one study published in the Journal of Nutrition found that boosting fiber by 8 grams for every 1,000 calories resulted in about 4 ½ pounds of weight lost in 2 years. Check out these 7 foods to get your fill of fiber.

(http://www.eatingwell.com/nutrition_health/weight_loss_diet_plans/diet_exercise_tips/7_foods_that_do_the_weight_loss_work_for_you)

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